Agustono Agustono, Agustono
Program Studi Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian/Agrobisnis Universitas Sebelas Maret

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PERANAN SEKTOR PERTANIAN DALAM PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH DI ERA OTONOMI DAERAH KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 24, No 1 (2009): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

In era regional autonomy which the regional economic development not follow the central development paradigm, but the development base on the initiative and the carrying capacity of region. The region is given the power and the freedom to develop of the direction, the object and the purpose of development with adjusted the potential and the carrying capacity. For it the region have to take the information of the potential and the contribution from economic sectors. The purpose of this research as: (1) to understand of forward linkages the agricultural sub-sector with another economic sector in Karanganyar region, (2) to understand of backward linkages the agricultural sub-sector with another economic sector in Karanganyar region and (3) to understand, what the agricultural sub-sector is leading sector in Karanganyar region?. The seconder data is used in this research. The data are taken from BPS Central Java, BAPPEDA Central Java, and BPS Karanganyar. The method is used to arrange I-O table 2005 in Karanganyar, based on to derivat from I-O table 2000 in Central Java, with the nonsurvey method as the Location Quotient approach. The tool of the analysis as (1) the linkages analysis; (2) the spreading coefficient; (3) the sensitivity of the spreading. The result of research: (1) the high value of the backward linkage of agricultural sub-sectors in Karanganyar as: animal husbandry, forestry, plantation, and fishery, (2) the low value of the backward linkage of agricultural sub-sectors in Karanganyar as the crop comodity, (3) the all agricultural sectors in Karanganyar have the low forward linkages, (4) the leading sector of Agricultural sub-sector in Karanganyar as animal husbandry, forestry, plantation and fishery. (5) the all sub-sector are not push to another economic sector in karanganyar.

ANALISIS IDENTIFIKASI DAN PERANAN SEKTOR PERTANIAN DALAM PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH DI KABUPATEN CILACAP

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 10, No 2 (2009): JEP Desember 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This study aimed to identify agriculture sector and sub-sector for region developing; to know of role of agriculture sector and sub-sector for region developing in Cilacap Regency. The used descriptive method, then the data analyze were Location Quotient (LQ) Approach, Income Multiplier effect, and Labour Multiplier effect. The research used secondary data, it was Gross Domestic Regional Product of Central Java and Gross Domestic Regional Product of Cilacap Regency based on 2000 constant price along the year of 1999 to 2003 and the labor of Cilacap Regency. The result of the research shows: the basic sectors of Cilacap Regency are manufacture industry, trading, hotel and restaurant sector. The contribution of agriculture sector in Cilacap Regency can be known from the Income Multiplier Effect along the year of analysis. In the labor side shows that the capacity of agriculture employment field more increase and so does the contribution of agriculture sector for the employment in Cilacap Regency.

ANALISIS POTENSI EKSPOR KOMODITI PERTANIAN UNGGULAN DALAM KERANGKA KEMANDIRIAN PEREKONOMIAN DAERAH DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI (Pendekatan Location Quotient Analisis)

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 24, No 1 (2009): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

The goal of this research as: (1) to understand of the potensity of export the excellent comodity agriculture from subdistrict in Boyolali. (2) to understand of the contribution of the excellent comodity agriculture in regional economic with the approach of the multiplier value of comodity production. The secunder data is used in this research. The data are taken from BPS Central Java, BAPPEDA Central Java and BPS Boyolali. The method of analysis is used the location quotient for identify the agricultural comodity in subdistrict; and the potensity of export the excellent agriculture comodity to understand of contribution and share from export the excellent agriculture comodity. The result of research: (1) the excellent agriculture comodity from subdistrict in Boyolali is different of the quantity and the kinds, this show the different from carrying capacity of subdistrict in Boyolali (2) the big of the excellent agriculture comodity from subdistrict in Boyolali are different, the value of the excellent agriculture comodity from 60% until 95.14% (3) the contribution the excellent agriculture comodity in subdistrict for regional economic in Boyolali are different. This contribution is shown with the difference of multiplier value of the export the excellent agriculture comodity from subdistrict. The Cepogo subdistrict has the biggest value 4.307, this show the Cepogo subdistrict has the best contribution. Thde sawit subdistrict has the smallest value 1.614, this show the Sawit subdistrict has the lowest contribution. From this research to propose the advanced research with Klassen Tipology approach or another approach as Shift Share, Forward Linkages and Backward Linkages from the excellent of agriculture comodity.

