I GEDE SWIBAWA, I GEDE
Jurusan Agroteknologi Bidang Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Universitas Lampung

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NEMATODA PARASIT TUMBUHAN DOMINAN PADA BIBIT DAN TANAMAN KOPI ROBUSTA (C. canephora var robusta) MUDA DI KABUPATEN TANGGAMUS, LAMPUNG Swibawa, I Gede; Yasin, Nur; Aeny, Titik Nur; Dewi, Sari
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Departement of Agrotechnology, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (921.486 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jat.v7i1.2986

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui genus nematoda parasit tumbuhan yang dominan pada bibit dan tanaman kopi robusta (C. canephora var robusta) muda di Kabupaten Tanggamus dan mengetahui kelimpahan nematoda parasit tumbuhan yang dominan dan tingkat kerusakan tanaman akibat serangan nematoda pada bibit dan tanaman kopi robusta (C. canephora var robusta) muda di Kabupaten Tanggamus. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan di kebun pembibitan kopi Edufarm PT Nestle Indonesia di Kecamatan Talang Padang dan kebun tanaman kopi robusta muda milik petani binaan PT Nestle Indonesia di Kecamatan Ulu Belu, Air Naningan, Sumberejo, dan Pulau Panggung. Proses laboratorium dilakukan di Laboratorium Ilmu Hama Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Lampung. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Februari - Agustus 2017 menggunakan metode survai. Data komunitas nematoda dianalisis menggunakan Prominance Value (PV). Kelimpahan seluruh nematoda dari tanah dan akar, kelimpahan genus nematoda parasit tumbuhan yang dominan dari akar dan tanah dan intensitaskerusakan akar dianalisis ragam dan pemisahan nilai tengah diuji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT) pada taraf nyata 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ditemukan 38 genus nematoda yang terdiri dari 16 genus nematoda parasit tumbuhan dan 22 genus nematoda hidup bebas, lima genus nematoda parasit tumbuhan yang dominan yaitu Pratylenchus, Radopholus, Rotylenchulus, Helicotylenchus, dan Ditylenchus. Kelimpahan Pratylenchus pada bibit dan kopi robusta muda yaitu 13 – 190 individu/300 cc tanah dan 321 individu/10 g akar di kebun bibit. Intensitas kerusakan tanaman mutlak (keterjadian) dan kerusakan tanaman relatif (keparahan) bibit yaitu 27% dan 11,8% dengan intensitas kerusakan akar 69,20%. Intensitas kerusakan tanaman mutlak (keterjadian)dan kerusakan tanaman relatif (keparahan) tanaman kopi muda berkisar 32 – 61% dan 19 – 24% dengan intensitas kerusakan akar berkisar 35 – 48,17%.
Komunitas Nematoda pada Tanaman Kopi (Coffea Canephora Var. Robusta) Muda di Kabupaten Tanggamus Lampung SWIBAWA, I GEDE
Agrotrop: Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 4, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

The Community of Nematode in The Young Coffee ( Coffea Canephora Var. Robusta ) Crops in Tanggamus District, Lampung. Tanggamus district is one of coffee production center in Lampung province. Since year of 2013, farmers in Tanggamus have been replaced the unproductive old coffee by coffee seed introduced from East Java. Introducing coffe seed from outside area at risk of carrying plant parasitic nematodes. The purpose of this research was to study community of nematode associated with young coffee crops in Tanggamus. Survey was conducted in coffee robusta (Coffea canephora var. robusta) fields belonging to farmer on September 2014. Soil samples were collected from three sites: Margo Mulyo, Sumber Rejo and Batu Bedil. Nematodes were extracted by sieving and centrifugation with sugar solution method. The results show that were 20 genera consisted of 9 genera of plant parasitic and 11 genera of free living nematodes associated with young coffee in Tanggamus. The nematode community was dominated by Pratylenchus and Radopholus. The population of Pratylenchus and Radopholus in Sumber Rejo site were 421 and 846 individual per 300 ml of soil respectively. It was needed to indentify up to species taxonomic level for Pratylenchus and Radopholus associated with young coffee in Tanggamus.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA CURAH HUJAN DAN LUAS SERANGAN BELALANG KEMBARA (Locusta migratoria manilensis Meyen) DI PROVINSI LAMPUNG Sudarsono, Hamim; Hasibuan, Rosma; Swibawa, I Gede
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 11, No 1 (2011): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.171 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11195-101

