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DINAMIKA HUKUM ISLAM MASA MODERN DAN PROBLEMATIKANYA: SYARI’AH DAN DASAR-DASAR HAK ASASI MANUSIA (HAM)

Al Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 5, No 1 (2015): AL HIKMAH
Publisher : STAI Al Hikmah Tuban

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Abstract

The concept of human rights contained in the Universal Declaration is the product of an era that is inseparable from the influence of the historical, ideological, post-second world war intellectual background. Therefore, the concept of human rights, more or less, is the result of cultural fusion after the Western secular Enlightenment that is not grounded in religious principles. Regarding the concept of human rights as expressed in the Universal Declaration, some have accepted without reservation on the ground that the concept of human rights they have is in accordance with religious teachings. Conversely, some have considered that the basic principles of the Declaration is from the Western secular cultures that tend to put aside religious values. The third is the position of the moderates who take a cautious stance for accepting it with some changes and modifications.

KONTROVERSI TENTANG OTENTISITAS HADITS DAN UPAYA ULAMA UNTUK MEMBELA OTENTISITASNYA

Al Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 4, No 1 (2014): AL HIKMAH
Publisher : STAI Al Hikmah Tuban

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Abstract

The Muslim scholars (ulama) have agreed on the highest position of the Quran for all Muslims. While, the position of the Prophet is in the second after the Quran. His position does not come from a community reception of the Prophets presence as individual who has the power, but his position is clearly expressed through the God revelation. Allah has described the position of Prophet Muhammad in the structure as (a) the explainer of the Quran (b) the legislator, (c) the model for Muslim Society (d) the figure that must be followed by by society. Al-Hadith encompasses the human interaction that includes faith, moral, social and legal. The scholars of Hadith in the classical and contemporary era said that a hadith can be called sahih (authentic) if it is in line with four conditions: (1) It was narrated with sanad (chains of narration) which is muttashil (continuous) from the last narrator recording the hadith up to the Prophet as the source of hadith (2) the narrators were composed of people who have such properties as adl and dhabit. (3) the hadith does not contain the so-called syaz, (4) the hadith does not contain the so-called illat. If the four conditions were met, then it could be called authentic hadits.