Azharsyah Ibrahim, Azharsyah
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KORELASI CLASS ATTENDANCE DENGAN NILAI PERKULIAHAN: SUATU STUDI DI UIN AR-RANIRY Ibrahim, Azharsyah
Jurnal Pencerahan Vol 9, No 2 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Majelis Pendidikan Daerah (MPD) Aceh dan Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

This study was motivated by the polemic on the importance of class attendance in a learning process in the institutions of higher education. This article aims to examine the influence of class attendance on students’ grades using quantitative approach. Primary data was collected from four classes of Department of Islamic Banking Diploma (D-III PS) and Department of Islamic Economics of State Islamic University (UIN) Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh. Data was then analysed using several stastistical techniques from the SPSS. The result showed that statistically there was a significant positive correlation between class attendance and students’ grades. The findings clearly demonstrated the importance of class attendance in attaining the good grades among university students within the two departments. Nevertheless, analyzing the results more closely indicated that class attendance was not a direct factor in enhancing the students’ grades. It only functioned as a mediator and trigger for the emergence of other factors, i.e. motivation, persistence, and cognitive ability
Gala dan rahn: Analisis korelasi dari perspektif ekonomi Islam Ibrahim, Azharsyah
SHARE Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : SHARE

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Abstract

Gala is a term used by the society of Aceh—a formal Islamic state in Indonesia—referring to an economic transaction similar to the concept of pawn in Western. The concept has long been practiced in the society and left many unsolved problems. Lately, academic scholars have questioning the implementation of the concept. Although, it has root in Islam, some scholars suspect that the concept has been misguiding in its practices. This paper intends to analyze the implementation of the Gala concept in the Acehnese society through their economic transactions. It also aims to make a comparison to an Islamic economic’s concept known as Rahn. The primary data is mainly gathered through observation in the length of 5 years in the selected areas in Aceh. To support the data, an in-depth interview technique with relevant people was also used. In addition, the secondary data from journal’s articles, books, and other related literatures were also utilized. Data was analyzed using content and comparative analysis. The findings show that the basic purpose of Gala in the Acehnese society is relevant to the Rahn scheme. In the implementation level, however, the concept is closely related to the interest lending scheme which is considered as riba (usury) in Islam. Consequently, the balanced-economy as one of the core concepts in Islamic economic is not achieved. It is reflected from the continuance benefits gaining for one party while another party gaining nothing except the core objects which has to be repaid. In Islam, the principal meaning of Rahn is helping each other among Islamic society (ummah). Thus, it is prohibited of gaining any material benefit which leads to the riba practices. Finally, this article suggests the related parties to return to the core concept of the Gala which is actually same as Rahn or else they should abandon it to avoid harming the ummah
PENGARUH BI RATE TERHADAP PERSENTASE BAGI HASIL PEMBIAYAAN MUSYARAKAH PADA BANK ACEH SYARIAH BANDA ACEH Elkamiliati, Elkamiliati; Ibrahim, Azharsyah
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business UIN Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (652.959 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/share.v3i2.1335

Abstract

This research aims to find answers to two principal issues, namely 1) the utilization of the BI Rate (Indonesian Central Bank’s Monetary Rate) as a condition of the Central Bank in the determination of sharing rates of Musharakah financing, and 2) the Islamic perspective on the determination of the sharing rate using BI Rate’s as a consideration. This research was conducted at Syariah branch of Bank Aceh in Banda Aceh. This study utilized correlational approach and the data was analyzed using descriptive analysis method. The results show that BI rate did not significantly influence the sharing percentage of Musharakah financing as the BI rate just served as a benchmark price for the banks in observing the market price rather than determining the sharing percentage for the financing. In addition, the determination of the sharing percentage for Musharakah financing at the Syariah branch of Bank Aceh has fulfilled the Islamic compliance and followed the fatwa of National Islamic Council (DSN) No: 08/DSN-MUI/IV/2000, on the Musharakah financing and also Fatwa No: 15/DSN-MUI/2000 on the principle of profit and loss sharing for Islamic financial institutions. =========================================== Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari jawaban dua persoalan pokok, yaitu 1) penggunaan BI Rate sebagai ketentuan Bank Sentral dalam penentuan tingkat bagi hasil pembiayaan musyarakah dan 2) tinjauan hukum Islam terhadap penentuan persentase bagi hasil dengan pertimbangan BI Rate yang sedang berlaku. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Bank Aceh Cabang Syariah Banda Aceh. Metode yang dipakai adalah metode korelasional dengan menggunakan deskriptif analisis yaitu dengan memaparkan hasil penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persentase bagi hasil pembiayaan musyarakah pada Bank Aceh Syariah dan pengaruh BI Rate ternyata tidak signifikan karena BI rate di sini hanya berfungsi sebagai takaran atau patokan perbankan syariah dalam melihat harga nilai/jual yang sedang berlaku di pasar ekonomi bukan dalam menentukan persentase bagi hasil. Selain itu juga penentuan persentase bagi hasil pembiayaan musyarakah pada Bank Aceh Syariah telah sesuai dengan tinjauan hukum Islam ini diperkuat dengan adanya fatwa Dewan Syariah Nasional (DSN) No: 08/DSN-MUI/IV/2000, tentang pembiayaan musyarakah dan juga fatwa DSN yang menetapkan tentang Revenue Sharing adalah fatwa NO: 15/DSN-MUI/2000 tentang prinsip distribusi bagi hasil dalam lembaga keuangan syariah.
ANALISIS EKONOMI ISLAM TERHADAP PRAKTIK AFTER SALES SERVICE PADA MESIN FOTOCOPY BEKAS PAKAI DI KOTA BANDA ACEH Rinaldi, Akhyar; Ibrahim, Azharsyah; Rinaldi, Akhyar; Ibrahim, Azharsyah
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business UIN Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (891.785 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/share.v2i2.1499