ANALISIS IDENTIFIKASI DAN PERANAN SEKTOR PERTANIAN DALAM PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH DI KABUPATEN CILACAP

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 10, No 2 (2009): JEP Desember 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (735.2 KB)

Abstract

This study aimed to identify agriculture sector and sub-sector for region developing; to know of role of agriculture sector and sub-sector for region developing in Cilacap Regency. The used descriptive method, then the data analyze were Location Quotient (LQ) Approach, Income Multiplier effect, and Labour Multiplier effect. The research used secondary data, it was Gross Domestic Regional Product of Central Java and Gross Domestic Regional Product of Cilacap Regency based on 2000 constant price along the year of 1999 to 2003 and the labor of Cilacap Regency. The result of the research shows: the basic sectors of Cilacap Regency are manufacture industry, trading, hotel and restaurant sector. The contribution of agriculture sector in Cilacap Regency can be known from the Income Multiplier Effect along the year of analysis. In the labor side shows that the capacity of agriculture employment field more increase and so does the contribution of agriculture sector for the employment in Cilacap Regency.

ANALISIS DAYA SAING UBI KAYU INDONESIA DI PASAR INTERNASIONAL

SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 14, No 1 (2017): September 2017
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

Abstract: This research aims to determine the competitiveness of cassava Indonesiacompared with competitor countries if the terms of its comparative advantages, and toknow the competitiveness of Indonesian cassava if the terms of its competitiveadvantage. The basic method used is descriptive analytical method. Analysis of thedata used is the analysis of comparative advantage Revealed Comparative Advantage(RCA) and analysis of competitive advantage Privat Cost Ratio (PCR). RCA analysisresults for commodities cassava Indonesia has a value of 0.7 or below one, whichmeans that during the period of cassava Indonesia does not have a comparativeadvantage compared to other countries with the same commodity. While the results ofPCR analysis, farming cassava in Indonesia has a competitive advantage because ithas a PCR value of 0.36 or less than one, which means that to get the added value offarm output by one unit cassava required additional domestic factor costs less thanone unit is equal to 0 , 36. While private profits is positive, it shows that the indicationof the results of farming cassava Indonesia supernormal and should lead to theexpansion or expansion in the future, unless the agricultural areas in Indonesia cannot be expanded or substitute crops are more profitable in private. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui daya saing ubi kayu Indonesiadibandingkan dengan negara pesaing jika ditinjau dari keunggulan komparatifnya, danmengetahui daya saing ubi kayu Indonesia jika ditinjau dari keunggulankompetitifnya. Metode dasar yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif analitis.Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis keunggulan komparatif RevealedComparative Advantage (RCA) dan analisis keunggulan kompetitif Privat Cost Ratio(PCR). Hasil analisis RCA untuk komoditas ubi kayu Indonesia memiliki nilai 0,7atau di bawah satu, yang berarti pada periode tersebut ubi kayu Indonesia tidakmemiliki keunggulan komparatif dibandingkan dengan negara lain dengan komoditasyang sama. Sedangkan hasil analisis PCR, usahatani ubi kayu di Indonesia memilikikeunggulan kompetitif karena memiliki nilai PCR 0,36 atau kurang dari satu, yangberarti untuk mendapatkan nilai tambah output usahatani ubi kayu sebesar satu satuandiperlukan tambahan biaya faktor domestik kurang dari satu satuan yaitu sebesar 0,36.Sedangkan keuntungan privat bernilai positif, hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwaindikasi dari hasil usahatani ubi kayu Indonesia supernormal dan harus mengarah padaekspansi atau perluasan di masa mendatang, kecuali apabila daerah pertanian diIndonesia tidak dapat diperluas atau terdapat tanaman pengganti yang lebihmenguntungkan secara privat 

Analisis Penawaran Jagung di Jawa Tengah

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 19, No 2 (2004): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

