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P Priyono, P
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Rural Settlement Development and Environment Carrying Capacity Changes in Progo River Basin Ritohardoyo, Su; Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 19, No 2 (2005): December 2005
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v19i2.4843

Abstract

Generally the broader rural settlement the heavier population pressure on agricultural land. It indicates that carrying capacity of the rural environment threatened lower. The spatial distribution of the threat in a river basin is quite important as one of the river basin management inputs. Therefore, this article aims at exposing result of research about influence rural population growth and rural settlement land changes to environment carrying capacity. This research was carried out in the rural area in Progo river basin consists 56 sub districts (34 sub districts part of Jawa Tengah Province, and 22 sub districts part of Yogyakarta Special Region). The whole sub districts are such as unit analysis, and research method is based on secondary data analysis. Several data consist Districts Region in Figure 1997 and 2003 (Temanggung, Magelang, Kulon Progo, Sleman and Bantul) such as secondary data analysis. Data analysis employs of frequency and cross tabulation, statistics of regression and test. Result of the research shows that population growth of the rural areas in Progo river basin are about 0.72% annum; or the household growth about 3.15% annum as long as five years (1996-2003). Spatial distribution of the population growth in the upper part of the Progo river basin is higher than in the middle and lower part of the basin. The number proportion of farmer in every sub district area in this river basin have increased from 69.95% in 1997 to 70.81% in the year of 2003. It means that work opportunities broadening are still sluggish. However, the number proportion of farmers in the upper part of the Progo river basin is lower than in the middle and lower part of the basin. The rates of settlement land areas changes (0.32 ha/annum) as long as five years (1997-2003) is not as fast as the rates of agricultural land areas changes (0.47 ha/annum). Spatial land settlement areas changes in the lower (6.1 ha/annum) and middle parts (2.4 ha/annum) faster than upper part of the river basin, as a consequence the different accessibility to urban area. Environment carrying capacity of every sub district areas in this river basin becomes lower as long as five years (1997-2003). In the upper part of the basin however, the index of environment carrying data (0.13) higher than in the lower part of this river basin (0.09), especially in the several sub districts surrounding urban area. The environment carrying capacity of Progo river basin depends on the land settlement and the growth of household number changes. However, influence of the land settlement area changes is stronger than the growth of household number changes to the environment carrying capacity. This result of research shows that spatial and temporal characteristics of settlement environment degradation in the lower and middle parts wider than in the upper part of Progo river basin in the coming twenty five of years.
The Application of Statistical Regression for Geographical Data Analysis Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 2 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

Application of regression statistic to analyse geography data is getting familiar, as the reason that geography object is really wide, kwantitative approach of geography and availibilty computer software of regression analysis which is getting complete and refresentative. The way of making decision and prediction constitutes the superiority of regression analysis and constitutes the issue which is often met by geographer in the study of geography object. It not only phenomena of human geography, but phisycal geography phenomena is also able to be approtached by regression analysis. For user the attentions that ought to be noticed are 1) regression statistic ought to be appraised as a fool and not as a brain, so that researcher is the main important operator; 2) mastery of geography subject matter constitutes an essential basis; 3) statistic is able to work if there is a detum which is able to fulfill the term of requirements and preceded by a logic causal relation; 4) close attention of reasearcher is highly required; 5) when must, researcher use the  statistic and the relationship between data type and statistical technique.
Family Planning Behavior and Small Family Concept Acceptance in Two Different Geographical Characteristics Municipality of South Klaten, Klaten, Central Java Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 5, No 1 (1991)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The research aim to know the family planning behaviour, the acceptance small family norm and the influential factors in two villages that have different geographical aspect. The behaviour involve the knowledge, the attitude and the practice where as the influential factors involve education, accupation, values of children, income, children still born and family size desired. The research areas are chosen purposive in two villages that have different geographical aspect, social aspect and cultural aspect. The aspect are: 1) location and topography, 2) socialy  structure, and 3) the achievement of effective acceptor. Based on the three aspects, Ngalas village (developing) and Sumberejo (developed) are chosen as research areas. The recorded as ative acceptor (recordedin RI/PUS/1991 form). The respondents are chosen by cencus at two neighborhoord association at every village. There are six variables in this research are assumed influence the periode of the contraceptives use, such as education, occupation status, values of children, family income, children still born, and family size desired. There are three variables are assumed influence the small family norm, such as education, occupation status, and values of children. The data was analyzed by frequency table, crosee table, and statistical analysis (Q square and Regresion). The data was always compared between the two villages. The analysis use computer by Microsoft Program. The research result showed that Sumberejo was better than Ngalas in the knowledge, the attitude, and the practice of family planning. Most of the people who live in Sumberejo understood the contraception device well (52,4%), where as in Ngalas (26,8%). Both of them agreed on using contraception device (more than 70%). The respondent who live in Sumberejo used IUD (40%) and MOW/MOP (23,23%). They had used of the contraception device for 4.8 years on an average. Mean  while the respondents in Ngalas use IUD (23,68%) and MOW/MOP (2,63%). They had used the contraception device for 3,8 years on an average. With respect to decision making of family planning. Sumberejo was better than Ngalas (Sumberejo: 83,4% and Ngalas 63,64%). The purpose of family planning has achieved birth stop. Sumberejo achieved 73,33% and Ngalas achieved 54,55%. The research result showed that the both Sumberejo and Ngalas accepted small family norm. Values of children  were heigh (Sumberejo 97,57% and Ngalas 93,31%). It indicates that the parent still hope the children role for their family. Not only did the parent hope from economics aspect but they hoped from non economic aspect as well. Both the average of live birth and the children who still alive in Sumberejo was lower than Ngalas. Mean while the number of the children who were desired was 2,9 child in Sumberejo and 2,8 in Ngalas. Based on seven statement that was used to identify the small family, there was tendency that the respondent in Sumberejo had better attitude than Ngalas about small family. The factor that influence the period of the contraception device was the number of the children who still children, income, and family planning norm did not influence the period of using of contraception device. The influential factors in acceptance of small family was education. The higher education the better aception of small family norm. Values of children also influenced the acceptance of small family norm, but there was difference of the direction between Sumberejo and Ngalas. In Sumberejo the higher occupation the better aceptance of small family norm, but in Ngalas, the higher percentance occupation the lower acceptance of small family norm.
Bibliografi Beranotasi Fertilitas dan Keluarga Berencana Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 4, No 2 (1990)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

