Eming SUDIANA, Eming
Faculty of Biology, Jenderal Soedirman University Jl. Dr. Soeparno No 63 Purwokerto 53122.

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Preliminary Test of Agri-Environmental Scheme Implementation in Farmland in Northern Slope of Mount Slamet Widhiono, Imam; Sudiana, Eming
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 39, No 1 (2017): FEBRUARY
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v39i1.871

Abstract

An Agri-Environmental Scheme (AES) was designed to enhance flower availability in crops using local wild plants. The goals of this research were to determine the impact of four wild plants on three cash corps, focusing on the diversity and abundance of insect pollinators, and to test the efficacy of this scheme using farmland on the northern slope of Mount Slamet. This research was done using a split block design, with the three cash crops as blocks (strawberry [Fragaria x ananassa Duchesne], chili pepper [Capsicum spp.], and tomatoes [Solanum lycopersicum L.]) and four wild plant species as treatments (Cleome rutidosperma, Borreria laevicaulis, Euphorbia heterophylla, and Tridax procumbens) at different precentages (0, 5, 10, and 15 %) of cash crop plant density. The results show that growing wild plants with cash crops enhanced the abundance and diversity of insect pollinators. Moreover, the addition of wild plant species to the crops at four densities had significantly different effects on insect pollinators in terms of abundance and diversity. The combination of 15 % C. rutidospermae and tomatoes had the largest population of insect pollinators. From the experiments it concluded that an AES could be implemented in farmland on the northern slope of Mount Slamet.
Variasi Morfologi Bambu Tali [Gigantochloa apus (Schult.F.) Kurz.] pada berbagai ketinggian tempat di Sub Daerah Aliran Sungai Pelus Hakim, Tria Fauzi Prabandani; Widodo, Pudji; Sudiana, Eming
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.1.294

Abstract

A study on the morphological variation of tali bamboo [Gigantochloa apus (Schult.f.) Kurz] has been conducted at various altitudes of Sub Watershed Pelus Banyumas, Central Java. This study was aimed at determining the morphological variations in relation to altitudes above sea levels. The method used was survey with stratified sampling.  The variables measured included culm diameter, culm internode length, culm sheath length and width, ovate-triangular blade length and width, leaf blade length and width, stem color and hairs, and altitude. The results of this study indicated that the altitudinal difference effect some morphological characteristics of tali bamboos such as: 1) green young seedling with black hairs found at 200-299 m and 300-399 m asl. 2) morphological variations are effected by altitude. Tali bamboo grows optimally at the altitude of 400 to 499 m asl. The results of regression analysis showed that the altitude has a relatively close correlation with somes of morphological character of tali bamboo.
Nilai Konservasi Tinggi Kawasan Hutan Nusakambangan Sebagai Sumber Penghidupan bagi Masyarakat Lokal Sudiana, Eming; MZ, Imam Widhiono
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 28, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2011.28.2.262

Abstract

A study on ecosystem services of Nusakambangan tropical low land rain forest was conducted by survey method. The purposes of this study are to identify the ecosystem services needed by local community families, to define degree of dependency of the local community family on the ecosystem services, to know the status of high conservation value (HCV 5) and to design the conservation strategy. The results showed that Nusakambangan low land rain forest has HCV 5. The basic need of the local community families has depends on the ecosystem service of Nusakambangan tropical low land rain forest. The silvopastory technology can be applied as conservation strategy of Nusakambangan tropical low land rain forest.
ANALISIS STOK KARBON HUTAN MANGROVE PADA BERBAGAI TINGKAT KERUSAKAN DI SEGARA ANAKAN CILACAP Azizah, Mia; Ardli, Erwin Riyanto; Sudiana, Eming
Jurnal Sains Natural Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Sains Natural
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.695 KB) | DOI: 10.31938/jsn.v3i2.66