Abstract

The objective of this article is to analyze the implementation of after sales service on used photocopy machine in Banda Aceh from an Islamic economic perspective. The analysis is conducted through the exploration of the mechanism of sale and purchase transactions and after-sales service system of the used photocopy machine. Data for this study was gathered through interviews and observations. Due to wide coverage area, the sample for this study was limited to eight units, which consist of four sellers and four buyers. The selection was determined by cluster sampling technique. The gathered data was then analyzed using descriptive analysis method. The findings showed that the implementation of the after sales service on the used photocopy machine in Banda Aceh was indicating to contain fraud such as gharar (uncertainty) element, price manipulation element, and the coercion element causing the unhappiness so that it can harm customers which impact on the loss of the maslahah values in muamalah. In other words, the practice of after-sales service of used copier machines in Banda Aceh not fully comply with Islamic economic principles. =========================================== Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan untuk menganalisis praktik after sales service (layanan purna jual) mesin fotocopy bekas pakai di Kota Banda Aceh dari perspektif ekonomi Islam. Analisis tersebut dilakukan melalui eksplorasi terhadap mekanisme transaksi jual beli dan sistem jasa layanan purna jual mesin fotocopy bekas pakai tersebut. Data untuk penelitian dikumpulkan melalui wawancara dan observasi. Karena wilayah populasi penelitian yang terlalu besar, maka penulis memilih delapan sampel penelitian, yakni empat sampel toko yang menjual mesin fotocopy bekas pakai, dan empat sampel toko yang menjadi konsumen mesin fotocopy bekas pakai. Pemilihan tersebut dilakukan dengan teknik cluster sampling. Data yang terkumpul kemudian dianalisis dengan metode deskriptif analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa layanan purna jual mesin fotocopy bekas pakai yang dipraktikkan selama ini terindikasi mengandung kecurangan seperti unsur gharar, unsur permainan harga dan unsur ‘pemaksaan’ yang menimbulkan ketidakrelaan sehingga dapat merugikan konsumen yang berdampak pada hilangnya nilai-nilai kemaslahatan dalam bermuamalah. Dengan kata lain, praktik after sales service mesin fotocopy bekas di Banda Aceh tidak begitu sejalan prinsip ekonomi Islam.
MEKANISME PERHITUNGAN KEUNTUNGAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP BAGI HASIL (STUDI TERHADAP PEMBIAYAAN MUDHARABAH PADA BPRS HIKMAH WAKILAH BANDA ACEH) Wardiah, Wardiah; Ibrahim, Azharsyah
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business UIN Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (768.518 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/share.v2i1.1403

