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Pendekatan Pengendalian Fluktuasi Harga Tandan Buah Segar Terhadap Pendapatan Petani Kelapa Sawit Wildayana, Elisa
HABITAT Vol 27, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Social Economy, Faculty of Agriculture , University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan pada lahan rawa gambut Talang Sepucuk Kabupaten OKI dengan tujuan untuk membuat pendekatan pengendalian fluktuasi harga TBS terhadap pendapatan petani kelapa sawit. Pengambilan sampling dilakukan secara sengaja (purposive), data dan informasi direkam menggunakan kuisioner terstruktur (sistematis). Data penelitian diolah menggunakan program SPSS version 21 dan dilanjutkan dengan analisis SWOT. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan produksi TBS yang nyata antara petani plasma dan petani lokal karena semua petani menggunakan input produksi yang sama. Pendapatan petani berbeda nyata dimana pendapatan petani plasma lebih besar (Rp29,33 Juta/ha/tahun) dan petani lokal sebesar Rp22,67 Juta/ha/tahun, demikian juga penerimaan petani berbeda nyata yang disebabkan oleh perbedaan harga TBS, walaupun produksi petani plasma lebih rendah dari petani lokal. Dua grand strategi dalam pengendalian harga TBS, yaitu: (1) Pemerintah harus menetapkan kebijakan harga TBS untuk semua petani kelapa sawit, dan (2) Pada saat terjadi penurunan harga TBS, maka petani kelapa sawit perlu merawat lahan kelapa sawit agar jumlah TBS dapat meningkat dan melakukan usahatani lain.
Income Increase of Farmers Through Utilization of Acacia Logging Residues For Wood Chips Wildayana, Elisa
HABITAT Vol 27, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Social Economy, Faculty of Agriculture , University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

The research aimed to examine feasibility of acacia logging residues and to increase farmers income through utilization of acacia logging residues for wood chips. The research was conducted in District of Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI), South Sumatra. This research was a case study and the analysis unit is chips mills development at Village Unit Cooperatives.  Data was collected through questionnaires, in-depth interview, observation and desk study. The research resulted that Scenario 1 is the best priority in terms of its effectiveness in reducing operating costs followed by Scenario 2 and Scenario 3 because Scenario 1 can produce maximum income compared to other Scenarios. Financial feasibility of present conditions is compared to Scenario 2 because chips mills in Scenario 2 utilized also 100 % acacia logs. Present condition means that acacia logs are transported directly to HTI Company of chips mills and fully managed by the HTI Company. This comparison shows that Scenario 2 is less profitable compared with those on the present condition. To gain high income, it is recommended if Scenario 1 is applied which utilize 100 % of acacia logging residues for making chips mills with B/C 35.47, NPV Rp 80,674.50 Mills, IRR 670.29 % and BEP at 4,704.65 tons/year. Another alternative can be applied for Scenario 3 by using raw materials with a combination of acacia logs (50 %) and acacia logging residues (50 %) with B/C 20.45; NPV Rp 45,418.52 Mills and IRR 394.70 % with BEP at 7,989.52 tons/year.
KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL USAHA PENGGILINGAN PADI DI KECAMATAN TANJUNG LAGO BANYUASIN SUMATERA SELATAN Wildayana, Elisa
HABITAT Vol 26, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Department of Social Economy, Faculty of Agriculture , University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kelayakan finansial usaha penggilingan padi (Rice Milling Unit, RMU) di Kecamatan Tanjung Lago Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan. Metode penelitian adalah survai dengan penentuan 3 (tiga) RMU yang dipilih secara purposive. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa usaha RMU layak dilaksanakan secara finansial karena nilai Gross B/C > 1,32-1,52, NPV sebesar Rp 143,64-160,77 juta dan IRR berkisar 39,21-41,91 %. RMU menjadi tidak layak dilaksanakan jika terjadi peningkatan biaya operasional > 50 %. Tiga komponen dominan yang mempengaruhi sensitivitas analisis, yaitu kenaikan upah tenaga kerja, kenaikan harga bahan bakar solar, dan penurunan jumlah giling tahunan.
