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ASOSIASI JENIS BURUNG DI TAMAN WISATA ALAM WERA KECAMATAN DOLO BARAT KABUPATEN SIGI BIROMARU SULAWESI TENGAH Denda, Abd Manan Al Raja; Annawaty, Annawaty; Ihsan, Moh; Pitopang, Ramadhanil
Biocelebes Vol 12, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

Association of bird species in Wera Nature Park, had been done from March to April 2016. This research aimed to discover the association among bird species existing in  Wera Nature Park of West Dolo Sub-District of Sigi Regency of Central Sulawesi. The method used was transect method, which was by making plots measuring 20x20 m totaling 15 plots and were placed along the transect line with a length of 50 m. To find the relationship among the species, the researcher used association analysis which were counted based on the 2x2 contingency table. The result was then confirmed by using X² Chi-square table. Based on the analysis result, it can be found that there are seven associations formed, namely tricoloured munia (Lonchura malacca) and the lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterops chloris) bird species, collared kingfisher (Halcyon chloris) and yellow-billed malkoha (Phaenicophaeus calyorhinchus), sooty-headed bulbul (Pynonotus aurigaster) and lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterop schloris), lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterops chloris) and rusty-breasted cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulclaris), yellow-billed malkoha (Phaenicophaeus calyorhinchus) and uniform Swiftlet (Colacalia vanikorensis), white-necked myna (Streptocitta albicollis) and brahminy kite (Haliastur indus), tricoloured munia (Lonchura malacca) and rusty-breasted cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulclaris).
IDENTIFIKASI DAN POPULASICACING TANAH DI EKITAR LUBANG RESAPAN BIOPORI (LRB) YANG DIISI MEDIA LIMBAH KULIT BUAH KAKAO Hasmah, Hasmah; Annawaty, Annawaty; Fahri, Fahri
Biocelebes Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to identify the earthworm and how population earthworm in Biopore Absortion Holesfilled with cocoa pod waste. The study was conducted from April to August 2015 in the Sibonu Village, Sigi District Central Sulawesi province. Samples are preserved into alcohol series i.e 30%, 50%, and 70% before stored into alcohol 70 % for the pickling and identification process. Sample identification was executed at Laboratory of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Tadulako  University, Palu using identification key by Sims and Easton (1972) and Easton (1979). There are only one species found in the field namely Planapheretima sp. and earthworm juvenile which is belongs to family Megascolecidae. The result showed that there was one species is Planapheretima sp. and other individual are still in the juvenile phase of the family Megascolecidae of subgenus Planaheretima. The highest population density of earthworm is the biopore absortion holes 3 (cocoa pod waste), compared to the biopore absortion holes 1-2 (cocoa pod waste), K+ (without cocoa pod waste) and K- (without biopore absortion holes).
Keanekaragaman Jenis Fauna Amphibia di Taman Nasional Lore Lindu Annawaty, Annawaty; Asri Pirade, Paserang
Biocelebes Vol 3, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to know the diversity of amphibians in Lore Lindu National Park. The research was used survey methods which was located at the conservation area of Kulawi section in the Lore Lindu National Park Central Sulawesi. The result of the research showed that there were five (5) species of amphibians collected which were found and belonged order Anura. These species were Bufo melanostictus, Bufo celebensis, Fejervarya cancrivora, Rana (Hylarana) erythraea, and Kaloula baleata Muller.
EFEKTIVITAS PERANGKAP YANG DIGUNAKAN DALAM KOLEKSI MAMALIA KECIL RODENSIA DAN EULIPOTYPHLA Irsaf, Zulkurnia; Annawaty, Annawaty; Achmadi, Anang Setiawan
Biocelebes Vol 12, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

Ecological studies of small mammals often use several methods with various traps. Effective use of traps can increase the number of catches in this study. Small mammal samples were taken using the method of removal sampling for species diversity and set the traps using random purposive sampling method. In this case we use three types of traps, i.e. snap traps with roasted coconut bait smeared with peanut butter, pitfall traps with drift fence and rat snare with fruit as bait. Collection and installation of bait done at 07.00 WITA in the morning. From this study it is known that the use of traps falls very effectively in the study of small mammals, especially those living in terrestrial. This report provides information on common methods and effective traps are used in studying the diversity of small mammals.
