, Sukenda
Department of Aquaculture

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Application of synbiotic with different doses of probiotic to prevent vibriosis disease in humpback grouper Cromileptes altivelis Saputra, Dwi Agung; Sukenda, ,; Widanarni, ,
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the supplementation of synbiotic with different doses of probiotics toprevent vibriosis in humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis). Grouper (3.0±0.48 g) fed by control feeds (withoutsupplementation of synbiotic) which were K(-) and K(+), treatment feeds with supplementation of synbiotic withdifferent doses of probiotic (probiotic 104 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotic 2% (P1) v/w, (probiotic 106 cfu/mL) 1% +prebiotic 2% (P2) v/w, (probiotic 108 cfu/mL)1% + prebiotic 2% (P3) v/w) for 30 days. After a feeding trialperiod, there were observation of the bacterial counts in the fish intestine, the fish growth performance and immuneresponse. Then all the grouper were challenged by Vibrio alginolyticus, except K (-). This study showed thatsurvival, daily growth rate (DGR) and food conversion ratio (FCR) of grouper in treatment P2 ((probiotic 106 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotic 2%) and P3 (probiotic (108 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotic 2%) were significantly better (p>0.05) thancontrols. The different doses of probiotic in synbiotic (probiotic 104 cfu/mL, probiotic 106 cfu/mL and probiotic 108cfu/mL) provided better immune response than controls.Keywords: synbiotic, Vibrio alginolyticus, Bacillus sp., Cromileptes altivelis  Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengkaji pemberian sinbiotik dengan dosis probiotik berbeda untuk mencegahpenyakit vibriosis pada ikan kerapu bebek (Cromileptes altivelis). Ikan kerapu dengan berat (3,0±0,48 g) diberikanpakan kontrol (tanpa penambahan sinbiotik) K(-) dan K(+), pakan perlakuan dengan penambahan sinbiotik dengandosis probiotik berbeda: probiotik ((104 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotik 2%) v/w (P1), ((probiotik 106 cfu/mL) 1% +prebiotik 2%) v/w (P2), dan ((probiotik 108 cfu/mL)1% + prebiotik 2%) v/w (P3) selama 30 hari. Setelah perlakuanpakan sinbiotik, dilakukan pengamatan terhadap jumlah total bakteri di usus, kinerja pertumbuhan dan responsimun. Kemudian ikan kerapu pada seluruh perlakuan, kecuali kontrol negatif (-) diberi uji tantang dengan Vibrioalginolyticus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sintasan, laju pertumbuhan harian (LPH), dan rasio konversipakan (FCR) pada perlakuan P2 ((probiotik 106 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotik 2%) dan P3 (probiotik (108 cfu/mL) 1% +prebiotik 2%) secara signifikan lebih baik (p<0,05) bila dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Perlakuan sinbiotik dengandosis probiotik berbeda (probiotik 104 cfu/mL, probiotik 106 cfu/mL, dan probiotik 108 cfu/mL) juga memberikanrespons imun yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kontrol.Kata kunci : sinbiotik, Vibrio alginolyticus, Bacillus sp., Cromileptes altivelis
Prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic to control Vibrio harveyi and IMNV co-infection in Litopenaeus vannamei Widanarni, ,; Noermala, Jeanni Indah; Sukenda, ,
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
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ABSTRACT This study aimed to examine the effects of prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic in survival and immune response of white shrimp against co-infection of Vibrio harveyi and infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV). The shrimps used had a body weigth of 2.04±0.20 g/individual, the shrimps were reared at a density of 20 shrimps in 60x30x35 cm3 sized aquarium. The study was conducted with five treatments consisting K(+) (without the addition of prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic with co-infection), K(-) (without the addition of prebiotic, probiotic and synbiotic, and without co-infection), P1 (the addition of prebiotic with co-infection), P2 (the addition of probiotic with co-infection), and P3 (the addition of synbiotic with co-infection). The results showed that the addition of prebiotic, probiotic and synbiotic could increase survival and immune response of white shrimp towards co-infection of Vibrio harveyi and IMNV. The best survival was obtained in probiotic treatment (79.17%), followed by prebiotic treatment (75%), synbiotic treatment (70.83%), while the positive control was only 50%. Keywords: white shrimp, prebiotic, probiotic, synbiotic, IMNV, Vibrio harveyi  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh pemberian prebiotik, probiotik, dan sinbiotik terhadap sintasan dan respons imun udang vaname dengan ko-infeksi Vibrio harveyi dan IMNV (infectious myonecrosis virus). Udang yang digunakan memiliki bobot 2,04±0,20 g/ekor, dipelihara sebanyak 20 ekor dalam akuarium berukuran 60x30x35 cm3. Penelitian dilakukan dengan lima perlakuan yaitu K(+) (tanpa pemberian prebiotik, probiotik, dan sinbiotik dengan ko-infeksi), K(-) (tanpa pemberian prebiotik, probiotik dan sinbiotik tanpa ko-infeksi), P1 (pemberian prebiotik dengan ko-infeksi), P2 (pemberian probiotik dengan ko-infeksi), dan P3 (pemberian sinbiotik dengan ko-infeksi). