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Lusi Fitrian Sani, Lusi Fitrian
Jurusan Fisika Universitas Andalas

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TINJAUAN KEADAAN METEOROLOGI PADA BANJIR BANDANG KOTA PADANG TANGGAL 24 JULI 2012

Jurnal Fisika Unand Vol 4, No 4: Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, FMIPA, Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

ABSTRAKKeadaan meteorologi selama banjir bandang di Kota Padang tanggal 24 Juli 2012telah dianalisa. Analisa berdasarkan kepada data curah hujan yang diperoleh dari Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi dan Geofisika Sicincin (BMKG), Dinas Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air (PSDA) Sumatera Barat, satelit Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), pergerakan awan dari Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT) dan data meteorologi dari National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) danNational Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa banjir bandang yang terjadi di Padang pada tanggal 24 Juli 2015 tidak disebabkan oleh curah hujan yang tinggi. Hujan yang terjadi hanya berkisar 13 mm/hari. Hujan ini tidak disebabkan oleh faktor global seperti Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) dan monsun. Dengan demikian, hujan ini kemungkinan disebabkan oleh sirkulasi lokal (land-sea breeze). Sebelum terjadinya banjir bandang kemungkinan telah terbentuk bendungan alami di sekitar bukit pada kawasan banjir bandang. Dengan sedikit saja tambahan air, bendungan ini menjadi longsor yang menyebabkan banjir bandang.Kata kunci : banjir bandang Padang,land-sea breeze, Madden–Julian oscillationAbstractMeteorological condition during the Padang flash flood occurred on July 24, 2012 has been analyzed. The analysis was based on the rainfall data from Indonesian Agency for Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics, West Sumatra Agency for Water Management, Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite, cloud propagation from Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT) and meteorology data from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) reanalysis. It was found that the flash flood was not due to the heavy rain. The rainfall intensity during theflash flood was only about 13 mm/h. This rain was not from the global phenomena such as Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), El Niño Southern oscillation (ENSO) and monsoon. It may be formed by the local phemomenon such as land-sea breeze. A natural dam may have been created before the flash flood and it would be easily broken when the light rain occurred.Keywords :Padang flash flood, land-sea breeze, Madden–Julian oscillation

PENGARUH BADAI TROPIS HAIYAN TERHADAP POLA HUJAN DI INDONESIA

Jurnal Fisika Unand Vol 4, No 2: April 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, FMIPA, Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

ABSTRAKPenelitian ini menganalisis dampak tidak langsung badai tropis Haiyan (4 – 11 November) terhadap pola curah hujan di Indonesia dengan menggunakan data temperatur, kelembaban relatif (RH), dan pergerakan udara vertikal (omega) dari National Centers for Environmental Prediction and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP-NCAR) Reanalysis, data curah hujan dari satelit Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), dan radiasi gelombang panjang (Outgoing Longwave Radiation, OLR) dari National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa badai tropis Haiyan mempengaruhi sebagian wilayah Indonesia, terutama Papua. Kondisi meteorologis dan awan memperlihatkan bahwa hujan di daerah Papua selama periode 4 – 11 November dipengaruhi oleh badai tropis Haiyan dimana puncak total curah hujan teramati selama badai dan menunjukkan penurunan sebelum dan sesudahnya. Untuk kawasan Indonesia bagian barat seperti Jawa dan Sumatera, pengaruh badai terhadap total curah hujannya tidak teramati dengan jelas. Oleh karena itu peningkatan curah hujan selama periode 4 – 11 November untuk kawasan ini bukan disebabkan oleh badai tropis Haiyan tetapi kemungkinan disebabkan oleh faktor lain seperti monsun, Madden – Julian Oscillation dan fenomena lokal.Kata kunci : Haiyan, TRMM, BMKG, hujan.AbstractIn this work the indirect impact of tropical storm Haiyan (November 4 to 11) on the Indonesian rainfall pattern was investigated by using the temperature, relative humidity, and vertical velocity data of National Centers for Environmental Prediction and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP-NCAR) Reanalysis, ranfall data from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite, and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). It was found that tropical storm Haiyan partially influenced the Indonesian rainfall pattern particularly around Papua in which the peak of rainfall was observed during the mature stage of the storm. For the western region of Indonesia such as Java and Sumatra, the influence of the storm on the total rainfall was not observed clearly. Therefore, an increase in rainfall during November 4 - 11 for such regions was not caused by the tropical storm but may be caused by other factors such as the monsoon, the Madden-Julian Oscillation and local phenomenon.Keywords : Haiyan, TRMM, BMKG, Indonesia rainfall.