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Production of Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester Catalyzed by Crude Rice Bran (Oryza sativa) Lipase in a Modified Fed-batch System: A Problem and its Solution Prastowo, Indro; Hidayat, Chusnul; Hastuti, Pudji
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2015: BCREC Volume 10 Issue 3 Year 2015 (SCOPUS Indexed, December 2015)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.10.3.8511.230-236

Abstract

A fed-batch system was modified for the enzymatic production of Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester (OAEE) using rice bran (Oryza sativa) lipase by retaining the substrate molar ratio (ethanol/oleic acid) at 2.05:1 during the reaction. It resulted in an increase in the ester conversion of up to 76.8% in the first 6 h of the reaction, which was then followed by a decrease from 76.8% to 22.9% in 6 h later. The production of water in the reaction system also showed a similar trend. The water was hypothesized to lead lipase to reverse the reaction which resulted in a decrease in both (water and esters) in the last 6 h of the reac- tion. In order to overcome the problem, zeolite powder (25 and 50 mg/mL) were added into the reaction system at 5 h of the reaction. As the result, the final ester conversions increased drastically up to 90 - 95.7%. Thus, the combination of a constant substrate molar ratio (ethanol/oleic acid) during the reaction (at 2.05:1) with the addition of zeolite powder (25 and 50 mg/mL) to the reaction system at 5 h is effective for the enzymatic synthesis of OAEE. © 2015 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reservedReceived: 2nd May 2015; Revised: 20th June 2015; Accepted: 2nd July 2015 How to Cite: Prastowo, I., Hidayat, C., Hastuti, P. (2015). Production of Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester Catalyzed by Crude Rice Bran (Oryza sativa) Lipase in a Modified Fed-batch System: A Problem and its Solution. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10 (3): 230-236. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.10.3.8511.230-236) Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.10.3.8511.230-236
Production and Optimization of Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester Synthesis Using Lipase From Rice Bran (Oryza sativa L.) and Germinated Jatropha Seeds (Jatropha curcas L.) by Response Surface Methodology Prastowo, Indro; Hidayat, Chusnul; Hastuti, Pramudji
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Recently, the fatty acid ethyl ester has been synthesized in place of fatty acid methyl ester since ethanol has been more renewable. In this research, oleic acid ethyl ester (OAEE) was synthesized using germinated jatropha seeds (Jatropha curcas.L) and rice bran (Oryza sativa) as source of lipase. The objective of the research was to optimize the synthesis conditions using Response Surface Methodology. Factors, such as crude enzyme concentration, molar ratio of oleic acid to ethanol, and the reaction time, were evaluated. The results show that lipase from germinated jatropha seeds had the hydrolitic and esterifi cation activity about 6.73 U/g and 298.07 U/g, respectively. Lipase from rice bran had the hydrolitic and esterifi cation activity about 10.57 U/g and 324.03 U/g, respectively. The optimum conditions of esterifi cation reaction using germinated jatropha seed lipase as biocatalyst were crude enzyme concentration of 0.31 g/ml, molar ratio of oleic acid to ethanol of 1 : 1.81, and reaction time of 50.9 min. The optimum conditions of esterifi cation reaction using rice bran lipase were crude enzyme concentration of 0.29 g/ml, molar ratio of oleic acid to ethanol of 1 : 2.05, and reaction time of 58.61 min. The obtained amounts of OAEE were 810.77 μmole and 626.92 μmole for lipases from rice bran and germinated jatropha seed, respectively.
Production and Optimization of Oleic Acid Ethyl Ester Synthesis Using Lipase From Rice Bran (Oryza sativa L.) and Germinated Jatropha Seeds (Jatropha curcas L.) by Response Surface Methodology Prastowo, Indro; Hidayat, Chusnul; Hastuti, Pramudji
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7848

Abstract

Recently, the fatty acid ethyl ester has been synthesized in place of fatty acid methyl ester since ethanol has been more renewable. In this research, oleic acid ethyl ester (OAEE) was synthesized using germinated jatropha seeds (Jatropha curcas.L) and rice bran (Oryza sativa) as source of lipase. The objective of the research was to optimize the synthesis conditions using Response Surface Methodology. Factors, such as crude enzyme concentration, molar ratio of oleic acid to ethanol, and the reaction time, were evaluated. The results show that lipase from germinated jatropha seeds had the hydrolitic and esterifi cation activity about 6.73 U/g and 298.07 U/g, respectively. Lipase from rice bran had the hydrolitic and esterifi cation activity about 10.57 U/g and 324.03 U/g, respectively. The optimum conditions of esterifi cation reaction using germinated jatropha seed lipase as biocatalyst were crude enzyme concentration of 0.31 g/ml, molar ratio of oleic acid to ethanol of 1 : 1.81, and reaction time of 50.9 min. The optimum conditions of esterifi cation reaction using rice bran lipase were crude enzyme concentration of 0.29 g/ml, molar ratio of oleic acid to ethanol of 1 : 2.05, and reaction time of 58.61 min. The obtained amounts of OAEE were 810.77 μmole and 626.92 μmole for lipases from rice bran and germinated jatropha seed, respectively.