Asep Bulkini
Departemen Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680

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Masculinization of betta fish Betta splendens by embryo immersion in extract of purwoceng Pimpinella alpina Arfah, Harton; Soelistyowati, Dinar Tri; Bulkini, Asep
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

This study aimed to know the effect of extract of purwoceng Pimpinella alpina for masculinization of Bettasplendens. This research used completely randomized design with three treatments that were distinguished by dosesof extract of purwoceng P. alpina, whice were 10, 20, and 30 μL/L, and 0 μL/L as control. The treatments weregiven to 35 embryos by immersion in extract of P. alpina at eye spots phase or about 28-hours after fertilization.The immersion process was done for 8 hours. The result showed that 20 μL/L dose of purwoceng P. alpina’sextract produced male fish percentage 62.66%, and hatching rate was 85.71%. At the higher dose (30 μL/L), malefish population and hatching rate reduced respectively 39.72% and 68.57%.Keywords: masculinization, embryo immersion, purwoceng extract, Betta splendens  Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dosis ekstrak purwoceng Pimpinella alpina dalammaskulinisasi ikan cupang hias Betta splendens. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode rancangan acak lengkapdengan tiga perlakuan dan tiga ulangan dosis ekstrak purwoceng yaitu 10, 20, dan 30 μL/L, serta perlakuan 0μL/L sebagai kontrol. Perlakuan diberikan terhadap 35 embrio melalui perendaman dalam ekstrak purwoceng saatmemasuki fase bintik mata atau sekitar jam ke-28 setelah terjadi pembuahan. Proses perendaman dilakukan selamadelapan jam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis ekstrak purwoceng 20 μL/L menghasilkan persentaseikan jantan sebesar 62,66±7,81%, dan daya tetas telur sebesar 85,71±20,20%. Pada dosis yang lebih tinggi (30μL/L), populasi ikan jantan menurun (39,72±6,68%), demikian pula dengan daya tetas telur (68,57±4,04%).Kata kunci: maskulinisasi, perendaman embrio, ekstrak purwoceng, Betta splendens
Masculinization of betta fish Betta splendens by embryo immersion in extract of purwoceng Pimpinella alpina Arfah, Harton; Soelistyowati, Dinar Tri; Bulkini, Asep
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aimed to examine the effect of extract of purwoceng Pimpinella alpina for masculinization of Betta splendens. This research used completely randomized design with three treatments that were distinguished by doses of purwoceng extract, which were 10, 20, and 30 µL/L, and 0 µL/L as control. The treatments were given by immersion to 35 embryos at eye spots phase or about 28-hours after fertilization, for eight hours. The immersion process was done for 8 hours. The result showed that 20 µL/L dose of purwoceng extract produced 62.66% male, and hatching rate was 85.71%. This male percentage was higher compared to control (45.91%), but the hatching rate was lower than that of control (98.57%). At the higher dose (30 µL/L), male fish population and hatching rate reduced respectively 39.72% and 68.57%, respectively. Keywords: masculinization, embryo immersion, purwoceng extract, Betta splendens  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh dosis ekstrak purwoceng Pimpinella alpina extract dalam maskulinisasi ikan cupang hias Betta splendens. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode rancangan acak lengkap dengan tiga perlakuan dan tiga ulangan dosis ekstrak purwoceng. yaitu 10, 20, dan 30 µL/L, serta perlakuan 0 µL/L sebagai kontrol. Perlakuan diberikan melalui perendaman selama delapan jam terhadap 35 embrio saat memasuki fase bintik mata atau sekitar jam ke-28 setelah pembuahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis ekstrak purwoceng 20 µL/L menghasilkan persentase ikan jantan sebesar 62,66%, dan daya tetas telur sebesar 85,71%. Persentase jantan tersebut lebih tinggi daripada kontrol (45,1%), tetapi derajat penetasannya lebih rendah daripada kontrol (98,57%). Pada dosis yang lebih tinggi (30 µL/L), populasi ikan jantan (39,72%), dan derajat penetasan (68,57%) adalah menurun. Kata kunci: maskulinisasi, perendaman embrio, ekstrak purwoceng, Betta splendens