Articles
22
Documents
Motivation as Mediator between Family Support to the Readiness of Pregnant Woman in Exclusive Breastfeeding

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 6, No 2: June 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (227.821 KB)

Abstract

The success of the implementation of exclusive breastfeeding in the community is depend on the readiness of pregnant mothers in exclusive breastfeeding. This readiness is influenced by several factors including motivation and support exclusive breastfeeding by family. This study aimed to examine the empirical model that shows the motivational role as mediators of the relationship between family support of readiness pregnant mothers in exclusive breastfeeding. Cross-sectional study performed on pregnant women in Surakarta. A sample of 150 respondents mother in her first time pregnancy. The closed questionnaire of Likert scale developed to measure three variables of the study. Path analysis procedure used to test the hypothesis of motivational role as mediator relations between two other variables. The results showed that all three variables had a significant relation (p <0.001). The relationship between family support to readiness pregnant women after entering motivation as covariates remained significant but decreased significantly path coefficient (β = 0.365; p <0.001 becomes β = 0.260; p = 0.001). Thus the motivation become a mediator relationship with the family support of readiness pregnant mothers in exclusive breastfeeding.

Protein intake and daily activities influence to infant birth weight

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 8, No 1: March, 2019
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Pregnancy is a crucial period time of life. One of the contributing factors in pregnancy is mother’s nutritional need, one of which is protein intake. A pregnant woman’s protein need must be fulfilled for the health of both mother and baby. A more active lifestyle of a pregnant woman will also induce more baby’s brain development than a less active one. To analyze the correlation between protein intake and daily activity with infant birth weight in third trimester pregnant women. Analytic observational using prospective cohort design.Independent variables are protein intake and daily activities.Protein intake data is acquired from 2x24 hours food recall, daily activity is measured using Baecke questionnaire and infant birth weight is measured using a baby scale.Sample size of this study is 109 women achieved using simple random sampling. Statistic test used was chi square test.Mean number of pregnant women’s protein intake per day is 0,68±0,469gr.Bivariate test result shows a significant correlation between protein intake and infant birth weight(p=0,000) and a sighificant correlation between daily activities and infant birth weight(p=0,000). There is a correlation between protein intake with infant birth weight in third trimester pregnant women; and there is a correlation between daily activity with infant birth weight in third trimester pregnant women.

Efectivity of Famer’s Institution and Their Determinant’s Factors (Case: Province of Central Java)

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 5, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.994 KB)

Abstract

The effectiveness farmer’s institutions were needed for the agricultural development in globalization economic era. Economic indicators, agricultural infrastructures, and government policy often cause small farmer to economical and social marginalized. On the other side, farmer’s institutions which are expected be able to strengthen the farmer position to face the existing problems not effectively yet. The purpose of this research are to: (1) Identify and explain various factors have affected on the effectiveness of farmer’s institution, and (2) Formulate an appropriate strategy in capacity building of farmer’s institution.  This Research was conducted at three district of Center Java Province, there are: Klaten, Grobogan, and Karanganyar. The result shows that effectiveness of farmer’s institution is still at medium category. Effectiveness of farmer’s institution was directly influenced by level of member’s participation in farmer’s institution, outsider role, formal education, and local leadership. Famer’s income,  the quality of extension, social participation, needs, and capacities level of farmer were indirectly influenced to the effectiveness of farmer’s institution by participation in farmer’s institution. Learning experience of famer indirectly influences to the effectiveness of farmer’s institution by capacities level of farmer. The quality of agricultural extension, directly and indirectly, influences to the farmer’s capacities. It increases their participation in farmer’s institution and push their institution effectiveness. Key word:  famer’s institution, famer’capacity , famer’s participation

MODEL PARTISIPASI PETANI LAHAN KERING DALAM KONSERVASI LAHAN

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 13, No 2 (2012): JEP Desember 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1437.274 KB)

Abstract

The study intends to describe the participation of farmers in the dryland crop based Land Conservation Index (LCI), describes the factors that affect the implementation of land conservation, and develop models to improve the participation of farmers in land conservation. Research carried out in Sub DAS upstream of Solo river. All of the food crop farmers from the Pundung villages totaling 68 family heads as respondents. The results of a study of farmers in conserving land at a moderate level. Model to improve the implementation of land conservation is increasing: land area, ownership ruminants, a family member who worked, and level of education, and empowerment to increase participation in land conservation in the parameter is still low, namely: planting plants to strengthen terracing, mulching or manure, planting annual crops on sloping land, crop rotation, and a sense of responsibility of farmers.