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Population outbreak of the oriental migratory locust, Locusta migratoria manilensis Meyen (Orthoptera: Aciridae), in Lampung between 1990’s to 2000’s has caused serious economic loss to agriculture.  Anticipation of the pest outbreak is required to prevent serious loss in the future; one of possible approach is by analyzing data of rainfall and locust damage area. The study was aimed to analyze the relationship between rainfalls and area of damage caused by locust population in rice and corn fields using 17 years period of data from Lampung Province.  The results indicate that locust damage occurred when there were high rainfalls followed low ones at wet season. Time lag of 8 month was determined as the period needed for L. migratoria manilensis to raise its population when the pest has developed gregarious colonies in the region.  Rainfalls between 248,27 mm/month (on corn fields) to 287,06 mm/month (on rice fields) were optimum for the initiation of the locust population increase after a period of dry weather in the region.  Results of autocorrelation tests indicate that the occurrence of locust damage in an area would be followed by population increase in a region where gregarious colonies have developed. 
Status Fitonematoda pada Tiga Kisaran Umur Lahan Pertanaman Pisang Cavendish di Way Kambas, Lampung Yanto, Yanto; Swibawa, I Gede
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (225.897 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.12.3.83

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Crop losses due to phytonematodes infection commonly occurred on intensive plantation practiced for a long time. The research was aimed to study phytonematodes status on several age-different plantation of Cavendish banana in PT NTF Way Kambas, Lampung. Soil and root samples were taken from three different plantations, selected based on time period of cultivation practice, i.e. 3?5, 10?12, and 17?19 years long. The modification of Baermann funnel method was applied to collect nematodes. The status of phytonematodes were determined based on the absolute frequency (AF), relative frequency (RF), and absolute population (AP) of each genus. The results showed that 13 phytonematodes genera inhabited Cavendish banana crops. Pratylenchus and Radopholus have important status on a land that had been cultivated for 3?5 and 10?12 years with AF 100%, RF 31%, and  AP 298.8, and 423.0  individues per 200 mL of soil, respectively on 3?5 years long lands, and AF100%, RF 39% and PA 215, and 126 individues per 200 mL of soil, respectively on 10?12 years long lands. Pratylenchus and Radopholus were less important on 17?19 years long rotated lands with AF 77%, RF 22% and AP 33.0 and 16.4 individues per 200 mL of soil respectively. The status of other phytonematodes were not important with low value of AF, RF, and AP.
KEANEKARAGAMAN NEMATODA DALAM TANAH PADA BERBAGAI TIPE TATAGUNA LAHAN DI ASB-BENCHMARK AREA WAY KANAN Swibawa, I Gede
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 1, No 2 (2001): September, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (58.647 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.2154-59

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The soil nematode diversity in several land-use types in Way Kanan ASB-Benchmark Area.  The conversion  of forest to intensive agroecosystem such as monoculture system reduces biodiversity of the plant, herbivore, and decomposer subsystems.   Those changes affected  the litter and plant root quality.  Consequently, few soil nematode species could be dominant and cause of disturbance of the stability of the below ground  community.   The increasing  populations of plant parasitic nematodes usually occur on monoculture system .   The research was conducted to study the effect of forest changes in several land use types on soil nematode diversity in Way Kanan Benchmark Area.  Soil sampling on five land use types (secondary forest,  agroforest or tree based agriculture, plantation, cassava field, and Imperata grass land) was conducted in November1996 and December 1997.   Nematodes  were extracted by decantation-centrifugation with sugar method.  The soil  nematodes were grouped into order and generic level including plant parasitic and  non- parasitic. The results show that the order of  Rhabditida, Dorylaimida, and Tylenchida were found from  those five land-use types.  The total genera of  plant parasitic nematodes in Imperata grass land were the highest among the other four land use types.  The total number of  non-plant parasitic nematodes in secondary forest (28.0 individual per 300 cc of soil) was higher than total number in the plantation ( 2.6 individual per 300 cc of soil), cassava field (4.0 individual per 300 cc of soil) or Imperata grass land (6.6 individual per 300 cc of soil).  The total number of  plant parasitic nematodes in Imperata grass land (59.8 individual per 300 cc of soil), agroforest (59.0 individual per 300 cc of soil), secondary forest (48.2 individual per 300 cc of soil), and  plantation (17.6 individual per 300 cc of soil) were not significantly different, but  total number in Imperata grass land and  agroforest  were significantly  higher than that in cassava field (11,6 individual per 300 cc of soil).
DAMPAK APLIKASI INSEKTISIDA PERMETRIN TERHADAP HAMA PENGISAP BIJAIJ HELOPELTIS SPP. (HEMIPTERA: MIRIDAE) DAN ARTROPODA NON-TARGET PADA PERTANAMAN KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) Hasibuan, Rosma; Swibawa, I Gede; Wibowo, Lestari; Pramono, Sudi; Hariri, Agus M
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 4, No 1 (2004): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1064.608 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.148-12

