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MEMBUMIKAN TEOLOGI ISLAM DALAM KEHIDUPAN MODERN (Berkaca dari Mohammed Arkoun) Latif, Muhaemin
Tabligh Vol 14, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah dan Komunikasi

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Abstract

Abstract; Titik kelemahan pemikiran teologi Islam klasik akan tampak dalam ranah realitas jika alur pemikiran tersebut dihadapkan pada kenyataan atau realitas sosial empiric kehidupan manusia yang selalu tumbuh dan berkembang sejalan dengan pertumbuhan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Mohammed Arkoun adalah intelektual Aljazair yang mencoba membaca ulang bangunan pemikiran Islam secara konfrehensif baik yang menyangkut pemikiran kalam (teologi), tasawuf, fiqih, etika maupun tafsir. Dalam konteks Indonesia, pemikiran Arkoun pertama kali dikenal pada tahun 1987 dalam sebuah diskusi di Yayasan Empati. Adalah Muhammad Nasir Tamara yang memperkenalkannya pertama kali dengan menulis artikel yang berjudul Mohammed Arkoun dan Islamologi Terapan. Dalam beberapa tulisannya tentang modernitas, Arkoun tidak secara tegas merumuskan batasan modernitas, apalagi tantangan yang dibawah olehnya. Menurut Arkoun, modernitas dapat dibagi dua kelompok, yaitu, modernitas “material“ dan modernitas “ intelektual “ atau “ kultural “. Yang pertama berarti berbagai kemajuan yang terjadi pada bingkai luar dari wujud manusia, sedangkan yang kedua mencakup metode, alat analisis, dan siakp intelektual yang memberi kemampuan untuk lebih memahami realitas. Salah satu kegelisahan Arkoun terhadap pemikiran teologi Islam adalah terjadinya pemisahan antara Islam konseptual dengan Islam actual atau pemisahan antara teori dan praktek yang menurutnya adalah warisan Descartes. Membumikan teologi Islam dalam konteks kehidupan modern memang memerlukan strategi dan metodologi yang akurat. Usaha Arkoun dalam konteks rekonstruksi bangunan pemikiran teologi Islam adalah salah satu strateginya. Kata Kunci: Membumikan, Hidup Point inertia classical Islamic theology thought would appear in the realm of reality if the thought process faced with the reality or the reality of empirical social human life is always growing and developing in line with the growth of science and technology. Mohammed Arkoun is Algerian intellectuals who tried to reread the building of Islamic thought in comprehensive both involving thought kalam (theology), Sufism, jurisprudence, ethics and interpretation. In the Indonesian context, Arkoun thought first recognized in 1987 in a discussion on Empathy Foundation. Muhammad Nasir Tamara, who introduced first by writing an article entitled Mohammed Arkoun and Applied Islamology. In some writings about modernity, Arkoun does not explicitly formulate the constraints of modernity, let alone challenge under him. According to Arkoun, modernity can be divided into two groups, namely, modernity "material" and modernity "intellectual" or "cultural". The former means that much progress has occurred in the outer frame of the human form, while the latter includes the methods, analysis tools, and intellectual siakp which gives the ability to better understand the reality. One anxiety Arkoun against Islamic theological thought is the separation between Islam and Islam actual or conceptual separation between theory and practice which he said is the legacy of Descartes. Grounding Islamic theology in the context of modern life does require accurate strategies and methodologies. Arkoun effort in the context of building reconstruction of Islamic theological thought is one of the strategies Keywords: Grounding, Life
Membumikan Teologi Islam Dalam Kehidupan Sosial Modern (Berkaca dari Mohammed Arkoun) Latif, Muhaemin
BINA AL UMMAH Vol 9, No 2 (2014): Bina al-ummah
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah dan Ilmu Komunikasi IAIN Raden Intan

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Abstract

This article discusses the ideas of Islamic theology in relation to modern life. The main purpose of this article is to present the idea of Mohammed Arkoun, the Algerian contemporary intellectual, to review the classical Islamic theological portrait which tends to stagnant and did not deal with the development of human civilization. The method used in this writing is to employ a qualitative method of research literature. The author of this article comes to conclude that the classical Islamic theology thoughts still focuses on medieval themes. Arkoun, in this sense, offers a reconstruction of Islamic thought that theology can be grounded in the modern life.
Wearing Veil in Indonesia Public Schools: Religious awareness or Political Contest Latif, Muhaemin
JICSA Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This article discusses the reason of wearing veil among Indonesian Students in public schools. It is found that that veil in public schools has three different elements. First of all, veil is identified as the religious awareness among the students. It symbolizes the religious commitment and the strength of local values. The proliferation of veiled women indicated the Islamic movement in Indonesia. Secondly, veil may be identified as the medium of maintaining political interest. The policy of making veil compulsory for students and as school uniform can ignore the pluralism in Indonesia. This policy also leads to make veil as a symbolic than substantive teaching. Finally, veil in public schools should be considered as the social control for the female students in the public sphere. It does not merely focus on the symbolic sphere but it extends to develop the achievement of students 
ISLAM AND FEMINISM THEOLOGY Latif, Muhaemin
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.938 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.7338

