Ofianto Ofianto, Ofianto
Padang State University

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PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA FILM DALAM MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA DI SMA NEGERI I ULAKAN TAPAKIS Jefrilianto, Jefrilianto; Zafri, Zafri; Ofianto, Ofianto
Ranah Research : Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Volume 1, Issue 2, Februari 2019
Publisher : YAYASAN Sekora

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Abstract

Penelitian ini membahas tentang pengaruh penggunaan media film dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa di SMA Negeri 1 Ulakan Tapakis. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kuantitatif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh Penggunaan media Film terhadap Hasil Belajar Sejarah berupa Pemahaman fakta Kelas XI IPS SMAN 1 Kec Ulakan Tapakis. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen, dengan desain penelitian pretest-Posttest Control Group design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh kelas XI IPS yang berjumlah 64 orang. Sampel dalam penelian ini menggunakan teknik total sampling, karena hanya terdiri dari 2 kelas dan seluruh populasi langsung menjadi sampel. Dimana untuk menentukan kelas eksperimen dan kontrol berdasarkan cabut lot. Teknik analisis data penelitian adalah uji hipotesis melalui uji t pada taraf nyata 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan media film bagus untuk menginterpretasikan fakta sejarah dibandingkan metode ceramah. Namun setelah dianalisis lebih lanjut ternyata berdasarkan pola perkembangan atau gerak perubahan penggunaan media film ini lebih bagus. Selanjutnya berdasarkan topik Perang Dunia ternyata penggunaan media film bagus untuk materi pengulangan. Berdasarkan analisis di atas diyakini bahwa penggunaan media film lebih bagus jika cara belajar siswa terstruktur, dengan sistim diskusi kelompok. Dengan demikian dapat disarankan agar guru mengemukakan struktur materi yang akan dipelajari anak, kemudian guru menyuruh anak untuk belajar di rumah sebelum belajar di sekolah.
EVALUASI PROGRAM PERCEPATAN/AKSELERASI BELAJAR DI SD MUHAMMADIYAH SAPEN YOGYAKARTA Ofianto, Ofianto
HUMANUS Vol 14, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Kajian Humaniora FBS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (424.911 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/jh.v14i1.5403

Abstract

This study aims to explore the feasibility of information about an accelerated program at the Muhammadiyah Sapen elementary school Yogyakarta, to describes empirically as well evaluating the implementation of an accelerated program about. This research can be categorized as an evaluative research with a qualitative approach.Data were collected through interviews, observation and studying documents, then analyzed inductively and constantly through categorization, classification, and reduction. The subjects were the school principals, chief of acceleration program, teachers, parents and participants of the acceleration program. The results showed that the selection of program participants has not fully meet the established criteria. Each student must pass four selections; the selection of objective data, subjective assessment, health requirements, and students readiness and parents support. The four aspects has not been done properly, particularly aspects of objective data assessment. Selection of teachers has not been conducted based on the criteria. Teachers are still determined by the principal and teaching experience is ignored. For the curriculum, funding and infrastructure already fulfill the criteria.Keywords: evaluation, accelerated learning program, elementary school
PERJUANGAN PENDIDIKAN KARTINI VS RAHMAH EL YUNUSIYYAH BAGI PEREMPUAN INDONESIA: SEBUAH PENDEKATAN HISTORIS DAN KULTURAL Najmi, Najmi; Ofianto, Ofianto
Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2016): JURNAL SEJARAH DAN BUDAYA, JUNI 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.679 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/sb.v10i1.5917

