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Ari Bawono Putranto, Ari Bawono
Jurusan Fisika, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang
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DETEKSI DINI KUALITAS MINYAK GORENG DAN STUDI AWAL TINGKAT KEHALALANNYA MENGGUNAKAN POLARISASI ALAMI

BERKALA FISIKA 2014: Berkala Fisika Vol. 17 No. 3 Tahun 2014
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

In this paper, we investigate natural light polarization for preliminary test of quality and authentication (halal) level of frying oil. Recently standard methods used are usually based on Indonesian National Standard (SNI), however all parameters are very difficult to be determined simultaneously. On the other hands even the test is time consumed, inexpensive, complicated and also preliminary treatments required, which is a major problem in era of rapid information need. One of an alternative solution is to use natural light polarization method. In the experiment, several vegetable frying oils and animal oils are used to be tested. The change of polarization angle is used to indicate the level of oil quality and its authentication. The result shows that higher polarization indicates lower oil quality relative to the others, which is in agreement to the previous study. This method is, not only, able to differentiate various edible vegetable oils, but also to distinguish edible oils and expired oils. More over, it has a prospect to indicate an authentication of oil that is a subject of a halal or not-halal case.This method is relative simply, not time consumed, conducted accurately without any previous treatments, and it provides a good prospect as a preliminary test for oil quality and its authentication. Keywords: Natural polarization, oil quality, halal or authentication level

IDENTIFIKASI FOKUS MIKROSKOP DIGITAL MENGGUNAKAN METODE OTSU

BERKALA FISIKA 2014: Berkala Fisika Vol. 17 No. 4 Tahun 2014
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (607.126 KB)

Abstract

A study to identify focus on a digital microscope has been done using a threshold value of the object microscope image obtained by Otsu method. Microscope image of the object captured by the change from a maximum to a minimum distance between the object and the microscope objective lens to record the amount of movement of a motor stepper and calculates the Otsu threshold value on each image. Based on data from a Otsu threshold value of each microscope image of the object to the changes within the object can be inferred the existence of a relationship between the position of an object to focus the microscope with the image of the threshold value that is increasingly the focus of an image , the image of the Otsu threshold values ​​obtained are also getting smaller. In this study done by testing two samples as objects of microscope that single hair samples and samples collection of several hairs were each placed on a microscope glass slide. Data collection and observation results show that for a single hair samples obtained object focus Otsu threshold value T = 97 and sample an object consisting of a collection of some of the hair is obtained Otsu threshold value T = 127. But the testing of two samples showed differences influenced by the ratio between the number of pixels on the image and the background image of an object caused by the influence of the intensity of the light source of the microscope. Keywords: Focus Identification, Digital Microscope, Otsu Threshold