Abstract

Cabrbon Stock Analysis of Mangrove Forest in Every Damaged Level in Segara Anakan Cilacap         Mangrove is a specific vegetation type, found in tropical and subtropical beach area which located in Cilacap  at a sloping beach area near the mouth of a river and the beach protected from the waves. Segara anakan is one of mangroves region which located at 108 º 46'-109 º 03 'E and 07 º 34' - 07 º 47 'South Latitude. Human activities series in Segara anakan mangrove lead the damage of this region, it affects to the ecological and biological or mangrove function as carbon storage place. The aims of this research was to analyze the damage level of mangrove in Segara anakan, Cilacap; to know the spatial distribution of mangrove damage level in Segara anakan; analyze the amount of biomass and carbon stocks at various of damage level in Segara anakan, and to know the number corelation of carbon stocks with damage level in Segara anakan, Cilacap.The research used survey method with purposive random sampling that determine the sampling location based on the damage level. Damage analysis used  assessment teristis method (field survey) and than spasial distribution used surfer 9.0 and ArcView GIS 3.2. Biomass analysis and the amount of carbon stock used descriptive methods, damage level correlation and the amount of carbon stock used Pearson correlation analysis (SPSS software vs. 19).The result was Segara anakan mangrove, Cilacap currently was divided into not damage (7 station), damaged (3 station) and  heavily damaged (5 station) categories. The amount of biomass and carbon stocks in not damaged area (57,67 tons/ha and 26,50 tons/ha); damaged area (23,40 tons/ha and 10,74 tons/ha, and the heavily damaged area (9,49 tons/ha and 4,37 tons/ha). The destruction of mangrove forest affected the amount of biomass and carbon stocks in Segara anakan, Cilacap.Keywords : mangrove,  carbon stock, damage level, Segara Anakan Cilacap ABSTRAK        Hutan mangrove merupakan tipe vegetasi khas, terdapat di daerah pantai tropis dan subtropis yang tumbuh subur di daerah pantai yang landai di dekat muara sungai dan pantai yang terlindung dari hempasan gelombang. Segara Anakan adalah salah satu kawasan hutan mangrove yang terletak pada koordinat 07º34? - 07º47? LS dan 108º46?- 109º03? BT. Serangkaian aktivitas manusia di kawasan hutan mangrove Segara Anakan menyebabkan kawasan ini mengalami kerusakan, hal tersebut berpengaruh terhadap fungsi ekologis dan biologis serta fungsi hutan mangrove sebagai penyimpan karbon.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mengetahui tingkat kerusakan  hutan  mangrove di Segara Anakan Cilacap; mengetahui distribusi spasial potensi stok karbon hutan mangrove di Segara Anakan Cilacap  dan  mengetahui korelasi jumlah stok karbon dengan tingkat kerusakan di Segara Anakan Cilacap.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan menggunakan teknik purposive random sampling  yaitu menentukan lokasi sampling berdasarkan  pada tingkat kerusakan. Analisis kerusakan menggunakan metode penilaian teristis (survey lapangan) yang selanjutnya didistribusi spasial menggunakan surfer  9.0 dan Arcview GIS 3.2. Analisis biomassa dan jumlah stok karbon menggunakan metode deskriptif, korelasi tingkat kerusakan, dan jumlah stok karbon menggunakan analisis korelasi Pearson (Software SPSS vs. 19). Hasil yang diperoleh adalah hutan mangrove Segara Anakan Cilacap saat ini terbagi menjadi area dengan kategori tidak rusak (7 stasiun), rusak (3 stasiun) dan rusak berat (5 stasiun). Jumlah biomassa dan stok karbon di area yang tidak mengalami kerusakan (57,67 ton/ha dan 26,50 ton/ha), area yang rusak (23,40 ton/ha dan 10,74 ton/ha, dan area yang rusak berat (9,49 ton/ha dan 4,37 ton/ha). Kerusakan hutan mangrove berpengaruh terhadap jumlah biomassa dan stok karbon di Segara Anakan.Kata Kunci: mangrove, stok karbon, tingkat kerusakan,SegaraAnakan Cilacap
Contribution of Plantation Forest on Wild Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) Pollinators Conservation in Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia Widhiono, Imam; Sudiana, Eming; Yani, Edy
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 3 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i3.10652

Abstract

Wild bee pollinators (Hymenoptera : Apiade) diversity and abundance were studied in three types of plantation forest on Mt. Slamet (Central Java Province, Indonesia). The aims of the research was to know the diversity and abundance of wild bee pollinators and to determine the possibility of plantation forest contribution on wild bees conservation. Sampling has been done at three stands: a pine forest (PF, with Pinus merkusii), an Agathis forest (AF, with Agathis damara) and a community forest (CF, with Albizia falctaria). Each habitat was divided into 5 line transect (100 x 5 m) and sweep nets were used to collect the wild bee samples. Sampling was done eah month from April to August 2015. The diversity of wild bees was high (12 species in 9 genera; members of the Apidae (7 species were dominant). The most abundant species across the forests were Apis cerana (343 individuals; 25.5% of total), Trigona laeviceps (195 individuals; 14.5%), and Megachille relativa (165 individuals; 12.3%). Measurements of species diversity (H), species evenness (E), habitat similarity (Ss) and species richness indicated that the wild bee species diversity in the region was relatively high (H = 1.275) to (H = 1.730);(E= 0.870) to (E = 0.93). The result showed that the diversity of wild bees in three different plantation forest habitats on Mt. Slamet were similar and can be concluded that plantation forest types were important for pollinator conservation, and an appropriate future preservation strategy should include of the areas of all plantation forest types.
Impact of Distance from the Forest Edge on The Wild Bee Diversity on the Northern Slope of Mount Slamet Widhiono, Imam; Sudiana, Eming
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 8, No 2 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v8i2.5058

