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R. Rama Putranto, R. Rama
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EFEKTIVITAS MENYIKAT GIGI DENGAN METODE BASS DAN HORIZONTAL TERHADAP PERUBAHAN INDEKS PLAK PADA ANAK TUNAGRAHITA Rizkika, Nabila; Baehaqi, Moh.; Putranto, R. Rama
ODONTO Dental Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2014): ODONTO Dental Journal
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Abstract

Background: The important aspect for child especially children with mental retardation is oral health. Children with mental retardation have limitations in motoric activities that relate to the actions of dental hygiene in normally, that activities is toothbrushing and it can do by bass and horizontal method. The aim of this study is to know the difference effectiveness toothbrushing with bass and horizontal method on the changed of plaque index in children with mental retardation. Method: The quasi experimental methods with non-equivalent group design with post test design was used in this research and have done on 24 children with mild mental retardation at SDLB Purwosari Kudus which divided two groups, 12 students brushing with bass method and 12 students brushing with horizontal method. Result: The data were tested with paired t-test to compare plaque index before and after toothbrushing with bass and horizontal method, showed that there were meaningful differences (p<0,05). Independent t-test to compare the changed of plaque index between both methods, showed that there were no meaningful differences (p>0,05). Conclusion: It concluded that both bass and horizontal method effectively on the changed of plaque index in children with mental retardation. There was no difference effectiveness between both methods.Keywords: bass method, horizontal method, plaque index, children with mental retardation
PERBEDAAN EFEKTIVITAS CHLORHEXIDINE GLUKONAT 0,2% DENGAN TEH HIJAU (CAMELLIA SINENSIS) TERHADAP JUMLAH PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS Dwipriastuti, Devi; Putranto, R. Rama; Anggarani, Welly
ODONTO Dental Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Juli 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Abstract

Background: Periodontitis is a periodontal inflammation caused by plaque that contains pathogens, Porphyromonas gingivalis is one of them. Chlorhexidine therapy used to reduce the number of pathogenic bacteria causing periodontitis. Green tea contains polyphenols such as epigallocatechin-3-gallic as antibacterial agent that can kill the bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis. This study aims to determine differences in the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2% with green tea (Camellia sinensis) various concentrations to decrease the amount of bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis.Method: This research was experimental with post test only design. Method used in antibacterial test was a drop plate misra. The experimental group consisted of six groups: chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2% and green tea group with a concentration of 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% and 12.5%. minimum bactericidal concentrations againts Porphyromonas gingivalis was evidenced by counting the number of colonies that formed on agar. Analysis data was using One Way ANOVA continued by Post hoc tests Tamhane.Result: The results showed that chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2% with green tea effective to decrease the amount of bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis(ANOVA p <0.05). The results between the groups showed green tea 100%, 75% and 25%, have same effect compared to chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2% in reducing Porphyromonas gingivalis.Conclusion: In this experiment showed that chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2% and green tea extract 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% and 12.5% were able to decrease the amount of Porphyromonas gingivalis.