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ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO MEROKOK, STRES DAN RIWAYAT KELUARGA YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER Sudayasa, I Putu; Subijakto, Sjarif; Sahrul, Wa Ode Asfiyai
MEDULA Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

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Abstract

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the world, including Indonesia. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 60 % of all causes of death of heart disease are coronary heart disease (CHD). Coronary heart disease can attack at reproductive age and cause of sudden cardiac arrest and death. This study aims to determine smoking, stress and family history are risk factors associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease. This research is an observational analytic study with case control design. This research was done at the General Hospital Bahteramas Southeast Sulawesi Province in February-March 2014. Sample in this study consisted of 49 respondents of cases and 49 respondents of controls were taken by purposive sampling with matching on age, sex, blood pressure, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, body mass index and history of alcohol consumption. Data collection using medical records and questionnaires. The statistical test using odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals. The results showed that smoking is a risk factor associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease (OR = 2.450, 95 % CI = 1.050 - 5.713), stress is a risk factor that is associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease (OR = 6.250, 95 % CI = 2.353 -16.598) and family history are risk factors associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease (OR = 9.4, 95 % CI = 2.005 - 44.061). Smoking, stress and family history are risk factor associated with coronary heart disease with opportunities respectively at 2,4 times, 6,2 times and 9,4 times compared with control population.Keywords : Coronary Heart Disease, Smoking, Stress, Family History, Premature CAD
Hubungan Lingkungan Rumah dengan Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada Masyarakat Pesisir Kelurahan Lapulu Kecamatan Abeli Tahun 2014 Yusuf, Milawati; Sudayasa, I Putu; Nurtamin, Tomy
Medula Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Medula

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Abstract

Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. ARI in Indonesia was ranked 6th in the world, reaching 6 million cases per year. One of factors that influence incidence of ARI is house environment. This study aimed to determine the relationship  bertween house environment with acute respiratory infections (ARI) incidence in coastal communities in Lapulu Village, Subdistrict of Abeli 2014. This study is analytical observational with cross sectional study design. The sample size was 88 samples by applying proportional sampling technique. The independent variable were household crowding, natural ventilation, natural lighting, humidity, floor type, wall type and location of the kitchen. The data were analyzed by using chi-square test. The result at  significance level α = 0,05 showed that there is relationship between  household crowding (p-value = 0,000, CC = 0,415), natural ventilation (p-value=0,000, CC=0,394) , natural lighting (p-value= 0,001, CC= 0,330) , and humidity (p-value=0,015, CC= 0,250) with ARI incidence. Meanwhile, floor type (p-value=0,880, CC= 0,016), wall type  (p-value=0,084, CC= 0,181), and location of the kitchen (p-value=0,582, CC= 0,059) does not show a relationship with ARI incidence. The conclusion that there are relationship between household crowding, natural ventilation, natural lighting and humidity with ARI incidence. In contrast, floor type, wall type, and location of the kitchen are not related with ARI incidence. Keywords : Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), house environment, coastal communities
Pengaruh Minuman Tradisional Kameko Terhadap kadar SGOT, SGPT, dan Jaringan Hati Mencit (Mus musculus) Hafizah, Indria; Sudayasa, I Putu; Uddu, Waode Sitti Asfiah; Imran, Muhammad; Yakin, Aynul
Pharmauho Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Pharmauho
Publisher : Pharmauho

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh minuman tradisional kameko terhadap kadar alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), dan kerusakan jaringan hati mencit (Mus musculus). Mencit yang digunakan sebanyak 18 ekor masing – masing perlakuan terdiri atas 9 ekor yang dibagi atas 2 kelompok perlakuan yaitu kelompok etanol 2% dan kameko. Kelompok etanol 2% dan kameko diberi perlakuan selama 14 hari. Marka biokimia yang dilacak adalah kadar ALT dan AST  dalam serum serta perubahan histologi jaringan hati. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kadar AST kelompok etanol 2% (1632 U/l) lebih tinggi di bandingkan kelompok kameko (1154 U/l), sementara kadar ALT lebih tinggi pada kelompok kameko (1263 U/l )  dibanding etanol 2% (1015 U/l). Pemberian etanol 2 % dan kameko mengakibatkan perubahan struktur mikroskopis (nekrosis) jaringan hati mencit dengan rasio AST/ALT > 0,8. Kerusakan jaringan hati akibat toksisitas dari etanol.Kata kunci: kameko, alanine transaminease, aspartate aminase,nekrosis
Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap dengan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Hayati Laut Untuk Kesehatan Masyarakat Pesisir Kecamatan Soropia Sudayasa, I Putu; Lawenga, Ratih Harlyan
Medula Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Medula