Abstract

Abstrak: Tokoh-tokoh perempuan dalam sejarah bangsa Indonesia adalah hal yang masih menarik untuk dituliskan. Berbagai pro-kontra munculnya tokoh-tokoh tersebut tidak menyurutkan para perempuan modern untuk menjadikan tokoh-tokoh tersebut menjadi sumber inspirasi mereka. Kartini misalnya, yang selalu menjadi tokoh utama perempuan dalam sejarah Indonesia dan dijadikan pahlawan bangsa. Berbagai pendapat mengenai Kartini memang tidak ada salahnya, namun hal tersebut harus diluruskan dengan berbagai pendekatan sejarah baik secara tekstual maupun kontekstual. Selain Kartini, tokoh perempuan yang nantinya akan dijadikan sebagai komparasi yaitu Rahmah El Yunusiyyah. Kartini yang berasal dari Jawa, hampir semua kalangan masyarakat mengenal beliau, berbeda dengan Rahmah El Yunusiyyah yang berasal dari Minangkabau (Sumatera Barat) mungkin tidak semua kalangan yang mengenal beliau serta kiprahnya dalam sejarah bangsa. Namun, dua tokoh ini bisa dikatakan memiliki tujuan yang sama dengan ideologi yang berbeda dan nuansa budaya pun jauh berbeda. Di sinilah keunikan dari dua tokoh ini yaitu memiliki cita-cita dan tujuan yang sama yaitu menaikkan derajat kaum perempuan melalui pendidikan namun dengan pandangan yang sangat berbeda.Kata-kata kunci: perempuan Jawa, Minangkabau,  pendidikan perempuanAbstract:. Women figures in the history of Indonesia is still attractive to be written. Various pros and cons of the emergence of these figures do not discourage the modern women to make these characters become their source of inspiration. Kartini, for example, which has always been a heroine in the history of Indonesia and as a hero. Some opinions on Kartini are not wrong, but it should be straightened with a variety of historical approaches both textual and contextual analyses. Besides Kartini, a female character which will be used as a comparison that is Rahmah El Yunusiyyah. Kartini from Java, almost all people know him, in contrast to Rahmah El Yunusiyyah originating from the Minangkabau (West Sumatra) may not all people who know him and his work in the nations history. However, these two figures can be said to have the same goal with different ideologies and cultural nuances too much different. This is where the uniqueness of these two figures that have ideals and the common goal of raising the level of women through education, but with a very different view.Keywords: Javanese woman, Minangkabau, education for woman
MODEL PENILAIAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR HISTORIS (HISTORICAL THINKING) DENGAN MODEL RASCH Ofianto, Ofianto; Basri, Wahidul
TINGKAP Vol 11, No 1 (2015): PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

This study was conducted to produce a model and instruments of historical thinking skills in the history subject at the senior high school (SHS) and to identify SHS students’ historical thinking skills. The study was conducted in two stages, i.e. model development and instrument development along with a small-scale tryout and a large-scale tryout. The test for each tryout consisted of six and five sub-test sets. Each test set contained 20 anchor items. The sample for each tryout comprised 1573 and 2613 testees. The data were analyzed by means of Partial Credit Model (PCM) using the QUEST program. The tryout results on whole indicated that based on the criteria for an INFIT MNSQ mean of 1.0 and a standard deviation of 0.0 the tests fitted PCM. The reliability coefficients of the tests for the tryouts were moderately good; the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were, respectively, 0.65 and 0.54. The lowest score of historical thinking skills was -.352 and the highest was +1.21 in an ideal range of -4.0 to +4.0. On the whole, the testees’ scores were not satisfactory. Only 5.89% of the testees were above the expected median. Keywords: Instrument development, test, historical thinking skills, polytomous, PCM
An assessment model of historical thinking skills by means of the RASCH model Ofianto, Ofianto; Suhartono, Suhartono
REiD (Research and Evaluation in Education) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): June
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (Yogyakarta State University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/reid.v1i1.4899