Agriculture Phenomena and Perspectives of Lebak Swamp in Jakabaring South Sumatra, Indonesia Wildayana, Elisa; Armanto, M. Edi
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Vol 9, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

The research aimed to analyze agriculture phenomena and perspectives of lebak swamp in Jakabaring South Sumatra Indonesia. The research used mix methods of quantitative and qualitative approaches. The description of the research area was assisted with interpretation of Landsat images in 1987 and 2015. The research resulted that farmer’s groups living in Jakabaring are divided into four group, namely indigenous people (people of Ogan, Komering, Musi, Enim, and Palembang), new comers (Javanese), spontaneous migration (Buginese, Banjarnese, Bataknese) and outside spontaneous migration (Chinese, Arabic). The total area of Jakabaring is approximately 5,525 ha, around 2,700 ha (48.87 %) was already landfilled by the Government in 1990, while the remaining 2,825 ha (51.13 %) is still not reclaimed. The landfill materials were directly sucked from mud, sand, silt and stones of the Musi River. Each lebak swamp typology shows specific soil characters, but after landfills all soils became homogenous because of uniform materials of landfills.  Patterns of land degradation after landfills are classified into three groups, namely making layers of water impermeability, changing vegetation types of land cover, and decreasing type and density of vegetation.Keywords: Agriculture, phenomena, perspectives, lebak, swampJEL Classification: O13, Q01
Parameters Affecting Household Income Diversity of Farmer’s Tribes in South Sumatra Tidal Wetland Wildayana, Elisa; Imanudin, M.S.; Junedi, H.; Zuhdi, Mohd.; Armanto, M Edi
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Biodiversity
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Abstract: The research aimed to determine parameters affecting household income diversity of farmer’s tribes in South Sumatra tidal wetland, especially studied from the aspect of land acreage, education level, age of farmers and tribes of farmers. The research was using survey method and carried out from June-August 2016 in the Delta Telang I Banyuasin, South Sumatra. The data were recorded by questionnaire for 145 respondents of farmers. Data was processed, described and correlated to see the relevance of the parameters with other parameters. The research concluded that the character of household economy of farmers explaining the relation between production decisions to increase rice production is land acreage, education, age, experience of farmers, number of household members, and labor allocation. Multi commodities farming (rice and plantation) was very favorable compared to monoculture rice fields? But this is a little bit contradictive with government policy that the research area is pointed out as the center of rice production. Therefore, government policy needs to motivate farmers that they can manage their farming from upstream to downstream and they work full in their own farming. The government policy should be site-specific and appropriated with the tribes of farmersKeywords: Household, income, diversity, tribes, tidal wetlandAbstrak (Indonesian): Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan parameter yang mempengaruhi keragaman pendapatan rumah tangga suku petani di lahan pasang surut Sumatera Selatan, terutama dari aspek luas lahan, tingkat pendidikan, usia dan suku petani. Metode penelitian adalah survey lapangan yang dilakukan pada bulan Juni-Agustus 2016 di Delta Telang I Banyuasin. Data direkam dengan kuesioner untuk 145 responden. Data diproses, dijelaskan dan dibuat korelasi untuk melihat hubungan parameter satu dengan parameter lainnya. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa ekonomi rumah tangga petani menentukan keputusan untuk berproduksi. Produksi padi ditentukan oleh luas lahan, pendidikan, usia, pengalaman petani, jumlah anggota rumah tangga, dan alokasi tenaga kerja.  Pertanian multicropping (padi dan perkebunan) sangat menguntungkan dibandingkan dengan monokultur padi, akan tetapi hal ini sedikit bertentangan dengan kebijakan pemerintah bahwa daerah penelitian telah ditetapkan sebagai sentra produksi padi. Oleh karena itu, perlu kebijakan pemerintah untuk memotivasi petani untuk tetap monokultur padi, tetapi petani harus mengelola pertaniannya mulai dari hulu sampai ke hilir. Kebijakan pemerintah ini harus bersifat spesifik dan disesuaikan dengan suku-suku petani.Kata kunci: Rumah tangga, pendapatan, keanekaragaman, suku, pasang surut
Functions of Lebak Swamp Before and After Landfills in Jakabaring South Sumatra Armanto, M Edi; Susanto, R.H.; Wildayana, Elisa
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Green Environment For Human Welfare
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