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian prebiotik, probiotik, dan sinbiotik mampu meningkatkan sintasan dan respons imun udang vaname terhadap ko-infeksi V. harveyi dan IMNV. Sintasan terbaik diperoleh pada perlakuan probiotik sebesar 79,17%, diikuti perlakuan prebiotik sebesar 75%, perlakuan sinbiotik sebesar 70,83%, sedangkan pada kontrol positif hanya mencapai 50%. Kata kunci: udang vaname, prebiotik, probiotik, sinbiotik, IMNV, Vibrio harveyi
The use of Curcuma longa extract to control Edwardsiella tarda infection on Clarias sp. Wahjuningrum, Dinamella; Ikhsan, Muharram Nur; Sukenda, ,; Evan, Yan
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
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ABSTRACT  Target production of catfish in aquaculture can be reached by suppressing the pathogenic bacterial infection. Previous works had shown that turmeric Curcuma longa has antibacterial activity. The objectives of this research were to determine the best method of extraction and to evaluate the efficacy of turmeric extract as feed additive to control Edwardsiella tarda disease in catfish culture. Briefly, the objective was achieved through in vitro assay based on inhibition ability of extraction method against E. tarda, while the following objective was obtained through in vivo assay based on their survival during challenge test either as preventive or curative measurement. A complete randomized design with three replications was used for each assay. Furthermore, challenge test was done by mean intraperitoneal injection at concentration 106 cfu/mL of E. tarda (LD50). The results showed that 15 minutes decoction method allowed the best inhibition with diameter 7.42 mm of clear zone and then curative measurement using turmeric extract could be the best application against E. tarda since it gave 86.67% of survival. Clinical signs such as swelling, hemoraghic, body ulcer, gastroentritis and gaseous captivity were observed on challenged fish. However, there were no significant different among treatments for specific growth, body weight, and absolute length parameters.  Keywords: Edwardsiella tarda, extraction, turmeric, catfish, inhibition zone  ABSTRAK Peningkatan produksi ikan lele dapat dicapai melalui pencegahan infeksi penyakit bakterial. Hasil beberapa penelitian membuktikan bahwa kunyit Curcuma longa terbukti memiliki zat aktif yang bersifat antibakteri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari metode ekstraksi terbaik dan mengevaluasi efektivitas penambahan ekstrak kunyit pada pakan untuk pengendalian patogen Edwardsiella tarda pada ikan lele. Metoda ekstraksi kunyit diuji secara in vitro dengan metoda zona hambat, sedangkan efikasi diuji secara in vivo melalui perlakuan pencegahan dan pengobatan. Penelitian didesain dalam rancangan acak lengkap dengan tiga ulangan. Efikasi ekstrak kunyit diketahui dari nilai sintasan ikan lele hasil uji tantang E. Tarda melalui injeksi peritoneal dengan dosis 106 cfu/ mL (LD50). Hasil uji in vitro menunjukkan bahwa metode dekoksi selama 15 menit memberikan zona hambat terbaik yaitu sebesar 7,42 mm. Hasil uji in vivo menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak kunyit sebagai tindak pengobatan memberikan nilai sintasan terbaik, yaitu sebesar 86,67%. Ikan lele yang diuji tantang menunjukkan gejala klinis berupa pembengkakan, luka, gastroentritis, dan gas pada perut. Tidak terdapat perbedaan nyata di antara perlakuan untuk parameter laju pertumbuhan harian, bobot harian, dan pertumbuhan panjang mutlak. Kata kunci: Edwardsiella tarda, ekstraksi, kunyit, ikan lele, zona hambat
Effectiveness of sinbiotic at different doses in Pacific white shrimp pond culture Sukenda, ,; Praseto, Rizki; Widanarni, ,
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
