Iwan Ardian, Iwan
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PENGARUH PROMOSI KESEHATAN MELALUI METODE CURAH PENDAPAT TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN REMAJA TENTANG HIV/AIDS Ardian, Iwan; Tsaqafannisa, Maulianna
Nurscope : Jurnal Penelitian dan Pemikiran Ilmiah Keperawatan Vol 1, No 2 (2015): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.002 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/nurscope.1.2.1-9

Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: HIV/AIDS adalah salah satu penyakit menular yang mengakitbatkan kematian pada penderitanya. Angka kejadian HIV/AIDS memiliki kasus terbanyak pada kelompok umur 20-29 tahun maka langkah preventif dititik beratkan pada usia dibawah 20 tahun atau masa remaja. Upaya pencegahan HIV/AIDS disini adalah perubahan pengetahuan melalui promosi kesehatan. Peningkatan pengetahuan bisa terjadi bila ditunjang dengan metode yang baik maka peneliti lebih menekankan pada metode curah pendapat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh promosi kesehatan melalui metode curah pendapat terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan remaja tentang HIV/AIDS.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif quasy eksperimental dengan rancangan non equivalent control group . Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Jumlah responden pada kelompok perlakuan 18 responden dan kelompok kontrol 18 responden, sehingga jumlah responden keseluruhan adalah 36 responden. Pengambilan sampel mengunakan non probability sampling dengan tehnik consecutive sampling. Data dianalisis melalui uji T dependent dan uji T independent.Hasil: Berdasarkan hasil analisa diperoleh bahwa dari 36 responden penelitian, karakteristik umur terbesar adalah berusia 15 tahun sebanyak 66,7%, karakteristik jenis kelamin perempuan sebanyak 72,2%. Promosi kesehatan pada kelompok perlakuan (metode curah pendapat dan ceramah) mampu meningkatan pengetahuan (p = 0,000). Promosi kesehatan pada kelompok kontrol (metode ceramah) mampu meningkatan pengetahuan (p = 0,000). Ada perbedaan peningkatan pengetahuan HIV/AIDS siswa sebelum dan setelah intervensi promosi kesehatan pada kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol (p = 0,002) dengan selisih rata-rata nilai antara dua kelompok tersebut 3.55. Metode curah pendapat lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan.Simpulan: Terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan promosi kesehatan HIV/AIDS melalui metode curah pendapat terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan pada remaja (p value 0,000<0,05).Kata kunci: Promosi kesehatan, HIV/AIDS, metode curah pendapat, pengetahuanDaftar pustaka: 39 (2004-2014)
The Effectiveness of Brain Gym and Brain Vitalization Gym in Increasing Cognitive Function of The Elderly in Pucang Gading Social Rehabilitation Unit of Semarang Ardian, Iwan; Nuraini, Nuraini
NurseLine Journal Vol 3 No 1 (2018): Mei 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/nlj.v3i1.7001

Abstract

Cognitive function of the elderly is influenced by several factors such as age, sex, education and physical activity so that it can impact on the decreasing of progressive cognitive function. As power center of thinking, brain requires to be taken care by making a simple movement that followed by various of brain fuction component like vision, imagination, hearing and emotion. The objective of study is to find the difference of effectiveness of brain gymnastics and brain vitalization gymnastics in increasing of cognitive function of the elderly.&nbsp;It is quantitative study by using design of Quasi Experimental Pre and Post Test without Control Group. The data collecting is using questionnaires of MMSE. The number of respondents is 34 elderly with consecutive sampling technique by using Simple Paired T-test, Wicoxon and Mann Whitney.&nbsp;It indicates that the result of statistical test with Simple Paired T-test in group of brain gymnastics obtained p value 0,000 (p value &lt; 0,050), so that it is stated that there is a significant difference between cognitive function in group of brain gymnastics before and after treatment, Wilcoxon test in group of brain vitalization gymnastics obtained p value 0,000 (p value &lt; 0,050) so that there it is a significant difference between cognitive function in brain vitalization gymnastics group before and after treatment. The result of statistical test of Mann Whitney obtained p value or significant 0,004 (p value &lt; 0,050), this it can be concluded that there is a significant defference between cognitive function in group of brain gymnastics and brain vitalization gymnastics.&nbsp;There is significant difference between cognitive function in group of brain gymnastics and brain vitalization gymnastics in Pucang Gading Social Rehabilitation Unit of Semarang (p value &lt; 0,050).
SPIRITUAL AND RELIGION CONCEPT IN NURSING FOR DIABETIC MELITUS PATIENTS ARDIAN, IWAN
Nurscope : Jurnal Penelitian dan Pemikiran Ilmiah Keperawatan Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Diabetes is one of the chronic health problems and the psychological impact on the patient and is often associated with with several psychiatric disorders. Patients with diabetes were twice as likely to have status anxiety, depression and serious psychological problems. The psychological pressure of patients with diabetes mellitus often associated with the spiritual welfare and compliance religion. The limited information relating to the spirituality of the patient as well as their different views in interpreting spirituality and religion make less than optimal in increasing the spiritual wellbeing of patients that can ultimately help patients increase their quality of life. spirituality and religion how it can be distinguished patients with diabetes who have problems of spirituality and religion of patients who experienced an issue, because both have different concepts and dimensions. Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Religion, Spirituality.
PEMBERDAYAAN KELUARGA (FAMILY EMPOWERMENT) MENINGKATKAN KOPING KELUARGA DIABETES MILITUS TIPE-2 Ardian, Iwan
Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.294 KB)

