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The Effects of Chronic Exposure to Airport Related Noise on Blood Pressure (A Case Study of area nearby Ahmad Yani International Airport, Semarang) Afnita, Hani; Poerwito S., Poerwito S.; Muhtarom, Muhtarom
Sains Medika Vol 5, No 2 (2013): July-December 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (592.273 KB) | DOI: 10.26532/sainsmed.v5i2.347

Abstract

The chronic exposure of airport related noise can lead to decreased quality of health and is a risk faktor of disease. Noise can stimulate physiological response to cardiovascular parameters such as blood pressure. The increase in blood pressure can be used as indicator of disturbance of the cardiovascular system. Ahmad Yani Airport is an international airport with a high mobility, thus people living near, are susceptible and have a risk for decreased quality health. Thus, the purposes of this study was to determine the effects of chronic noise exposure of airport related noise on the blood pressure. The study was an observational analytic cross-sectional study. This research was conducted in the area near Ahmad Yani Airport in Semarang, which is located on Perumahan Cakarawala (± 1000m) and Perumahan Semarang Indah (± 5000m). Total of 60 respondents were randomly included in the study. Noise is measured with a Sound Level Meter (SLM) Extech Type 70 335 with Leq measurement method (Equivalent Continous Noise Level) for 24 hours (Lsm). The preliminary questionnaire was distributed to fulfill the criteria of inclusion and exclusion. The blood pressures were evaluated using the mercury Spygmomanometer, before and after exposure (flight activity). Data were analyzed with dependent t test. Noise measurements indicated that the Perumahan Cakrawala II had ahigh noise exposure above the noise level standards (NAB) of 69 dBA (Lsm > NAB 55dBA), while the Perumahan Semarang Indah has noise exposure at 51 dBA below the NAB. The results indicated that the chronic noise exposure of flight activity had significant effect on blood pressure (p = 0.00). The increase in blood pressure among Perumahan Cakrawala II respondents was higher (systolic: by 83.3%), diastolic: by 59.9%) compared to Perumahan Semarang Indah (systolic: by 69.9%, diastolic : by 49,9%). In conclusion, exposure to chronic noise due to flight activity significantly affected blood pressure.
Relationship between Family History of Hypertention and Autonomic Nervous System Activity Ambasari, Rika Putri; Sarosa, Hadi; Muhtarom, Muhtarom
Sains Medika Vol 5, No 1 (2013): January-June 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.992 KB) | DOI: 10.26532/sainsmed.v5i1.357

Abstract

The most common hypertension is essential hypertention influenced by genetic factors. Autonomicic nervous activity is influenced by several factors including genetic. This study aimed to determine the relationship between family history of hypertension and autonomic nervous system activity. In this observational analytic cross sectional study, out of 124 a students of the Medical Faculty, University Islam Sultan Agung Semarang 44 students were included using simple stratified method consisting of 22 men and 22 women aged over 20 years. The subjects were asked for family history of hypertension, orthostatic and valsalva examination. 25 students (56.8%) had a family history of hypertension and experienced imbalance of autonomic nervous activity. Out of 19 students (43.2%) without a history of hypertension, 10 people (22.7%) had a balance of autonomic nervous system activity and 9 people (20.5%) experienced imbalance of autonomic nervous system activity. Fisher correlation test results showed a significant association (p < 0.05) and correlation test of Lamda resulted in p value of 0.100, indicating a very week positive correlation. The study concludes that there was a correlation between a family history of hypertension and on autonomic nervous system activity with a very weak relationship.
KONTRIBUSI KEMAMPUAN MANAJERIAL DAN GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU Sari, Ruly Nadian; Muhtarom, Muhtarom; Hamid, Abdul
JURNAL MANAJEMEN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM AL-IDARAH Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : STIT Pringsewu