Bibliografi beranotasi merupakan reference yang memberi informasi mengenai sumber tertentu dan ditambah topik inti. Belum ada aturan yang baku tentang fertilitas dan keluarga berencana pada tulisan ini dibuat seringkas mungkin dengan tidak meninggalkan topik inti yang terkandung dalam sumber aslinya. Buku atau reference yang digunakan untuk menyusun bibliografi ini merupakan koleksi Perpustakaan Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Anotasi yang terkandung berkisar pada upaya untuk menurunkan tingkat dan memacu keberhasilan keluarga berencana di Indonesia. Faktor-faktor yang dibicarakan dalam upaya tersebut antara lain faktor sosial, ekonomi, budaya, demografi, peran tokoh formal maupun informal, dan unsur geografi.
Seluk Beluk Registrasi Penduduk dan Peranannya dalam Perencanaan Pembangunan Kependudukan Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 6, No 1 (1992): July 1992
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2038.452 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v6i1.4691

Abstract

Registrasi penduduk merupakan sumber data kependudukan yang sangat penting untuk tujuan keamanan dan perencanaan pembangungan kependudukan. Data ini disamping mencakup wilayah yang luas (lingkup Nasional), juga menyajikan data yang selalu baru dan kontinue sehingga dapat memenuhi kebutuhan data pada suatu saat. Ketersediaan data dan informasi kependudukan yang akurat dan tepat waktu merupakan unsur mutlak dalam perencanaan pembangunan. Data penduduk dari sumber ini disamping dapat digunakan untuk mengevaluasi program-program pembangunan yang telah berjalan, juga dapat digunakan untuk analisis jangka panjang dan yang lebih penting untuk perencanaan pembangunan kependudukan. Namun demikian, hingga kini sumber data tersebut belum dapat dimanfaatkan secara optimal sebubungtm dengan kendala kualitas dan kekomplitannya. Pemerintah telah berupaya meningkatkan kualitas data registrasi agar dapat dimanfaatkan untuk kesejahteraan penduduk.
New Settlement Areas at Forbiden Zone of Merapi Volcano (Case at Srumbung, Magelang) Ritohardoyo, Su; Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 15, No 2 (2001): December 2001
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1944.168 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v15i2.4577

