Raisha Pratidina, Raisha
FEM Manajemen IPB

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Journal : Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi

Analisis Pengendalian Mutu Jambu Kristal dengan Metode Six Sigma di ADC IPB-ICDF Taiwan Bogor Pratidina, Raisha; Syamsun, Muhammad; Wijaya, Nur Hadi
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi

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Abstract

Quality Management is one of  success keys of a company to become a market leader and reach its goal. This is also the case with Agribussiness Development Center (ADC) Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)-Taiwan International Cooperative Development Fund (ADC IPB-ICDF Taiwan). The most popular product of this company is Crystal Guava which has hardly any-seeds, sweet taste and crunchy meat. In 2012, this company have could only fulfill 31% of Crystal Guava market demand for grade A and 69% for grade B+, B and C. Analysis method used in this study is Defect per Opportunity (DPO) Analysis, Defect per million Opportunity (DPMO) Analysis, Process Flow Diagram, Pareto Chart, Control Chart, Fishbone Diagram, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis and Six Sigma Method. Based on analysis results, there are six Critical to Quality (CTQ); namely, seeding, environmental conditions, fertilizing, maintenance, harvest and post harvest. Furthemore, the calculation of sigma range shows that, sigma capability during 2012, on production Crystal Guava in ADC IPB-ICDF Taiwan, Bogor was still in 2-sigma. This reveals that there are many defects of Crystal Guava and its sigma capability is still below the target of capability (3.4 sigma). In the words, this moment, ADC IPB-ICDF Taiwan is not realistic in applying six sigma method on quality control of Crystal Guava due to viable agricultural yields and is affected by a number of factors, especially environmental factors that is difficult to control.Keywords : crystal guava, quality control, six sigma, ADC IPB-ICDF
Analisis Pengendalian Mutu Jambu Kristal dengan Metode Six Sigma di ADC IPB-ICDF Taiwan, Bogor Pratidina, Raisha; Syamsun, Muhammad; Wijaya, Nur Hadi
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jmo.v6i1.12180

Abstract

Manajemen mutu merupakan salah satu kunci sukses perusahaan untuk memenangkan pasar dan mencapai tujuaannya. Begitu juga yang harus dilakukan oleh Agribussiness Development Center (ADC) Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB)-Taiwan International Cooperative Development Fund (ADC IPB-ICDF Taiwan). Produk unggulan dari perusahaan adalah jambu Kristal yaitu buah dengan biji yang sedikit, rasa manis dan renyah. Tahun 2012, perusahaan hanya mampu memenuhi sebesar 31% permintaan pasar atas jambu Kristal grade A, serta grade B+, B dan C mencapai 69%. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Analisis Defect per Opportunity (DPO), Analisis Defect per million Opportunity (DPMO), Diagram alir proses (Process Flow Diagram), Diagram pareto (Pareto Chart), Peta kendali, Diagram Sebab Akibat (Fishbone Diagram), Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) dan Metode Six Sigma. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, terdapat enam Critical To Quality (CTQ) antara lain pembibitan, kondisi lingkungan, pemupukan, perawatan, panen dan pasca panen. Hasil perhitungan kapabilitas sigma selama tahun 2012 masih berada kisaran 2-sigma. Hal ini menunjukkan masih banyak defect dan kapabilitas sigma berada di bawah target (3,4 DPMO). Dengan demikian, untuk saat ini ADC IPB-ICDF Taiwan, Bogor masih belum realistis untuk mengaplikasikan six sigma dikarenakan produk agribisnis yang rentan dan dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor alam yang sulit untuk dikendalikan.Kata kunci : jambu Kristal, pengendalian mutu, six sigma