Afendy Widayat, Afendy
Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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IDIOM SEKSUALITASUALITAS BAGI WANITA JAWA PEDESAAN

Diksi Vol 13, No 2: DIKSI JULI 2006
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Abstract

People in rural Javanese communities usually still faithfully make use of Javaneseidioms in expressing matters of sexuality. Javanese idiomatic expressions areamong the means of expressing sexuality which are traditional in nature. Suchexpressions are combinations of terms possessing semantic and cultural meanings.In them eastern ethics are strongly embedded. The use of such ethical idiomsenables rural Javanese parents to inseminate expressions of sexuality withrelatively more ease in feminine members of their society.The use of Javanese idioms is a manifestation of the expression of sexualitysymbolic in meaning. This is justified because the Javanese personality is revealedin the Javanese saying Wong Jawa iku nggoning semu., which means that theJavanese are where symbolism is. Some types of the idioms often used inexpressing feminine sexuality are (1) tembung entar, which is a figurativeexpression, (2) peribahasa, which is an expression describing someone’s act, (3)saloka, which is an idiom in the form of an expression using the name of an objector animal, (4) pepindhan, which is a comparison of a sexual object to anotherobject, (5) panyandra, which is a description of a phenomenon of sexuality, and (6)piwulang, which is a teaching on sexuality. Of these, the first two types are themost often made use of. They are considered comparatively more easilyunderstood by those using them.Keywords: idiom, sexuality, women

PENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS KARYA SASTRA DAN PENGELOLAAN MAJALAH SASTRA BAGI MAHASISWA PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDlKAN BAHASA JA WA MELALUI MAGANG KEWlRAUSAHAAN

INOTEK Vol 6, No 2 (2003): Nopember 2003
Publisher : LPM UNY

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Abstract

Program  of  Entrepreneurship  Volunteer  is  aimed  to  prepare  the  graduate  ofJavanese Language  study Program of FBS UNY Yogyakarta to compete in the job field., T,o achieve marketable graduates, the study Program offers cooperation with partners to prepare.the students in writing literary works, managing studios, and literary magazines., .       , Process M  volunteering is perfomed by giving provisions in the partners  places.Joining students are chosen from Sanggar Sastra Lecture and selected based on talents ang motivations. The indicators of success for each student are making a title for short strory, jagading   lelembut,  and geguritan,   and able to make a planning of studio establishment ang literary magazine.The participants were  16. However, the active persons were  11. After following.volunteering process, there were eight short stories to publish. Moreover, it is better since, there was a short story being published by mass media entitled Dak  Coreng  Mangsi  Abang(Ari Yuliani). Of  some  geguritaris made  by the  students,  almost  all  of  them  can be. published in mass media. There are 15 titles of geguritan recommended to publish, that it can be sent to mass media However, six titles need corrections. Some of the geguritans published in Sempulur   magazine are Sudra,  Sempati    written by Agus Yuana Dirgantara and Sepi witten by Sri Suranti. Then, in the category og jagading lelembut there was seven titles and all of them are proper to publish. In other case, the effort of studio management and literary magazine  establishment  are still  in the  form of proposal  consulted to the partners.Key words:  written  skills, literary  magazine, and  entrepreneurship  volunteer.

