Aisah Jamili, Aisah
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram

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Perilaku dan Penentuan Oviposisi dari Parasitoid Telur Hadronotus leptocorisae (Hymenoptera) pada Telur Hama Bulir Padi Leptocorisa acuta (Hemiptera) Anggraeni, Tjandra; Jamili, Aisah; Umrah, Umrah
Biocelebes Vol 4, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

The research of behavior and host determination for the oviposition of egg parasitoid of Hadronotus leptocorisae on egg of the rice seed pests (Leptocorisa acuta) was carried out. H. leptocorisae collected from rice field were inserted into the tube containing of eggs of L. acuta which were divided into three group based on their ages; young eggs (0-1 days); mature eggs (2-3 days) and old eggs (4-5 days). The results showed that female H. leptocorisae prefer to oviposition on young eggs. Descriptive observation indicated that before eggs were laid, female H. leptocorisae inspect L. acuta eggs by rubbing of L. acuta eggs with its antenna and ovipositor. Furthermore, oviposition of H. leptocorisae eggs was begun by holing of L. acuta eggs and was followed by putting its eggs by its ovipositor. That behavior is its strategies to survive. The results of this study can contribute to answer pest L. acuta problems which are often found in rice fields. By the appropriate monitoring of L. acuta eggs in rice field, the disposal time of H. leptocorisae could be done effectively and efficiently.Key words: Hadronous leptocorisae; Leptocorisa acuta; egg parasitoid.
Keanekaragaman dan Parasitasi Parasitoid Telur Walang Sangit pada Lanskap Pertanian Berbeda di Lombok Timur Jamili, Aisah
BIOWALLACEA Vol 1, No 2 (2015): BioWallacea Vol 1 No 2
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi FMIPA Universitas Mataram

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Abstract

Parasitoid telur walang sangit merupakan musuh alami yang efektif dalam pengendalian hama walang sangit (Leptocorisa acuta). Namun, Keefektifan musuh alami dipengaruhi oleh keanekaragaman tanaman penyusun struktur lanskap. Untuk itu perlu adanya informasi yang akurat mengenai keanekaragaman parasitoid telur walang sangit khususnya pada lanskap pertanian yang berbeda. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui kekayaan, kelimpahan, dan keanekaragaman spesies parasitoid telur walang sangit pada lanskap pertanian yang berbeda di Lombok Timur. Penelitian ini dilakukan di empat desa terdiri atas Desa Aik Mel (lanskap pertanian sederhana),  Sembalun, Keruak dan Labuhan Haji (lanskap pertanian komplek). Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif. Pengambilan telur walang sangit dilakukan secara langsung dengan mencari kumpulan telur di masing-masing petak sampel. Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa kelimpahan parasitoid telur pada lanskap pertanian sederhana lebih banyak yaitu 443 ekor jika dibandingkan lanskap yang komplek yaitu 86 ekor. Kekayaan parasitod yang ditemukan ada dua spesies yaitu Hadronotus leptocorisae dan Ooencyrtus malayensis. Komposisi parasitoid telur didominasi oleh Ooencyrtus malayensis (54,63%) dan Hadronotus leptocorisae (45,36%). Persentese parasitasi tertinggi pada masing-masing desa yaitu Aik Mel (28,56%), Sembalun  (0%), Keruak (5,03%) dan Labuhan Haji (19,55%).  Hasil perhitungan indeks keanekaragaman (H’) secara keseluruhan  antara 0,00 - 0,30. Indeks dominansi(C) antara 0,00 - 0,59. Nilai indeks kemerataan (E)   berkisar  0,00 – 0,43. Keanekaragaman parasitoid telur tinggi pada lokasi dengan lanskap pertanian sederhana, selanjutnya akan berkurang pada lanskap pertanian komplek.Kata kunci:  keanekaragaman,  parasitoid telur, Leptocorisa acuta, lanskap pertanian
Keanekaragaman dan Parasitisasi Parasitoid Telur Leptocorisa Acuta pada Berbagai Pola Tanam Padi JAMILI, AISAH; HARYANTO, HERY
Agrotrop: Journal on Agriculture Science Vol 4, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

