Prehatin Trirahayu Ningrum
Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Keselamatan Kerja Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Jember
Articles
13
Documents
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERILAKU DENGAN GANGGUAN FUNGSI PARU PADA PEKERJA UNIT II PENGOLAHAN NPK DI INDUSTRI PT. PETROKIMIA GRESIKDust generated from processes of Nitrogen Phosphate Potassium (NPK) fertilizer production, can disperse in the workplace and harm to

IKESMA Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Dust generated from processes of Nitrogen Phosphate Potassium (NPK) fertilizer production, can disperse in the workplace and harm to the workers. Generally, organic and inorganic dust exposure will cause obstruction of respiratory tract and  indicated by decreasing of %FEV1/%FVC level. Workers of NPK production section in PT. Petrokimia Gresik have high risk from dust deposition on their respiratory tract. This research purpose to analize  the assocation between behavior with lung function disorder on workers at Unit II NPK production section in industry PT. Petrokimia Gresik, in Gresik Regency. This research was an observational research with a cross cectional design and 30 samples were taken. Sampling was carried out by using a purposive sampling technique. Data were analyzed by chi-square and multivariate by regresi logistic technique. The result of the research showed that factors which were related to the lung function disorder were exposure the habit of using personal protective device (p=0,023). For factors smoking habits, continuity of the use of masks and exercise habits the analysis can not be done because of the constant variables. It can be concluded that there were relationship between habit of using personal protective devices of workers with lung function disorder.   Keyword : Lung Function Disorder, Workers, NPK Production 

Gambaran Sanitasi Dasar Pengelolaan Limbah Rumah Tangga di Kecamatan Kaliwates Kabupaten Jember

IKESMA Vol 9, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Elementary sanitation is minimal requirement senviron mental health that must beowned by every family to meet their daily needs. The scope of basic sanitary facilities are water supply, house hold toilets, waste disposal facilities, and waste water disposal. Fromthe data, there are three primary health centers Kaliwates are as have a higherpercentage of owner shipbins and toilets are low. Workupexamined 7,951 househ olds from 10.327 house holds in the Puskesmas Kaliwates show slatrine ownership of 66.06%. This research purpose to descri be the basic elementary management of house hold waste in the Kaliwates Sub-District in Jember. This researchis a descriptive study. The method used in this study is the observation and interviews with 40 responden  and sampling method was carried out by using a purposive sampling technique. The results sho wed that for elementary sanitation facilities associated with waste disposal, management of house hold waste, means of excreta disposal and management of  stoolis still in the low category.   Keyword: Elementary Sanitation, Household Waste Management

Identifikasi Sanitasi Pasar di Kabupaten Jember (Studi di Pasar Tanjung Jember) (Identification of Market Sanitation In Jember (Studies in Tanjung Market Jember))

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

Market is a public place where a lot of people gathered and hold interaction or relationship withone another. Traditional market has a very important role in the fulfilling the needs, especiallyfor the middle to lower class. Traditional markets in Jember generally appear dirty, and lessservice. The market can be a major pathway for the spread of diseases like cholera cases inLatin America, SARS and Avian Influenza in Asia. To prevent the spread of disease that canoccur in the market, it is required the implementation of environmental sanitation in accordanceto Kepmenkes No: 519/Menkes/SK/VI/2008. This study aims to identify the market sanitation inJember based on Kepmenkes RI No: 519/Menkes/SK/VI/2008. The type of study used is adescriptive analysis method. This study was conducted in August till September 2013 inTanjung Market Jember. This study was identified about location, building, sanitation, clean andhealthy lifestyle, safety, and other facility in Tanjung market Jember. The results showed thatthe Tanjung market is included in the less healthy market criteria. Based on these results, themanager of Tanjung Market is expected to further improve the sanitation of Tanjung Markets tofit the applicable regulation.Keywords: health, market, sanitation

Analisis Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pemanfaatan Jamban Di Kawasan Perkebunan Kopi (Analysis of Factors Associated with the Use of Toilets At Coffee Plantation Region)

