Ofianto Ofianto, Ofianto
Padang State University

Published : 7 Documents
Articles

Found 7 Documents
Search

PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA FILM DALAM MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA DI SMA NEGERI I ULAKAN TAPAKIS

Ranah Research : Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Volume 1, Issue 2, Februari 2019
Publisher : YAYASAN Sekora

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (443.812 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini membahas tentang pengaruh penggunaan media film dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa di SMA Negeri 1 Ulakan Tapakis. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kuantitatif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh Penggunaan media Film terhadap Hasil Belajar Sejarah berupa Pemahaman fakta Kelas XI IPS SMAN 1 Kec Ulakan Tapakis. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen, dengan desain penelitian pretest-Posttest Control Group design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh kelas XI IPS yang berjumlah 64 orang. Sampel dalam penelian ini menggunakan teknik total sampling, karena hanya terdiri dari 2 kelas dan seluruh populasi langsung menjadi sampel. Dimana untuk menentukan kelas eksperimen dan kontrol berdasarkan cabut lot. Teknik analisis data penelitian adalah uji hipotesis melalui uji t pada taraf nyata 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan media film bagus untuk menginterpretasikan fakta sejarah dibandingkan metode ceramah. Namun setelah dianalisis lebih lanjut ternyata berdasarkan pola perkembangan atau gerak perubahan penggunaan media film ini lebih bagus. Selanjutnya berdasarkan topik Perang Dunia ternyata penggunaan media film bagus untuk materi pengulangan. Berdasarkan analisis di atas diyakini bahwa penggunaan media film lebih bagus jika cara belajar siswa terstruktur, dengan sistim diskusi kelompok. Dengan demikian dapat disarankan agar guru mengemukakan struktur materi yang akan dipelajari anak, kemudian guru menyuruh anak untuk belajar di rumah sebelum belajar di sekolah.

EVALUASI PROGRAM PERCEPATAN/AKSELERASI BELAJAR DI SD MUHAMMADIYAH SAPEN YOGYAKARTA

HUMANUS Vol 14, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Kajian Humaniora FBS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (424.911 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to explore the feasibility of information about an accelerated program at the Muhammadiyah Sapen elementary school Yogyakarta, to describes empirically as well evaluating the implementation of an accelerated program about. This research can be categorized as an evaluative research with a qualitative approach.Data were collected through interviews, observation and studying documents, then analyzed inductively and constantly through categorization, classification, and reduction. The subjects were the school principals, chief of acceleration program, teachers, parents and participants of the acceleration program. The results showed that the selection of program participants has not fully meet the established criteria. Each student must pass four selections; the selection of objective data, subjective assessment, health requirements, and students readiness and parents support. The four aspects has not been done properly, particularly aspects of objective data assessment. Selection of teachers has not been conducted based on the criteria. Teachers are still determined by the principal and teaching experience is ignored. For the curriculum, funding and infrastructure already fulfill the criteria.Keywords: evaluation, accelerated learning program, elementary school

PERJUANGAN PENDIDIKAN KARTINI VS RAHMAH EL YUNUSIYYAH BAGI PEREMPUAN INDONESIA: SEBUAH PENDEKATAN HISTORIS DAN KULTURAL

Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2016): JURNAL SEJARAH DAN BUDAYA, JUNI 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.679 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak: Tokoh-tokoh perempuan dalam sejarah bangsa Indonesia adalah hal yang masih menarik untuk dituliskan. Berbagai pro-kontra munculnya tokoh-tokoh tersebut tidak menyurutkan para perempuan modern untuk menjadikan tokoh-tokoh tersebut menjadi sumber inspirasi mereka. Kartini misalnya, yang selalu menjadi tokoh utama perempuan dalam sejarah Indonesia dan dijadikan pahlawan bangsa. Berbagai pendapat mengenai Kartini memang tidak ada salahnya, namun hal tersebut harus diluruskan dengan berbagai pendekatan sejarah baik secara tekstual maupun kontekstual. Selain Kartini, tokoh perempuan yang nantinya akan dijadikan sebagai komparasi yaitu Rahmah El Yunusiyyah. Kartini yang berasal dari Jawa, hampir semua kalangan masyarakat mengenal beliau, berbeda dengan Rahmah El Yunusiyyah yang berasal dari Minangkabau (Sumatera Barat) mungkin tidak semua kalangan yang mengenal beliau serta kiprahnya dalam sejarah bangsa. Namun, dua tokoh ini bisa dikatakan memiliki tujuan yang sama dengan ideologi yang berbeda dan nuansa budaya pun jauh berbeda. Di sinilah keunikan dari dua tokoh ini yaitu memiliki cita-cita dan tujuan yang sama yaitu menaikkan derajat kaum perempuan melalui pendidikan namun dengan pandangan yang sangat berbeda.Kata-kata kunci: perempuan Jawa, Minangkabau,  pendidikan perempuanAbstract:. Women figures in the history of Indonesia is still attractive to be written. Various pros and cons of the emergence of these figures do not discourage the modern women to make these characters become their source of inspiration. Kartini, for example, which has always been a heroine in the history of Indonesia and as a hero. Some opinions on Kartini are not wrong, but it should be straightened with a variety of historical approaches both textual and contextual analyses. Besides Kartini, a female character which will be used as a comparison that is Rahmah El Yunusiyyah. Kartini from Java, almost all people know him, in contrast to Rahmah El Yunusiyyah originating from the Minangkabau (West Sumatra) may not all people who know him and his work in the nations history. However, these two figures can be said to have the same goal with different ideologies and cultural nuances too much different. This is where the uniqueness of these two figures that have ideals and the common goal of raising the level of women through education, but with a very different view.Keywords: Javanese woman, Minangkabau, education for woman