Abstract

This study aims to determine the process of calculating the profit of mudharabah financing at BPRS Hikmah Wakilah from an Islamic perspective and its influence on profit sharing. It also aims to explore the mechanism of adjusting the profit-sharing ratio, and the effect of calculating the profitability of mudharabah financing on profit sharing. The method of this research is descriptive analysis. The research data is collected through library research and field research. The results showed that the calculation of profit sharing PT. BPRS Hikmah Wakilah uses revenue sharing system in accordance with the National Sharia Board Fatwa No.15/DSN-MUI/IX/2000 About Principles of Distribution of Business Results in Sharia Financial Institutions. While in the calculation of profit, the BPRS refers to the percentage of total financing and average income earned by the customer and projected the same profit sharing during the financing period. Profit calculation significantly affects the percentage of profit sharing and the period of profit received by the bank. =========================================== Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui proses perhitungan keuntungan pembiayaan mudharabah pada BPRS Hikmah Wakilah ditinjau menurut hukum Islam, mekanisme penyesuaian nisbah pembagian keuntungan, serta pengaruh perhitungan keuntungan pembiayaan mudharabah terhadap bagi hasil. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analisis. Pengumpulan data penelitian dilakukan melalui library research dan field research. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perhitungan bagi hasil, PT. BPRS Hikmah Wakilah menggunakan sistem revenue sharing sesuai dengan Fatwa Dewan Syariah Nasional No.15/DSN-MUI/IX/2000 Tentang Prinsip Distribusi Hasil Usaha Dalam Lembaga Keuangan Syariah. Sementara dalam melakukan perhitungan keuntungan, BPRS merujuk pada persentase jumlah pembiayaan dan pendapatan rata-rata yang diperoleh nasabah serta memproyeksi bagi hasil yang sama selama jangka waktu pembiayaan. Perhitungan keuntungan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap persentase bagi hasil dan jangka waktu penerimaan keuntungan yang akan diterima pihak bank. Kata Kunci: Pembiayaan Mudharabah, Kentungan, Bagi Hasil
Analisis Solutif Penyelesaian Pembiayaan Bermasalah di Bank Syariah: Kajian Pada Produk Murabahah di Bank Muamalat Indonesia Banda Aceh Ibrahim, Azharsyah; Rahmati, Arinal
IQTISHADIA Vol 10, No 1 (2017): IQTISHADIA
Publisher : Ekonomi Syariah STAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (408.499 KB) | DOI: 10.21043/iqtishadia.v10i1.2319

Abstract

This article aims to study the triggering factors of financing problems in BMI Banda Aceh and the policies taken to resolve the issues. In particular, the article also examines the effectiveness of applying these policies in reducing financing problems in BMI Banda Aceh. This research is expected to be a framework or model for other Islamic banks that have similar problems. The data was collected using an in-depth interview and documentation study. In analyzing data, this article utilized descriptive analysis method with qualitative approach. The findings show that finacing problems at BMI were triggered by 1) customers, 2) internal bank, and 3) fictitious factors. BMI applied a comprehensive policy to solve the problems starting from prevention to the culmination. The resolving techniques consist of ‘on the spot’, summons, billing, restructuring, collateral selling and written off, and penalty charging. In addition, BMI has also applied internal policy to the case that was not regulated by the financial authority such as the establishment of Remedial Team that was specifically formed to handle financing problems.Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji faktor-faktor penyebab terjadinya pembiayaan bermasalah di Bank Muamalat Indonesia (BMI) Banda Aceh dan kebijakan yang diambil untuk menyelesaikan persoalan tersebut. Secara khusus, artikel ini juga mengkaji keefektifan kebijakan tersebut dalam mereduksi pembiayaan bermasalah di BMI Banda Aceh. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi framework atau model bagi bank syariah lain yang memiliki permasalahan yang sama. Data untuk penelitian ini dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam dan studi dokumentasi yang kemudian dianalisis secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor penyebab pembiayaan murabahah bermasalah berasal dari 1) nasabah, 2) internal bank dan 3) faktor fiktif. Kebijakan yang diterapkan sangat komprehensif mulai dari pencegahan sampai dengan penyelesaian. Teknis penyelesaian dilakukan dengan metode on the spot, somasi, penagihan, restrukturisasi, penjualan jaminan, dan melakukan write off serta adanya penetapan terhadap denda. Selain itu, BMI juga mempunyai pola-pola kebijakan internal yang secara langsung tidak diatur secara detail oleh otoritas keuangan seperti pembentukan tim remedial yang khusus menangani pembiayaan bermasalah.
IMPLIKASI PENETAPAN MARGIN KEUNTUNGAN PADA PEMBIAYAAN MURABAHAH (SUATU STUDI DARI PERSPEKTIF ISLAM PADA BAITUL QIRADH AMANAH) Ibrahim, Azharsyah; Fitria, Fitria
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business UIN Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (693.719 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/share.v1i2.722

