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PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI MINYAK IKAN DAN L-KARNITIN DALAM PAKAN JAGUNG KUNING TERFERMENTASI TERHADAP KECERNAAN PAKAN DAN PERFORMA PUYUH (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Sani, Sinelsa Wulandari; Heswantari, Setiana Rohmi; (Sudibya), Sudibya; Purnomo, Sutrisno Hadi; Hanifa, Aqni
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 1 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (1) FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (668.765 KB)

Abstract

The research was aimed to determine the effect of fish oil and L-carnitine supplementation in fermented yellow corn diets on the performance of quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). The experiment was used 160 quails aged 70 days that were divided into five treatments and four replications. Each replication consisted of eight female quails. The mean initial body weight was 156.60±9.61 g with Coefficient of Variance (CV) of 6.14%. The in-vivo digestibility study was carried out on the last week using total collection method. Two quails were chosen randomly from each cage and placed into individual raised cages. Overall this experiment used 40 quails for nutrient digestibility study. The research was carried out using a completely randomized design. The experimental diets were P0 = basal diet (ricebran, concentrates, yellow corn), P1 = ricebran, concentrate and fermented yellow corn, P2 = P1 feed+10 ppm of L-carnitine, P3 = P2 feed + 4% of tuna fish oil, and P4 = P2 feed + 4% of lemuru fish oil. The observed variables were dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, extract ether digestibility, feedconsumption, HDP, egg weight and feed conversion ratio. The results of variance analysis showed that substitution of yellow corn with fermented yellow corn increased dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, extract ether digestibility, feed intake and egg weight, whereas the addition of L-carnitine inthe diet of fermented yellow corn increased the value of the HDP and improved feed conversion. Substitution of yellow corn with fermented yellow corn in the feed increased dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, extract ether digestibility, egg weight, whereas the addition of L-carnitine 10 ppm in the feed of fermented yellow corn improved the HDP. Suplementation of tuna fish oil 4% in the diets increased egg weight. Suplementation of tuna fish oil and lemuru fish oil in the yellow corn supplemented diets improved feed conversion of quail at production phase.(Key words: Fermented yellow corn, Fish oil, L-carnitine, Growth performance, Japanese quail)
Pengaruh Pemberian Ransum dengan Kualitas Berbeda Terhadap Profil Darah, Produksi Susu dan Pertambahan Bobot Badan Sapi Perah Hanifa, Aqni
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 6, No 1 (2008): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.6.1.26-33

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study blood profile, milk yield and liveweight gain of dairy cows as affected by dietary different quality of diets. The experiment used 15 lactating PFH were assigned into three treatments of diets and  five replication, three treatments of diets were : 1) T1 (CP 12% dan TDN 65%); 2) T2 (CP 14% dan TDN 70%) dan 3) T3 (CP 16% dan TDN 75%).The results of this experiment showed that the average of dry matter (DM) intake on Tl, T2 and T3 treatments were 8,59; 10,03 and 10,94 kg/d, respectively (P<0,01). The average of crude protein intake (CP) on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 1,06; 1,44 and 1,71 kg/d (P<0,01), also the average of TDN intake on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 5,52; 6,86 and 8,02 kg/d (P<0,01). The average of Hemoglobin (Hb) concentration on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 10,21: 11,18 and 10,44 g/dl (P>0,05), also the average of eritrosit value on TI, T2 and T3 treatments were 3,37; 3,73 and 3,48 million/mm3;, respectively (P>0,05). The average of milk yield on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 8,12; 11,29 and 13,42 l/d (P<0,05). The average of liveweight gain on TI, T2 and T3 treatments were 81,66; 117,71 and 320,00 g/d (P>0,05). The conclusions of this research was the highest level of CP and "1DN in diets (CP 16% and TDN 75%) showed that feed intake (DM, CP and TDN) and milk yield gave the best than other treatments. Different dietary quality of diets altered significant on feed intake (DM, CP and TDN) and milk yield, but the treatments did not affect on liveweight gain, Fib and eritrosit concentration. Key words :     diets quality, feed intake, blood profile, milk yield, liveweight gain, dairy cows
Suplementasi L-Karnitin dan Asam Lemak PUFA Terproteksi dalam Ransum Limbah Pasar Organik Terfermentasi Pengaruhnya Terhadap Komposisi Kimiawi Air Susu Kambing Sudibya, Sudibya; Hanifa, Aqni; Handayanta, Eka; Intansari, Ayu; Hadi, Rendi Fathoni
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 14, No 2 (2016): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.14.2.1-11