Abstract

In agricultural landscape in northern slope of Mount Slamet, diversity of wild bee species as pollinator depend on forested habitats. This study aimed to assess the effects of distance from the forest edge on the diversity of wild bees on strawberry and tomato crops. This study was conducted from July 2014 to October 2014. The experimental fields contained tomato and strawberry with a total area of 4 ha (2 ha each) and divided into five plots based on distance from the forest edge (0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 m). Wild bee was catched with kite netting in 7.00 -9.00 in ten consecutive days. Wild bee diversity differed according to distance from the forest edge, the highest value was at 0 m for strawberry plots (H = 2.008, E = 0.72 and Chao1= 16) and for tomato plots, the highest diversity was at 50 m from the forest edge (H = 2.298, E = 0.95 and Chao1= 11) and the lowest was at 200 m in both plots. Wild bee species richness and abundance decreased with distance, resulting in the minimum diversity and abundance of wild bee at 200 m from forest edge in both crops.How to CiteWidhiono, I., & Sudiana, E. (2016). Impact of Distance from the Forest Edge on The Wild Bee Diversity on the Northern Slope of Mount Slamet. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(2), 148-154.
KERAGAMAN SERANGGA PENYERBUK PADA PERTANAMAN STRAWBERY YANG DISELINGI DENGAN TANAMAN Borreria laevicaulis Lestari, Maryam Muji; Widhiono, Imam; Sudiana, Eming
Scripta Biologica Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.sb.2014.1.2.443

Abstract

The productivity of strawberry (Fragaria sp.) depends on the presence of pollinator insects that need nectar or pollen as their food. The diversity and the population size of pollinator insects can be increased by the companion planting of Borreria laevicaulis among the strawberry. This research aimed to determine the diversity of pollinator insects of strawberry plantation companion by B. laevicaulis and to determine the relationship between the diversity of pollinator insects with the strawberry fruit produced. This research was conducted in the strawberry plantation of Serang Village, of the District Karangreja, Purbalingga, from June to August 2012. The research was designed to determine the effect of companion planting of B. laevicaulis at the 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15% of the total individuals of strawberry. The results showed that the companion planting of B. laevicaulis in the strawberry field did not affect the species diversity of pollinator insects. But the B. laevicaulis companion planting affected the amount of strawberry yielded. The maximum yield was obtained by planting B. laevicaulis at the 10% of the strawberry individuals; it was increased by 76.12% of the control without companion planting.
ANALISIS BIOMASA DAN CADANGAN KARBON PADA BERBAGAI UMUR TEGAKAN DAMAR (Agathis dammara (Lamb.) Rich.) DI KPH BANYUMAS TIMUR Uthbah, Zinatul; Sudiana, Eming; Yani, Edy
Scripta Biologica Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.sb.2017.4.2.404

Abstract

Increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere causes global climate change seriously. Forests serve as an important asset that can absorb and store carbon in the form of biomass. One type of potential forest as a carbon sink is forests resin. The amount of carbon stored by standing very dynamic and varies according to the age of its standing. Therefore, studies will be needed to determine the effect of age on biomass and carbon stocks stands resin, determine the relationship between age and standing biomass and carbon stocks resin, and knowing the optimum resin stand age in storing biomass and carbon stocks. This research was conducted at the stands of resin RPH Karang Gandul, KPH Banyumas Timur for four weeks in May 2016. The method used is a survey with a sampling technique using cluster random sampling. Stands resin used in the study were classified into five age groups with 5 replicates. Data were analyzed using ANOVA with an error rate of 5% and continued with LSD for further test results were significant and regression analysis to determine the relationship of age with biomass and carbon stocks stands resin. The results showed that the age effect on biomass and carbon stocks stands resin, the relationship formed between the age of stand with biomass and carbon stocks are quadratic, and age optimum in storing biomass and carbon stocks is 35 years.