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D Dahroni, D
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Perbandingan Pendapatan, Curahan Jam Kerja, dan Tenaga Kerja Usaha Tani Tebu Rakyat Intensifikasi (TRI) dengan Usaha Tani Padi di Desa Karangmojo Kecamatan Tasikmadu Kabupaten Karanganyar Tahun 1992/1993 Dahroni, D
Forum Geografi Vol 8, No 2 (1994): December 1994
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v8i2.4825

Abstract

Program Tebu Rakyat Intensifikasi (TRI) adalah program nasional yang mulai dilaksanakan sejak dikeluarkannya Inpres Nomor 9 Tahun 1975. Mengingat arti pentingnya program TRI sebagai program nasional dan kelompok sasaran yang dituju yakni para petani, maka penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur besarnya perbandingan pendapatan petani dari usaha tani TRI dengan pendapatan petani dari usaha tani padi. Penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengukur besarnya curahan jam kerja yang dimanfaatkan dari masing-masing cabang usaha tani di Desa Karangmojo, Kecamatan Tasikmadu, Kabupaten Karanganyar. Dalam penelitian ini metode yang digunakan yakni metode survai dan penentuan sampel dilaksanakan secara sampling. Sampel wilayah dan sekaligus sebagai daerah penelitian, ialah ditentukan secara purposife. Responden dalam penelitian ini ialah petani yang berusaha pada TRI, petani padi, dan buruh tani. Pengambilan responden dilakukan dengan cara mengambil 55 responden, terdiri dari Kelompok I sebanyak 11 sampel petani TRI dan padi, Kelompok II sebanyak 27 sampel petani TRI dan padi, dan Kelompok III sebanyak 23 sampel petani TRI dan padi. Data yang diambil dalam penelitian ini yakni data primer dan sekunder ditambah data yang diperoleh melalui wawancara bebas kepada pamong penduduk yang ada hubungannya dengan penelitian ini. Jenis data primer yang dikumpulkan berupa pendapatan petani dari usaha tani TRI dan usaha tani padi. Data sekunder yang dikumpulkan antara lain data penduduk, luas penggunaan lahan, pengairan, curah hujan dan pengolahan TRI beserta besarnya rendemen tebu. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pendapatan dari usaha tani TRI lebih kecil daripada pendapatan usaha tani padi (pendapatan usaha tani padi banyak Rp. 2.297.363,90 sedangkan usaha TRI Rp. 7.927.866,12). Curahan jam kerja (jam kerja dan tenaga kerja) yang dimanfaatkan dari usaha tani TRI lebih kecil daripada usaha tani padi (jumlah jam kerja usaha tani padi sebanyak 2.237,29 jam dan usaha TRI sebanyak 7.937,95 jam, jumlah tenaga kerja usaha tani padi 758 orang dan usaha TRI 7 05 orang). Disamping, itu ada keluhan perihal persoalan-persoalan yang dihadapi oleh para petani sistem target glebagan, yang tanpa disadari pertimbangan-pertimbangan, perhitungan kadar rendemen tebu tidak jelas dan potongan-potongan yang tidak jelas pula.
The Strategic Approach to Solve the Poverty in Developing Country Dahroni, D
Forum Geografi Vol 5, No 1 (1991)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

Not only does poverty in developing country face decline of relative imbalance, but they face the increasing of absolute poverly as well. One of the characteristic of developing country is signed by growth population rapidly. Economic development prospect doesn’t apart from ratio between quantity of population and land suitability. The limitedness of land that be done by farmer cause the decline of agriculture production, besides, the growth of wotk opportunity increase, the employment is restricted. Some main  problems that must be faced by now are; the distribution of income, work opportunity, man power quality, and many alternative approach to be sub mitted to reach the economic growth by distribution.
Analisis Keruangan Terhadap Perubahan dan Persebaran Permukiman Kumuh di Kecamatan Banjarsari Kota Surakarta Tahun 2001-2005 Dahroni, D
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 1 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i1.4928