The research aimed to analyze the functions of lebak swamp before and after landfills and to seek some alternative management approaches in Jakabaring South Sumatra. The research used quantitative and qualitative approaches. The research area description was assisted with interpretation of landsat images. The research was using survey method and interviews with local people. Two major functions of lebak swamp are ecological functions and non-ecological functions. Before landfills (1988), ecological function of lebak swamp was very dominant (91.64%) and non-ecological functions was about 8.36% meaning that the human intervention was only 8.36%, so lebak swamp has very high resilience capability to recover its ecosystem. After landfills (2016), that ecological functions are reduced becoming 53.88% and non-ecological functions increased to 46.12%.  The region is still save enough for office and housing because the ecological functions (greening areas) occupy an area of more > 30%. In 2030, ecological functions will decrease about 15.53%, while the non-ecological functions will increase around 84.47%. Although in 2016 Jakabaring is still environmentally safe, if we analyze more deeply and intensively, Jakabaring will be vulnerable to man-made disasters such as potential of floods and droughts, sedimentation, migration and dependency on other local staple food.Keywords: Functions, lebak swamp, landfills, Jakabaring, South Sumatray
Formulating Rice Fields Conversion Control to Oil Palm Plantations in Tidal Wetlands of South Sumatra, Indonesia Wildayana, Elisa
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 3, No 2 (2015): July-December, 2015
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

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Abstract

The research aimed to gain reasons of farmers to convert their rice fields, and to formulate rice fields conversion control to oil palm plantations in tidal wetlands of South Sumatra. The research was carried out in a drainage and irrigation area of Pulau Rimau, Banyuasin District South Sumatra. Collected data consists of primary and secondary data. Primary data are taken from farmers who have already converted their rice fields into oil palm plantations. Secondary data were collected from the village, the District Agriculture Office and Statistic Agency. Data was collected through the Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Data analysis was performed using Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP) to determine the factors that influence the decision of farmers to convert their land to oil palm plantation. The research resulted that if rice yields was estimated an average 3.00 tons Milled Dry Grain (MDG)/ha, then in 2006 with the existing land could produce rice as much as 127,719 tons MDG/year, but in 2013 the productivity of agricultural land decreased to 60,138 tons MDG/year. If the predicted needs of rice in year 2006 were 50,000 tons MDG/year and increased by 75,000 tons MDG/year in 2013, then if the land use is not immediately controlled, that Pulau Rimau will deficit rice. Factors contributing to land conversion are divided into three factors, namely technical aspects, economical aspects and environment aspects. The control concept can be divided in macro concept and micro concept. The macro concept generally be only done by the government or a strong industry who pays a lot of attention to the local community. The micro concept programs can be done either by the government, private or local communities.
INTEGRASI PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN PENCIPTAAN KESEMPATAN KERJA SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI INDONESIA Adriani, Dessy; Wildayana, Elisa
Sosiohumaniora Vol 17, No 3 (2015): SOSIOHUMANIORA, NOPEMBER 2015
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis integrasi pertumbuhan ekonomi dan penciptaan kesempatan kerjasektor pertanian. Hasil analisis bermanfaat bagi pemerintah untuk meninjau apakah kebijakan pembangunan ekonomiyang yang dilaksanakan selama ini telah mendukung penciptaan kesempatan kerja baru di sektor pertanian, apakahsektor pertanian masih mampu menciptakan kesempatan kerja baru serta bagaimanaarah pembangunan ekonomisektor pertanian ke depan untuk dapat mendukung penciptaan kesempatan kerja baru. Data yang digunakan adalahdata sekunder tahun 1977-2012 untuk variabel Produk Domestik Bruto dan kesempatan kerja sektor pertanian.Data dikumpulkan dengan metode dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model Vector Autoregression (VAR).Hasil analisis menunjukkan pertumbuhan kesempatan kerja selalu berada di bawah pertumbuhan ekonomiselama kurun waktu 1977-2012 bersifat labor intensivesehingga tidak mendukung penciptaan kesempatan kerjabaru. Pertumbuhan ekonomi dan kesempatan kerja sektor pertanian tidak terintegrasi secara sempurna. Hal iniberarti tenaga kerja yang bekerja di sektor pertanian sudah berlebih dari kapasitas penyerapan sektor pertanian.Penciptaan kesempatan kerja baru di sektor pertanian ke depan hanya dapat diarahkan untuk lapangan kerja yangberkaitan dengan industrialisasi pertanian, namun hal ini harus disertai dengan peningkatan kualifikasi tenagakerja pertanian agar sesuai dipekerjakan di sektor industri.