This research aims to analyze some factors that influence the corn supply in Central Java, and to analyze the corn supply elasticity in Central Java. The basic method used in this research is descriptive method. The location of this research stated with purposive, that is Central Java Province. And the data used in this research is secondary data.The analysis results the value of adjusted determination coefficient that is 87,6% and F-test analysis results that F-count (18,632) is greater than F-table (3,79) means that all the independent variables used in this research, which are corn’s harvested area in the recent year, corn’s production in the previous year, corn’s price in the previous year, peanut’s price in the previous year, urea fertilizer’s price in the previous year and the average of rainfall along the plant time influence in the together to the corn supply in Central Java. The results of t-test shows that corn’s harvested area in the recent year, corn’s production in the previous year, corn’s price in the previous year and urea fertilizers price in the previous year variables are the significant influential independent variables to the corn supply in Central Java. While based on the partial regression coefficient value of the significant influential independent variables, it is found that the corn’s harvested area in the recent area year has the highest value (0,992), so this variable has the greatest influence to the corn supply in Central Java.The corn supply elasticity in Central Java to the harvested area (0,948), corn’s production in the previous year (0,434), corn’ price in the previous year (0,709), urea fertilizer’s price in the previous year (0,161) in short-run is tend to be inelastic. While in long-run, corn’s supply is tend to be elastic to the corn’s harvested are (1,696) and corn’s price in the previous year (1,296). And corn supply is tend to be inelastic to the corn’s production in the previous year (0,777) and urea fertilizer’ price in the previous year (0,289).The results of this research shows that the corn’s farmers in Central Java in planting corn take the decisions based on profit (profit oriented) and have high response of the changing of corn’s harvested area in Central Java.

Usahatani Organik Padi Putih dan Padi Hitam: Pendekatan Pendapatan, Fungsi Produksi Cobb-Douglas dan VPM

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 33, No 1 (2018): April
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

This research aims to determine of (1) the productivity, income and efficiency of organic white paddy and organic black paddy and (2) the influence of production factors to production the white paddy and organic black paddy. The location of the research in Karangnyar, Central Java.The method of sampling was quota sampling with 30 respondents in each organic paddy, while the technique to collect respondents was conducted by purposive sampling. Data used in the study were primary and secondary data. Method of data analysis used in this research was (1) the analysis of productivity, income and efficiency of farming, (2) Cobb-Douglass and VPM (Varying Parameter Model) to determine the influence of factors to the production  of organik white paddy and black paddy.The results of research on the analysis of productivity of organik white paddy were 95,19 kw/ha/season and black paddy with the value of 72,53kw/ha/season. Income of organic white paddy was IDR 18,786,63.72/ha/season and income of organic black paddy with the value of IDR 25,641,526,39/ha/season. The efficiency of organic white paddy was 2,97 and the organic black paddy which was 3,83. The results of the Cobb-Douglas analysis showed the production of organic white paddy different from the organic black paddy.  VPM showed that the production factor of land area and labor significantly influenced production in organic white rice and organic black rice farming, while seeds and manure were known to only have significant influence toward production in organic white rice.

IDENTIFIKASI SUB SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI EKS KARESIDENAN KEDU (PENDEKATAN MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS TECHNIQUE)

SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 12, No 2 (2016): February
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