Abstract

Diabetes Militus merupakan penyakit kronis yang diderita oleh pasien seumur hidup. Kondisi ini menjadikan keluarga tertekan dan stress serta banyak keluarga tidak memiliki kemampuan dalam menggunakan strategi koping dalam menghadapi  masalah dengan anggota keluarga mengalami diabetes militus tipe-2. Intervensi keperawatan diperlukan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi keluarga dalam menghadapi masalah. Intervensi yang dapat dilakukan adalah pemberdayaan keluarga (family empowerment). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menjelaskan pengaruh penggunaan intervensi keperawatan keluarga: pemberdayaan keluarga (family empowerment) terhadap peningkatan koping keluarga dengan Diabetes Militus tipe-2 di kelurahan Muktiharjo Kidul Semarang. Jenis penelitian eksperimen semu (quasi eksperiment), design penelitian non equivalent control group. Populasi penelitian adalah keluarga yang memiliki anggota keluarga menderita penyakit Diabetes Militus Tipe-2. Besar sampel sebanyak 15 sampel kelompok perlakuan dan 15 sampel kelompok kontrol, diambil dengan teknik consecutives sampling dengan kriteria inklusi. Pengukuran koping keluarga menggunakan Family Coping Index (FCI) City Nursing Service and the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health data dianalisa uji Paired t Test dan uji t independent Test. Hasil penelitian pada kelompok perlakuan menunjukan terdapat perbedaan tingkat koping keluarga sebelum dan setelah diberikan intervensi keperawatan keluarga: family empowerment (p = 0,000). Pada kelompok kontrol tidak terdapat perbedaan tingkat koping keluarga saat pre test dan post test (p = 0,082). Terdapat perbedaan peningkatan koping keluarga yang bermakna antara kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol (p = 0,000). Kesimpulan yang diambil yaitu pemberdayaan keluarga (family empowerment) berpengaruh signifikan terhadap peningkatan koping keluarga (family coping) pada keluarga dengan diabetes millitus tipe-2. Intervensi pemberdayaan keluarga (family empowerment) dapat digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah psikologis keluarga sehingga dapat dikembangkan dan digunakan oleh perawat keluarga.   Kata Kunci: pemberdayaan keluarga, koping keluarga, diabetes millitus tipe-2
SPIRITUAL AND RELIGION CONCEPT IN NURSING FOR DIABETIC MELITUS PATIENTS ARDIAN, IWAN
Nurscope : Jurnal Penelitian dan Pemikiran Ilmiah Keperawatan Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.387 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/nurscope.2.2.40-48

Abstract

Diabetes is one of the chronic health problems and the psychological impact on the patient and is often associated with with several psychiatric disorders. Patients with diabetes were twice as likely to have status anxiety, depression and serious psychological problems. The psychological pressure of patients with diabetes mellitus often associated with the spiritual welfare and compliance religion. The limited information relating to the spirituality of the patient as well as their different views in interpreting spirituality and religion make less than optimal in increasing the spiritual wellbeing of patients that can ultimately help patients increase their quality of life. spirituality and religion how it can be distinguished patients with diabetes who have problems of spirituality and religion of patients who experienced an issue, because both have different concepts and dimensions.
Effects of Family Empowerment on Increasing Family Support in Patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Luthfa, Iskim; Ardian, Iwan
Nurse Media Journal of Nursing Vol 9, No 1 (2019): (JUNE 2019)
Publisher : Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (699.115 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/nmjn.v9i1.22501

Abstract

Background: Patients with type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) need support from their families to perform self-care to prevent complications; however, not all families have effective support. Family empowerment is a family-based strategic intervention which can improve family support to those patients.Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effects of family empowerment on increasing family support in patients with type 2 DM.Methods: This study used a quasi-experiment with non-equivalent control group design. Forty-six respondents were recruited using a consecutive sampling technique and assigned to the control and intervention groups. Respondents in the intervention group were given family empowerment intervention by visiting their homes four times, for 120 minutes each. In contrast, the control group was given the intervention of standard booklets. The Hensarling Diabetes Family Support Scale (HDFSS) was used to observe the family support on both groups. Data were analyzed by independent t-test.Results: Results showed that there was a significant difference between the intervention and the control group with t=7.86 and p-value of 0.00. There were mean differences of 2.29 and 0.28 between the intervention and the control group, respectively.Conclusion: Family empowerment affected family support in patients with type-2 DM. Based on this study, it is recommended that the health workers advocate and encourage the family in the planning management of patients with diabetes mellitus.