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Abstract

The level of biodiversity in Indonesia as a tropical country is very high, the potential of marine biological resource makes the sea of Indonesia called as Marine Mega-Biodiversity region in the world. Therefore it was expected especially in coastal communities can take and utilizing of marine biological resource optimally, especially for conventional and traditional for health. However basical knowledge and attitude of coastal communities about coastal and marine resources primarily for its management is still lack. The lack of the basical knowledge can affect the inability of society to engage in the use of coastal and marine resources, especially the utilization of marine biological resources in health. The aim of this research was to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitude to the utilization of marine biological resource for health on coastal communities area of Soropia wich one of coastal areas in Southeast Sulawesi with high potential of marine biological resorces. The research method used observational design with cross sectional approach. The subjects of the research were coastal communities in Soropia located in three villages, namely Tapulaga, Leppe and Bajoe. This research was conducted for January 2016, with 292 respondents of population. The sample were selected by using stratified random sampling technique that obtained 167 respondents. Bivariate analysis was performed by Chi square and Fisher test.The result of bivariate analysis showed that there was significant relationship between knowledge (p=0,000) and the utilization of marine biological resource for health and there was significant relationship between attitude (p=0,014) and the utilization of marine biological resource for health. This research concluded that there were significant relationship between knowledge and attitude to the utilization of marine biological resource for health in the coastal community area of Soropia. The present research suggested that there would be further research that investigated the efficacy of Enhalus acoroides root as the alternative treatment to resolve Diabetes disease, Semele cordiformis as the alternative medication to cure Hepatitis disease and Siganus sp. bile as the alternative analgesic medication to wounds caused by fish bone.Keywords: marine biological resource,health, knowledge, attitude, coastal community
Analisis Faktor Risiko Ketuban Pecah Dini di Rumah Sakit Umum Bahteramas Hastuti, Heny; Sudayasa, I Putu; Saimin, Juminten
Medula Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Medula

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Abstract

Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) is an important issue in the obstetric-related difficulty premature birth and the occurrence of infections which increases morbidity and perinatal mortality and cause an infection in the mother, therefore treatment PROM requires action that is detailed so that it can decrease the incidence of labor prematuritas and infection in the uterus. This research aims to analyze the risk factors associated with the incidence of PROM in RSU Bahteramas. This type of research is observational analytic study with nested case control design. This research was conducted in RSU Bahteramas and on research using secondary data, namely medical record of the patient. The sample in this research is the mother who experienced PROM and sample control on research this is a mother who experienced the birth normal delivery. Total sample of 178 sample consisting of  89sample cases and 89 the sample control. The data were analyzed using Odds Ratio test. The results showed that maternal age is a risk factor for the incidence of PROM with OR = 4.95 (2,52-9.72; 95%), maternal parity is a risk factors with OR = 9.94 (4.44-22, 24; 95%), education level is a risk factors with OR = 2.43 (1,32-4.49; 95%) and Gemelli was not a risk factor of PROM with the OR = 2.61 (7.77-0.88; 95%).Maternal age, Maternal Parity and education level is a risk factors in the incidence of PROM and gemelli is not a risk factor for incident PROM in RSU Bahteramas from January 2013 – December 2014.Keywords: PROM, Maternal age, maternal parity, education level and Gemelli.
PENGARUH PENYULUHAN SADARI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN WANITA USIA SUBUR UNTUK DETEKSI DINI TUMOR PAYUDARA Sudayasa, I Putu; Nurjannah, Siti Atikah; Ridwan, Steven
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Riset Kuantitatif Terapan 2017 Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Seminar Nasional Riset Kuantitatif Terapan 2017
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Riset Kuantitatif Terapan 2017