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Abstract

The reseach was intended to discover the contribution the managerial of capability and stlye of leadership on teacher of kinerja. The research uses a quantitative method with sampling probability sampling technique with a sample of 33 people in Junior High School districts North of Kotabumi districts North of Lampung. The results showed a contribution of between managerial ability and leadership style of principals on teacher performance. This means that the ability of managerial and leadership styles have a significant contribution to the performance of teachers either partially or tested together.
PROSES BERPIKIR SISWA KELAS IX SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA YANG BERKEMAMPUAN MATEMATIKA TINGGI DALAM MEMECAHKAN MASALAH MATEMATIKA Kusmayadi, Tri Atmojo; Sujadi, Imam; Muhtarom, Muhtarom
Journal of Mathematics and Mathematics Education Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Journal of Mathematics and Mathematics Education
Publisher : Journal of Mathematics and Mathematics Education

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Abstract

Abstract: This  study  aim  to  describe  the  students’  thinking  process  of  9th  grade  of  Junior High School has a high mathematics capability in solving the mathematics problem based on Polya rule. This  study  is  qualitative  descriptive  research.  The  criteria  of  subject  selection included the students’ has a high mathematics capability and communication fluency both spoken  and  written.  The  data  collection  was  done  using  written  test  and  task-based interview  techniques.  Data  analysis  done  based  on  written  test  data  and  task-based interview techniques data. And then it has been done the method triangulation to get valid subject data.  Finally,  the  result  of  description  thinking  process  as  follows:  students  with  high mathematics  capability,  in  understanding  problem  using  assimilation  thinking  process, make  a  plan  using  assimilation  and  accommodation  thinking  process.  Assimilation thinking process can be identified when the students can mention the prerequisite material, can directly relate the sides kite (BF = FG) and can directly develop problem solving plan. Meanwhile,  accommodation  thinking  process  can  be  seen  when  the  students  drew  an auxiliary  line  from  E  to  the  right  thereby  intersecting  with  CD  line  (the  intersection  was labeled  H  point),  so  devided  trapezoid  AEDG  become  right  triangle  EHG  and  rectangle AEHD. In carrying out a plan and in looking back at the completed solution, the students used assimilation thinking process. Keywords: thinking process, mathematics problem, and problem solving.
PENGEMBANGAN PERMAINAN TEKA-TEKI SILANG DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA DI KELAS VII SMP Muhtarom, Muhtarom; Nizaruddin, Nizaruddin; Sugiyanti, Sugiyanti
PYTHAGORAS Vol 5, No 1 (2016): PYTHAGORAS JOURNAL
Publisher : PYTHAGORAS

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan permainan matematika berupa teka-teki silang(TTS). Perangkat yang dihasilkan meliputi silabus, rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran (RPP),media pembelajaran berbasis permainan, lembar kerja siswa, assessment serta mengujiefektifitas implementasinya. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan denganujicoba terbatas dilakukan di SMP N 2 Mranggen. Analisis data menggunakan metode mixmethod, yaitu analisis data kuantitatif dan kualitatif yang dilakukan secara simultan,kemudian dilakukan triangulasi data sehingga diperoleh data yang valid. Hasil validasiterhadap permainan dan perangkat yang dikembangkan adalah valid dan layak digunakandengan sedikit revisi. Lebih lanjut, berdasarkan hasil analisis data penelitian disimpulkanbahwa kategori kemampuan guru dalam pengelolaan pembelajaran, aktivitas siswa danrespon siswa terhadap penerapan permainan dalam pembelajaran pada kategori baik. Lebihlanjut, berdasarkan hasil analisis uji perbandingan diperoleh t 9,455 t 1,345 hitung tabel   sehingga rataan hasil posttest lebih baik dibandingkan hasil pretest dan peningkatan hasilbelajar siswa melalui penerapan permainan matematika dalam kategori sedang dengan nilaiN-gain = 0,6563.Kata Kunci: Permainan, Teka-Teki Silang, Perangkat PembelajaranThe purpose of this study was to develop a mathematical game in the form of crosswordpuzzles (TTS). The device includes syllabus, lesson plan (RPP), game-based learning media,student worksheets, assessment and the effectiveness test of its implementation. This type ofresearch was the development of research with limited test conducted at SMP N 2 Mranggen.Data analysis using mixed methods, quantitative and qualitative data analysis were donesimultaneously, then the triangulation of data in order to obtain valid data. The results of thevalidation of the games and devices developed was valid and fit for use with minimalrevision. Furthermore, based on data analysis of the study concluded that the ability ofteachers in the management of learning, student activities and students response to theapplication of games in learning in good categories. Furthermore, based on the analysis ofcomparative test results obtained so that the average post-test better than the results of pretestand improving student learning outcomes through the application of mathematical game inthe medium category with a value of N-gain = 0.6563.Keywords: Games, Puzzle, Learning Device
Pengaruh Pusat Pertumbuhan Wilayah Terhadap Konversi Lahan Pertanian dan Swasembada Pangan Beras di Kabupaten Pringsewu Muhtarom, Muhtarom; Muta’ali, Luthfi
Majalah Geografi Indonesia Vol 29, No 2 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3190.742 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mgi.13118