Asupan protein dan kalsium serta aktivitas fisik pada anak usia sekolah dasar

Ilmu Gizi Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Februari
Publisher : Universitas Respati Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.356 KB)

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Salah satu karakteristik anak usia sekolah dasar adalah memiliki aktivitas fisik yang tinggi, yang diperlukan untuk meningkatkan perkembangan motorik dan kognitif mereka. Asupan makanan yang cukup, khususnya pemenuhan protein dan kalsium memainkan peranan penting dalam meningkatkan aktivitas fisik anak. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara asupan protein dan kalsium dengan aktivitas fisik anak sekolah dasar. Metode: Desain penelitian menggunakan desain cross sectional. Penelitian ini melibatkan 84 anak sekolah dasar usia 9–12 tahun yang duduk di kelas V dan VI di Kecamatan Praya Timur, Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Data asupan protein dan kalsium diperoleh dengan wawancara menggunakan form recall 2x24 jam dan data aktivitas fisik diperoleh menggunakan kuesioner Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C). Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi Square dan regresi logistik berganda dengan tingkat signifikansi 95%. Hasil: Persentase aktivitas fisik anak kategori tinggi lebih banyak dibandingkan kategori aktivitas fisik rendah (masing-masing 54% dan 46%). Asupan protein kurang secara signifikan meningkatkan risiko penurunan aktivitas fisik anak sekolah sebanyak 2,623 kali dibandingkan anak dengan asupan protein cukup (95%CI=1,003–6,862; p=0,049). Kesimpulan: Asupan protein berhubungan positif dengan aktivitas fisik anak sekolah dasar.

PENGEMBANGAN KAPASITAS KELEMBAGAAN PETANI (KASUS DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH)

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 23, No 2 (2008): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Agriculture development program is so difficult to reach small farmers. Economic indicators, agricultural infrastructures, and goverment policy often cause small farmers to economical and social marginalized. Farmer less possession in land, marginal rate of return in agriculture sector, agriculture policy which nonalignment to farmer make more difficult to increase their inncome. On the other side, farmer’s institutions which are expected be able to strengthen the farmer position to face the existing problems not effectively yet.The purpose oh this research in to identify the determinant factors in capacity buliding of farmer’s institution and to formulate an appropriate strategy of extention program. This research was conducted at three district in Center Java Province, they were: Klaten, Grobogan, and Karanganyar. Data collected through interview of 405 respondents whose member of farmer’s institution, 48 local leaders, and informans. The result shows that member’s participation in farmer’s institution represent their collective awareness caused easier to manage their farm. The level of member’s participation in farmer’s institution was influenced by their capacities level, internal and external factors of farmer, e.i: (a) social and economical status of farmer, (b) needs of farmer, (c) learning experience of farmer, (d) local leadership, (e) outsider role, and (f) the quality of extention. Quality of agricultural extension, directly and indirectly, influence to farmer capacities. It increase their participation in farmer’s institution and push their institution effectiveness.

PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK WANITA TANI PADA USAHA BATIK TULIS: UPAYA PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN DAN KEMANDIRIAN

E-Dimas: Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 8, No 1 (2017): E-DIMAS
Publisher : Universitas PGRI Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3632.799 KB)

Abstract

Kelompok Batik (tulis)“Mutiara 1" dan “Mutiara 2" adalah adalah kelompok usaha batik tulis yang masing-masing beranggotakan 10 orang wanita tani yang baru bebas dari buta huruf (tindak lanjut dari program pasca keaksaraan fungsional/buta huruf). Kelompok ini berlokasi di Desa Wonolopo Kecamatan Tirtomoyo sudah terbentuk mulai Tahun 2011. Usaha batik tulis yang dikelola selama ini belum dikembangkan potensinya sebagai produk sandang yang kompetetitif dan bernilai ekonomis dengan mengikuti kaidah Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs), seperti penggunaan berbagai alat teknologi tepat guna untuk membatiksehingga selama ini kelompok hanya menjual dalam bentuk batik mentah dengan harga yang relatif murah yaitu berkisar antara Rp 75.000,- sampai Rp 80.000,-, sementara harga batik yang sudah di finishing seharga Rp 250.000 sampai Rp 300.000,-. Perlu pendampingan kelompok tersebut agar pendapatan meningkat. Kegiatan pendampinganyang telah dilakukan adalah pelatihan finishing batik tulis, introduksi alat finishing batik, pameran (expo), dan pendampingan yang dilakukan dengan beberapa teknik pendekatan.

KEBIASAAN MAKAN, AKTIVITAS FISIK DAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH (IMT) MAHASISWA S-1 UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET SURAKARTA