ESTIMASI POPULASI TANGKASI (Tarsius wallacei Merker et al., 2010) DI DESA LEBANU KECAMATAN MARAWOLA KABUPATEN SIGI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH Bethony, Chalvin Rio; Annawaty, Annawaty; Duma, Yulius
Biocelebes Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

Sulawesi is an island that has high biodiversity. However, utilization of natural resources has been harming habitat of animals. The destructions of their habitat cause some animals become extinct from earth. Tarsius wallacei is one of the primate species from Tarsidae family and is an endemic species of Central Sulawesi region.  This research was done because the status of Tarsius becomes an endangered species. The purpose of this research was to estimate the population of T. wallacei at Lebanu village. This research was conducted during 3 months using Point Count method. The result of this research showed that populations of T. wallacei at Lebanu village are 11 groups and their densities are 0.19 groups/ha.
KERAGAMAN PAKAN TARSIUS (Tarsius wallacei Merker., et al, 2010) di LEBANU, MARAWOLA, SIGI, SULAWESI TENGAH Bumbugan, Nobertus; Annawaty, Annawaty; Duma, Yulius
Biocelebes Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

Tarsius wallacei is an endemic mammal of Sulawesi published by Merker, et al on 2010. Even though the distributions, vocalizations and morphometric have been studied well, the ecological aspect especially type of feed was not studied whereas the diet information is an important data for conservation of this endemic species. The objective of the study was collect the variety of tarsius’s prey in the wild. A collection of samples has been conducted from February to October 2015 using sweep net, light trap, and hand capture methods. The results of prey collection show that Tarsius wallacei feed on insects. Thirteenspecies were found as a prey of Tarsius wallacei which consists of 10 order, i.e. Orthoptera, Blattodea, Coleoptera, Araneae, Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, Odonata, Isoptera, Hymenoptera and Homoptera. Proximate analysis of the three orders that belong to the group Insecta indicated the Tarsius wallacei probably consume mainly on Orthoptera with the highest protein content, 69.32%, followed by Lepidoptera (66.51%), and Coleoptera (41,98%)
KEANEKARAGAMAN MAKROFAUNA TANAH PADA LUBANG RESAPAN BIOPORI YANG DIISI MEDIA LIMBAH KULIT BUAH KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) Nurhayati, Nurhayati; Fahri, Fahri; Annawaty, Annawaty
Biocelebes Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine the diversity of the soil macrofauna in Biopore Absoption Holes filled with cocoa pod waste (Theobroma cacaoL.). The study was conducted from April to August 2015 in the cocoa plantations Sibonu Village, Sigi District, Central Sulawesi. Sample identification executed in laboratory of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences,Tadulako University. The method used in this study are handsorting. There are six species identified from the field i.e: scorpion (Mastigoproctus giganteus), spiders (FamilyLycosidae), red small-millipedes (Order Spirobolida) and black small-millipedes (Order Pselaphognatha), legthousand yellow (ClassDiplopoda) and earthworms (class Oligochaeta). Diversity and even ness indexes are low.