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

The study of Indonesia Sanitation Sector Development Program (ISSDP) in 2006, showed that 47% of people still defecate in open areas. Sidomulyo Village is a coffee plantation area with poor environmental sanitation, which is 91.94% of the villagers still defecate in open areas. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the use of toilets, which are predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors. This research is an analytical survey with cross sectional approach. Sampling by multistage random sampling, obtained samples of 70 householders. Data collecting is done by using questionnaires and observation sheets. Data were analyzed using chi square test at α=0.05. The results showed that there were significant relationships between income (pvalue= 0,004), knowledge (p-value=0,000), attitude (p-value=0,000), condition of toilets (pvalue= 0,001), and the availability of clean water (p-value=0,000) with the use of toilets. Meanwhile age (p-value=0.590), occupation (p-value=0.109), education (p-value=0.259), the support of health workers, religious leaders, community leaders, and family (pvalue= 0.400) showed that there were no significant relationships with the use of toilets. Keywords: The use of toilets, predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factor

Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Tingginya Angka Open Defecation (OD) di Kabupaten Jember (Studi di Desa Sumber Kalong Kecamatan Kalisat) Factors Assosiated with High Number of Open Defecation (OD) in District Jember (Studies in Sumber Kalong Village

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is an approach to hygiene and sanitationbehavior change through community empowerment by triggering method. DistrictJember in 2013, recording 61,54% of households that already have access tolatrines. The Strategic Plan District Jember for family latrines in 2014, that is 86%,target of MDGs in 2014 that is 75%. Sumber Kalong village is the high number OD inDistrict Jember that is 92,04%. The purpose of this study was to determine factorsassociated with high number Open Defecation (OD) in District Jember (study inSumber Kalong village Subdistrict Kalisat). The study is an observational study withcross sectional approach. Total Sample of responden was 35 housewife/heads offamilies with proportional random sampling technique. Data analyzed using Chisquaretest (α=0,05).The results showed associated between knowledge, attitude,latrine ownership, distance from the house to defecation except latrinest, familysupport, community support with high number of OD. However, there was noassosiated age, gender, education, employment, income, type latrine, latrineconditions, supply of clean water and support health workers with high number of OD.Keywords : Community-based total sanitation, Open defecation

Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Tingginya Angka Open Defecation (OD) di Kabupaten Jember (Studi di Desa Sumber Kalong Kecamatan Kalisat) Factors Assosiated with High Number of Open Defecation (OD) in District Jember (Studies in Sumber Kalong Village

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (168.134 KB)

Abstract

Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is an approach to hygiene and sanitationbehavior change through community empowerment by triggering method. DistrictJember in 2013, recording 61,54% of households that already have access tolatrines. The Strategic Plan District Jember for family latrines in 2014, that is 86%,target of MDGs in 2014 that is 75%. Sumber Kalong village is the high number OD inDistrict Jember that is 92,04%. The purpose of this study was to determine factorsassociated with high number Open Defecation (OD) in District Jember (study inSumber Kalong village Subdistrict Kalisat). The study is an observational study withcross sectional approach. Total Sample of responden was 35 housewife/heads offamilies with proportional random sampling technique. Data analyzed using Chisquaretest (α=0,05).The results showed associated between knowledge, attitude,latrine ownership, distance from the house to defecation except latrinest, familysupport, community support with high number of OD. However, there was noassosiated age, gender, education, employment, income, type latrine, latrineconditions, supply of clean water and support health workers with high number of OD.Keywords : Community-based total sanitation, Open defecation

Liquid Waste Content Based on Chemical Parameters at Animal Slaughterhouse’s Inlet and Outlet

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

Animal Sluaghterhouse (RPH) liquid waste contains organic matter, suspended solids, and colloid materials such as fat, protein, and cellulose with high concentrations that fall into the category of complex wastewater. RPH X is a RPH that uses Water Waste Treatment Plant (WWTP) in treating wastewater, although it has been equipped with WWTP there are still some problems in RPH X. The purpose of this research is to describe wastewater treatment and content of BOD, COD, TSS, NH3-N, pH and fatty oil at waste water in inlet and outlet of IPAL RPH X, Jember District. This research is a descriptive research. Technique of data collecting done by observation, interview, and laboratory test. The average of wastewater content test result in RPH X Jember Regency at inlet and outlet of IPAL is at safe limit of quality standard according to East Java Governor Regulation Number 72 Year 2013 except COD parameter at inlet that is equal to 277,6 mg / L. The average percentage of content in liquid waste in RPH X decreases from inlet to WWTP outlet except the pH parameter.