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of transfer protection PUFA and L-carnitin on the ration on chemist composition of dairy milk In total, 15 female dairy goats of 2-4 year this old Peranakan Etawah (PE) with body weight of 25-55 kg were used in this experiment. The assay diets included a basal diet (control) based on yellow corn, rice bran, soy bean meal and coconut meal, mineral, tuna fish oil and lemuru fish oil. The method of the research was experimental in vivo using Completely Randomized Blok Design (RAK). There were 5 treatment in each treatment and 3 replication. Treatment consisted of P0 = control ration, P1 = P0 +50% market waste subtition grass on the ration, P2 = P1+500 ppm L-karnitin on the ration, P3 = P1+protection tuna fish oil 5% in the ration and P4 = P1+ protection lemuru fish oil 5% in the ration. The variables measuared content composition dairy milk goat. The results of variance analysis showed that the effect of suplementation protection PUFA in the rations on market waste contain 500 ppm L-carnitine were significantly (P<0.01) of acid goats milk composition. The conclusion of this research shows that the suplementation protection PUFA in the ration contain 500 ppm L-carnitine, can decrease milk cholesterol from 0,482% to 0,420%, LDL from 45,30 to 33,13 mg/dl. There for to increase HDL from 54,70 to 66,87 mg/dl, omega-3 fatty acid from 1,10% to 4,04%, omega-6 fatty acid from 1,46% to 18,80 percent. Keywords: composition dairy milk goats, L-carnitine, protection PUFA fatty acid
Penggunaan Pakan Komplit Berbasis Limbah Industri Pertanian Terhadap Produktivitas Ternak Sapi Potong di Kabupaten Boyolali Hanifa, Aqni; Sari, Ayu Intan
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 13, No 1 (2015): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.13.1.1-6

Abstract

This activity aims to increase the productivity of cattle in farms of the people through improvement of feed. This event was held in the village whole observatories, District Selo, Boyolali. Proximate analysis carried out in the laboratory feed and Nutrition, Husbandry Program, Faculty of Agriculture UNS. The material used is a member Gapoktan Sari Bumi Handayani and KTT Lembu Suro, cattle weighing 269.50 ± 31,44 kg and feed. Green feed such as rice straw and concentrate (P0, P1 and P2). The method used is 1) a discussion and interviews using a structured questionnaire, 2) technology training and extension activities preparation of cattle feed and feeding management of livestock with FGD (Focus Group Discussion), 3) Method of pilot maintenance beef cattle feedlots system for 1 month. The parameters measured were feed intake, Added Daily Body Weight (PBBH), Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) as well as the cost of revenue and 4) monitoring activities. The collected data is then analyzed and presented descriptively. The results obtained activity 1) the involvement of members of the two groupstotaling 22 people (18 men and 4 women) and the majority (55%) aged 41-50 years in counseling and training activities, 2) the level of knowledge and skills of farmers before and after activity increased (the results of the pre test and post-test of 4,91 to 8,04), 3) obtained two kinds of concentrate applied to pilot the maintenance of beef cattle, 4) monitoring the pilot obtained feed consumption for P0, P1 and P2 are respectively 206,08; 282,92 and 245,52 kg. PBBH to P0, P1 and P2 are respectively 0,80; 1,23 and 0,98 kg. FCR for P0, P1 and P2 are respectively 9,16; 8,20 and 8,93. Cost of revenue for the P0, P1 and P2 respectively is Rp 485.300,00; Rp 654.880,00; Rp 403.871,00 per head per month. The conclusion drawn is concentrate feed 1 (P1) is the best feed for optimizing the productivity of cattle. Keywords: complete feed, beef cattle productivity, farm people, Boyolali
Pengaruh Penggunaan Tepung Limbah Udang dalam Ransum terhadap Kualitas Telur Itik Juliambarwati, Mirinda; Ratriyanto, Adi; Hanifa, Aqni
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 10, No 1 (2012): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.10.1.1-6