Abstract

This study was conducted to produce a model and instruments of historical thinking skills in the history subject at the senior high school (SHS) and to identify SHS students’ historical thinking skills. The study was conducted in two stages, namely model development and instrument development altogether with a small-scale tryout and a large-scale tryout. The test for each tryout consisted of six and five sub-test sets. Each test set contained 20 anchor items. The sample for each tryout comprised 1573 and 2613 testees. The data was analyzed by means of Partial Credit Model (PCM) using the QUEST program. The overall tryout results indicate that, based on the criteria for an INFIT MNSQ mean of 0.1 and a standard deviation of 1.0, the tests fit the PCM. The reliability coefficients of the tests for the tryouts are moderately good; the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients are, respectively, 0.65 and 0.54. The lowest score of historical thinking skills is -.352 and the highest is +1.21 in an ideal range of -4.0 to +4.0. In overall, the testees’ scores are not satisfactory. Only 5.89% of the testees are above the expected median.
Analysis Of Instrument Test Of Historical Thinking Skills In Senior High School History Learning With Quest Programs Ofianto, Ofianto
Indonesian Journal of History Education Vol 6 No 2 (2018): Indonesian Journal of History Education
Publisher : Semarang State University

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Abstract

This research is descriptive quantitative research and aimed to described quality of questions history subject in West Sumatra District including validity, item difficulty, item discrimination, distractor efficiency and reliability. Objects in this study are questions test and 443 sheets of answer sheet including MAN 3 Padang, MAN Pariaman and MAN 3 Padang Panjang, key answer test, a test blue print and then it’s analysis with quest program. The result of this research shows that the content validity have category of valid was 28 questions (56%) and un-valid was 22 questions (44%). Item difficulty questions are easy category was 1 question (2%), immediate category was 9 questions (18%) and difficult category was 40 questions (80%). Item discrimination is weak category was 26 questions (52%), enough category was 18 questions (36%), good category was 4 questions (8%), very good questions was 1 question (2%) and bad category was 1 question (2%). Distractor efficiency was 47 questions (94%) and not function was 3 questions (6%). The average Kuder-Richarson formula 20 reability coefficient was 0,53 means it has enough reliability. Key words: historical thinking; validity; item difficulty; item discrimination; distractor of efficiency; reliability
EVALUASI ISI/MATERI BUKU TEKS MATA PELAJARAN SEJARAH INDONESIA KELAS X KURIKULUM 2013 REVISI 2017 Nur, Fauziah; Ofianto, Ofianto; Aisiah, Aisiah
Ranah Research : Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Volume 1, Issue 2, Februari 2019
Publisher : YAYASAN Sekora

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.872 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan karena ditemukannya banyak kekurangan dalam penjabaran materi pelajaran Sejarah pada buku teks Sejarah Indonesia kelas X Kurikulum 2013 revisi 2017. Kekurangan tersebut dapat terlihat pada isi buku teks yang tidak sesuai dengan Kompetensi Dasar mata pelajaran Sejarah kurikulum 2013 yakni tidak ditemukannya penjelasan Kompetensi Dasar 3.1 dan Kompetensi Dasar 3.2. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif evaluatif dengan pendekatan kualitatif yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas buku teks Sejarah Indonesia kelas x kurikulum 2013 revisi 2017 serta kesesuaian materi yang ada pada buku teks dengan Kompetensi Dasar 2013. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi dan studi dokumentasi. Sedangkan teknik analisis data terdiri dari empat kegiatan, yaitu: 1) Pengumpulan data, 2) Reduksi data, 3) Penyajian data, 4) Penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa buku teks ditinjau dari kriteria penulisan buku teks sejarah menurut Sjamsuddin sudah baik. Namun, ditinjau dari kelengkapan materi yang disajikan berdasarkan Kompetensi Dasar 2013 masih terdapat kekurangan.
MODEL LEARNING CONTINUUM KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR HISTORIS (HISTORICAL THINGKING) PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH SMA Ofianto, Ofianto
Diakronika Vol 17 No 2 (2017): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (631.589 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol17-iss2/27

