Roro Wahyudianingsih, Roro
Bagian Patologi Anatomi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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The Effect of Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Eggshell’s Powder towards Wound Healing of Incision Wound on Male Swiss-Webster Mice Nugraha, Rahman A.; Pramono, Harijadi; Wahyudianingsih, Roro
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Domestic chicken eggshells contain calcium and protein that could be useful in wound healing process. This research was conducted to determine whether domestic chicken eggshells can accelerate wound healing. Twenty one male Swiss-Webster mice  with 2 cm incision were divided into 3 groups. Negative control group were given Carboxymethyl cellulose 1% (CMC), positive control group were given feracrylum 1% (FER), and the eggshells group given domestic chicken eggshells powder (KT). Treatment and data mesurement was measured every day until  the 7th day. On the 7th  day the average length of the wound were analyzed and the skin tissue is taken for microscopic examination. Data analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Post Hoc Least Significant Difference (LSD) with p=0,05. On macroscopic examination, there were  highly significant differences between KT compared to CMC and highly significant differences between KT compared to FER. the average length of wound on the 7th day on KT 0,63 cm shorter than CMC 1,07 (p=0,000) and FER 0,81 cm (p=0,003). On microscopic examination, the degree of reepithelization on KT groups are severe, moderate for collagen density, fibroblasts density, subepithelial neutrophil density, degree of edema, and mild for angiogenesis. We conclude domestic chicken eggshells powder can accelerate wound healing. Key words: domestic chicken eggshells, incision wound, wound healing
EKSTRAK KEDELAI DETAM 1, DAUN JATI BELANDA SERTA KOMBINASINYA TERHADAP BERAT BADAN DAN HISTOPATOLOGIS HEPAR TIKUS WISTAR Hidayat, Meilinah; Soeng, Sylvia; Wahyudianingsih, Roro; Ladi, Jeanny Ervie Ervie; Krisetya, Yonathan Ari; Elviora, Vera
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 6, No 4, (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/JKKI.Vol6.Iss4.art2

Abstract

Latar Belakang Biji kedelai Detam 1 dan daun jati Belanda berefek menghambat kenaikan berat badan, akan tetapi dikhawatirkan mempengaruhi organ hepar. Tujuan penelitian Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui efek ekstrak etanol biji kedelai Detam 1 (EEKD), ekstrak etanol daun jati Belanda (EEJB) dan kombinasinya terhadap penghambatan kenaikan berat badan dan gambaran histopatologis hepar pada tikus Wistar yang diberi pakan tinggi lemak (PTL). Metode penelitian Penelitian merupakan eksperimental laboratorium dengan rancangan acak lengkap bersifat komparatif. Sebanyak 40 ekor tikus Wistar jantan dibagi secara acak menjadi 8 kelompok perlakuan, masing masing terdiri dari 5 ekor. Selanjutnya diberi perlakuan selama 28 hari, semua kelompok kecuali kelompok kontrol negatif (KN), tetap diberi PTL. Pada hari ke-29, seluruh tikus dikorbankan dan semua hepar tikus, kecuali kelompok Orlistat (K6), dibuat sediaan histopatologis dengan pewarnaan Haematoxylin Eosin (HE). Hasil Penghambatan kenaikan berat badan terjadi pada semua kelompok perlakuan, kelompok K3 (EEKD 10 mg : EEJB 20 mg) menunjukkan penghambatan kenaikan berat badan yang paling baik dan potensinya setara dengan kontrol positip (KP) atau Orlistat. Pada semua kelompok perlakuan (K1, K2, K3, K4 dan K5) terjadi perubahan struktur arsitektur dan inflamasi di daerah portal namun tidak menyebabkan bengkak keruh dan degenerasi lemak. Kesimpulan: Pemberian kombinasi EEKD 10 mg : EEJB 20 mg menunjukkan penghambatan kenaikan berat badan yang paling baik. EEJB sediaan tunggal menyebabkan perubahan gambaran histopatologis hepar paling buruk pada tikus Wistar jantan yang diinduksi pakan tinggi lemak. Kata kunci : kedelai Detam 1, jati Belanda, berat badan, histopatologis hepar, Tikus Wistar
The Effect of Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Eggshell’s Powder towards Wound Healing of Incision Wound on Male Swiss-Webster Mice Nugraha, Rahman A.; Pramono, Harijadi; Wahyudianingsih, Roro
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1 No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1015.363 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v1i4.534