Abstract

The research aimed to determine the effect of shrimp waste on the quality of duck eggs. The research used 80 female ducks aged 21 weeks which were randomly distributed into four treatments consisted of four replicates of 5 ducks each. The ration consisted of yellow corn, rice bran, soybean meal, fish meal, premix, grit, vegetable oil and shrimp waste. The dietary treatments were formulated to contain 0 (control), 3, 6, and 9% shrimp waste. The experiment was performed for 3 periods of 28 days. Egg quality was assessed for 3 consecutive days on d 26,27 and 28 of every periods. The data were analysed using Analysis of Variance and continued with Duncan’s test for different results. Theuse of 9% shrimp waste in ration increased (P<0.05) score of yolk colour from 6.94 to 7.79, but did not affect other measured variables. It can be concluded that shrimp waste enhanced yolk colour of duck eggs.
Efektifitas Produksi Nutrien Tanaman Sorgum dan Jagung Bagian Aerial dengan Media Tanam yang Berbeda Yudhika, Firstiardho Adiasta; Hanifa, Aqni; Handayanta, Eka
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 15, No 2 (2017): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.v15i2.14334

Abstract

This research aims to know the utilization of biogas sludge on different planting media towards the production of sorghum and corn plant nutrient. This research was carried out in izzah beef cattle multifarm in the jagoan village, Boyolali District, while the proximat analysis was performed in the laboratory of Nutrition Food Science, Major In Farm, Faculty Of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. The material used is plantation land containing sludge biogas, seed sorghum, maize seeds and water. The research design used was randomized complete design with factorial pattern 2 treatment. Each treatment consisted of 3 units each experiment there are 4 groups of units of plants. Treatment in the form of land containing sludge (P1) and land that does not contain sludge (P0), as well as sorghum plants (T1) and corn plants (T2). The observed variables, namely the production of dry ingredients, protein production, production of organic matter and total production of digestible energy. The data obtained were analyzed for the presence of variansi difference in the treatment of variables based on the F-test level 5% and if there is a noticeable difference followed by test Duncans Multiple Range Test (DMRT) levels 5% as well as the analysis descriptive. Variansi analysis results with different land treatment indicates that there is a real difference between dry ingredients production towards varieties of plants and the very real differences occur towards the production of organic materials, the production of protein crude and total production of digestible energy between varieties of plants.
PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI MINYAK IKAN DAN L-KARNITIN DALAM PAKAN JAGUNG KUNING TERFERMENTASI TERHADAP KECERNAAN PAKAN DAN PERFORMA PUYUH (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Sani, Sinelsa Wulandari; Heswantari, Setiana Rohmi; (Sudibya), Sudibya; Purnomo, Sutrisno Hadi; Hanifa, Aqni
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 1 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (1) FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (668.765 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i1.6156

Abstract

The research was aimed to determine the effect of fish oil and L-carnitine supplementation in fermented yellow corn diets on the performance of quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). The experiment was used 160 quails aged 70 days that were divided into five treatments and four replications. Each replication consisted of eight female quails. The mean initial body weight was 156.60±9.61 g with Coefficient of Variance (CV) of 6.14%. The in-vivo digestibility study was carried out on the last week using total collection method. Two quails were chosen randomly from each cage and placed into individual raised cages. Overall this experiment used 40 quails for nutrient digestibility study. The research was carried out using a completely randomized design. The experimental diets were P0 = basal diet (ricebran, concentrates, yellow corn), P1 = ricebran, concentrate and fermented yellow corn, P2 = P1 feed+10 ppm of L-carnitine, P3 = P2 feed + 4% of tuna fish oil, and P4 = P2 feed + 4% of lemuru fish oil. The observed variables were dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, extract ether digestibility, feedconsumption, HDP, egg weight and feed conversion ratio. The results of variance analysis showed that substitution of yellow corn with fermented yellow corn increased dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, extract ether digestibility, feed intake and egg weight, whereas the addition of L-carnitine inthe diet of fermented yellow corn increased the value of the HDP and improved feed conversion. Substitution of yellow corn with fermented yellow corn in the feed increased dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, extract ether digestibility, egg weight, whereas the addition of L-carnitine 10 ppm in the feed of fermented yellow corn improved the HDP. Suplementation of tuna fish oil 4% in the diets increased egg weight. Suplementation of tuna fish oil and lemuru fish oil in the yellow corn supplemented diets improved feed conversion of quail at production phase.(Key words: Fermented yellow corn, Fish oil, L-carnitine, Growth performance, Japanese quail)
Komposisi Unsur Hara Kompos yang Dibuat dengan Bantuan Agen Dekomposer Limbah Bioetanol pada Level yang Berbeda Bachtiar, Reza Achmad; Rifki, Muhammad; Nurhayat, Yayang Resty; Wulandari, Sarah; Kutsiadi, Rizki Atikah; Hanifa, Aqni; Cahyadi, Muhammad
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 16, No 2 (2018): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.v16i2.23176