Novel Innovation of Subsidized Fertilizers based on Soil Variability and Farmer’s Perception Wildayana, Elisa; Armanto, M. Edi; Zahri, Imron; Hasan, M. Yamin
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 18, No 1 (2017): JEP 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The study aimed to find novel innovation and research of subsidized fertilizers based on soil nutrient variability and farmer’s perception in rice farming. This study uses a completely randomized design with four natural treatments, a one-way Anova and Tukey HSD Test as well as multiple linear and cubic regressions. The fertilizer uniformity on varied ricefields was a big failure because it causes fertilization becoming ineffective, inefficient and unsustainable. Ricefield variability (due to geomorphogenesis, pedogenesis, interflow flow, vegetation distribution, land use patterns, and fertilizer application) causes not optimized fertilization (dose, balance, time, methods of fertilization). The perception of farmers can create conflicts of interest, which are determined as normal, unavoidable and natural.  Short-term research target is how fertilization in the field is done effectively, efficiently, and sustainably, whereas long-term target is to generate new sources of wealth, fertilization technology based on soil science knowledge, forming professional researcher, the great inventions of patents, cooperation media between scientists, technocrats and bureaucrats and research funding.
Managing Actual Problems of Peatsoils Associated with Soil Acidity Armanto, M Edi; Imanudin, M.S.; Wildayana, Elisa; Junedi, Heri; Zuhdi, Mohd.
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Biodiversity
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Abstract: The research objective is to manage actual problems of peatsoils associated with soil acidity. The research has been conducted on peatsoils in river backswamps located in Subdistricts of East Pedamaran and Pedamaran, District of OKI South Sumatra. Soil sampling was taken in cultivated and uncultivated types of landuse; cultivated peatsoils consist of Site A (intercropping between oil palm and pineapple) and Site B (oil palm), uncultivated peatsoils are divided into Site C (peat forest), Site D (swamp bush) and Site E (swamp grass). The research resulted that actual problems of soil acidity is associated with base saturation, cations exchange capacity, soil organic matters and C/N ratio, balances of soil nutrients, and toxicity potency. The climatic condition and drought can accelerate the occurrence of actual problems of peatsoils associated with acidity peatsoils. Some ameliorant have been applied in order of importance in the fields, namely lime/dolomite, mineral soils, organic fertilizers, combustion ash, and volcanic ash. Application of ameliorant materials is capable to minimize the actual problems of peatsoils associated with soil acidity.Keywords: Managing, actual problems, peatsoils, acidityAbstrak (Indonesian): Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengelola masalah aktual tanah gambut yang terkait dengan keasaman tanah. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan pada tanah lebak gambut yang terletak di Kecamatan Pedamaran Timur dan Pedamaran, Kabupaten OKI Sumatera Selatan.  Contoh tanah diambil berdasarkan jenis penggunaan lahan; untuk tanah gambut yang digarap dibagi menjadi Site A (tumpang sari antara kelapa sawit dan nanas) dan Site B (kelapa sawit), tanah gambut tidak digarap dibagi menjadi Site C (hutan gambut), Site D (rawa semak) dan Situs E (rumput rawa). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masalah aktual keasaman tanah dikaitkan dengan kejenuhan basa, kapasitas kation tukar, bahan organik tanah dan C/N rasio, keseimbangan nutrisi tanah, dan potensi toksisitas. Kondisi iklim dan kekeringan dapat mempercepat terjadinya masalah aktual tanah gambut yang terkait dengan keasaman tanah.  Amelioran yang telah diterapkan, yaitu kapur/dolomit, tanah mineral, pupuk organik, abu pembakaran, dan abu vulkanik. Bahan amelioran mampu meminimalkan masalah-masalah aktual tanah gambut yang terkait dengan keasaman tanah.Kata kunci: Mengelola, masalah aktual, tanah gambut, keasaman