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Journal : Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran

Faktor-Faktor Berhubungan dengan Kualitas Hidup Anak Leukemia Limfositik Akut yang Menjalani Kemoterapi Novrianda, Dwi; Yetti, Krisna; Agustini, Nur
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (791.523 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v4i1.132

Abstract

Leukemia limfositik akut merupakan tipe leukemia yang paling banyak terjadi pada anak-anak yaitu sekitar75-80%. Kemajuan pengobatan kemoterapi pada pasien leukemia limfositik akut telah meningkatkan angkakeberhasilan hidup. Akan tetapi, lama kehidupan yang dapat dicapai oleh pasien belum diiringi dengan pencapaiankualitas hidup yang lebih baik akibat efek sekunder kemoterapi terhadap fisik dan psikososial pasien. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup anak leukemia limfositik akut yang menjalani kemoterapi. Penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional dilakukan pada 25 anak secara consecutive sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan PedsQLTM 4.0 Generic Core Scale dan peran perawat (Cronbach α = 0,90). Analisis data menggunakan korelasi Pearson dan uji t independen untuk mengetahui hubungan antar variabel serta regresi linear berganda untuk mengetahui faktor yang paling berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup generik. Hasil menunjukkan terdapat hubungan fase kemoterapi dan peran perawat dengan kualitas hidup generik(p<0,05). Peran perawat merupakan faktor prediktor kualitas hidup generic. Dengan demikian diperlukan upaya peningkatan peran perawat melalui pendidikan pelatihan terkait manajemen kemoterapi dan efek sampingnya.Kata kunci: Fase kemoterapi, kualitas hidup generik, peran perawat.Factors that are Related to Quality of Life of Children with Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia who Undergo ChemotherapyAbstractAcute lymphocytic leukemia is a type of leukemia that is most prevalent among children which is around 75-80%. The progress of chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia has increased the survival rate for this cancer. However, the length of life of the patients is often not accompanied by the better quality of life due to chemotherapy side effects towards patients’ physical and psychosocial conditions. This study aimed to identify factors that are related to the quality of life of children with acute lymphocytic leukemia who undergo chemotherapy in Dr. M.Djamil Hospital, Padang. Quantitative research with cross sectional approach was used to study 25 children who wererecruited using consecutive sampling. The data collection was conducted using PedsQLTM 4.0 Generic Core Scaleand nurses roles (Cronbach α = 0,90). The data analysis uses Pearson correlation and independent t-test to examinethe relationships between variable and multiple linear regression to identify the factor that is most related with the generic quality of life. The results showed that there was correlation between chemotherapy phases and nurses roles with generic quality of life (p<0.05). Nurses roles is a predictor factors for generic quality of life. Thus, there is a need to improve nurses’ roles through education and training regarding chemotherapy management and its side effects.Keywords: Chemotherapy phases, generic quality of life, nurses’ roles.
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Evidence-Based Nursing Practice and Barriers Novrianda, Dwi; Herman, Hermalinda
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 7, No 3 (2019): Padjadjaran Nursing Journal
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (148.331 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v7i3.884

Abstract

Professional nurses, one of the human resources in the health sector, are obliged to carry out the nursing process, especially nursing, based on scientific evidence. This study aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes, and practice of evidence-based practice and its barriers to the hospital. Quantitative research with a descriptive approach was conducted at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. A consecutive sampling technique was utilized, with 139 selected nurse practitioners, and only 90 nurses filled in the questionnaires. The instruments used were Evidence-Based Practice Profiles (EBP2) and the BARRIERS Scale. Characteristics of respondents were 70.0% diploma education; mean age was 36.7 (SD=7.95) years and 13.35 (SD=8.37) years of working time. The mean attitude towards EBP was higher than the mean of EBP knowledge/understanding, confidence, understanding of research terms, and practice towards EBP (3.32; 2.93; 2.72; 2.53; 1.95). Therefore, there is a definite need for improving knowledge, comprehending EBP, and research terminology to overcome the obstacles of EBP implementation in the nursing service practice.