Jurnal Informasi Kesehatan Indonesia (JIKI) Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Informasi Kesehatan Indonesia
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Malang (State Health Polytechnic of Malang)

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Abstract

Proses pembuatan kerupuk rambak akan menghasilkan limbah cair yang mengindikasikan mengandung kromium. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kandungan kromium pada limbah cair dan kerupuk rambak di industri kerupuk rambak UD.X di Kecamatan Kaliwates Kabupaten Jember. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode peneltian deskriptif. Sampel penelitian ini menggunakan grab sampling untuk pengambilan limbah cair yakni sebanyak 1,5 L dan purposive sampling untuk pengambilan kulit mentah dan kerupuk rambak yakni sebanyak 10 gram. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tahap pembuatan kerupuk rambak UD.X yaitu tahap perebusan, pengguntingan, pembumbuan, penjemuran, penggorengan I dan penggorengan II. Hasil pemeriksaan uji laboratorium, sampel limbah cair mengandung kromium sebesar 2,17 mg/l. Sampel kulit mentah sebesar 0,0315 mg/kg dan kerupuk rambak sebesar 0,0426 mg/kg.

PENGGUNAAN ARANG AKTIF KULIT DURIAN (Durio zibethinus Murr) TERHADAP TINGKAT ADSORPSI KROMIUM (Cr6+) PADA LIMBAH BATIK

Efektor Vol 5 No 2 (2018): Efektor Vol 5 No 2 Tahun 2018
Publisher : Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri

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Abstract

Chromium (Cr6+) is a heavy metal that often finds in the batik wastewater. The activated carbon of durian peel (Durio zibethinus Murr.) Is an adsorbent which can adsorb heavy metals in the batik wastewater. The purpose of this study to analyze the effectiveness of the durian peel activated carbon to adsorb Cr6+ in the batik wastewater. This research was the true experiment with six repetitions. The sample consists of the control group (C) and the treatment groups (X1, X2, X3). Adsorption has done by using the mass of durian peel activated carbon 20 gr/litter (X1), 30 gr/ litter (X2), and 40 gr/ litter (X3). Each sample contacted with batik wastewater stirred by jar test with a speed of 400 rpm for one minute, then it allowed to stand 30 minutes. After that, the results compared with the control group. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test. The results show that there was the difference between the control group and the treatment groups (p = 0.017). The most significant differences occurred in the third treatment group (X3) (p= 0.029).    

Analisis Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pemanfaatan Jamban Di Kawasan Perkebunan Kopi (Analysis of Factors Associated with the Use of Toilets At Coffee Plantation Region)

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.704 KB)

Abstract

The study of Indonesia Sanitation Sector Development Program (ISSDP) in 2006, showed that 47% of people still defecate in open areas. Sidomulyo Village is a coffee plantation area with poor environmental sanitation, which is 91.94% of the villagers still defecate in open areas. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the use of toilets, which are predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors. This research is an analytical survey with cross sectional approach. Sampling by multistage random sampling, obtained samples of 70 householders. Data collecting is done by using questionnaires and observation sheets. Data were analyzed using chi square test at α=0.05. The results showed that there were significant relationships between income (pvalue= 0,004), knowledge (p-value=0,000), attitude (p-value=0,000), condition of toilets (pvalue= 0,001), and the availability of clean water (p-value=0,000) with the use of toilets. Meanwhile age (p-value=0.590), occupation (p-value=0.109), education (p-value=0.259), the support of health workers, religious leaders, community leaders, and family (pvalue= 0.400) showed that there were no significant relationships with the use of toilets. Keywords: The use of toilets, predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factor