Abstract

Kecenderungan tumpang tintih materi pelajaran sejarah di sekolah dewasa ini, baik antar jenjang pendidikan maupun antar kelas pada jenjang pendidikan yang sama menjadi fenomena yang selalu menarik untuk dikaji. Materi sejarah yang demikian tidak akan terjadi bila secara rutin dilakukan penyusunan learning continuum (LC) oleh semua kalangan terkait. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menghasilkan model learning continuum keterampilan berpikir historis mata pelajaran sejarah SMA. LC keterampilan berpikir historis, menggambarkan peningkatan keterampilan peserta didik untuk menguasai keterampilan berpikir historis mulai dari keterampilan dasar hingga keterampilan yang paling tinggi pada pembelajaran sejarah SMA. Penelitian melalui dua tahap, yakni tahap pengembangan model LC dan tahap pengembangan instrumen yang disertai uji dengan coba terbatas. Data dianalisis dengan Partial Credit Model (PCM) menggunakan program QUEST. Hasil pengembangan aspek dan sub aspek LC keterampilan berpikir historis menghasilkan dua keterampilan yakni keterampilan dasar (basic skill) dan keterampilan penelitian sejarah (historical research capabilities). Hasil uji coba menunjukkan bahwa tes terbukti fit dengan PCM. Reliabilitas tes uji coba baik, dengan koefisien alpha Cronbach sebesar 0,82.
Analisis Soal Ujian Semester Ganjil Mata Pelajaran Sejarah Indonesia Kelas X SMAN di Kota Padang Menggunakan Program AnBuso 8.0 Oktavian, Rizki; Ofianto, Ofianto
Jurnal Halaqah Vol 1 No 2 (2019): JURNAL HALAQAH, Publishing April 2019
Publisher : RC-INSTITUT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (522.7 KB) | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3006246

Abstract

This research aims to determine the quality of the item odd Final Exam Subjects Indonesian History Class X SMAN in Padang Year 2018/2019 the terms of validity, reliability, level of difficulty, distinguishing features and analysis of detractors. This research was quantitative descriptive. Subjects in this research were students of 2 class x SMAN 3 Padang, 2 class x SMAN 7 Padang and 2 class x SMAN 12 Padang. Data was collected by the documentation method. Data were analyzed using the program AnBuso 8.0 and manual calculations with the helped of the Excel program. The results of this research were Quality items based on the total analysis items about the excellent for package 1 good quality about 16 items or 32%, poor quality were 32 items or 64%, and not very good quality amounted to 2 items or 4%. Whereas for package 2 good quality about 16 items or 58%, poor quality were 29 items or 64%, and not very good quality amounted to 5 items or 10%.
Pengembangan Media Digital Game-Based Learning (DGBL) untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kronologis Siswa dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah di SMA Irawan, Dicky; Ofianto, Ofianto; Aisiah, Aisiah
Jurnal Halaqah Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JURNAL HALAQAH, Publishing January 2019
Publisher : RC-INSTITUT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (521.102 KB) | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3237232

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Background of the research is not yet providing the media emphasis on the aspect of learning to think chronologically. This research aims to: 1) Developing media DGBL viable and practical learning in history. 2) Reveal the effectiveness of media Digital Game-based Learning (DGBL) in improving the chronological thinking ability of students. This development research using model ADDIE (Analyze, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation). The subject of the trial consists of 29 SMAN 1 Padang Panjang of Class XI of SCIENCES 6. The eligibility test is done through assessment of expert material and 2 media expert. In addition, the test is also done by two people the practicalities of history teachers and 29 students to see the practicality of DGBL media. The results indicate that the feasibility of the development of media based on expert assessment of materials, techniques and instruments of data collection, and data analysis to Digital Game-Based Learning (DGBL) is well worth the use (average score of 4.18 research), while According to a feasibility assessment of media experts that the media very worthy DGBL used (average score of 4.26). Research products are effective in improving students ability to think chronologically with n-gain 0.67 (categorize your medium). Product Media DGBL rated very practical by teachers and students (mean score 4.68 and 4.6).