Abstract

Domestic chicken eggshells contain calcium and protein that could be useful in wound healing process. This research was conducted to determine whether domestic chicken eggshells can accelerate wound healing. Twenty one male Swiss-Webster mice  with 2 cm incision were divided into 3 groups. Negative control group were given Carboxymethyl cellulose 1% (CMC), positive control group were given feracrylum 1% (FER), and the eggshells group given domestic chicken eggshells powder (KT). Treatment and data mesurement was measured every day until  the 7th day. On the 7th  day the average length of the wound were analyzed and the skin tissue is taken for microscopic examination. Data analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Post Hoc Least Significant Difference (LSD) with p=0,05. On macroscopic examination, there were  highly significant differences between KT compared to CMC and highly significant differences between KT compared to FER. the average length of wound on the 7th day on KT 0,63 cm shorter than CMC 1,07 (p=0,000) and FER 0,81 cm (p=0,003). On microscopic examination, the degree of reepithelization on KT groups are severe, moderate for collagen density, fibroblasts density, subepithelial neutrophil density, degree of edema, and mild for angiogenesis. We conclude domestic chicken eggshells powder can accelerate wound healing. Key words: domestic chicken eggshells, incision wound, wound healing
Antioxidant Activity of Phyllanthus niruri Extract, Rutin and Quercetin Rusmana, Djaja; Wahyudianingsih, Roro; Elisabeth, Mariska; Balqis, Balqis; Maesaroh, Maesaroh; Widowati, Wahyu
The Indonesian Biomedical Journal Vol 9, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : The Prodia Education and Research Institute (PERI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (919.226 KB) | DOI: 10.18585/inabj.v9i2.281

