Avi Budi Setiawan
Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Empowerment Strategy Through Salak Fruit Prajanti, Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika; Fafurida, Fafurida; Setiawan, Avi Budi; Sutanto, Himawan Arif
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Komunitas, March 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v7i1.3622

Abstract

This articles aims to understand the practice of empowerment through assistance to salak farmers. The study includes 60 salak fruit farmers which are taken as the samples. Descriptive analysis is used to analyze the obtained data from the study. The research result shows that most respondents have the relative low level of empowerment. The empowerment level from business aspect explain that most of the respondent (73%) are never and could not got the financial assistant to develop their business. Likewise, it could be happen in the technological access, most of the respondent (56,7%) explain that in the production process the technology that used is base on traditional and hereditary. So, it is depend on labour relieves when the production and harvest process. Furthermore, the research shows that a low level of a capability to access the market information. It could be seen that most of the farmers (38,3%) directly selling their product to the consumers and 33,3% sell their product to the broker. The empowerment from non economic aspect could be seen from the low ability of lobbying aspect, like the asking for a relieves from their colleagues at the local government officer (10%), financial institution like cooperation, bank and etc (25%), society figures (32,1%), employees (32,1%), non government institution/ academision (10%) and a families (93,3%). To empower the farmers in order to make them sustainable, it is necessary to built a partnership by empowerment strategy. The empowerment strategy that involves industry as the farmers’ partner is carried out to improve the empowerment of the farmers of salak fruits.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi praktek pemberdayaan melalui pendampingan petani buah salak. Sebanyak 60 orang petani salak diambil sebagai sampel. Analisis deskriptif telah digunakan untuk menganalisis data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar masyarakat di daerah penelitian mengaku pada saat panen melimpah harga jual buah salak sangat rendah. Tingkat keberdayaan dari Aspek Usaha menunjukkan bahwa dalam mengakses kredit sebagian besar responden (73%) menyatakan tidak pernah atau tidak mampu mendapatkan kredit untuk pengembangan usahanya. Demikian juga dalam megakses teknologi sebagian besar responden (56,7%) menyatakan bahwa dalam melakukan proses produksi berdasarkan turun-temurun dimana teknologi dalam melakukan produksi bersifat tradisonal dan menggunakan insting, sehingga masih tergantung adanya bantuan dari orang lain pada saat terjadi masalah baik dalam proses produksi maupun pada saat panen. Selajutnya kemampuan dalam mengakses informasi pasar menunjukkan rendah yang dapat dilihat dari pemasaran hasil panen sebagian besar (38,3%) dijual langsung ke konsumen dan kepada tengkulak (33,3%). Tingkat keberdayaan dari aspek non-ekonmi yang dilihat dari kemampuan lobbying menunjukkan masih relative rendah, seperti keberhasilan dalam meminta bantuan kenalannya di Pemda sebsar 10%, lembaga keuangan seperti koperasi, bank, dan lain sebagainya sebesar 25%, tokoh masyarakat sebesar 32,1%, pengusaha sebesar 32,1%, akademisi/LSM sebesar 10% dan saudara 93,3%.  Untuk meningkatkan keberdayaan petani agar mampu menjalankan usahataninya secara berkelanjutan serta meningkatkan nilai tambah, diperlukan adanya kemitraan yang dapat dilakukan melalui Strategi Pemberdayaan.  
DAMPAK SEDIMENTASI BENDUNGAN SOEDIRMAN TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT W.P, Sucihatiningsih Dian; Setiawan, Avi Budi; Karsinah, Karsinah
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 5, No 2 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v5i2.3901

