, Rahman, ,
Departemen Budidaya Perairan Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Effectivity of Musa paradisiaca extract to control Saprolegnia sp. infection on giant gourami larvae Nuryati, Sri; Aulia, Nadia; Rahman, ,
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Larval stage of giant gourami is a critical period due to fungal infection, such as Saprolegnia sp. infection. There are some plants which have antiseptic compound like banana Musa paradisiaca. This research was aimed to examine the effectiveness of the banana stem extract M. paradisiaca to control Saprolegnia sp. infection on giant gurami larvae through immersion. Eight-day old gorami larvae (at the initial of 0.5±0.03 cm) was reared in an aquarium sized 25×25×25 cm3 at the density of 8 fry/L. Culture media were added banana stem extract at the dose of 0; 0.08; 0.12; and 0.16 g/L during 21 days of rearing period. Challenge test was performed for 14 days by giving Saprolegnia sp. spores at the density of 104 cells/mL and banana stem extract. The treatment dose of 0.16 g/L has showen survival 100% than positive control  after the challenge test. Keywords: giant gourami, Musa paradisiaca, Saprolegnia sp., fry  ABSTRAK Fase larva ikan gurami merupakan masa kritis terhadap infeksi cendawan, seperti jenis Saprolegnia sp. Beberapa tanaman memiliki daya antiseptik seperti tanaman pisang ambon Musa paradisiaca. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas ekstrak batang pisang ambon M. paradisiaca dalam mengurangi infeksi Saprolegnia sp. pada larva ikan gurami melalui media pemeliharaan. Larva gurami umur delapan hari (panjang larva 0,5+0,03 cm) dipelihara pada akuarium berukuran 25×25×25 cm3 dengan padat tebar 8 ekor/L. Media pemeliharaan diberi ekstrak batang pisang ambon dosis 0; 0,08; 0,12; dan 0,16 g/L selama 21 hari. Uji tantang dilakukan selama 14 hari dengan pemberian spora Saprolegnia sp. kepadatan 104 sel/mL dan ekstrak batang pisang ambon. Perlakuan dosis 0,16 g/L memberikan kelangsungan hidup sebesar 100% yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan perlakuan kontrol positif setelah uji tantang. Kata kunci: giant gourami, Musa paradisiaca, Saprolegnia sp., larva
Efficacy of whole cell vaccine Aeromonas hydrophila on catfish broodstock and it’s offspring resistance againt motile aeromonad septicemia (MAS) Sukenda, ,; Pratiwi, Kiki Amalia; Rahman, ,; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 16, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19027/jai.16.1.92-100

Abstract

ABSTRACT  Transfer of maternal immunity by mean of passive immunization is a way to provide protection and durability of antibodies on the offspring. The purpose of this research was to analize effication of Aeromonas hydrophila vaccine on the catfish broodstock to maternal transfer of immunity, and offspring resistance. The average body weight of broodstock used in this study were 650±50 g were kept in pool tarps sized 2×1×0.5 m3. This study used a randomized complete design with two treatments and three replications. Female broodstock were vaccinated using intraperitonial injections at a dose 0.4 mL/kg and control fish were injected with phospate buffered saline (PBS). The observed parameters include hematology of broodstock, mortality, the relative survival rate, and antibody titers. Antibody titer measurements on broodstock, eggs, and offspring. Vaccination on broodstock catfish delivers a significant antibody level (P<0.05) on offspring compared to control catfish with relative survival rate of offspring at 5, 10, and 15 days after hatching were 67.76%, 82.66%, and 71.66% respectively. Keywords: catfish, Aeromonas hydrophila, vaccination, antibody transfer  ABSTRAK  Transfer kekebalan dari induk kepada benih melalui imunisasi pasif merupakan salah satu cara untuk memberikan proteksi pada benih. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji efikasi vaksin sel utuh Aeromonas hydrophila pada induk ikan nila dalam mentransfer kekebalan spesifik ke benih dan menguji ketahanan benih hasil pemijahan induk yang divaksin. Induk lele yang digunakan pada penelitian ini memiliki bobot rata-rata 650±50 g dipelihara di kolam terpal berukuran 2×1×0,5 m3. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Induk betina lele divaksinasi secara intraperitonial dengan dosis 0,4 mL/kg ikan dan induk lele kontrol disuntik dengan phospate buffer saline (PBS). Parameter yang diamati meliputi hematologi induk, mortalitas, tingkat kelangsungan hidup relatif benih, dan titer antibodi. Vaksinasi induk lele memberikan hasil level antibodi yang signifikan (P<0,05) pada induk, telur, dan benih lele dibandingkan perlakuan kontrol dengan tingkat kelangsungan hidup relatif benih umur 5, 10, dan 15 hari pacatetas masing-masing sebesar 67,76; 82,66%; dan 71,66%. Kata kunci: ikan lele, Aeromonas hydrophila, vaksinasi, transfer antibodi