Abstract

One of the chronicle problem in the disaster control of volcano eruption is the resettlement of relocated or transmigrated people to prohibitive region of the volcano. The more serious problem is happened when some of the labourers sand and stone mining living in those prohibitive region. Starting from those stated sttlement problem, this research aims at exposing the change, process, and continuity of setlement in the prohibitive region. This study employs so called sampling technique. Quota sampling is carried out according to village type. Two agricultural and mining village types in the prohibitive region are selected representing the sampling areas, encompassed administrative divisions of Srumbung subdistrict. The number of respondents are 60 households, selected unproportionally based on the village type. Primary data is collected diret communication with informants are key persons. Data analysis employs frequenccy and cross tabulation, and t test analysis. The study reveals that settlement changes in prohibitive region of Merapi vulcano has been fluctuatively recorded since 1006 based on the strength of Merapi vulcano eruption. However intensively settlement changes as an impact of the Merapi vulcano eruption have been recorded sine 1930 up to 1975 followed by more than 1742 people be dead as a victims and environment deterioration. The eruptions in 1954 and 1969 have resulted in drastically changes of physical and administrative condition village of Kaligesik and Gimal. At least 9 hamlets in both villages have been destroyed by ‘nue ardente’ and cold lava. Those eruptions have than change the administrative status of villages to be. Resettlement process within two hamlets in prohibitive region have taken place due to differences in origin area of the shelter, motivation to settle, and settlement pattern. Those two settle in mining villages are mining are mining labourer and mostly comes from outer subdistricts or districts, whereas those who stay in agriculture village are local people. The latter mostly joined transmigration program, which are supposed to stay in outer islands. A part from origin area, the difference of two settlers is also indicated by motivation. Economic motives are more dominant for those who settle in mining village than those who settle in agriculture village. The latter tend to have social motives to stay. The difference in settlement pattern between the vilages lays in ‘intermediary settlement’. This means that mining settlers have previously stayed in transmigration area. The duration to stay is between 15 to 20 years as compared to mining settlers whose duration to stay are between 5 to 10 years. Although the average household monthly inome in the respective two vilages is relatif the same (i.e. Rp 323,366 in Kaligesik and Rp 335,557 in Sumberejo), the physical condition of housing in Sumberejo look a little better than in Kaligesik. Despite the respective differences, people in the two villages tend to stay permanently. This means that the effort to vacant these prohibitive region will become more difficult.
Family Planning Behavior and Small Family Concept Acceptance in Two Different Geographical Characteristics Municipality of South Klaten, Klaten, Central Java Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 6, No 2 (1992): December 1992
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v6i2.393

Abstract

The research aim to know the family planning behaviour, the acceptance small family norm and the influential factors in two villages that have different geographical aspect. The behaviour involve the knowledge, the attitude and the practice where as the influential factors involve education, accupation, values of children, income, children still born and family size desired. The research areas are chosen purposive in two villages that have different geographical aspect, social aspect and cultural aspect. The aspect are: 1) location and topography, 2) socialy  structure, and 3) the achievement of effective acceptor. Based on the three aspects, Ngalas village (developing) and Sumberejo (developed) are chosen as research areas. The recorded as ative acceptor (recordedin RI/PUS/1991 form). The respondents are chosen by cencus at two neighborhoord association at every village. There are six variables in this research are assumed influence the periode of the contraceptives use, such as education, occupation status, values of children, family income, children still born, and family size desired. There are three variables are assumed influence the small family norm, such as education, occupation status, and values of children. The data was analyzed by frequency table, crosee table, and statistical analysis (Q square and Regresion). The data was always compared between the two villages. The analysis use computer by Microsoft Program. The research result showed that Sumberejo was better than Ngalas in the knowledge, the attitude, and the practice of family planning. Most of the people who live in Sumberejo understood the contraception device well (52,4%), where as in Ngalas (26,8%). Both of them agreed on using contraception device (more than 70%). The respondent who live in Sumberejo used IUD (40%) and MOW/MOP (23,23%). They had used of the contraception device for 4.8 years on an average. Mean  while the respondents in Ngalas use IUD (23,68%) and MOW/MOP (2,63%). They had used the contraception device for 3,8 years on an average. With respect to decision making of family planning. Sumberejo was better than Ngalas (Sumberejo: 83,4% and Ngalas 63,64%). The purpose of family planning has achieved birth stop. Sumberejo achieved 73,33% and Ngalas achieved 54,55%. The research result showed that the both Sumberejo and Ngalas accepted small family norm. Values of children  were heigh (Sumberejo 97,57% and Ngalas 93,31%). It indicates that the parent still hope the children role for their family. Not only did the parent hope from economics aspect but they hoped from non economic aspect as well. Both the average of live birth and the children who still alive in Sumberejo was lower than Ngalas. Mean while the number of the children who were desired was 2,9 child in Sumberejo and 2,8 in Ngalas. Based on seven statement that was used to identify the small family, there was tendency that the respondent in Sumberejo had better attitude than Ngalas about small family. The factor that influence the period of the contraception device was the number of the children who still children, income, and family planning norm did not influence the period of using of contraception device. The influential factors in acceptance of small family was education. The higher education the better aception of small family norm. Values of children also influenced the acceptance of small family norm, but there was difference of the direction between Sumberejo and Ngalas. In Sumberejo the higher occupation the better aceptance of small family norm, but in Ngalas, the higher percentance occupation the lower acceptance of small family norm.
Departicipation of Youth in Agricultural Sector (Case Study at Delanggu Village, Delanggu, Klaten) Dilahur, D; Umrotun, U; Priyono, P; Amin, Choirul; Aminudin, M. Farid
Forum Geografi Vol 15, No 2 (2001): December 2001
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v15i2.4573