Abstract

Sedimentation is a material precipitation in which transported through water, wind, ice or glacier at a basin. Delta, which is found at the estuary of a river, is resulted from material precipitation process and is carried by watter from the river. Panglima Besar Soedirman (PBS) barrage, located in Banjarnegara regency, has undergone a very critical sedimentation. The unstable soil making the trees unable to absorb water which has caused erosion and sedimentation. Sedimentation happened at Bendungan Panglima Besar Soedirman affected economic aspect, especially in the field of fishery and agriculture. Sedimentation will silt up in the dam area causing muddy water. This will badly effect the fishery sector at dam. Besides, this caused Karamba- a raising fishing basket-decreased. Further, agricultural sector, the irrigation system also underwent the impact from sedimentation at the dam. Sedimentasi adalah suatu proses pengendapan material yang ditransport oleh media air, angin, es, atau gletser di suatu cekungan. Delta yang terdapat di mulut-mulut sungai adalah hasil dan proses pengendapan material-material yang diangkut oleh air sungai. Bendungan panglima Besar Soedirman (PBS) di kabupaten Banjarnegara merupakan satu lokasi yang terkena sedimentasi sangat parah. Kerusakan lingkungan yang terjadi di daerah aliran sungai merupakan penyebab utama dari sedimentasi di Bendungan PBS. labilnya kondisi tanah akibat tidak adanya pohon penahan air mengakibatkan erosi yang menyebabkan sedimentasi.Sedimentasi di Bendungan PBS ternyata juga sangat berdampak terhadap aspek perekonomian terutama dalam bidang perikanan dan pertanian. Sektor perikanan dan pertanian adalah bidang-bidang yang terdampak dari sedimentasi Bendungan PBS sebab sedimentasi menyebabkan pendangkalan pada area Bendungan yang menyebabkan air menjadi keruh sehingga akan berdampak buruk terhadap sektor perikanan umum bendungan. Dan juga mengakibatkan lokasi untuk kolam karamba ikan air tawar berkurang karena terjadi pendangkalan dan juga pertanian adalah sektor andalan yang diperkirakan juga mengalami dampak dari adanya sedimentasi bendungan PBS. Sebab pengairan irigasi yang diterapkan untuk sawah-sawah juga berasal dari aliran sungai yang menuju Bendungan PBS.
ANALISIS EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PRODUKSI USAHA TANI JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN TAHUN 2008 Setiawan, Avi Budi; Prajanti, Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 4, No 1 (2011): March 2011
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v4i1.4642

Abstract

   Corn represents one of the agricultural comodities in Grobogan regency. However, the average corn production in Grobogan is only 4,92 ton/Ha. It is below the standard production determined by the government which ranges from 5,5 to 6 ton/ Ha. The aim of this study is to know the efficiency of production factors in farm bussiness, especially corn farm in Grobogan regency. The samples are 90 divisible respondents in Purwodadi, Torohand Kradenan. Then, the purposive cluster of area random sampling was applied for having the samples and quantitative descriptive approach was used for having the findings. After analyzing the data, it is shown that the variables influence the efficiency of production factors in farm bussiness are land area, seed production, and fertilizer production. Furthermore, those variables are inefficient in the busssiness farm. It is based on the calculation that shows the following findings: technical efficiency is 0,9996633, the price efficiency is1,53563, and the economic efficiency is 1,5346. Knowing that the variables involve in the farm bussiness, especially corn have not been efficient yet, the government roles are needed, and agriculture policy should be issued for protecting the peasants.
RECHARGING METODE PEMBELAJARAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA UNTUK GURU SD DI DESA TIENG WONOSOBO Setiawan, Avi Budi; Karsinah, Karsinah
Jurnal Abdimas Vol 20, No 2 (2016): Desember 2016
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M), Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Perkembangan ilmu dan teknologi semakin mendorong usaha-usaha ke arah pembaharuan dalam memanfaatkan hasil-hasil teknologi dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran. Guru (pengajar) dalam mengikuti perkembangan teknologi ini diharapkan dapat menggunakan alat atau bahan pendukung proses pembelajaran, dari alat yang sederhana sampai alat yang canggih (sesuai dengan perkembangan dan tuntutan jaman). Pengabdian ini dilaksanakan dengan peserta pelatihan yaitu guru di SD Ma’arif dan Muhammadiyah Tieng. Materi pelatihan adalah konsep kewirausahaan yang dibuat dalam aplikasi video multimedia. Analisis situasi menunjukkan pembelajaran kewirausahaan bisa diterapkan di hamper semua bidang studi. Muatan dan konsep kewirausaan dapat diterapkan pada mata pelajaran yang menjadi kurikulum di SD Ma’arif dan Muhammadiyah. Namun demikian metode pembelajaran yang digunakan  masih sederhana. Dengan pelatihan ini peserta diajarkan membuat media ajar yang menggunakan video multimedia dengan aplikasi Software Pinacle. Peserta pelatihan menunjukkan respon antusias dan hasil pelatihan menunjukkan hasil beberapa peserta pelatihan mampu menagkap dan mengaplikasikannya.
DETERMINAN KEMISKINAN DI INDONESIA Setiawan, Avi Budi; Adzim, Fauzul
Economics Development Analysis Journal Vol 6 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Economics Development Analysis Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/edaj.v6i1.14953

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat partisipasi angkatan kerja, rata-rata pengeluaran perkapita, tingkat melek huruf, dan penanaman modal terhadap kemiskinan di Indonesia tahun 2014. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan data sekunder yang diambil dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) dan Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN) tahun 2014 dari 32 provinsi yang ada di Indonesia (cross- section). Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Ordinary Least Square Method dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95 persen. Dari hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa rata-rata pengeluaran perkapita dan penanaman modal memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap tingkat kemiskinan di Indonesia pada tahun 2014. Sedangkan tingkat partisipasi angkatan kerja dan tingkat melek huruf tidak memiliki pengaruh terhadap kemiskinan. This research aims to knows the relationship between labour forces participation level, average expenditure per capita, literacy level and capital lending toward poverty level in Indonesia at 2014. The secondary data in this research were obtained from Central Statistic Bureau (BPS) ; Population and National Family Planning Bureau (BKKBN) in 32 provinces around Indonesia. The research methods are ordinary least square method with significant level amount 95%. The research result shows that averages expenditure per capita and capital lending have a significant relationship towards roverty level in 2014. While, work force participation and literacy level have no significant relationship toward poverty.
ANALISIS EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PRODUKSI USAHA TANI JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN TAHUN 2008 Setiawan, Avi Budi; Prajanti, Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 4, No 1 (2011): March 2011
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v4i1.4642