Abstract

ABSTRAK Pesatnya kemajuan dan perkembangan Kabupaten Pringsewu memicu perkembangan tingkat penggunaan dan penurunan ketersediaan pangan beras. Tujuan dilaksanakan penelitian ini adalah (1) untuk mengidentifikasi struktur pusat pertumbuhan di Kabupaten Pringsewu, (2) menganalisis pengaruh pusat pertumbuhan terhadap konversi lahan dan (3) menganalisis pengaruh konversi lahan terhadap ketahanan pangan di Kabupaten Pringsewu. Metode pengambilan data adalah survei instansioner, sedangkan tekhnik analisis data menggunakan skoring, klasifikasi dan analisis skalogram. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan distribusi desa pusat pertumbuhan dan hinterland-nya yaitu 2 desa teridentifikasi sebagai pusat pertumbuhan (hirarki I) dan 15 desa sebagai hinterland-nya (hirarki II). Wilayah pusat pertumbuhan dan pinggiran menjadi wilayah dengan tingkat konversi tinggi sampai sedang, sedangkan konversi lahan sawah dengan tingkat rendah di dominasi oleh desa dalam hirarki III. Laju konversi yang terjadi berpengaruh terhadap luas tanam, luas panen dan produksi padi sawah  di Kabupaten Pringsewu. ABSTRACT The rapid progress and development of Pringsewu district trigger the development of land use and the decline in availability of food rice. The aims of this study is (1) to identify the structure of the growth center in the Pringsewu District, (2) analyze the effect of the growth center to the land conversion and (3) analyze the effect of the conversion of land to food security in the Pringsewu District. The data taked by  survey method, while the analysis techniques  of data using scoring, classification and analysis scalogram. The results showed the  distribution of rural growth centers and its hinterland are two villages identified as a growth center (hierarchy I) and 15 villages as its hinterland (hierarchy II). The region of growth center and its hinterland are a high levels of conversion area and moderate, while the conversion with low levels is dominated by the villages in hierarchy III. The rate of conversion that occurs affects the planting area, harvested area and production of paddy rice.
PELATIHAN DAN WORKSHOP PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU DALAM MENYONGSONG PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIAN BERKELANJUTAN (PKB) BAGI GURU MADRASAH ALIYYAH SE-KOTA SEMARANG Sudargo, Sudargo; Shodiqin, Ali; Muhtarom, Muhtarom
E-DIMAS Vol 3, No 2 (2012): E-DIMAS
Publisher : Universitas PGRI Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26877/e-dimas.v3i2.1553

Abstract

PELATIHAN DAN WORKSHOP PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU DALAM MENYONGSONG PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIAN BERKELANJUTAN (PKB) BAGI GURU MADRASAH ALIYYAH SE-KOTA SEMARANG
PELATIHAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN DI UNIVERSITAS PGRI SEMARANG Muhtarom, Muhtarom; Nizaruddin, Nizaruddin; Zuhri, Muhammad Saifuddin
E-Dimas: Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 8, No 1 (2017): E-DIMAS
Publisher : Universitas PGRI Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26877/e-dimas.v8i1.1379