Jurnal KESMADASKA Vol 9, No 1 (2018): JURNAL KESMADASKA VOL. 9 NO. 1, 2018
Publisher : STIKES KUSUMA HUSADA SURAKARTA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAK Bagian penting dari mahasiswa adalah mereka mengalami masa transisi kuat dengan perubahan lingkungan  yang  ditandai  dengan  pola  makan  yang  tidak  sehat  dan  kurang  aktivitas  fisik yang menempatkan mahasiswa pada risiko yang lebih besar dari kenaikan berat badan. Kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas terjadi pada mahasiswa, menurut Centers for Disease Control (CDC), prevalensi obesitas pada mahasiswa laki-laki adalah 29,5% dan pada mahasiswa perempuan sebesar 32,6%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan kebiasaan makan dan aktivitas fisik dengan Indeks Massa Tubuh mahasiswa S-1 UNS. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Subjek penelitian ini adalah seluruh mahasiswa program studi S-1 UNS pada tahun 2016 yaitu sejumlah 24.826 orang. Data dianalisis dengan chi square dan regresi logistic multinomial. Hasil uji korelasi chi square, menunjukkan bahwa kebiasaan makan tidak berhubungan secara signifikan dengan IMT Normal-Kurus ataupun IMT Normal-Gemuk (p = 0,193 & p = 0,446), sedangkan aktivitas fisik mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan IMT Normal-Gemuk (p = 0,029),tetapi tidak berhubungan dengan IMT normal-kurus (p=0,655). Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kebiasaan makan dengan IMT normal- kurus ataupun IMT normal-gemuk. Tidak ada hubungan antara aktifitas fisik dengan IMT normal-kurus namun terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara variable aktivitas fisik dengan IMT normal-gemuk. Kata kunci: kebiasaan, makan, aktivitas fisik, mahasiswa, IMT.   ABSTRACT The important part of the students is that they experience a strong transition period with environmental changes characterized by an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity that puts students at greater risk of weight gain. Overweight and obesity occurs in college students, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the prevalence of obesity in male students is 29.5% and in female students 32.6%. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating habits and physical activity with the body mass index of S-1 UNS students. Type of observational analytic research with Cross Sectional approach. The subjects of this study are all S-1 students of UNS program in 2016 that is 24,826 people. Data were analyzed by chi square and multinomial logistic regression. The result of chi square correlation test showed that Eating Habits did not correlate significantly with Normal BMI - Thin or Normal BMI - Overweight (p = 0,193 & p = 0,446), whereas Physical Activity had significant relation with Normal BMI – Overweight (p = 0,029 ), But not related to normal BMI-thin (p = 0.655). Conclusion of the research is there was no significant association between eating habits with normal BMI-thin or normal-fat BMI. There was no relationship between physical activity and normal BMI-but there was a significant relationship between physical activity variables and normal-fat BMI.   Keywords:Eating Habits, Physical Activity, student college, BMI.

MODEL PARTISIPASI PETANI LAHAN KERING DALAM KONSERVASI LAHAN

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 13, No 2 (2012): JEP Desember 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1437.274 KB)

Abstract

The study intends to describe the participation of farmers in the dryland crop based Land Conservation Index (LCI), describes the factors that affect the implementation of land conservation, and develop models to improve the participation of farmers in land conservation. Research carried out in Sub DAS upstream of Solo river. All of the food crop farmers from the Pundung villages totaling 68 family heads as respondents. The results of a study of farmers in conserving land at a moderate level. Model to improve the implementation of land conservation is increasing: land area, ownership ruminants, a family member who worked, and level of education, and empowerment to increase participation in land conservation in the parameter is still low, namely: planting plants to strengthen terracing, mulching or manure, planting annual crops on sloping land, crop rotation, and a sense of responsibility of farmers.

ANALISIS KELEMBAGAAN GAPOKTAN DALAM KEGIATAN LEMBAGA DISTRIBUSI PANGAN MASYARAKAT (LDPM) DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 30, No 2 (2015): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research aims to explain in detail about the condition of Gapoktan institutional through activities of Reinforcement of Society Food’s Distributive Institution (Reinforcement-LDPM) at the Regency of Grobogan considered from superstructur aspect, community profiles of farmers the member of Gapoktan, and organizational profile aspect of the Gapoktan. Qualitative method and descriptive approach were used in this research. The sampling was snowball sampling technique. The technique of data collection used visceral interview, observation, and record-keeping. The tryout of data validity used triangulation source and triangulation method, whereas the data analysis used three main components, i.e. (1) data reduction, (2) data display, and (3) drawing conclusion and verification. Based on the research result, it can be concluded that analysis of Gapoktan institutional considered from superstructure aspects including government policy which influenced Gapoktan institutional. Both the federal government and local government of Grobogan Regency have issued some policies that support the reinforcement activities of Society Food’s Distributive Institution (LDPM), but the government policy about Bulog standardization was considered that it was too difficult for Gapoktan institutional. Considered from community profile, the development of Gapoktan institutional has transpired well enough because of having sufficient asset, collective action in both of routine meeting and directive counseling, drawing conclusion by the chief of Gapoktan through discussion and coordination focus, whereas the relationship between Gapoktan institutional with the other Gapoktan has transpired well. Considered from its institutional profile, the Gapoktan still had constraints or problem. Looking to its organization system, the structure of labor units of the reinforcement activities of Society Food’s Distributive Institution (LDPM) had not been organized well. The members prefer to profitable jobs than the voluntary Gapoktan. Outsides, the institutional management and resource allocation had not well complied.