Articles
15
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TIMAH HITAM DAN KESEHATAN

IKESMA Vol 6, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Lead (Pb) is a heavy metal which is still widely spread in our environment. The source of the lead are industries, fuel with lead, household equipment, cosmetic and also from food. Lead entering the human from inhalation, absorbtion, and skin. Lead compounds indicate that some of the toxic effects for our health. The toxic effects of lead are haemopoitic system, neuron system, urinaria system, gastrointestinal system, cardiofascular system, reproductive system, endocrine system, muskuloskeletal system. The toxicity of lead must be controlled by government to keep the public health.

PENGGUNAAN DOLOMIT (MgCa(CO3)2) SEBAGAI PENSTABIL PH PADA KOMPOSTING SAMPAH DAPUR BERBASIS DEKOMPOSISI ANAEROB DAN AEROB

IKESMA Vol 9, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Composting is one way to reduce waste and add something beneficial to the earth and health. It is very important to analyze the quality of compost before adding compost to the soil. pH value is one of the indicator of compost quality. The pH value is an indicator of the acidity or alkalinity of the maturity compost. The objective of this reseach is to analyzed pH value compost which added dolomit and whithout dolomit, compos quality and reduce waste. Anaerobic and aerobic composter modification from reuse plastic mineral drinking water 19 litter. The method of this research is experimental design.The row organic materials are 3 kg kithcen waste, fruits waste 1 kg (composter anaerobic 1 and aerobic 3) as control and added dolomit 0,3 kg (composter anaerobic 2 and aerobic 4 ) as treatment. The row material in the control and treatment showed that temperature at 20.2 °C and 25°C; pH value at 4.3 and 5.6; moisture at 86.3 and 88.9; carbon into nitrogen (C/N) ratios 23.4 and 14.05.  Maturity compost showed temperature and pH value are at 20°C and 6.0  (composter 3) and at 2.5 °C and 7 (composter 4). Compost Quality analyzed in NPK. The control showed NPK at 0,41; 0.1758; 0,125  (composter 1); 1.42; 0.208; 0.151 (composter 3). The treatment showed NPK at 0.97; 0,0502; 0.124 (composter 2); 1,04; 0.082; 0,222 (composter 4). Waste reduction at 93% (composter 1), 95% (composter 2), 60% (composter 3), 96,8%(composter 4). Dolomit is pH stabilitation on household waste and Effective to redue waste.   Keyword: Dolomit, composting, pH

Higiene Sanitasi Dan Kandungan Pewarna Berbahaya Pada Keripik Pisang (Studi Pada Industri Rumah Tangga Keripik Pisang Di Kecamatan X Kabupaten Y)

Amerta Nutrition Vol 2, No 1 (2018): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Background: many cases of poisoning or disease caused by less safety of food consumption, less applying of hygiene sanitation, and the use of dangerous chemical substances which are used as food additives in banana chips.Objective: this research was done to review the hygiene sanitation in producing banana chips and the content of dangerous dyes in banana chips in x district y regency.Methods: the method used in this research was descriptive with interview, observation, and laboratory test. The sample number was the total of population of three banana chips factories with 40 employees and 6 samples of banana chips which are divided into salty and sweet banana chips.Results: the result showed that three factories (100%) had fair hygiene sanitation with the owner’s knowledge related to dye additives (100%) was fair, 1 factory (33%) had fair personal hygiene, and 2 factories (67%) had less personal hygiene. The dyes additives analysis result of all banana chips samples was positive of Ponceau.Conclusion: two banana chips factories have not been applied appropriate personal hygiene and three factories have banned dye additives to be used.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Banyak kasus keracunan atau timbulnya penyakit karena konsumsi makanan yang keamanannya tidak terjamin, penerapan higiene sanitasi yang kurang dan penggunaan bahan kimia berbahaya seperti pewarna berbahaya yang digunakan sebagai pewarna pada keripik pisang.Tujuan: mengkaji higiene sanitasi pengolahan keripik pisang dan kandungan zat pewarna berbahaya pada keripik pisang di Kecamatan X Kabupaten Y.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pengumpulan data secara wawancara, observasi, dan uji laboratorium. Jumlah sampel merupakan total populasi sebanyak tiga industri keripik pisang dengan pekerja 40 orang dan jumlah sampel keripik pisang sebanyak 6 sampel yang dibedakan menjadi 2 yaitu keripik pisang asin dan keripik pisang manis.Hasil: Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tiga industri memiliki higiene sanitasi cukup (100%) dan pengetahuan pemilik terkait Bahan Tambahan Pewarna cukup (100%), serta satu industri (33%) memiliki higiene penjamah cukup dan dua industri (67%) memiliki higiene penjamah kurang. Analisa pewarna semua sampel keripik pisang positif Ponceau.Kesimpulan: Dua industri keripik pisang masih belum menerapkan higiene penjamah yang baik dan ketiga industri menggunakan pewarna ponceau.