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Tujuan program ini adalah mengembangkan model pelatihan kewirausahaan yang cocok mahasiswa dan menciptakan wirausaha baru yang mandiri berbasis ipteks yang siap beraktivitas di masyarakat. Pelatihan kewirausahaan  didesain 3-Box yang dilaksanakan secara bertahap meliputi: tahapan pertama, mahasiswa diberikan bekal pengetahuan tentang Entreprenuership, Change Mindset and Paradigm Entreprenuership, Inspirasi, Kreativitas dan Ide Usaha, Membuat Usaha dan Kualitas konsep usaha. Pada tahapan kedua, aktivitas belajar difokuskan pada upaya peningkatan pemahaman terhadap realitas dunia usaha dengan melalui pengkajian kasus yang terjadi atau berlaku di dunia usaha. Pada tahap ketiga, mengadakan evaluasi proses pelatihan. Evaluasi ini akan dilaksanakan dalam bentuk presentasi revisi desain usaha yang akan dilaksanakan setelah mendapatkan materi pada tahap pertama dan tahap kedua. Program ini telah melahirkan wirausaha mandiri, meliputi: Bimbel BEE, Pin dan Name Tag, Usaha pangsit, Bantal Karakter Handmate, Cappucino Cincau dan Chocolate, dan budidaya burung kenari.
PENGEMBANGAN ANGKET KEYAKINAN TERHADAP PEMECAHAN MASALAH DAN PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA Muhtarom, Muhtarom; Juniati, Dwi; Siswono, Tatag Yuli Eko
JIPMat Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas PGRI Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26877/jipmat.v2i1.1481

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Keyakinan (belief) terhadap matematika mempengaruhi bagaimana seseorang “menyambut” matematika. Keyakinan juga mempengaruhi prestasi belajar. Guru memegang peran penting dalam membangun keyakinan siswa terhadap matematika. Oleh karena itu perlu dikembangkan instrumen untuk mengukur keyakinan guru atau mahasiswa calon guru. Model pengembangan yang digunakan untuk mengembangkan angket menggunakan design research tipe development study. Tahap yang dilakukan yang terdiri dari tiga fase, yaitu: investigasi awal, fase prototype, dan fase assesmen Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisis deskriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan instrumen angket yang dikembangkan memenuhi kriteria valid dan reliabel berdasakan hasil analisis kuantitatif. Hasil analisis kualitatif juga menunjukkan terdapat tiga jenis keyakinan dalam pemecahan masalah dan pembelajaran yang dimiliki oleh mahasiswa calon guru matematika.
Students’ Ability and Thinking Profile in Solving Plane Problems by Provision of Scaffolding Sugiyanti, Sugiyanti; Muhtarom, Muhtarom
(JRAMathEdu) Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jramathedu.v1i2.3387

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This study aims to reveal thinking profile and problem solving ability of mathematics department students of Universitas PGRI Semarang in solving plane problem by providing scaffolding. Type of this study is a qualitative research. The selection of research subject is based on students’ ability, feedback from lecturers and fluency both in oral or writing. Data collection technique used is Think Aloud Method. The results of the study provide an overview that after being given scaffolding, students with intermediate level of mathematics have characteristics: using the assimilation thinking process in understanding the problem, using assimilation and accommodation in planning to solve the problem. The students with lower level  of mathematics, they use assimilation thinking process in understanding the problems and planning the settlement whereas they are not able to use accommodation thinking process.  Students’ inability in accommodation thinking process causes they can not make solution planning correctly, solve the given problems and checking the solutions. The study shows the students experienced a lot of thinking process development since they have been able to use all of information for solving the problems. The number of the given scaffolding depends on individuals and the level of students’ tinking ability.