Abstract

Corn represents one of the agricultural comodities in Grobogan regency. However, the average corn production in Grobogan is only 4,92 ton/Ha. It is below the standard production determined by the government which ranges from 5,5 to 6 ton/ Ha. The aim of this study is to know the efficiency of production factors in farm bussiness, especially corn farm in Grobogan regency. The samples are 90 divisible respondents in Purwodadi, Torohand Kradenan. Then, the purposive cluster of area random sampling was applied for having the samples and quantitative descriptive approach was used for having the findings. After analyzing the data, it is shown that the variables influence the efficiency of production factors in farm bussiness are land area, seed production, and fertilizer production. Furthermore, those variables are inefficient in the busssiness farm. It is based on the calculation that shows the following findings: technical efficiency is 0,9996633, the price efficiency is1,53563, and the economic efficiency is 1,5346. Knowing that the variables involve in the farm bussiness, especially corn have not been efficient yet, the government roles are needed, and agriculture policy should be issued for protecting the peasants.
DAMPAK SEDIMENTASI BENDUNGAN SOEDIRMAN TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT W.P, Sucihatiningsih Dian; Setiawan, Avi Budi; Karsinah, Karsinah
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 5, No 2 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v5i2.3901

Abstract

Sedimentation is a material precipitation in which transported through water, wind, ice or glacier at a basin. Delta, which is found at the estuary of a river, is resulted from material precipitation process and is carried by watter from the river. Panglima Besar Soedirman (PBS) barrage, located in Banjarnegara regency, has undergone a very critical sedimentation. The unstable soil making the trees unable to absorb water which has caused erosion and sedimentation. Sedimentation happened at Bendungan Panglima Besar Soedirman affected economic aspect, especially in the field of fishery and agriculture. Sedimentation will silt up in the dam area causing muddy water. This will badly effect the fishery sector at dam. Besides, this caused Karamba- a raising fishing basket-decreased. Further, agricultural sector, the irrigation system also underwent the impact from sedimentation at the dam.Sedimentasi adalah suatu proses pengendapan material yang ditransport oleh media air, angin, es, atau gletser di suatu cekungan. Delta yang terdapat di mulut-mulut sungai adalah hasil dan proses pengendapan material-material yang diangkut oleh air sungai. Bendungan panglima Besar Soedirman (PBS) di kabupaten Banjarnegara merupakan satu lokasi yang terkena sedimentasi sangat parah. Kerusakan lingkungan yang terjadi di daerah aliran sungai merupakan penyebab utama dari sedimentasi di Bendungan PBS. labilnya kondisi tanah akibat tidak adanya pohon penahan air mengakibatkan erosi yang menyebabkan sedimentasi.Sedimentasi di Bendungan PBS ternyata juga sangat berdampak terhadap aspek perekonomian terutama dalam bidang perikanan dan pertanian. Sektor perikanan dan pertanian adalah bidang-bidang yang terdampak dari sedimentasi Bendungan PBS sebab sedimentasi menyebabkan pendangkalan pada area Bendungan yang menyebabkan air menjadi keruh sehingga akan berdampak buruk terhadap sektor perikanan umum bendungan. Dan juga mengakibatkan lokasi untuk kolam karamba ikan air tawar berkurang karena terjadi pendangkalan dan juga pertanian adalah sektor andalan yang diperkirakan juga mengalami dampak dari adanya sedimentasi bendungan PBS. Sebab pengairan irigasi yang diterapkan untuk sawah-sawah juga berasal dari aliran sungai yang menuju Bendungan PBS.
Street Vendors (PKL) as the Survival Strategy of Poor Community Handoyo, Eko; Setiawan, Avi Budi
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 11, No 1 (2018): March 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v11i1.12510