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Abstract

Kanker payudara adalah kanker yang paling sering didiagnosis sebagai penyebab utama kematian perempuan di seluruh dunia itu dan dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor. Salah satu faktor adalah pengetahuan wanita usia subur (WUS) tentang sekitar Pemeriksaan Payudara Sendiri (SADARI). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Pengaruh Penyuluhan Pemeriksaan Payudara Sendiri Terhadap Pengetahuan Wanita Usia Subur Untuk Deteksi Dini Tumor Payudara di Kelurahan Bungkutoko, Kecamatan Abeli, Kota Kendari.Penelitian ini merupakan studi eksperimental lapangan/kuasi dengan desain NonEquivalent Kelompok Kontrol. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah perempuan anak bantalan usia di Kelurahan Bungkutoko, dengan jumlah total sampel 80, dimana kelompok uji dari 40 orang dan kelompok kontrol 40 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan analisis data digunakan uji t data berpasangan uji t data berpasangan, hasil dianggap signifikan p-value < 0,05.Analisis data dengan uji Wilcoxon, mendapatkan p-value = 0,000 yang menunjukkan penyuluhan SADARI mempengaruhi pengetahuan Wanita Usia Subur Untuk Deteksi Dini Tumor Payudara. Analisis dengan uji Mann-Whitney pada kelompok uji dan kelompok kontrol diperoleh nilai p = 0,839 pada hasil Pre-Test dan nilai p = 0,002 pada Post-Test (CI = 95%), yang menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan antara wanita usia subur yang mendapatkan penyuluhan SADARI dan tidak mendapatkan penyuluhan SADARI.Ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara pemberian penyuluhan dengan pengetahuan wanita usia subur tentang SADARI untuk deteksi dini tumor payudara pada lelurahan Bungkutoko, Kecamatan Abeli, Kendari.Kata kunci— Deteksi Dini, Pengetahuan, Penyuluhan, SADARI, Tumor Payudara.
HUBUNGAN LAMA PEMAKAIAN KONTRASEPSI ORAL DENGAN HIPERTENSI Sudayasa, I Putu; Yasin, Ershanty Rahayu Safitrinas; Lianawati, Lianawati
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Riset Kuantitatif Terapan 2017 Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Seminar Nasional Riset Kuantitatif Terapan 2017
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Riset Kuantitatif Terapan 2017