The  objectives  of  this  study  are  (1)  identify  the  Agricultural  sub  sector  of base and non-base in Kedu Residency (2) develop the Agriculture sub sector of base in Kedu Residency. The results, the food crops subsector basis in Kebumen, Magelang,Wonosobo, Temanggung. Sub Sector Crops base in Kebumen, Purworejo, Magelang, Temanggung.  Livestock  subsector  base  in  Kebumen,  Magelang,  Wonosobo, Temanggung. Forestry subsector base in Kebumen, Purworejo, Magelang, Wonosobo.Fisheries subsector base in Kebumen, Purworejo, Magelang, Wonosobo. Food crops subsector  non  bases  in  Purworejo,  plantation  subsector  in  Wonosobo,  livestock subsector in Purworejo, forestry and fisheries subsector in Temanggung. Development of  food  crops  subsector  in  Kebumen  to  maximize  production,  agribusiness development  in  Magelang,  in  Wonosobo  processing  performed  and  marketing,  in Temanggung  the  marketing  of  agricultural  products.  Development  of  the  plantation subsector  in  Kebumen  the  development  of  HR  trained,  in  Purworejo  improving  the marketing,  in  Magelang  the  development  of  conservation  areas,  in  Temanggung increasing  marketing  and  post-harvest  processing.  Development  of  the  livestock subsector  in  Kebumen  providing  capital  strengthening,  in  Magelang  increased productivity through improved genetic quality,  in Wonosobo revolsin Funds budgeted for  the  farm,  in  Temanggung  increase  in  value-added  farm.  Development  of  the forestry subsector in Kebumen, Purworejo, and Wonosobo did by developing a variety of non-timber business, in Magelang conservation of forest resources. Development of the fisheries subsector in Kebumen improving the marketing, in Purworejo increase fisheries production, in Magelang managing and marketing of fisheries production, in Wonosobo provision of adequate infrastructure.

EFEK PENAMBAHAN L-KARNITIN PADA PAKAN TERHADAP LAJU PERTUMBUHAN BENIH LOBSTER AIR TAWAR (Cherax qudricarinatus)

Journal of Aquaculture and Fish Health Vol 3, No 1 (2014): JAFH Vol. 3 No. 1 January 2014
Publisher : Department of Fish Health Management and Aquaculture

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Abstract

Lobster Air Tawar (Cherax quadricarinatus) merupakan salah satu komoditas perikanan yang bernilai ekonomis tinggi, baik untuk lobster konsumsi ataupun lobster hias. Kebutuhan Lobster Air Tawar konsumsi semakin meningkat, namun produksinya masih sangat rendah sehingga harga di pasaran relatif tinggi. Pakan merupakan salah satu komponen budidaya yang sangat besar peranannya sebagai faktor penentu pertumbuhan maupun dari segi biaya produksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa udang putih yang diberi pakan dengan tambahan 500 ppm L-karnitin menunjukkan pertumbuhan yang optimal. Adanya penelitian tentang L-karnitin yang mampu meningkatkan pertumbuhan udang putih maka diharapkan juga mampu meningkatkan pertumbuhan Lobster Air Tawar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan L-karnitin pada pakan terhadap pertumbuhan benih Lobster Air Tawar (Cherax quadricarinatus). Metode penelitian ini adalah eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemberian dosis L-karnitin yang berbeda pada pakan buatan menghasilkan laju pertumbuhan harian dan efisiensi pakan yang berbeda nyata (p<0,05). Pertumbuhan benih Lobster Air Tawar (Cherax quadricarinatus) terbaik pada perlakuan D sebesar 0,72 gr/hari, dan efisiensi pakan terbaik pada perlakuan D sebesar 90,68%.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MINAT PETANI DALAM BERUSAHATANI PADI DI KECAMATAN KEBAKKRAMAT KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 12, No 2 (2016): February
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

The research aims are (1) Analyse cost, revenue and income (2) Efficiency farming (3) Analyse the factors influencing interest farmers in the cultivation of rice in Kebakkramat  district  Karanganyar.  The  basic  method  of  this  research  used  the explanatory  method.  Research  locations  are  Kebakkramat  district  Karanganyar. Method of the sample collection that is purposive sampling with the sample of the 60 farmers. The data used in this research are primary and secondary data. Methods of data analysis used in this research are (1) Analysis of cost, Revenue and Income (2) Efficiency  Analysis  (3)  Binary  Logistic  Regression.  The  results  showed  that  (1) Average cost of seeking Rp 4.457.348 per UT or Rp  9.682.870 per Ha, revenue of Rp 12.749.167 per UT or Rp 27.695.510 per Ha, earn an income of Rp 8.291.819 per UT or  Rp  18.012.641  per  Ha  (2)  Farm  efficiency  of  2.89  (3)  Variables  influential  real with an odd ratio: Variable commodity prices , variable price seed , variable the price of  fertilizer  and  variable  the  availability  of  water.  While  variables  which  not influential  real:  Variable  area  of  land,  variable  experience,  variable  age,  variable education, variable government assistance, and variable alternation planting.