Abstract

Since the year 1998 up to the mid of 2005, in the district ofBanjarsari, there happened an increasing amount of slum areas which might endanger the environmental balance. This research aims at (1) identifying the shift of distribution pattern from the settlement diffusion in the district of Banjarsari Surakarta in the year 2001-2005. (2) Identifying the alteration form of the unoccupied land into slum areas in the district of Banjarsari Surakarta. (3) Identifying the characteristics of slum area dwellers in the district of Banjarsari Surakarta. This research uses the survey method, secondary data analysis and map analysis. The data ar alysis used is tlie closest neighbor analysis, table of frequency, crossed tables and descrip ave analysis. The result shows that (1) the distribution pattern of the slum areas appeared in the district ofBanjarsari in the year 2001 is the random distribution pattern while the one in 2005 is the dissemination pattern. Such pattern indicates the grc wing amount and interraction with the means of transportation and economic condition in those slum areas. (3) The lands which are altered into slum areas in the district of Banjarsari during 2001-2005 take place in the unoccupied areas owned by the state.(3) The distribution of age among the slum area inhabitants is around 41-61 years of age (49%) while tb biggest amount is the new arrivals (57%). The region of Sub province Sragen has the bigges percentage in the distribution of the city inhabitants origin in the district of Banjarsari. Regionally, the inhabitants who come from the hinterland of Surakarta or ex Surakarta residency took the amount lof 73.68%. The highest percentage of educational level of the slum area inhabitants in the district of Banjarsari is the uneducated residents or those from low education level (55%). Most of the respondents occupations of the slum area dwellers in Banjarsari are in the informal sectors (82%) The number of family member in the district of Banjarsari is around l-
Identification of Settlements Quality in Pekanbaru Slums Sunarhadi, M. Amin; Dahroni, D; Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 19, No 1 (2005): July 2005
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v19i1.4570

Abstract

One of human basic needs is housing with high competitive situation caused increasing need of housing, spatial restriction, and economics factors. These influence to decreasing of housing quality then consequence to slums settlement. Undistributed population at Pekanbaru shown at Tangkerang Utara, Teluk Leok, and Meranti Pendak where slums are growing up. The aim of this stucdy is identifying slums area in Tangkerang Utara, Teluk Leok, and Meranti Pandak with spatial, complexity, and environmental approach. Data collected as primary and secondary data. Then are 28 indicators to identified slums area and classified quality of settlements. Results of this study shown that Tangkerang Utara have Medium Quality with typology as slums at center city, Teluk Leok have Low Quality with typology as slums at river side, and Meranti Pandak have Medium Quality with slums at urban fringe. This study also found that slums in Pekanbaru have spatial associated with low housing quality, community with low economic capacity, high density of population and building, bad sanitation, susceptible of fire and natural hazard, weakness of spatial planning implementation, and insufficient ratio of environmental settlement infrastructure. In pekanbaru, slums growth as continuous process.
Alternative Ways to Control Fertility in Indonesia Dahroni, D
Forum Geografi Vol 4, No 2 (1990): December 1990
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v4i2.4857

Abstract

An effort for reducing fertility in developing countries like Indonesia, is a real initiative to decrease the population growth rate. The succes of family planning programme in reducing fertility of Indonesia, has been confessed by UNO, and as a result, president Suharto has been rewarded a United Nation Population Award. Besides it is considered to make another effort beyond family planning programmes, among other things are: to raise age of marriage, future cousciousness, moral, and health education. Those programmes can be carried out through formal and informal education as well. The aim of family planning programme is to create a small family of lawful marriage and have heredity. In order to have a quantity and a good quality of heredity we are likely to become, then, there should be a planning of giving birth. Nevertheless, campaign motivation to raise age of marriage for young generation in rural as well as in urban, is one of the main efforts to reduce fertility rates.
The Strategic Approach to Solve the Poverty in Developing Country Dahroni, D
Forum Geografi Vol 6, No 2 (1992): December 1992
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v6i2.397

Abstract

Not only does poverty in developing country face decline of relative imbalance, but they face the increasing of absolute poverly as well. One of the characteristic of developing country is signed by growth population rapidly. Economic development prospect doesn’t apart from ratio between quantity of population and land suitability. The limitedness of land that be done by farmer cause the decline of agriculture production, besides, the growth of wotk opportunity increase, the employment is restricted. Some main  problems that must be faced by now are; the distribution of income, work opportunity, man power quality, and many alternative approach to be sub mitted to reach the economic growth by distribution.