Habitat Preferences and Distribution of the Freshwater Shrimps of the Genus Caridina (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae) in Lake Lindu, Sulawesi, Indonesia Annawaty, Annawaty; Wowor, Daisy; Farajallah, Achmad; Setiadi, Dede; Suryobroto, Bambang
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 23, No 2 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to reveal ecological preferences and distribution of all species of?Caridina?found in Lake Lindu and their catchment area. Specimens from 39 sampling sites were caught using tray net and hand net. There are three species of?Caridina?found in the lake system, i.e.?Caridina linduensis, Caridina kaili?and?Caridina dali. There is no overlapping distribution among the species.?Caridina kaili?is a true riverine species and it is never encountered sympatric with?C.?dali?nor?C.?linduensis. This species is abundant in streams and ditches with moderate flow running water and gravel?cobble substrate. It is mainly spread within streams west to the lake. Both?C.?daliand?C.?linduensis?can be found in the lake and streams with very slow current to almost stagnant water, muddy sand substrate and associated with roots of water plants and leaf litter. However,?C.?dali?is never occurred together with?C.?linduensis?and they are less abundant compare to?C.?kaili. Distribution of?Caridina?spp. in Lake Lindu is probably affected by the temperature of their habitats and the occurrence of introduced fish such as Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), and an alien riceland prawn (Macrobrachium lanchesteri). These introduced and alien species can have the potency to become predators or competitors for the?Caridina?spp. It is also the first record for?M.?lanchesteri?present in Lake Lindu.
Identifikasi Spesies Kepiting Bakau Famili Ocypodidae di Kabonga Kecil, Donggala, Sulawesi Tengah Aprilyanto, Donny; Fahri, Fahri; Annawaty, Annawaty
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 26, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Salah satu wilayah di Sulawesi Tengah yang memiliki ekosistem hutan bakau adalah kawasan oantai Kelurahan Kabonga Kecil, Kecamatan Banawa, Kabupaten Donggala. Hutan bakau yang masih banyak ditumbuhi pepohonan masih sangat memungkinkan menjadi habitat dari berbagai fauna akuatik termasuk kepiting bakau. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifkasi dan mendeskripsi jenis kepiting mangrove famili Ocypodidae di Kabonga Kecil, Banawa, Sulawesi Tengah. Koleksi sampel dilaksanakan pada bulan JUnu 2016 dan Januari 2017 menggunakan metode purposive sampling pada empat stasiun peneltiian di area pasang surut hutan mangrove. Identifikasi dilakukan di laboratorium biodeiversitas jurusan Biologi FMIPA UNTAD dan laboratorium Crustacea, MZB, LIPI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat enal spesies kepiting famili Ocypodidae di Kabonga Kecil. Keenam spesies tersebut termasuk ke dalam 3 genus yaitu (Austruca (A. annulipes, A. triangularis, dan A. perplexa). Tubuca (T. dussumieri dan T. demani), dan Gelasimua (G. vocans)
KEANEKARAGAMAN UDANG AIR TAWAR (DECAPODA: CARIDEA) DI SUNGAI BATUSUYA, SULAWESI TENGAH, INDONESIA Dwiyanto, Diky; Fahri, Fahri; Annawaty, Annawaty
Scripta Biologica Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Sulawesi is one of the four Greater Sunda Islands characterized by rivers and lakes habitats of freshwater shrimps and prawns with a high degree of endemism. The freshwater shrimp and prawns diversity in the Batusuya river of Donggala is less studied compared to the ancient lakes in the Central Sulawesi area. This study aimed to determine the diversity of freshwater shrimp and prawns of the Batusuya river. The sample was collected in November 2016 using tray net. The study site divided into three sampling stations based on the type of habitat. Nine species of freshwater shrimps and prawns were found, i.e., Macrobrachium australe, M. esculentum, M. horstii, M. lar, M. placidulum, Caridina brevicarpalis, C. gracilipes, C. weberi, and Atyopsis spinipes. Six species were found in all localities including Macrobrachium australe, M. esculentum, M. horstii, M. lar, C. brevicarpalis, and C. gracilipes, while M. placidulum, C. weberi, and A. spinipes were not found in all stations. The highest diversity index (H') was found in the station III indicated freshwater shrimps and prawns favored the environmental conditions of this station. The highest measure of species richness (R) was found in the station I and presumably related to the life cycle of freshwater shrimps and prawns which is amphidromous. The occurrence of nine species of freshwater shrimps and prawns along the Batusuya river indicated the environmental condition of the stream was suitable for most freshwater shrimps and prawns, and the Macrobrachium australe was found as the most abundant species.