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between Islam and feminism theology. Both Islam and feminism are strongly important to be discussed in the field of Islamic discipline, especially the issue of women liberation. As can be seen in the classical theology, the issue of feminism is not the main concern among the Muslim Intelectuals. Some argue that Islam do not take into account the liberation of women, they even think that Islam assume women as the “second creature”. In addition, the creature as well as the perfection of women is extremely depend on the existence of men. This research aims at answering these assumptions. The research suggests that feminism are the foundations of Islamic teaching. Historically, the emergence of Islam in Arab peninsula illustrates the women liberation from the Arabic doctrine and tight tradition. This article believea that the positioning of women in line with men was influenced by the fallacies of interpretation toward Koran and prophet tradition. A number of quranic excegeses are genderly biased. So, this research proves that liberating women from dogmatic tradition is rethinking the products of interpretation either in the Koran or prophet tradition.
Membumikan Teologi Islam dalam Kehidupan Modern (Berkaca dari Mohammed Arkoun) Latif, Muhaemin
BINA AL-UMMAH Vol 10, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : IAIN RADEN INTAN LAMPUNG

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Abstract

This article discusses the ideas of Islamic theology in relation to modern life. The main purpose of this article is to present the idea of Mohammed Arkoun, the Algerian contemporary intellectual, to review the classical Islamic theological portrait which tends to stagnant and did not deal with the development of human civilization. The method used in this writing is to employ a qualitative method of research literature. The author of this article comes to conclude that the classical Islamic theology thoughts still focuses on medieval themes. Arkoun, in this sense, offers a reconstruction of Islamic thought that theology can be grounded in the modern life.
Teori Emanasi dalam Hubungannya dengan Sains: Modern Sebuah Kajian Kritis latif, muhaemin
AL-Fikr Vol 20, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : AL-Fikr

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Abstract

Landasan filosofis dari konsep emanasi adalah keinginan untuk menghindarkan Tuhan dari alam yang pluralis dalam rangka memurnikan keesaan Tuhan dari segala hal yang material. Gagasan dasar Islam tentang Tuhan adalah Keesaan-Nya, penciptaan oleh-Nya dari ketidakadaan dan ketergantungan semua ciptaan kepada-Nya. Menurut Al-Kindi, Tuhan adalah yang benar dan tinggi serta dapat disifati hanya dengan sebutan-sebutan yang negatif, seperti Tuhan bukan materi, tidak berbentuk, tidak berjumlah. Untuk membuktikan keesaan Tuhan berikutnya datang al-Farabi dengan teori emanasinya, menurutnya bahwa alam ini memancar dari Tuhan dengan melalui akal-akal yang jumlahnya sepuluh.
A Preliminary Study of Jemaah Islamiyah in Indonesia and The Doctrine of Suicide Bombing Latif, Muhaemin
JICSA Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JICSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.683 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v1i1.717

Abstract

The Existence of Jemaah Islamiyah in the world, particularly in Indonesia, cannot be underestimated by the Indonesian government. It is extremely needed a serious attention to tackle this movement. This essay entails a strong network between JI in Indonesia and al-Qaedah Link in Afganistasn. Although the emergence of JI in Indonesia cannot be separated from a former rebellion to the Indonesia New Order which was called Darul Islam, the development of JI has remarkably changed through building strong networking to international link like al-Qaedah. A number of evidence has been provided in this article to strengthen the danger of this organization. The doctrine of jihad through suicide bombing fuels the threat of JI as an international terrorist organization. Jihad was believed as the holy war against the United States, Israel, Europe, and anyone else who oppose their vision of world governed by shariah. JI itself were supported by multitude schools, charitable associations, banks, business activities and Islamic world government.
Multicultural Education In Islamic Boarding School (A Descriptive Study of Pesantren DDI Mangkoso, South Sulawesi) Latif, Muhaemin
JICSA Vol 5, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : JICSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.609 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v5i2a6

Abstract

The main objective of this research was to elaborate how pesantren contend with multicultural education.  Qualitative methods including: interviews, focus group discussion (FGD) and detailed observations of the life of pesantren were used. The researcher also examined the wide range of literatures related to the topic. The research focused on pesantren Mangkoso Barru, Indonesia, representing traditional pesantren in the region of South Sulawesi. The data was collected from the teachers, students, kyai (religious leaders) in this particular pesantren. The findings suggest that pesantren have their own understanding regarding multicultural education. Their understandings were mainly based on the holy Koran without learning from western perspectives. They believe that human beings were created on the basis of difference, so people must appreciate one another.  The differences related to language, race, religion, are a must. These concepts have been implemented in the pesantren curricula. The curricula are very inclusive and more opened to any difference. The pesantren provides different materials which come from different sects, and students.  There is no enforcement from pesantren management to just learn from specific sect.  In addition, expanding networks of pesantren is also inclusive. They have already collaborated with different organizations in relation to development of pesantren management.  Another issue considered was its vision of leadership which is perceived as very open. The leader (kyai) are frequently involved in multicultural campaigns, such as seminars, workshops, and bench markings. They perceive that the progress of pesantren depends strongly on the way the kyai deals with contemporary issues, including multiculturalism.              
ASGHAR ALI ENGINEER DAN REFORMULASI MAKNA TAUHID Latif, Muhaemin
Aqidah-ta Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Aqidah-ta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (813.998 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/aqidahta.v4i1.5718

Abstract

This paper examines the notion of Asghar Ali Engineer’s view on tauhid. Engineer is one of the leading thinkers as well as an activist who was not only generating the ideas of rethinking but also involved in a variety of activities relating to reformation of Islamic thought. This employs  qualitative research through collecting datas and information from different manuscripts, books, and journals. The main objective of this research is demonstrating the urgency of reformulating the meaning of tauhid. The finding suggests that tauhid is the core of Islamic teaching. It is the basic tenet of any religions that may generate a power to liberate human being from any kind of discrimination. In other words, tauhid is an energy that can guide mankind released from ignorance, oppression and poverty. Tauhid not only concerned on the unity of God but also the oneness of society. Classless society is the ultimate goal of tauhid that lead to set the people on the same position before the God.