Abstract

Murabahah is a particular kind of sale that compliant with shariah. In this scheme, the seller expressly mentions the cost he/she incurred on the commodities for sale and sells it to another person by adding some profit thereon which is known to the buyer. It is one of the most popular modes used by Islamic banks. With its fixed margin, it offers the seller a more predictable income stream. This study aims to analyze the implications of the determination of the profit margin for the murabahah financing at an Islamic microfinance called Baitul Qiradh Amanah. Primary data was collected mainly through interviews and observation. The observation was conducted for about two months. During the observation process, co-researcher was directly involved as a trainee at the Baitul Qiradh. Interviews were conducted to clarify some unclear information that was obtained through observation. To strengthen the primary data, the secondary data is also utilized through books, magazines, and other studies. The secondary data is then compared with the findings from the field which is then analyzed using content analysis. The results showed that the profit margins in the initial of profit determination unilaterally bring both positive and negative implications for the clients and the Baitul Qiradh itself. The positive implication is (1) the Baitul Qiradh is able to predict its profit and (2) the clients are prevented from the risk of inflation or economic crisis. While the negative implications are (1) eliminating bargaining power of clients and (2) affect to customer satisfaction that leads to the decrease of the number of customers of the Baitul Qiradh. =========================================== Pembiayaan murabahah adalah jual beli barang pada harga pokok dengan tambahan keuntungan yang disepakati. Dalam skema ini, margin keuntungan biasanya ditetapkan di awal sebelum transaksi terjadi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis implikasi penetapan margin keuntungan pembiayaan pada sebuah lembaga keuangan mikro syariah, yaitu Baitul Qiradh Amanah. baik terhadap nasabah ataupun terhadap Baitul Qiradh itu sendiri. Data primer dikumpulkan dengan wawancara dan observasi. Observasi dilakukan selama lebih kurang dua bulan di mana salah seorang peneliti terlibat langsung sebagai trainee di Baitul Qiradh yang menjadi objek penelitian. Wawancara dilakukan untuk memperjelaskan hal-hal yang tidak bisa didapat melalui observasi. Di samping itu, untuk memperkuat data primer, peneliti juga mengumpulkan data sekunder melalui buku-buku, majalah, serta penelitian-penelitian lainnya. Data sekunder ini kemudian dibandingkan dengan temuan lapangan untuk kemudian dianalisis dengan cara content analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penetapan margin keuntungan di awal secara sepihak memunculkan implikasi positif maupun negatif baik terhadap nasabah atau Baitul Qiradh sendiri. Implikasi positifnya adalah jelasnya jumlah keuntungan yang didapat Baitul Qiradh dan menghindarkan nasabah dari risiko inflasi atau krisis ekonomi. Sedangkan implikasi negatif adalah menghilangkan daya tawar nasabah. Hal ini berimplikasi pada berkurangnya kepuasan nasabah untuk berurusan dengan Baitul Qiradh.
ANALISIS EKONOMI ISLAM TERHADAP PRAKTIK AFTER SALES SERVICE PADA MESIN FOTOCOPY BEKAS PAKAI DI KOTA BANDA ACEH Rinaldi, Akhyar; Ibrahim, Azharsyah; Rinaldi, Akhyar; Ibrahim, Azharsyah
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business UIN Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (891.785 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/share.v2i2.1499

Abstract

The objective of this article is to analyze the implementation of after sales service on used photocopy machine in Banda Aceh from an Islamic economic perspective. The analysis is conducted through the exploration of the mechanism of sale and purchase transactions and after-sales service system of the used photocopy machine. Data for this study was gathered through interviews and observations. Due to wide coverage area, the sample for this study was limited to eight units, which consist of four sellers and four buyers. The selection was determined by cluster sampling technique. The gathered data was then analyzed using descriptive analysis method. The findings showed that the implementation of the after sales service on the used photocopy machine in Banda Aceh was indicating to contain fraud such as gharar (uncertainty) element, price manipulation element, and the coercion element causing the unhappiness so that it can harm customers which impact on the loss of the maslahah values in muamalah. In other words, the practice of after-sales service of used copier machines in Banda Aceh not fully comply with Islamic economic principles. =========================================== Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan untuk menganalisis praktik after sales service (layanan purna jual) mesin fotocopy bekas pakai di Kota Banda Aceh dari perspektif ekonomi Islam. Analisis tersebut dilakukan melalui eksplorasi terhadap mekanisme transaksi jual beli dan sistem jasa layanan purna jual mesin fotocopy bekas pakai tersebut. Data untuk penelitian dikumpulkan melalui wawancara dan observasi. Karena wilayah populasi penelitian yang terlalu besar, maka penulis memilih delapan sampel penelitian, yakni empat sampel toko yang menjual mesin fotocopy bekas pakai, dan empat sampel toko yang menjadi konsumen mesin fotocopy bekas pakai. Pemilihan tersebut dilakukan dengan teknik cluster sampling. Data yang terkumpul kemudian dianalisis dengan metode deskriptif analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa layanan purna jual mesin fotocopy bekas pakai yang dipraktikkan selama ini terindikasi mengandung kecurangan seperti unsur gharar, unsur permainan harga dan unsur ‘pemaksaan’ yang menimbulkan ketidakrelaan sehingga dapat merugikan konsumen yang berdampak pada hilangnya nilai-nilai kemaslahatan dalam bermuamalah. Dengan kata lain, praktik after sales service mesin fotocopy bekas di Banda Aceh tidak begitu sejalan prinsip ekonomi Islam.
GALA DAN RAHN: ANALISIS KORELASI DARI PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM Ibrahim, Azharsyah
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business UIN Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (612.116 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/share.v1i1.716