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ABSTRACT The increasing demand of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei requires the application of intensive culture system. However, intensive culture system of white shrimp could increase the risk of disease outbreak. The application of sinbiotic may provide solution to the problem. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of technical sinbiotic on the survival and growth of white shrimp in ponds. This study consisted of four treatments; treatment K (control), treatment A (probiotic 0.5% and prebiotic 1%), treatment B (probiotic 1% and prebiotic 2%), and treatment C (probiotic 2% and prebiotic 4%). The results showed that administration of sinbiotic had no significant differences on survival rate, growth rate, feed conversion ratio, size, and biomass of shrimp (P>0.05). However, based on analysis of business, sinbiotic A provided higher profits to the farmer (Rp10.230) compared to other symbiotic treatments and control. Keywords: Litopenaeus vannamei, sinbiotic, technical media ABSTRAK Permintaan terhadap udang vaname Litopenaeus vannamei yang semakin meningkat membuat sistem budidaya udang sebaiknya menggunakan sistem budidaya intensif. Namun demikian sistem intensif pada budidaya udang vaname dapat meningkatkan risiko timbulnya penyakit. Penggunaan sinbiotik diharapkan dapat memberikan solusi dalam mengatasi masalah tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas penggunaan sinbiotik teknis terhadap sintasan, pertumbuhan, dan keuntungan usaha udang vaname yang dipelihara di tambak. Penelitian ini terdiri atas empat perlakuan, yaitu perlakuan K (kontrol), perlakuan A (probiotik 0,5% dan prebiotik 1%), perlakuan B (probiotik 1% dan prebiotik 2%), dan perlakuan C (probiotik 2% dan prebiotik 4%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian sinbiotik tidak berbeda nyata dalam nilai sintasan, laju pertumbuhan, rasio konversi pakan, size, dan biomassa udang (P>0,05). Namun demikian, berdasarkan analisis usaha perlakuan A memberikan keuntungan lebih tinggi (Rp10.230) dibandingkan dengan perlakuan sinbiotik lainnya serta kontrol. Kata kunci: Litopenaeus vannamei, sinbiotik, media teknis 
Application of synbiotic with different probiotic doses to prevent vibriosis in humpback grouper Saputra, Dwi Agung; Sukenda, ,; Widanarni, ,
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
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ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the supplementation of synbiotic with different doses of probiotics to prevent vibriosis in humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis). Grouper (3.0±0.48 g) fed by control feeds (without supplementation of synbiotic) which were K(-) and K(+), treatment feeds with supplementation of synbiotic with different doses of probiotic (probiotic 104 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotic 2% (P1) v/w, (probiotic 106 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotic 2% (P2) v/w, (probiotic 108 cfu/mL)1% + prebiotic 2% (P3) v/w) for 30 days. After a feeding trial period, there were observation of the bacterial counts in the fish intestine, the fish growth performance and immune response. Then all the grouper were challenged by Vibrio alginolyticus, except K (-). This study showed that survival, daily growth and food conversion ratio (FCR) of grouper in treatment P2 ((probiotic 106 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotic 2%) and P3 (probiotic (108 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotic 2%) were significantly better (P>0.05) than controls. The different doses of probiotic in synbiotic (probiotic 104 cfu/mL, probiotic 106 cfu/mL and probiotic 108 cfu/mL) provided better immune response than controls. Keywords: synbiotic, Vibrio alginolyticus, Bacillus sp., Cromileptes altivelis  ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengkaji pemberian sinbiotik dengan dosis probiotik berbeda untuk mencegah penyakit vibriosis pada ikan kerapu bebek (Cromileptes altivelis). Ikan kerapu dengan berat (3,0±0,48 g) diberikan pakan kontrol (tanpa penambahan sinbiotik) K(-) dan K(+), pakan perlakuan dengan penambahan sinbiotik dengan dosis probiotik berbeda: probiotik ((104 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotik 2%) v/w (P1), ((probiotik 106 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotik 2%) v/w (P2), dan ((probiotik 108 cfu/mL)1% + prebiotik 2%) v/w (P3) selama 30 hari. Setelah perlakuan pakan sinbiotik, dilakukan pengamatan terhadap jumlah total bakteri di usus, kinerja pertumbuhan dan respons imun. Kemudian ikan kerapu pada seluruh perlakuan, kecuali kontrol negatif (-) diberi uji tantang dengan Vibrio alginolyticus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sintasan, laju pertumbuhan harian (LPH), dan rasio konversi pakan (FCR) pada perlakuan P2 ((probiotik 106 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotik 2%) dan  P3 (probiotik (108 cfu/mL) 1% + prebiotik 2%) secara signifikan lebih baik (P<0,05) bila dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Perlakuan sinbiotik dengan dosis probiotik berbeda (probiotik 104 cfu/mL, probiotik 106 cfu/mL, dan probiotik 108 cfu/mL) juga memberikan respons imun yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Kata kunci : sinbiotik, Vibrio alginolyticus, Bacillus sp., Cromileptes altivelis