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Impact of Permethrin-Insecticide Application on Mirid Pest of Cocoa Helopeltis spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae) and on Non-target  Arthropods in Cocoa Plantations (Theobroma cacao L.). Cocoa mirid bugs, Helopeltis spp., (Hemiptera: Miridae) are the most important pest of cocoa in Indonesia. A field study was conducted to investigate the effect of permethrin on cocoa mirids and non-target arthropods at a cocoa plantation in specific place. A randomized complete block design was used in which each of four blocks consisted of 5 treatments (4 concentrations of permethrin; 50; 100; 200; and 250 ppm and control). The results indicated that the application of permethrin significantly increased the cocoa mirids mortaliiy throughout all sprayed cocoa trees (up to 100% 72 h after application). Even at 1 h after application, the percentage of Cocoa mirids mortality 29.2% - 53.9%) on cocoa trees sprayed with permethrin at concentrations of 50 - 250 ppm was significantly higher than that on control plant (3.6%). At 72 h after treatments, application of permethrin at concentrations of 200 and 250 ppm caused a complete kill (mortalty of 100%) in the test mirids. Meanwhile, ground cloths caught at least 22 fanilies of abore-ground arthropods that were found killed by permethrin applications. Moreover, the number of non-target arthropods killed by permethrin at concentrations of 100 - 250 ppm (27.3 - 85.3 individuals/ground cloth) were signifcantly higher than that on control trees. These results demonstrated that despite high efficacy of permethrin in controlling of cocoa mirids (Hetopeltis spp.), its application also had adverse effects on non-target arthropods incocoa plantations.
THE WHITE-BELLIED PLANTHOPPER (HEMIPTERA: DELPHACIDAE) INFESTING CORN PLANTS IN SOUTH LAMPUNG, INDONESIA Susilo, Franciscus Xaverius; Swibawa, I Gede; ., Indriyati; Hariri, Agus Muhammad; ., Purnomo; Hasibuan, Rosma; Wibowo, Lestari; Suharjo, Radix; Fitriana, Yuyun; Dirmawati, Suskandini Ratih; ., Solikhin; ., Sumardiyono; Rwandini, Ruruh Anjar; Sembodo, Dad Resiworo; ., Suputa
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 17, No 1 (2017): MARET, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (427.494 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11796-103

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The White-Bellied Planthopper (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) Infesting Corn Plants in South Lampung, Indonesia. Corn plants in South Lampung were infested by newly-found delphacid planthoppers. The planthopper specimens were collected from heavily-infested corn fields in Natar area, South Lampung. We identified the specimens as the white-bellied planthopper Stenocranus pacificus Kirkaldy (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), and reported their field population abundance.
PENGARUH PENGOLAHAN TANAH DAN PEMULSAAN TERHADAP KERAGAMAN DAN KELIMPAHAN NEMATODA PARASIT TUMBUHAN PADA PERIODE TANAM RATOON- I DI PERKEBUNAN TEBU PT GUNUNG MADU PLANTATIONS Hasanah, Uswatun; Swibawa, I Gede; Aeny, Titik Nur
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Departement of Agrotechnology, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.928 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jat.v2i1.1939

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari keragaman dan kelimpahan nematoda parasit tumbuhan akibat perlakuan sistem pengolahan tanah dan pemulsaan pada pertanaman tebu periode ratoon I. Penelitian dilaksanakan di lahan pertanaman tebu milik PT Gunung Madu Plantations dari April sampai dengan September 2012. Satuan percobaan berupa petak 25 m x 40 m dirancang menggunakan rancangan petak terbagi (split plot design) dengan sistem olah tanah sebagai petak utama dan pemulsaan sebagai anak petak, dengan lima ulangan (kelompok). Sistem olah tanah terdiri dari dua taraf, yaitu tanpa olah tanah dan olah tanah intensif. Pemulsaan terdiri dari 2 taraf, yaitu pemberian mulsa bagas 80 ton ha-1 dan tanpa mulsa. Sampel tanah diambil ketika tebu berumur 8 bulan dan 11 bulan, nematoda diekstraksi menggunakan metode penyaringan dan sentrifugasi menggunakan larutan gula dan diidentifikasi sampai pada tingkat genus berdasarkan ciri morfologinya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di lahan PT GMP ditemukan 34 genus nematoda dalam 6 ordo pada pertanaman tebu ratoonI. Jumlah genus dan indeks keragaman Shannon nematoda pada pertanaman tebu ratoon I tidak dipengaruhi oleh sistem olah tanah dan pemulsaan. Indeks keragaman Simpson nematoda pada pertanaman tebu ratoon I dengan perlakuan sistem olah tanah intensif tanpa pemulsaan lebih tinggi dibandingkan pada sistem tanpa olah tanah tanpa pemulsaan. Kelimpahan nematoda parasit tumbuhan pada pertanaman tebu ratoon I tidak dipengaruhi oleh perlakuan olah tanah dan pemulsaan. Kelimpahan nematoda parasit tumbuhan pada tebu ratoon I ketika umur 11 bulan lebih rendah daripada ketika umur 8 bulan.
POPULASI NEMATODA Radopholus DAN Pratylenchus PADA TANAMAN KOPI ROBUSTA BERBEDA UMUR DI TANGGAMUS, LAMPUNG Hasanah, Septia; Swibawa, I Gede; Solikhin, Solikhin
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Departement of Agrotechnology, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (67.55 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jat.v4i3.1855