Abstract

This study is carried out in Delanggu, Klaten, that has high productivity of rice but undergoing a decrease in the role of the sector of agriculture. The goal of this study is to observe young people departicipation in the sector od agriculture and fators that influence it. The method used is survey method. The population is all of the young people in Delanggu, 1.419 peoples. The sampling uses stratified proporsional quota sampling where respondents are divided into three groups of age, 15-19 years old, 20-24 years old, and 25-29 years old. Every sampling in eah group is taken 5% proportionally, with its homogenates consideration, while the characteristic, which has determined in order to fulfil the number of determined quota in each age group. Collected data is presented in the form of frequency and cross table. Qualitative data analysis uses logical thought, deducyive-inductive, analogy ang comparison, whereas analyzing frequency and cross table uses quantitative data analysis. The use of both analysis is adjusted to the data and goal of the study.
Impact of Economic Crisis to Family Planning Realination on Poor Household in Banjarsari District, Surakarta Astuti, Wahyuni Apri; Priyono, P; Kaeksi, Retno Woro; Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 15, No 1 (2001): July 2001
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v15i1.4659

Abstract

This study is carried out in Nusukan, Banjarsari, Surakarta. The problems that are related to economic crisis in Indonesia are the supply of contraception, the weakening of people purchasing power so they influence the realization of family planning program. The goals of the study are: to know the supply of contraception for poor household, to study the influence of the effect of economic crisis for the participant of family planning, to study the change of birth control and its effective strategy and to know the quality of family planning service. The data are collected using observation, and questionnaire. The study takes the area in which it has more productive couple, the percentage of poor families and the prosperous families I that belong to productive couple whose age 20 to 49 years old, at least they have two children, and participant of family planning or ever followed it. The result of the study shows that 82% respondents can get contraception easily before and at economic crisis. It is one of the important factors, for which the participant of family planning is still high. Although the economic crisis influences the price of contraception and family Income, it does not affect the participant of family planning. 87% respondents participate actively the family planning. This shows that the people have realized the importance of family planning program. There is an impact of economic crisis for the change of the ways of birth control. 38% respondents have changed over their strategy from modern to traditional contraception and the contrary, and from modern contraception to the other one. Some of them are abstention. The level of the people adaptation is high enough. They use various ways to prevent of being pregnant. 92% respondents do not want to be pregnant. If it happens an unwanted pregnancy, 15% of the respondents will abort their pregnancy. This is the challenge for the officers and the government to supply safe and accurate contraception and to give clear explanation about the effect of abortion from healthy and religious aspect. The service of family planning by the government and private institution is good enough (81%). Respondents can get contraception (especially tablet) easily; cheap and free of charge, but the other ones such as spiral is more difficult because it is more expensive and limited.
Analisis Morfometri dan Morfostruktur Lereng Kejadian Longsor di Kecamatan Banjarmangu Kabupaten Banjarnegara Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi; Priyono, P
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 1 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i1.4926

Abstract

The aims of this research are: (a) to study and classify the landslide hazard level, and (b) to analysis morphometry and morphostructure slope at occurrence slides in the research area. The sampling method applied in this research was stratified sampling, landform units were applied as strata. The sample within strata was determined according the landslide hazard based factor that caused landslides. Analysed of morphometry and morphostructure conducted in described of landform units. The landslide location was mapped by determining landslide point with Global Position System (GPS), and morphometry slope analysis in three images with Digital Elevation Model (DEM) analysis. The results showed that the degree of landslide hazard in the research area could be classified into 9 units landform with 5 landslide hazard level, from very low until very high. At very high landslide hazard existed occurrence landslides at most, whereas at very low landslide hazard existed occurrence at least. From slope morphometry aspect, the point of the most landslide case is in mountain midle slope (11), lower slope (9), and upper slope (5). Flows type, soil fall, and rockfall all happen in lower slope. Landslide types almost (80%) happen in lower slope, whereas slump type happen in upper, middle, and lower slope. From slope form aspect, 70% landslide cases happen in concave slope position and slope classes 3-5 (>9%). From morphostructure aspect, the research area hasn’t difference because of weathering level and litology structure condition which is relatively similar. Concave and aslant slope condition become the concentration point of surface flow water and under surface which are predicted be the most influence factor that cause landslide.