Identifikasi Sanitasi Pasar di Kabupaten Jember (Studi di Pasar Tanjung Jember) (Identification of Market Sanitation In Jember (Studies in Tanjung Market Jember))

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

Market is a public place where a lot of people gathered and hold interaction or relationship withone another. Traditional market has a very important role in the fulfilling the needs, especiallyfor the middle to lower class. Traditional markets in Jember generally appear dirty, and lessservice. The market can be a major pathway for the spread of diseases like cholera cases inLatin America, SARS and Avian Influenza in Asia. To prevent the spread of disease that canoccur in the market, it is required the implementation of environmental sanitation in accordanceto Kepmenkes No: 519/Menkes/SK/VI/2008. This study aims to identify the market sanitation inJember based on Kepmenkes RI No: 519/Menkes/SK/VI/2008. The type of study used is adescriptive analysis method. This study was conducted in August till September 2013 inTanjung Market Jember. This study was identified about location, building, sanitation, clean andhealthy lifestyle, safety, and other facility in Tanjung market Jember. The results showed thatthe Tanjung market is included in the less healthy market criteria. Based on these results, themanager of Tanjung Market is expected to further improve the sanitation of Tanjung Markets tofit the applicable regulation.Keywords: health, market, sanitation

HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK MASYARAKAT DAN STATUS KESEHATAN RUMAH PADA MASYARAKAT DESA ANDONGREJO DUSUN BANDEALIT KECAMATAN TEMPUREJO KABUPATEN JEMBER

IKESMA Vol 3, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

House have a lot of functions such as phisic and social and mental growth.  The purpose of this research is to study the association between society characteristic (level of education, knowledge, income, and amount of family member) and health status of house. Cross sectional study design was conducted in Bandealit, Jember. Data collected by interviewed to 79 samples and observation to their house by using health house card. The samples were selected by proportional random sampling. The research was to be analyzed with chi square test. Result of research indicate that is relationship between level education  and health status of house (significantly, p=0.037), mount family income and health status of house (significanty, p=0.0001), but there no relationship between level of knowledge and health status of house (p=0.587), amount of family member and health status of house (p=1.00) Conclusion ,the research show that  there is association between society characteristic and health status of house from education factor and income, but there is no association  with knowledge factor and amount of family member. Government should rebuild a healthy house for village community. Keywords : society characteristic ,health  house card, health status of house

MEDICAL WASTE ANALYSIS IN PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER

STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 7, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Public Health Center is one of the institution which produce medical waste. Medical waste must heve good management system because it can effect in public health. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the existing medical waste condition at this Public Health Center, and to evaluate the medical waste system management. That is needed to design a good medical waste management system. The type of research is descriptive research, which used primary and secondary data. Results of this study showed that the main medical waste source was emergency unit (UGD) with a generation rate of 76,06 gr/ day; where as smallest waste source was planning family unit and laboratorium unit with a generation rate of 12,5 gr/ day. The medical waste management system was not properly implemented. Medical waste management system based on the characteristic must be implementated to keep the public health.

Pengelolaan Limbah Padat di Fakultas Kesehatan dan Non Kesehatan Universitas Jember (The Solid Waste Management on Health and Non Health Faculty in University of Jember)

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 4 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Recently, the increase of students in University of Jember also resulting increased of activities.This may cause solid waste also being increase. According to UI’s GreenMetric UniversitySustainability Ranking, University of Jember have tended to decrease in realizing green campuswhich the one of criteria was solid waste management . Based on early study, health and nonhealth faculty was collected in open area in each faculty, being mixed, and burned. This researchaim to describe the solid waste management on health and non health faculty in University ofJember. This research used descriptive observational approach. Unit analysis in this researchwere all health and non health faculty in University of Jember then two health and two non healthfaculty was choosen consist of Public Health Faculty, Faculty of Dentistry, Faculty of Agricultural,and Faculty of Economic. The result of the research showed that Faculty of Economic has thehighest mean weight of solid waste 36,88 kg/day and the mean volume 742,05 liters/day whileFaculty od Dentistry has the lowest mean weight of solid waste 19,38 kg/day and mean volume397,79 liters/day. The conclusion of this research were solid waste management includereduction of solid waste still not comprehensive and handling of solid waste still mixed, heaped inopen place, and burned.Keywords:solid waste, solid waste management, University of Jember.