MODEL PENILAIAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR HISTORIS (HISTORICAL THINKING) DENGAN MODEL RASCH

TINGKAP Vol 11, No 1 (2015): PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341.269 KB)

Abstract

This study was conducted to produce a model and instruments of historical thinking skills in the history subject at the senior high school (SHS) and to identify SHS students’ historical thinking skills. The study was conducted in two stages, i.e. model development and instrument development along with a small-scale tryout and a large-scale tryout. The test for each tryout consisted of six and five sub-test sets. Each test set contained 20 anchor items. The sample for each tryout comprised 1573 and 2613 testees. The data were analyzed by means of Partial Credit Model (PCM) using the QUEST program. The tryout results on whole indicated that based on the criteria for an INFIT MNSQ mean of 1.0 and a standard deviation of 0.0 the tests fitted PCM. The reliability coefficients of the tests for the tryouts were moderately good; the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were, respectively, 0.65 and 0.54. The lowest score of historical thinking skills was -.352 and the highest was +1.21 in an ideal range of -4.0 to +4.0. On the whole, the testees’ scores were not satisfactory. Only 5.89% of the testees were above the expected median. Keywords: Instrument development, test, historical thinking skills, polytomous, PCM

An assessment model of historical thinking skills by means of the RASCH model

REiD (Research and Evaluation in Education) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): June
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (Yogyakarta State University)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study was conducted to produce a model and instruments of historical thinking skills in the history subject at the senior high school (SHS) and to identify SHS students’ historical thinking skills. The study was conducted in two stages, namely model development and instrument development altogether with a small-scale tryout and a large-scale tryout. The test for each tryout consisted of six and five sub-test sets. Each test set contained 20 anchor items. The sample for each tryout comprised 1573 and 2613 testees. The data was analyzed by means of Partial Credit Model (PCM) using the QUEST program. The overall tryout results indicate that, based on the criteria for an INFIT MNSQ mean of 0.1 and a standard deviation of 1.0, the tests fit the PCM. The reliability coefficients of the tests for the tryouts are moderately good; the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients are, respectively, 0.65 and 0.54. The lowest score of historical thinking skills is -.352 and the highest is +1.21 in an ideal range of -4.0 to +4.0. In overall, the testees’ scores are not satisfactory. Only 5.89% of the testees are above the expected median.

Analysis Of Instrument Test Of Historical Thinking Skills In Senior High School History Learning With Quest Programs

Indonesian Journal of History Education Vol 6 No 2 (2018): Indonesian Journal of History Education
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.041 KB)

Abstract

This research is descriptive quantitative research and aimed to described quality of questions history subject in West Sumatra District including validity, item difficulty, item discrimination, distractor efficiency and reliability. Objects in this study are questions test and 443 sheets of answer sheet including MAN 3 Padang, MAN Pariaman and MAN 3 Padang Panjang, key answer test, a test blue print and then it’s analysis with quest program. The result of this research shows that the content validity have category of valid was 28 questions (56%) and un-valid was 22 questions (44%). Item difficulty questions are easy category was 1 question (2%), immediate category was 9 questions (18%) and difficult category was 40 questions (80%). Item discrimination is weak category was 26 questions (52%), enough category was 18 questions (36%), good category was 4 questions (8%), very good questions was 1 question (2%) and bad category was 1 question (2%). Distractor efficiency was 47 questions (94%) and not function was 3 questions (6%). The average Kuder-Richarson formula 20 reability coefficient was 0,53 means it has enough reliability. Key words: historical thinking; validity; item difficulty; item discrimination; distractor of efficiency; reliability

EVALUASI ISI/MATERI BUKU TEKS MATA PELAJARAN SEJARAH INDONESIA KELAS X KURIKULUM 2013 REVISI 2017

Ranah Research : Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Volume 1, Issue 2, Februari 2019
Publisher : YAYASAN Sekora

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.872 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan karena ditemukannya banyak kekurangan dalam penjabaran materi pelajaran Sejarah pada buku teks Sejarah Indonesia kelas X Kurikulum 2013 revisi 2017. Kekurangan tersebut dapat terlihat pada isi buku teks yang tidak sesuai dengan Kompetensi Dasar mata pelajaran Sejarah kurikulum 2013 yakni tidak ditemukannya penjelasan Kompetensi Dasar 3.1 dan Kompetensi Dasar 3.2. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif evaluatif dengan pendekatan kualitatif yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas buku teks Sejarah Indonesia kelas x kurikulum 2013 revisi 2017 serta kesesuaian materi yang ada pada buku teks dengan Kompetensi Dasar 2013. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi dan studi dokumentasi. Sedangkan teknik analisis data terdiri dari empat kegiatan, yaitu: 1) Pengumpulan data, 2) Reduksi data, 3) Penyajian data, 4) Penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa buku teks ditinjau dari kriteria penulisan buku teks sejarah menurut Sjamsuddin sudah baik. Namun, ditinjau dari kelengkapan materi yang disajikan berdasarkan Kompetensi Dasar 2013 masih terdapat kekurangan.