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Journal : Traditional Medicine Journal

UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIHIPERKOLESTEROLEMIA EKSTRAK AIR BUAH BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) PADA PEMODELAN TIKUS JANTAN GALUR WISTAR HIPERKOLESTEROLEMIA Azhari, Bary; Luliana, Sri; Robiyanto, Robiyanto
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 22, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (371.323 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/tradmedj.24319

Abstract

Buah belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) memiliki aktivitas antihiperkolesterolemia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi antihiperkolesterolemia, menentukan dosis optimal dan mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak air buah belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn) terhadap indeks organ tikus. Hewan uji yang digunakan adalah tikus jantan galur Wistar. Hewan uji dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok, yaitu kontrol normal, kontrol negatif, kontrol positif (Simvastatin 0,18 mg/kgbb), dan ekstrak air buah belimbing wuluh dosis 63 mg/kgbb. Parameter yang dilihat adalah, kadar kolesterol total diukur dengan metode CHOD-PAP, berat badan tikus selama 50 hari, dan indeks organ yang selanjutnya diuji secara statistik (One way ANOVA). Pada parameter penurunan kadar kolesterol darah tikus antara kelompok positif dengan kelompok ekstrak air buah belimbing wuluh dosis 63 mg/kgbb tidak mengalami perbedaan bermakna secara statistik. Sedangkan, kelompok ekstrak air buah belimbing wuluh dosis 63 mg/kgbb dan kontrol negatif mengalami perbedaan bermakna (p<0,05). Simpulan, ekstrak air buah belimbing wuluh dosis 63 mg/kgbb memiliki efek antihiperkolesterolemia yang dilihat dari penurunan kadar kolesterol total dari hari ke-30 dan hari ke-50,serta secara statistik berbeda bermakna dengan kontrol negatif,  dan dapat mempengaruhi indeks organ limpa dan pankreas namun tidak mempengaruhi indeks organ ginjal, hati, jantung, dan paru-paru.
Determination of FICI of Ethanolic Extract of Aloe Vera Skin Leaves (Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.) and Gentamicin Sulphate againts Staphylococcus aureus Amalia, Rifani; Sari, Rafika; Robiyanto, Robiyanto
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 22, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (956.573 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mot.31551

Abstract

The main therapy of wounds infection using antibiotic such as gentamicin sulfate can be applied topically. Increasing incidence of antibiotic resistance forces new strategy to combine plant extract and antibiotic. These two combinations are expected to reduce the incidence of microbial resistance. Ethanolic extract of Aloe vera skin leaves contain anthraquinone that has antimicrobial activity. The aim of this study was to determine the effect and Fractional Inhibitory Concentration Index (FICI) from combination of ethanolic extract of Aloe vera skin leaves and gentamicin sulphate which can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) determination was used Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. The concentration of extract solution used were 1,25; 2,5; 5; 10 mg/mL while the solution concentration of gentamicin sulfate used were 2,5; 5; 15; 25 µg/mL. Solution DMSO was used as negative control. Combination solution was made with volume ratio 1:1 from MIC of extract and gentamicin shulphate. The result showed that the MIC of the of ethanolic extract of Aloe vera skin leaves was about 2.5 mg/mL and MIC gentamicin sulphate was about 5 µg/mL. Combination of ethanolic extract of Aloe vera skin leaves and gentamicin sulfate can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus with zone of inhibition 7,63 mm. FICI of combination was 2 and its antibacterial activity was indifferent compared to single extract and single gentamicin sulphate.
Antinociceptive Activity of Aqueous Fraction of Kratom Leaves Mitragyna speciosa Korth.) on Male Swiss Albino Mice Nugraha, Widia Indri; Robiyanto, Robiyanto; Luliana, Sri
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 23, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (168.544 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mot.32085

Abstract

Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa Korth.) has been known to have an analgesic opioid effect (antinociceptive). The major compound of kratom leaf is mitraginin, which has strong affinity on opioid receptor. The aim of this research is to prove antinociceptive effect of aqueous fraction of kratom leaf and its effective dose. The simplicia of kratom leaf was extracted with methanol 96%. Methanol extract fractioned with n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, and aquadest. This research used hot plate method on male Swiss Albino mice. The subject divided to 5 groups, negative control group, morphine 5,46 mg/kgBW, aqueous fraction 140, 240 and 560 mg/kgBW. Latency time was measured every 15 minutes over 2 hours period. Analytic statistical of latency time using One Way ANOVA shows that the aqueous fraction at the dose of 140, 280 and 560 mg/kgBW significantly differentiate with negative control group and positive control group. The antinociceptive effect increases with increasing doses. The three doses showed that the antinociceptive effect was no better than the positive control (Morphine)