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Nematoda Radopholus sp. dan Pratylenchus sp. diindikasikan telah menyerang perkebunan kopi di Kabupaten Tanggamus. Oleh karena itu, saat ini terus dilakukan penelitian tentang populasi nematodaRadopholus sp. danPratylenchussp. Penelitianyang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh umur tanaman terhadap tingkat serangan dan populasi nematoda Radopholus sp. danPratylenchus sp. pada kopi robusta di Tanggamus telah dilakukan pada bulan Mei sampai November 2015. Penelitian menggunakan metode survei acak bertingkat untuk menetapkan sampel tanaman kopi di Kecamatan Pulau Panggung dan Kecamatan Air Naningan. Ekstraksi nematoda dilakukan terhadap tanah dan akar tanaman kopi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan baik di Kecamatan Pulau Panggung maupun di Air Naningan, tingkat kerusakan akar karena serangan nematodadipengaruhi oleh umur tanaman, kerusakan akar lebih tinggi pada tanaman tua. Populasi nematoda tidak dipengaruhi oleh umur tanaman kopi.
PENGARUH PENGOLAHAN TANAH DAN PEMULSAAN TERHADAP KELIMPAHAN NEMATODA PARASIT TUMBUHAN DI LAHAN PERKEBUNAN TEBU MENJELANG PANEN PERIODE RATOON II PT GMP Bramsista, Gede Adi; Swibawa, I Gede; Solikhin, Solikhin
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika Vol 3, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Departement of Agrotechnology, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.249 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jat.v3i3.1966

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh pengolahan tanah dan pemulsaan terhadap kelimpahan nematoda parasit tumbuhan pada pertanaman tebu periode ratoon II. Penelitian dilaksanakan di PT Gunung Madu Plantations (GMP) Lampung Tengah dan Laboratorium Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Lampung dari bulan Juni 2013 sampai dengan Desember 2013. Rancangan petak terbagi (split plot design) dengan lima kelompok diterapkan pada plot percobaan jangka panjang yang dimulai tahun 2010 pada lahan seluas 2 ha. Petak utama adalah sistem olah tanah dan anak petak adalah pemulsaan. Sistem olah tanah terdiri dari dua perlakuan yaitu olah tanah intensif dan tanpa olah tanah, sedangkan pemulsaan terdiri dari tanpa mulsa dan pemberian mulsa bagas 80 ton ha -1 . Sampel tanah diambil ketika tebu Ratoon II berumur 10 bulan, nematoda diekstraksi menggunakan metode penyaringan dan sentrifugasi dengan larutan gula, nematoda diidentifikasi sampai pada tingkat genus berdasarkan ciri morfologinya. Berdasarkan hasil ekstrasi sampel tanah, ditemukan 17 genus nematoda yang terdiri dari 11 genus nematoda parasit tumbuhan dan 6 genus nematoda hidup bebas. Dari 11 genus nematoda parasit tumbuhan, 3 genus yang dominan adalah genus Hoplolaimus, Hemicriconemoides dan Xiphinema ditemukanpada pertanaman tebu periode ratoon-II berumur 10 bulan setelah tanam. Perlakuan pengolahan tanah mempengaruhi kelimpahan nematoda Hoplolaimus dan nematoda Meloidogyne, sedangkan perlakuan pemulsaan tidak nyata berpengaruh. Kelimpahan nematoda Hoplolaimus pada perlakuan tanpa olah tanah (TOT) mencapai 114,69 individu per 300 cc tanah lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kelimpahan nematoda ini pada perlakuan olah tanah intensif (OTI) yaitu 79,09 individu per 300 cc tanah. Kelimpahan nematoda Meloidogyne pada perlakuan TOT yaitu 1,15 individu per 300 cc tanah lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan pada perlakuan (OTI) yaitu 0,00 individu per 300 cc tanah.