Whole-cell vaccine of Streptococcus agalactiae in Oreochromis sp. with immersion method Sukenda, ,; Febriansyah, Trian Rizky; Nuryati, Sri
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
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ABSTRACT The study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of formalin-killed non-hemolytic Streptococcus agalactiae N14G and NK1 isolates whole-killed vaccine to prevent streptococcosis in tilapia. Ten fishes were reared in a tank 60x30x35 cm3 with an average body weight at 10.79±0.99 g. Fish was vaccinated through bath immersion at a concentration of 109 cfu/mL. Fish was subsequently challenged by intraperitonial injection of Streptococcus agalactiae 105 cfu/mL at 11 days post-vaccination. Parameters observed were survival, relative percent survival (RPS), total leukocyte, phagocytic activity, antibody titer, total erythrocyte, haemoglobin level, haematocrit level, dan water quality. Samplings were performed in day-0, 20, and 30 after vaccination. Both vaccines have shown higher survival (60%) and RPS (40%) when challenged with pathogenic Streptococcus N14G isolates than other treatments. Based on RPS percentage observed, those vaccine were still not sufficiently effective to combat S. agalactiae infection. Keywords: tilapia, bath immersion, Streptococcus agalactiae, whole-cell vaccine ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi efikasi vaksin formalin-killed cell Streptococcus agalactiae tipe isolat nonhemolitik N14G dan NK1 se utuh yang diberikan melalui perendaman dalam mencegah penyakit streptococcosis pada ikan nila. Ikan nila yang digunakan memiliki bobot 10,79±0,99 g, dipelihara sebanyak sepuluh ekor dalam akuarium ukuran 60x30x35 cm3. Ikan divaksinasi dengan metode perendaman dengan dosis 109 cfu/mL. Uji tantang dilakukan pada hari ke-11 pascavaksinasi dengan dosis 105 cfu/mL. Parameter yang diamati meliputi sintasan (SR), sintasan relatif/relative percent survival (RPS), total leukosit, aktivitas fagositik, titer antibodi, total eritrosit, kadar hemoglobin, kadar hematokrit, dan kualitas air. Pengamatan parameter dilakukan pada hari ke-0, ke-10, ke-20, dan ke-30. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan kedua vaksin yang diinfeksi bakteri patogen isolat N14G memberikan nilai sintasan dan nilai RPS tertinggi dibanding perlakuan lainnya. Nilai sintasan dan RPS kedua perlakuan tersebut adalah 60% dan 40%. Nilai RPS yang cukup kecil menunjukkan vaksin yang diberikan masih kurang efektif untuk mencegah infeksi bakteri S. agalactiae. Kata kunci: ikan nila, perendaman, Streptococcus agalactiae, vaksin sel utuh
Combination of garlic - shatterstone herb powder to control Streptococcus agalactiae infection in tilapia Fauziah, Ririn Nurul; Wahjuningrum, Dinamella; Sukenda, ,; Ranta, ,
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
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ABSTRACT This study was aimed at determining potential of combination powder of garlic Allium sativum-shatterstone herb Phyllanthus niruri supplemented in feed against S. agalactiae infection in tilapia. Four concentrations of combination powder of A. sativum-P. Niruri; 20+5, 20+10, 20+15 and 20+20 ppt respectively were investigated for their ability to inhibit bacterial fish pathogen. Combination dose of 20+15 ppt produced the highest inhibitory zones in in vitro test. In vivo test consisted of three treatments with three replications, namely positive control (K+), negative control (K-) and the treatment of A. sativum-P. niruri suplemented in feed (BM).  