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Abstract

Hipertensi merupakan salah satu faktor risiko penyakit kardiovaskular yang disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor. Salah satu faktordapat disebabkan karena kontrasepsi oral. Lama pemakaian kontrasepsi oral dapat menyebabkan hipertensi. Hipertensi merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan yang diderita di seluruh dunia termasuk Indonesia. Berdasarkan data Riskesdas tahun 2013 menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi hipertensi adalah 25,8% di Indonesia. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara lama pemakaian kontrasepsi oral dengan kejadian hipertensi pada responden Klinik Kencana BKKBN Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.Rancangan penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional dengan menggunakan desain kasus kontrol. Populasi penelitian ini adalah akseptor kontrasepsi oral Klinik Kencana BKKBN Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Sampel 136 orang terdiri dari 68 kelompok kasus dan 68 kelompok kontrol yang diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data dianalisis dengan Chi Square dan Odds Ratio, bermakna jika p value < 0,05, OR > 1.Hasil menunjukkan bahwa lama pemakaian kontrasepsi oral berhubungan dan sebagai faktor risiko yang mempengaruhi kejadian hipertensi (p = 0,003, OR = 3.894, CI 95%, 1,527-9,929). Responden yang telah menggunakan kontrasepsi oral lebih dari 6 bulan, memiliki 3,894 risiko menderita kejadian hipertensi.Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara lama pemakaian kontrasepsi oral dengan kejadian hipertensi. Perlu ada edukasi kepada responden akseptor tentang keuntungan dan kerugian selama menggunakan kontrasepsi oral.Kata kunci— Akseptor, LamaPemakaian, Hipertensi, Kencana Klinik BKKBN, Oral Kontrasepsi.
Pengaruh Pola Makan terhadap Status Gizi Narapidana Lapas Kelas II A Baubau Asmarani, Asmarani; Sudayasa, I Putu; Dewi, Ade Ratna
MEDULA Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Fulfillment of food is a human need to maintain its life and carry out daily activities, the law Number 12 of 1995 Article 14 mandates that prisoners are entitled to health services and adequate food. Research Purpose: This study aims to determine the effect of diet on nutritional status of prisoners in prison Class II A Baubau. Research Method: The study was conducted in February of 2018 at the Class II A Baubau Prison Center on 132 prisoners. The research method used was observational analytics with cross sectional approach by measuring body weight and height also interview using questionnaire. The data of the research were analyzed using chi square test. Research Result: The results showed that 23.5% of respondents were nutritional status of thin, 65.9% normal nutritional status and 10.6% of respondents had more nutritional status. Prisoner diet was found that 82.6% of respondents get food according to the prison regulations and 17.4% of respondents get food not in accordance with prisons. Chi square test showed that there is influence of diet to nutritional status of prisoner shown with value P = 0.000. Conclusion: The conclusion of this research, that there was a dietary influence on the nutritional status of prisoners of Class II A Baubau. It was expected that the government and the prisons can pay attention to the intake of nutrients received by prisoners to achieve optimal prison health and coaching processes.Keywords: Prison, Inmates, Dietary Habit, Nutritional Status
In Vitro Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Ethanolic Extract Elephantopus Scaber Leaves Nurtamin, Tomy; Sudayasa, I Putu; Tien, Tien
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 9, No 1, (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Inflammation is a protective physiological response to tissue injury that can be caused by harmful stimuli. If the inflammatory process is prolonged and cannot restore to homeostatic conditions, this may lead to pathological effects that can damage cells and cause various diseases. Elephantopus scaber is a plant that can easily be found in Indonesia. Elephantopus scaber is a type of plant that is often used as a traditional medicines. Several studies have shown that the compound bioactive content contained in plants has enormous potential as alternative medicine.Objective: This present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract of Elephantopus scabe leaves.Methods: The Elephantopus scaber leaves were extracted using ethanol solvent into different concentration (50 mg/mL, 100 mg/mL, and 120 mg/mL). Diclofenac sodium was used as the standard. Anti-inflammatory assays were performed by the human red blood cell (HRBC) membrane stabilization method and heat-induced hemolysis method. Phytochemical screening that used in the present study was a conventional method.Results: Phytochemical screening showed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, and saponins. In the present study, ethanolic extract of Elephantopus scaber leaves has anti inflammatory activity by protecting the stability of red blood cell membrane. The highest protection capability possessed by the ethanolic extract of Elephantopus scaber leaves in both human red blood cell (HRBC) membrane stabilization method and heatinduced hemolysis method was at a concentration of 100 mg/mL.Conclusion: The ethanolic extract of Elephantophus scaber has antiinflammatory activities by in vitro assays.
Faktor-Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Gangguan Pendengaran pada Karyawan Tambang Asrun, Asriani Asrun; Zamrud, L.M.; Sudayasa, I Putu
MEDULA Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

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Abstract

Gangguan pendengaran akibat bising ialah gangguan pendengaran yang disebabkan akibat terpajan oleh bising yang cukup keras dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama dan biasanya diakibatkan oleh bising lingkungan kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kebisingan lingkungan kerja, lama waktu kerja, lama masa kerja dan pemakaian alat pelindung telingasebagai faktor risikogangguan pendengaranpada pekerja tambang. Jenis penelitian adalah studi deskriptif analitik dengan rancangan case control, dilakukan dengan pengambilan data sampel kasus gangguan pendengaran, hasilpemeriksaan audiometri kesehatan kerja PT. Antam Pomalaa Kabupaten Kolaka pada tahun 2012. Sampel dalam penelitian ini 140 responden, yang diambil secara simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kebisingan lingkungan kerja merupakan faktor risiko kejadian gangguan pendengaran (OR=3,795; 95 % CI=1,866-7,716), lama waktu kerja merupakan faktor risiko gangguan pendengaran(OR= 2,333 ; 95 % CI=1,166-4,668), lama masa kerjamerupakan faktor risiko gangguan pendengaran (OR= 2,389 ; 95 % CI=1,212-4,708) dan pemakaian alat pelindung telinga merupakan faktor risiko gangguan pendengaran (OR= 3,299 ; 95 % CI= 1,641-6,631). Simpulannya, kebisingan lingkungan kerja, lama waktu kerja, lama masa kerja, dan pemakaian alat pelindung telinga merupakan faktor risiko kejadian gangguan pendengaran pada karyawan tambang. Kata kunci : gangguan pendengaran, karyawan pt. antam pomalaa, pertambangan, faktor risiko, kebisingan lingkungan kerja, pemakaian alat pelindung telinga.