Abstract

The objective of research was to evaluate the effect of different level of decomposers from bioethanol waste as a bioactivator to compost nutrient content. The materials used in this study were feces collected from six 3 to 5 years old of male Fresian Holstein (PFH), and decomposer agents from processed-bioethanol waste. The experimental design used was completely randomized design with four treatments and six replications, i.e. P1: 0.4% of decomposer, P2: 0.5% of decomposer, P3: 0.6% of decomposer, P4: 0.7 of decomposer %. Analysis of nutrient contents of compost was conducted at the the Laboratory of Chemistry and Soil Fertility, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Gajah Mada University, Yogyakarta. Data analysis was performed using Minitab 17 software. The results of the analysis of variance showed that different levels of decomposer affected organic C, phosphor (P), Kalium (K), and Magnesium (Mg). Organic C, P, K, and Mg contents were found highest in P2, on the other hand N and Ca contents, C/N ratio, pH, and temperature of compost were not different among treatments. It could be concluded that compost made with 0.5% decomposer agents from processed-bioethanol waste was the best.
PENGGUNAAN PUPUK ORGANIK BERBAHAN URINE SAPI TERHADAP KUALITAS KIMIA TANAH DI LERENG MERAPI Hanifa, Aqni; Lutojo, Lutojo
BUANA SAINS Vol 14, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.831 KB) | DOI: 10.33366/bs.v14i2.358

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan pupuk organik berbahan urine sapi terhadap kualitas kimia tanah di lereng Merapi, Desa Jrakah Kecamatan Selo Kabupaten Boyolali. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah faktorial seri 2x4 pola searah, dengan ulangan sebanyak tiga kali. Faktor pertama adalah 2 jenis tanah dengan tanaman berbeda (R1 = rumput Raja dan R2 = rumput Gajah). Faktor kedua adalah 4 level dosis penggunaan pupuk organik (D0 = tanpa pemberian pupuk organik; D1 = pemberian pupuk organik sebesar 5 ton/ha; D2 = pemberian pupuk organik sebesar 10 ton/ha dan D3 = pemberian pupuk organik sebesar 15 ton/ha). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan pupuk organik berbahan urine sapi menunjukkan pengaruh yang tidak nyata (P>0,05) terhadap pH, C-organik dan kandungan Nitrogen (N) total dalam tanah. Sedangkan penggunaan pupuk organik berbahan urine sapi menunjukkan berbeda nyata (P
PERANCANGAN MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT MISKIN DI DAERAH RAWAN BENCANA KECAMATAN SELO KABUPATEN BOYOLALI SEBAGAI UPAYA UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN AGROWISATA PETERNAKAN Emawati, Shanti; Sari, Ayu Intan; Rahayu, Endang Tri; Hanifa, Aqni
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 26, No 1 (2011): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v26i1.14090

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the level of empowerment of the poor in disaster-prone areas Selo Sub District and produce a model formulation of the empowerment of the poor in an effort to realize the optimization potential of agro farms with local resources. Expected outcomes of this research is the publication of scientific journal of local/national and the formulation of a model of empowerment of the poor in disaster-prone areas as an effort to create the livestock agrotourism. The method to determine the location and sampling of respondents is to cluster sampling technique (sampling area). This research uses research explanations. To determine the empowerment of communities to use the method of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA). PRA and RRA is a method that puts the community as researchers, planners, implementers, as the appraisal of development programs so that researchers and stakeholders who are involved as facilitators and community as the implementer. Data collection technique is observation, documentation, interviews and focus group discussion (FGD). Data analysis in the formulation of a model of empowerment of the poor in disaster-prone areas as an effort to create livestock agrotourism by Pearson correlation analysis, multiple linear regression analysis, path analysis method, the process of empowerment of citizens and SWOT analysis. The results of this research is already done survey research sites to see the condition of the villages that will be studied. A visit to the village government for approaching the village officials. In order to dig up information to determine the profile, potential and problems faced by each of the villages have been carried out PRA. However, due to the catastrophic eruption of Merapi volcano constraints, the implementation of the research has not been resolved.