INOVASI PEMBELAJARAN SASTRA JAWA BERBASIS KOMPETENSI MELALUI MEDIA WAYANG KANCIL

INOTEK Vol 8, No 2 (2004): Agustus 2004
Publisher : LPM UNY

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Abstract

Based on the analysis  of the field situation  there are some complaints by the elementary   students  to their  parents  that the  local  content  subject  of Javanese  literature   is  hard  to  learn  and  is  not  interesting   that  it  becomes something   frightening   them.   That  is  why  it  is  necessary   to  immediately found  the  way  out  that  it  is  fun  for  them  to  learn  the  subject.  Therefore, using  the  recent   advancement    of  science   and  technology   a  competence­ based  Javanese  literature   learning  through  the media  of Wayang  Kancil  are introduced.  The training  is organized  to answer  the following  questions:  (1) What  are  the  manifestations    of  the  competence-based    literature   learning through   the   media    of   Wayang    Kancil?   and   (2)   To   what   extent   the competence-based    literature   learning  through  the  media  of  Wayang  Kancil succeed   to  encourage    the   students   in  learning   the  subject   of  Javanese Literature?The  target  population   are  the  elementary  school  teachers  in Kulom Progo  regency  of  Y ogyakarta.   Each  of the  existing  subdistricts   sends  two teachers   that   the  total   participants    are  40  individuals.   The   activity   are centered    in    Sanggar    Kegiatan     Belajar    (SKB)    Kulon    Progo    (Dinas Pendidikan   Hall).  It  is conducted   using  the  method  of speech,  discussion, exercise,  and Wayang  Kancil  simulation.All  of  the  40  participants   are  able  to  practice  the  learning  process using the Wayang  Kancil.  It may be initiated  using  story telling  and also by singing  a  song.  They  succeed:   (1)  to  chose  or  create  an  interesting   story appropriate  with the need of the elementary  school  students,  (2) to make  use of the language  and various  messages  on good conduct  that are to transfer  to the  students   in  the   learning   process   through   the  media  of  the   Wayang Kancil,  and  (3) to  master  the  strategy  in selecting  the contextual   stories  in Kulon   Progo.   Subsequently,    the  participants    are:   (1)  well-motivated     in practicing  and doing  their job  with the media of the Wayang Kancil,  (2) with the pleasure  willing  to share their knowledge  and skills with their  colleagues in their  respective  districts,   (3) all of them  listen  the tutorial,  attending  the183184perform~nce    of.the   Way~ng   Kanc~1 and  in the  same  time  appreciating     it, (4) to  pr~ctlce    telh.ng   Kanc~l   story    III tu:n  using  the  media  of  the  Wayang Kancil,  (5! to  smg  Kancil  song,  Kancil  poem  reading  appropriate   with  the psyc.hoiogical developmen.t  ~f the .elementary school students,  (6) to practice p~aYlllg~he Wayan~  Kancil  III a SImple manner  without  any instrument,   but dlrec~ly III t~e learning  process,  (7) to organize  the simulation  of the Wayang Kancil learning.Key words: KBK, wayang kancil, Javanese literature

TEMA SUPERNATURAL DAN PENGARUHNYA PADA FAKTA CERITA DALAM NOVEL JAWA SERAH KARYA AY. SUHARYONO

LITERA Vol 4, No 2: LITERA JULI 2005
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Yogyakarta State University

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Abstract

SUMBANGAN KOSA KATA BAHASA SANSEKERTA TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN BAHASA INDONESIA DAN JAWA BARU

Diksi Vol 13, No 1: DIKSI JANUARI 2006
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Abstract

In their development, the languages referred to as Bahasa Indonesia (orBI, for short) and New Javanese (or NJ, for short) have absorbed a quantity oflexicon from Sanskrit. Much of the same lexicon has been absorbed from Sanskritinto BI and NJ. Granted that BI and NJ influence each other, perhaps BI hasabsorbed the Sanskrit lexicon from NJ or vice versa. However, referring tohistorical aspects, it is highly likely that the two have had access to Sanskrit froman old or ancient version of Javanese because Sanskrit has no longer been a livinglanguage since the 10th century.The process of the absorption of the Sanskrit lexicon into BI and NJ isdivisible into at least three types: (1) without phonological, morphological, andsemantic changes, (2) with phonological and semantic changes but withoutmorphological changes, (3) with phonological changes but without morphologicaland semantic changes, The last-mentioned type is further divisible into at least fivesub-types: (1) with a consonant shift, (2) with a long vowel changed into a shortone, (3) with a double consonant changed into a single one, (4) with a phonologicaladdition, and (5) with a phonological elimination.Keywords: Sanskrit, Bahasa Indonesia, Javanese, lexical contribution