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Normal metabolism of oxygen and exogenous factors constantly generate free radicals which could be harmful to the human body. Human need antioxidants to provide protection against free radicals, thus plants are a good source of natural antioxidants. Phyllanthus niruri (P. niruri) has been known to possess several medicinal properties and contain numerous active phytochemical. In this research, we conducted phytochemical screening and antioxidant assay of P. niruri extract along with the compounds rutin and quercetin, which are flavonoids possessing medicinal properties. This study was conducted to determine P. niruri, rutin and quercetin as antioxidant.METHODS: In this study, qualitative phytochemical screening was performed to detect phenol, flavonoid, saponin, tannin, steroid/triterpenoid, terpenoid and alkaloid in P. niruri extract. Antioxidant analysis of P. niruri, rutin and quercetin was conducted using total measured phenolic content, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH), 2,2’-azinobis-3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays.RESULTS:  The study revealed that P. niruri extract contained saponin, phenol, flavonoid and tannin based on phytochemical screening. In DPPH and ABTS assays quercetin possessed highest antioxidant activity with IC50 value of 0.55 and 1.17 μg/ml respectively. Meanwhile, P. niruri extract showed the highest FRAP activity which was 373.95 μM Fe(II)/μg extract. Rutin possessed the lowest antioxidant activity in all antioxidant assays.CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that P. niruri extract and quercetin have great potential as a natural antioxidant source.KEYWORDS: asntioxidant, phytochemical, Phyllanthus niruri, quercetin, rutin, free radical
Hubungan antara Imunoekspresi Bcl-2 dan Caspase-3 dengan Respon Kemoterapi CHOP pada Limfoma Malignum Non-Hodgkin Tipe Sel B CD20 Positif Wahyudianingsih, Roro; Hernowo, Bethy S; Hassan, Abdul H; Dewayani, Birgitta M
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 22 No 2 (2013): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Latar belakang Limfoma malignum merupakan suatu keganasan dari sel-sel jaringan limfoid. Limfoma non-Hodgkin (LNH) tipe sel B mencakup 90% dari seluruh limfoma di seluruh dunia, dengan angka kejadian mencapai 4% kasus baru per tahun. Regimen kemoterapi CHOP (Cyclophospamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin, Oncovin, Prednison) merupakan standar terapi penderita LNH, dengan angka respon komplit hanya sebesar 40% sampai 50%. Pada sekitar 30% kasus LNH tidak berespon dengan kemoterapi CHOP dan terjadi progresi penyakit bahkan sampai terjadi kematian. Respon kemoterapi yang efektif ditandai dengan peningkatan jumlah sel yang mengalami apoptosis. Protein bcl-2 berfungsi sebagai anti-apoptosis, sedangkan caspase-3 berperan sebagai eksekutor caspase (pro-apoptosis). Penelitian ini bermaksud menilai hubungan antara imunoekspresi bcl-2 dan imunoekspresi caspase-3 dengan respon kemoterapi CHOP. Metode Penelitian ini dilakukan secara retrospektif dengan desain analitik potong lintang terhadap 63 kasus LNH tipe sel B CD20 positif yang memenuhi kriteria penelitian, dari Januari 2009-Juni 2011 di Departemen Patologi Anatomik RSHS, Bandung. Kemudian dilakukan pulasan imunohistokima bcl-2 dan caspase-3, dan dihubungkan dengan respon kemoterapi dari data rekam medis. Hasil penelitian dianalisis statistik dengan uji Chi-square. Hasil Hasil penelitian ini adalah terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara imunoekspresi bcl-2 yang lemah dengan baiknya respon kemoterapi CHOP (p=0,012), antara imunoekspresi caspase-3 yang kuat dengan baiknya respon kemoterapi CHOP (p=0,033), dan terdapat hubungan antara gabungan imunoekspresi bcl-2 yang lemah dan caspase-3 yang kuat dengan baiknya respon kemoterapi CHOP (p=0,009). Kesimpulan Ekspresi bcl-2 lemah dan imunoekspresi caspase-3 kuat menunjukkan respon kemoterapi CHOP yang lebih baik pada penderita LNH tipe sel B CD20 positif. Kata kunci : apoptosis, bcl-2, caspase-3, CD20, kemoterapi CHOP, LNH tipe sel B ABSTRACT Background Malignant lymphoma is malignancy originates from lymphoid tissue. B-cell type non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) accounts for 90% from all lymphoma in the world. The incidence of B-cell type NHL approximately 4% of new cases every year. The chemotherapeutic agents CHOP (Cyclophospamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin, Oncovin, Prednison) is the standard treatment for NHL patient, with only 40%-50% complete response. In approximately 30% cases of NHL showed non-response with standard chemotherapy and underwent progressive disease until death. The effective chemotherapy response was shown by increasing number of cells that undergo apoptosis. Bcl-2 is a protein functions as anti-apoptotis, on the other hand caspase-3 has a role as excecutor caspase (pro-apoptotic). The aim of this study was to assess the association between bcl-2 and caspase-3 immunoexpression with CHOP chemotherapy response. Methods This is a retrospective study in 63 cases of B-cell type NHL which met the research criterias, using cross-sectional analytic design, at the Departement of Anatomical Pathology, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital in Bandung from January 2009 to June 2011. Immunohistochemistry for bcl-2 and caspase-3 were done, and then the clinical chemotherapy response were collected from the medical records. The result was analyzed using Chi-square. Results This study shows significant association between weak bcl-2 immunoexpression with good CHOP chemotherapy response (p=0.012), significant association between strong caspase-3 immunoexpression with good CHOP chemotherapy response (p=0.033), and significant association between combination of weak bcl-2 and strong caspase-3 immunoexpression with good CHOP chemotherapy response (p=0.009). Conclusion The weak bcl-2 immunoexpression and strong caspase-3 immunoexpression show good chemotherapy response in B-cell type LNH. Key words : apoptosis, bcl-2, B-cell type NHL, caspase-3, CD20, CHOP chemotherapy,