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The Impact of Using Combine Harvester Technology on Social Economic Conditions of Swamp Rice Farmers and Harvest Workers in South Sumatera Januarti, Indri; Junaidi, Yulian; Rosana, Elly
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 3 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 3, November 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were: (1) to analyze the use of labor allocation, productivity and income of swamp rice farmers of users and non-users of combine harvester technology; (2) to explore the impact of combine harvester technology and other factors on rice farm income; and (3) to analyze the impacts of using combine harvester technology on the socio-economic condition of farmers and harvest workers. From the result of the research, it can be seen that the amount of labor allocation in swamp rice farming conducted by farmer users of combine harvester is smaller than that of the non-users, that is 57,60 HOK and 117,63 HOK respectively. The productivity of swamp rice farming on the users is 4.543.56 kg per hectare per year in the form of dry grains whereas that of the non-users only reached 4,423,33 kg per hectare per year. Income of swamp rice farming using combine harvester is larger if compared with that of the non users that is equal to Rp14,942,737.16 per hectare per year for the users and Rp9,954,095.76 per hectare per year for the non-users. From the result of regression analysis, it can be seen that dummy variables of combine harvester technology, experience of farming, productivity, fertilizer cost, pesticide cost and labor cost have significant impacts on rice farmer income. Combine Harvester technology has both positive and negative impacts on social, economic and technical conditions in swamp rice farming for the farmers and worker harvesters.Keywords: combine harvester, social, economy, rice, swamp
Pola Pemasaran Produksi Padi Lahan Pasang Surut di Kabupaten Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan Riswani, Riswani; Yunita, Yunita; Rosana, Elly; Trisnawati, Trisnawati
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Banyuasin district is one of the rice producing regions in South Sumatra which rely on sub-optimal land type with category tidal land to produce rice production. The statistical data showed that Banyuasin District is a region that produces the highest rice production of rice-producing areas in South Sumatra. However, the high level of production is not able to guarantee farmers income is also high, and prices at the consumer level will be low. This is because rice prices received by farmers is still relatively quite low. The condition is the main attraction of researchers to conduct this research with the aim to analyze the pattern of marketing tidal swamp rice production through the analysis of marketing channels, marketing margins, marketing efficiency level and method of pricing of each institution tidal swamp rice marketing in the District Banyuasin This study was conducted in District Rambutan Banyuasin Regency, with time data collection in April-May 2014. The results showed that there are two groups of marketing channels tidal swamp rice production in the district which are both classified as Banyuasin indirect marketing channels. Pricing method of rice is determined by the merchant so that farmers are recipients of the price (price taker) while marketing agency is a price maker. The calculation of the value of marketing margins in both marketing channel marketing agency in each figure shows the range varies with Rp.400 per kg to Rp, 3,100, - per kg. The analysis shows that the pattern of marketing efficiency marketing tidal swamp rice production is already relatively efficient, with the highest levels of efficiency are the major traders.
PENGOLAHAN PANGAN BERBAHAN DASAR JAGUNG MENJADI BERBAGAI PRODUK MAKANAN Rosana, Elly
Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Kegiatan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dengan Judul Pengolahan pangan berbahan dasar jagung menjadi berbagai produk makanan telah selesai dilaksanakan di Kelurahan Timbangan Kecamatan Indralaya Utara, Kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan.  Kegiatan diawali dengan sosialisasi kepada ibu-ibu yang berminat pada pengolahan jagung menjadi berbagai produk makanan dan penentuan jadwal kegiatan.  Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah buah jagung segar yang sudah dipipil dan dihaluskan.  Bahan baku  diolah menjadi rolade jagung, bubur jagung sehat dan es jagung manis.Pemberian materi penyuluhan dilakukan, secara langsung dengan demontrasi membuat produk olahan pangan. Manfaat dari kegiatan ini antara lain adalah: 1) meningkatkan pengetahuan dan memberikan informasi kepada khalayak sasaran bagaimana mengolah jagung menjadi berbagai pangan olahan dan 2) meningkatkan pendapatan rumah tangga melalui usaha skala rumah tangga.