Abstract

Street vendors are some of informal sector business actors who are directly related to city government policy. Illegal street vendors as one type of street vendors often get ill-treatment from the city government. It is because in running the business, street vendors occupy public space, such as sidewalks and shoulders, so they are disciplined. Through this phenomena, this study aimed to analyze (1) survival strategy done by street vendors and (2) reasons by street vendors in using public space as a place to trade. Those objectives were further described by employing qualitative descriptive method with data collection technique through interviews and observations. Once the data have been collected, they were analyzed qualitatively interactively. From the research results, it can be concluded. First, being a street vendor for low-level society is the only option and is the most viable way to sustain their lives. Some street vendors do survival strategy in order to meet the needs of everyday life. Second, street vendors use public spaces such as roadsides and sidewalks because (1) there are limitations which make them impossible to occupy locations with obligations to pay, (2) roads and sidewalks are strategic places to peddle merchandise; and (3) lack of attention from government to the needs and welfare of street vendors.
Technical Efficiency of Soybeans Commodity Setiawan, Avi Budi; Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
KINERJA Vol 21, No 1 (2017): Kinerja
Publisher : Faculty of Economics Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24002/kinerja.v21i1.1031

Abstract

This research aims to find out the description of soybean farming in Grobogan Regency, the efficiency of technical, price, and economy on soybean systems. Grobogan Regency is a major soybean producer in Central Java and Indonesia.  Based on the research result, it reveals that soybean farming in Grobogan has still not been efficient yet in technic, price, and economy. It means that farmers have not been able to optimize the inputs to obtain the maximum output. This inefficiency condition occurs because the farmers are considered to use the production factors excessively. Besides damaging the nature, the use of excessive production factors also leads to increasing production costs but without maximal results. Therefore, it requires a series of attempts to give knowledge to the farmers in order to reach efficient conditions by hoping that potential to maximized profitKeywords: Efficiency, Soybean, Grobogan
Empowerment Strategy Through Salak Fruit Prajanti, Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika; Fafurida, Fafurida; Setiawan, Avi Budi; Sutanto, Himawan Arif
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Komunitas, March 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v7i1.3622

Abstract

This articles aims to understand the practice of empowerment through assistance to salak farmers. The study includes 60 salak fruit farmers which are taken as the samples. Descriptive analysis is used to analyze the obtained data from the study. The research result shows that most respondents have the relative low level of empowerment. The empowerment level from business aspect explain that most of the respondent (73%) are never and could not got the financial assistant to develop their business. Likewise, it could be happen in the technological access, most of the respondent (56,7%) explain that in the production process the technology that used is base on traditional and hereditary. So, it is depend on labour relieves when the production and harvest process. Furthermore, the research shows that a low level of a capability to access the market information. It could be seen that most of the farmers (38,3%) directly selling their product to the consumers and 33,3% sell their product to the broker. The empowerment from non economic aspect could be seen from the low ability of lobbying aspect, like the asking for a relieves from their colleagues at the local government officer (10%), financial institution like cooperation, bank and etc (25%), society figures (32,1%), employees (32,1%), non government institution/ academision (10%) and a families (93,3%). To empower the farmers in order to make them sustainable, it is necessary to built a partnership by empowerment strategy. The empowerment strategy that involves industry as the farmers partner is carried out to improve the empowerment of the farmers of salak fruits.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi praktek pemberdayaan melalui pendampingan petani buah salak. Sebanyak 60 orang petani salak diambil sebagai sampel. Analisis deskriptif telah digunakan untuk menganalisis data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar masyarakat di daerah penelitian mengaku pada saat panen melimpah harga jual buah salak sangat rendah. Tingkat keberdayaan dari Aspek Usaha menunjukkan bahwa dalam mengakses kredit sebagian besar responden (73%) menyatakan tidak pernah atau tidak mampu mendapatkan kredit untuk pengembangan usahanya. Demikian juga dalam megakses teknologi sebagian besar responden (56,7%) menyatakan bahwa dalam melakukan proses produksi berdasarkan turun-temurun dimana teknologi dalam melakukan produksi bersifat tradisonal dan menggunakan insting, sehingga masih tergantung adanya bantuan dari orang lain pada saat terjadi masalah baik dalam proses produksi maupun pada saat panen. Selajutnya kemampuan dalam mengakses informasi pasar menunjukkan rendah yang dapat dilihat dari pemasaran hasil panen sebagian besar (38,3%) dijual langsung ke konsumen dan kepada tengkulak (33,3%). Tingkat keberdayaan dari aspek non-ekonmi yang dilihat dari kemampuan lobbying menunjukkan masih relative rendah, seperti keberhasilan dalam meminta bantuan kenalannya di Pemda sebsar 10%, lembaga keuangan seperti koperasi, bank, dan lain sebagainya sebesar 25%, tokoh masyarakat sebesar 32,1%, pengusaha sebesar 32,1%, akademisi/LSM sebesar 10% dan saudara 93,3%. Untuk meningkatkan keberdayaan petani agar mampu menjalankan usahataninya secara berkelanjutan serta meningkatkan nilai tambah, diperlukan adanya kemitraan yang dapat dilakukan melalui Strategi Pemberdayaan.