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Diversity and parasitization of egg parasitoid of Leptocorisa acuta on various rice cropping pattern. Study on parasitoid diversity and their parasitization on various rice cropping pattern was conducted during April - October 2012. Exploration of egg parasitoids was conducted by collecting host eggs from rice field in Lombok Island. Sample of Insect were collected by hand. Two species have been identified, namely Ooencyrtus malayensis and Hadronotus leptocorisae. The result showed that eggs of both parasitoid were distributed in all locations with composition 50%. Generally, three times rice cropping pattern showed higher rate of parasitization (31,45%) compared to two times (22,69%) and once cropping pattern (18,03%). Parasitoid and diversity index were similar in different time, although the tend to increase linearly with the rice growth. The Shannon diversity index H’ between 0,24-0,30. Domination index 0,62-0,51, evenness index (E) 0,35-0,43. The result suggest that parasitoid diversity and parasitization is depend on many factors, including rice cropping pattern.
PENGEMBANGAN USAHA PRODUKSI JAMUR TIRAM KELOMPOK WANITA TANI BERBASIS WILAYAH Hernawati, Hernawati; Jamili, Aisah; Saputra, Didin Hadi
SELAPARANG Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Berkemajuan Vol 3, No 1 (2019): November
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31764/jpmb.v3i1.1263

Abstract

ABSTRAKUsaha bersama jamur tiram yang dijalankan oleh Kelompok Wanita Tani  ?Karya Muda? di Desa Kebun Ayu Kecamatan Gerung Kabupaten Lombok Barat dengan tujuan membantu keuangan keluarga memiliki permasalahan, diantaranya terbatasnya jumlah produksi jamur, akses permodalan manajemen usaha, sumber daya manusia yang terbatas, belum mampu mengadministrasikan, mendokumentasikan hasil produksi jamur tiram melalui media pemasaran agar output mampu beredar di jaringan pasar yang lebih luas dan dikenal oleh masyarakat luas. Solusi yang ditawarkan memfasilitasi dalam proses produksi yaitu memberikan bantuan alat pres baglog, pelatihan pengolahan hasil produksi jamur, perluasan akses pasar, meningkatkan kemampuan manajerial, meningkatan pendapatan mitra, serta mendaftarkan merek dagang mitra. Hasil dalam program kemitraan masyarakat ini adalah memberikan bantuan alat pres baglog untuk meningkatkan produksi jamur, memberikan penyuluhan dan pelatihan pengolahan hasil yaitu pembuatan krispy, bakso dan nughet jamur, setelah pelatihan masyarakat mampu mengolah jamur menjadi produk olahan yang sehat dan produk olahan dari mitra bisa diikutsertakan dalam pameran yang diadakan di Kantor Bupati Lombok Barat. Kata kunci : Produksi, Manajemen, Pemasaran,  Jamur Tiram ABSTRACTThe joint venture of oyster mushrooms run by the "Karya Muda" Women's Farmer Group in Kebun Ayu Village, Gerung District, West Lombok Regency with the aim of helping family finances has problems, including the limited number of mushroom production, access to capital for business management, limited human resources, have not been able to administer, document the results of the production of oyster mushrooms through marketing media so that output is able to circulate in a wider market network and is known by the wider community. The solution offered facilitates the production process, which is to provide assistance with press baglog tools, training on mushroom production results, expanding market access, increasing managerial skills, increasing partner income, and registering partner trademarks. The results of this community partnership program are providing baglog press tools to increase mushroom production, providing counseling and results processing training, namely making krispy, meatballs and mushroom nughets, after training the community is able to process mushrooms into healthy processed products and processed products from partners can be included in the exhibition held at the West Lombok Regent's Office. Keywords : Production, Management, Marketing, Oyster Mushrooms.