Abstract

Gala is a term used by the society of Aceh—a formal Islamic state in Indonesia—referring to an economic transaction similar to the concept of the pawn in Western. The concept has long been practiced in the society and left many unsolved problems. Lately, academic scholars have questioned the implementation of the concept. Although it has root in Islam, some scholars suspect that the concept has been misguiding in its practices. This paper intends to analyze the implementation of the Gala concept in the Acehnese society through their economic transactions. It also aims to make a comparison to an Islamic economic’s concept known as Rahn. The primary data is mainly gathered through observation in the length of 5 years in the selected areas in Aceh. To support the data, an in-depth interview technique with relevant people was also used. In addition, the secondary data from journal’s articles, books, and other related literature were also utilized. Data was analyzed using content and comparative analysis. The findings show that the basic purpose of Gala in the Acehnese society is relevant to the Rahn scheme. In the implementation level, however, the concept is closely related to the interest lending scheme which is considered as riba (usury) in Islam. Consequently, the balanced economy as one of the core concepts in Islamic economic is not achieved. It is reflected from the continuance benefits gaining for one party while another party gaining nothing except the core objects which has to be repaid. In Islam, the principal meaning of Rahn is helping each other among Islamic society (ummah). Thus, it is prohibited of gaining any material benefit which leads to the riba practices. Finally, this article suggests the related parties return to the core concept of the Gala which is actually same as Rahn or else they should abandon it to avoid harming the ummah. =========================================== Gala adalah salah satu dari sekian banyak bentuk praktik ekonomi yang berkembang dalam masyarakat Aceh sejak lama. Konsep tersebut pada dasarnya tercipta dari nilai-nilai yang dianut oleh masyarakat Aceh dalam kehidupan sehari-hari sejak lama. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis implementasi konsep Gala yang dipraktikkan masyarakat Aceh dalam transaksi-transaksi ekonomi dari sudut pandang ekonomi Islam yang menggunakan skema Rahn. Data utama artikel ini diperoleh dari hasil observasi penulis selama beberapa tahun di daerah-daerah yang melakukan praktik Gala dalam beberapa transaksi ekonominya sehari-hari. Selain itu, untuk mendukung hasil observasi, in-depth interview dengan para pihak yang terlibat juga dilakukan. Untuk memperkuat temuan lapangan, penulis juga melakukan kajian literatur terhadap hal-hal yang berkaitan dengan praktik Gala. Analisis data dilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif menggunakan content dan comparative analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa praktik Gala dalam masyarakat Aceh pada dasarnya relevan dengan skema Rahn (gadai), akan tetapi pada tahap implementasi masih sarat dengan unsur riba dimana balanced-economy tidak terjadi. Hal ini terlihat dari adanya pengambilan manfaat oleh pihak tertentu yang mengakibatkan tertindasnya satu pihak oleh pihak lainnya. Dalam ekonomi Islam, konsep dasar gadai adalah tolong menolong sehingga tidak dihalalkan mengambil manfaat sebagai efek dari tolong menolong tadi. Pengambilan manfaat ini dapat menjerumuskan transaksi tersebut ke dalam riba. Artikel ini merekomendasikan pihak-pihak berwenang untuk melakukan banyak sosialisasi dengan melibatkan semua para tokoh masyarakat untuk meluruskan kembali praktik Gala sesuai dengan konsep ekonomi dalam ajaran Islam.