Penurunan Kadar Tembaga (Cu) pada Limbah Cair Industri Elektroplating Menggunakan Cangkang Telur Ayam Potong Teraktivasi Termal

Sanitasi: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 2 (2017): VOLUME 9 NO 2 TAHUN 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Limbah cair yang dihasilkan oleh industri elektroplating mengandung logam berat tembaga (Cu). Cangkang telur memiliki 7.000-17.000 pori dan CaCO3 sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai ad-sorben untuk menjerap logam Cu. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis perbedaan ka-dar Cu antara limbah cair yang tidak diberi dan yang diberi serbuk cangkang telur ayam potong  teraktivasi termal pada 600 0C menggunakan konsentrasi 20 gr/l, 25 gr/l, dan 30 gr/l dengan la-ma kontak 90 menit. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah true experiment. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji One Way Anova dengan α = 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat per-bedaan yang signifikan antara kadar Cu pada kelompok kontrol dengan kelompok perlakuan (p<0,001). Konsentrasi serbuk cangkang telur ayam potong 30 g/l memberikan penurunan ter-tinggi terhadap kadar Cu, yaitu sebesar 69,23 %. Cangkang telur ayam potong dapat digunakan sebagai adsorben Cu, namun perlu dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut dengan mengontrol variabel lainnya, yaitu konsentrasi adsorbat, tegangan permukaan dan waktu pengadukan, sehingga di-peroleh kondisi adsorpsi yang optimum.

The pH and Total Suspended Solid with Poly Alumunium Chloride (PAC) and Alumunium Sulfate in Leachate

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Leachate water is a liquid containing waste degradation results from polluters. PAC and Aluminum Sulfate coagulant is a big molecular weight that are able to form larger clumps form flok. The purpose of the study to see the difference a lower pH and TSS using PAC and Aluminum Sulfate in water leachate. This research is a true experiment and method using Random Design complete (RAL) with six repetitions. The sample consists of the control group (C) and treatment group (T1, T2, T3). Coagulation-Flocculation is carried out using a PAC and Aluminum Sulfate with dose 1600 mg/L (T1), 2600 mg/L (T2), and 3600 mg/L (T3) for 76 minutes. Each sample is mixed with leachate is one liter and stirred by jar test with a speed of 400 rpm for one minute (stirring quickly) and 150 rpm for 15 minutes (stirring slowly), then it only 60 minutes. After that, the results were compared with a control group. The data were analyzed using kruskal-wallis test. The results showed that Aluminum Sulfate is more effective than PAC in lowering the pH and TSS

Penggunaan Serbuk Buah Pare (Momordicha charantia L) Terhadap Kematian Larva Aedes aegypti

HIGIENE: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

Dengue Fever is a disease that has the higher patients in Indonesia. The disease caused by the dengue virus that transmitted by one of Aedes aegypti mosquito which usually sucks human blood. The aim of the research is to analyze the average difference of Aedes aegypti larvae death without treatment (0 g/L) and give the treatment (1.3 g/L, 1.5 g/L, 1.7 g/L). This is the True experimental research with Posttest only control design. The sample is 10 Aedes aegypti larvae instar III for each treatment so total totals 240 tail of larvae. The sampling technique is using simple random sampling because the populations are homogenous. Data were collected through by observation of larvae that died for 24 hours then analyzed using Kruskal Wallis test and continued with Post Hoc test with 5% significance level. The results showed that in the control group, the mortality of larvae at concentration 0 g/L and 1.3 g/L was not significant because p> 0,05 so statistically there was no difference of average death of Aedes aegypti larvae with the concentration. It is because of the low supply of Momordica charantia L  powder. While the concentration of 1.5 g/L and 1.7 g/L based on statistic are significant because the value of p<0.05 so that there are differences in the average death of Aedes aegypti larvae. The factor that significant be the predictors of larvae mortality is a high of the powder and duration of observation. More pare powder are given and the length of the observation so the mortality rate of the larvae is higher. So the pare powder is statistically effective start on a concentration of 1.5 g/L and 1.7 g/L with an observation time of 12 hours and 24 hours. Keywords: Concentration, time, Momordica charantia L.