The test perfomed on tilapia with weight of 10.33 ± 1.63 g and were reared at density of 10 ind/aquarium. The fish was fed for 14 days, then injected intraperitoneally with 0.1 mL S. agalactiae at concentration of 105 cfu/mL for positive control and BM groups. Survival, growth rate, feed response, hematological and water quality parameters were observed for 10 days. This study showed that the suplemented-feed-fish (BM) showed better growth rate, feed response, and survival (83.3%) than positive control (36.7%) at P<0.05. In addition, A. sativum-P. niruri suplemented in feed was also able to enhance the immune response by increasing phagocytic activity. Keywords: Streptococcus agalactiae, phytopharmacy, Allium sativum-Phyllanthus niruri, tilapia  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis potensi campuran tepung bawang putih Allium sativum-meniran Phyllanthus niruri dalam pakan terhadap pencegahan infeksi bakteri S. agalactiae pada ikan nila. Empat konsentrasi campuran tepung bawang putih-meniran yaitu 20+5 ppt, 20+10 ppt, 20+15 ppt dan 20+20 ppt masing-masing diuji kemampuannya dalam  menghambat bakteri patogen pada ikan. Campuran dosis 20+15 ppt menghasilkan zona hambat terbaik dalam uji in vitro. Uji in vivo terdiri atas tiga perlakuan dengan tiga ulangan yaitu kontrol positif, kontrol negatif, dan perlakuan pakan yang mengandung bawang putih-meniran (BM). Uji ini dilakukan pada ikan nila berbobot 10,33±1,63 g yang dipelihara di akuarium dengan kepadatan 10 ekor/akuarium. Ikan diberi pakan perlakuan selama 14 hari kemudian diinjeksi secara intraperitoneal dengan bakteri S. agalactiae sebanyak 0,1 mL dengan kepadatan 105 cfu/mL pada perlakuan kontrol positif dan perlakuan BM. Parameter kelangsungan hidup, laju pertumbuhan, respons pakan, parameter hematologi, dan kualitas air diamati selama sepuluh hari. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemberian BM dalam pakan memberikan laju pertumbuhan, respons pakan, dan sintasan (83,3%) yang lebih baik daripada kontrol positif (36,7%) pada P<0,05. Pakan yang mengandung campuran bawang putih-meniran ini juga mampu meningkatkan respons imun dengan adanya peningkatan aktivitas fagositosis. Kata kunci: Streptococcus agalactiae, fitofarmaka, Allium sativum-Phyllanthus niruri, ikan nila 
The protective duration of Streptococcus agalactiae vaccine in Nile Tilapia for the prevention of streptococcosis Sukenda, ,; Rusli, ,; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
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ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess the protective duration of Streptococcus agalactiae vaccine against streptococcosis in Nile tilapia. Fish were treated by the whole cell vaccine, ECP vaccine and mixture of whole cell and ECP vaccine. After 14, 28, 42, and 52 day post-vaccination (DPV), the fish were intraperitoneally challenged with 104  cfu/mL S. agalactiae. The results showed mortality rate of whole-cell vaccine (A), ECP vaccine (B) and mix vaccine (C) up to day 42 was significantly (P<0.05) lower than the control treatment, namely 73.33%; 80%; and 76%, respectively. The mortality rate of vaccine treatments A, B, and C on day 56 had no significant difference (P>0.05) with the control. The value of antibody titer vaccine treatments A, B, and C indicate that antigen-antibody reaction on day 28 after the vaccination was significantly (P <0.05) higher than the control that were 3.67; 3.33; and 3.67. Antigen-antibody reaction on day 42 after the vaccination was founded, but did not different significantly (P>0.05) with the control. Bacterial population in treatment A, B, and C in the organs of the fish until the 28th day was still under the control of 104  cfu/mL. S. agalactiae vaccine protection duration is 42 days after the vaccination. Keywords : nile tilapia, Streptococcus agalactiae, duration, vaccine, streptococcosis  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis durasi proteksi dari vaksin Streptococcus agalactiae sebagai pencegahan terhadap streptococcosis pada ikan nila. Ikan divaksinasi dengan vaksin sel utuh, ECP dan gabungan sel utuh dan ECP dari S. agalactiae yang diinjeksi secara intrapetorineal. Ikan diuji tantang S. agalactiae 104  cfu/mL pada hari ke-14, ke-28, ke-42, dan ke-56 pascavaksinasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat mortalitas perlakuan vaksin sel utuh (A), vaksin ECP (B), dan gabungan vaksin sel utuh dengan ECP (C) hingga hari ke-42 masih signifikan (P<0,05) lebih rendah dari perlakuan kontrol yaitu 73,33%; 80%; dan 76%. Tingkat mortalitas perlakuan vaksin A, B, dan C pada hari ke-56 sudah tidak berbeda signifikan (P>0,05) dengan kontrol. Nilai titer antibodi perlakuan vaksin A, B, dan C menunjukkan bahwa reaksi antigen antibodi pada hari ke-28 pascavaksinasi masih signifikan (P<0,05) lebih tinggi dibandingkan kontrol  yaitu 3,67; 3,33; dan 3,67. Reaksi antigen antibodi pada hari ke-42 pascavaksinasi masih ditemukan, namun tidak berbeda signifikan (P>0,05) dengan kontrol. Populasi bakteri pada perlakuan A, B, dan C di organ ikan hingga hari ke-28 masih di bawah kontrol 104  cfu/mL. Durasi proteksi vaksin S. agalactiae adalah 42 hari pascavaksinasi. Kata kunci: ikan nila, Streptococcus agalactiae, durasi, vaksin, streptococcosis