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Analysis for ground anchor using 2D simulation model by MIDAS/GTS software SUNGKAR, MUNIRA; WU, JASON
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 4, No 1 (2014): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Ground anchors are commonly exposed to both acidic and alkaline ground conditions depending on ground mineral content, soil/rock type, age and groundwater flow path. It is essential to understand the limitations to ground anchorage materials especially when exposed to aggressive ground conditions whilst in a stressed state. This study discusses about ground anchors and analysis of the ground anchor failure trigger by corrosion, which analysed by using difference software in previous study (ABAQUS) compare with simulation model analysed by 2D Midas/GTS. Numerical techniques may be very efficient for investigating the load transfer of ground anchors. The results of anchor failures in numerical modeling are different from previous study (field test results), practiced by first cement crack and then wire break. Recommendations are given for applying FEM (finite element method) analysis to the design of anchored stabilization systems, and also for analyzing design variables, and design loads, to achieve more efficient and cost-effective anchored stabilization systems. Several models or simulations are presented to illustrate the displacement and the load that applied to the anchor which analyzed by Midas/GTS software. However, the condition that the numbers of occurrence correspond to load of failures at the time of damages is caused as the consequence of material and model deviation
Faktor Keamanan Stabilitas Lereng pada Kondisi Eksisting dan Setelah Diperkuat Dinding Penahan Tanah Tipe Counterfort dengan Program Plaxis Ramadhan, Rizki; Munirwansyah, Munirwansyah; Sungkar, Munira
Reka Buana : Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Sipil dan Teknik Kimia Vol 5, No 1 (2020): EDISI MARET 2020
Publisher : Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1328.292 KB) | DOI: 10.33366/rekabuana.v5i1.1485

Abstract

The Aceh Tengah / Gayo Lues-Blangkejeren road segment (N.022) Km 438 + 775 is one of the Central Cross National Roads in the Province of Aceh, which often experiences landslides due to being in hilly areas. Landslides that occur in these locations are caused by scouring of road runoff, lack of optimal drainage and the absence of outlets for drainage and soil layers under asphalt pavement consisting of loose material. Therefore, a slope reinforcement study with Counterfort type retaining wall is needed. This study aims to analyze slope stability by obtaining safety factor numbers and identifying slope failure patterns. Analysis was carried out to obtain safety factors and slope failure patterns by using 2D Plaxis and slice methods. The calculation of safety factors for Counterfort type retaining walls is done manually. The input soil parameters used are dry volume weight (gd), wet volume weight (gw), permeability (k), modulus young (Eref), paisson's ratio (?), shear angle (f), cohesion (c) . The results of slope stability analysis on the existing conditions using the Plaxis program and the slice method with radius (r) 65.06 meters found that safety factors were 1.038 and 1.079 with unsafe slope conditions (FK <1.25). The results of the analysis after reinforced counterfort and minipile type retaining wall with a length of 12 meters found 1,268 safety factor numbers with unsafe slope conditions (FK <1,5). Thus, additional reinforcement is needed by using anchor on the counterfort. The results of slope stability analysis after reinforced counterfort, minipile and anchor type retaining walls with a length of 20 meters and a slope of 30 ° were obtained with a safety factor number of 1.513 with safe slope conditions (SF> 1.5).ABSTRAKRuas jalan batas Aceh Tengah/Gayo Lues-Blangkejeren (N.022) Km 438+775 merupakan salah satu ruas jalan Nasional Lintas Tengah Provinsi Aceh, yang sering mengalami terjadi tanah longsor karena berada di daerah perbukitan. Longsoran yang terjadi pada lokasi tersebut disebabkan oleh gerusan air limpasan permukaan jalan, kurang optimalnya drainase dan tidak adanya outlet untuk pembuangan air serta lapisan tanah di bawah perkerasan aspal terdiri dari material lepas. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan kajian perkuatan lereng dengan dinding penahan tanah tipe Counterfort. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis stabilitas lereng dengan mendapatkan angka faktor keamanan dan mengidentifikasi pola keruntuhan lereng. Analisis dilakukan untuk mendapatkan faktor keamanan dan pola keruntuhan lereng yaitu dengan menggunakan program Plaxis 2D dan metode irisan. Perhitungan faktor keamanan untuk dinding penahan tanah tipe Counterfort dilakukan secara manual. Adapun parameter  tanah input yang digunakan adalah berat volume kering (gd), berat volume basah (gw), permeabilitas (k), modulus young (Eref), paisson?s rasio (?), sudut geser (f), kohesi (c). Hasil analisis stabilitas lereng pada kondisi eksisting menggunakan program Plaxis dan metode irisan dengan jari-jari (r) 65,06 meter didapatkan akan faktor keamanan sebesar 1,038 dan 1,079 dengan kondisi lereng tidak aman (FK < 1,25). Hasil analisis setelah diperkuat dinding penahan tanah tipe counterfort dan minipile dengan panjang 12 meter didapatkan angka faktor keamanan 1,268 dengan kondisi lereng tidak aman (FK < 1,5). Dengan demikian, maka diperlukan perkuatan tambahan dengan menggunakan angkur pada counterfort. Hasil analisis stabilitas lereng setelah diperkuat dinding penahan tanah tipe counterfort, minipile dan angkur dengan panjang 20 meter serta sudut kemiringan 30° didapatkan angka faktor keamanan 1,513 dengan kondisi lereng aman (SF > 1,5).Kata kunci : longsoran; counterfort; plaxis 2D; faktor keamanan.