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METODE DALAM PROSES PEMBELAJARAN: Studi tentang Ragam dan Implementasinya Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Lentera Pendidikan : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Vol 11, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/lp.2008v11n1a8

Abstract

The study of various methods in the teaching process that supporting the educator to prepare and set achievement process of teaching goal. Teacher, mentor, and facilitator constitute one of the important factors to lead the learners to get better understanding about the material with various ways which have been decided systematically in situation and certain condition. Concerning with, it needs comprehensive understanding to set the use of a method in the teaching process. How variety with method implementation in the teaching process becomes explanation focus in this writing. The understanding and various methods from educational experts with its implementation description presented by hoping can be used to increase the learners’ interest, in order to make easy the goal achieve-ment suitable with subject matter in the teaching process. However, a material is good and complicated, but it is not supported by appro-priate strategy, method, or technique in its presenting will pass by without impression.
Language Empowering in Character Building (Pemberdayaan Bahasa dalam Pembentukan Karakter) Kamsinah, Kamsinah
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : ARBITRER

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Character building is the most important thing to do as it is a striving system which underly behavior (Freud).  Even more, good character is more to be praised than outstanding talent. Most talents are to some extent a gift. Good character, however, is not given to us. we have to build it peace by peace by thought, choice, courage, and determination.  So important it is that it is said that  if there is no more character every thing is lost (Mahatma Gandhi). The best way to build it is  to develop   the function of all  individual potential,  including cognitive, affective,  and psychomotoric aspects simultanously in the context of socio-cultural interaction (in family, in  school, and in society). Character  is gained by nature and nurture. It can be done begin from the golden age to the old one through the three character building components: moral knowing, moral feeling, and moral action as suggested by Lickona. They make it possible since human beings, as  the best-formed creature of all, are the ones and the only creature posessing culture, and that,  they can educate and be educated in terms of   the model of  person of character.  Everybody must have character. Therefore,  to apply Lickona’s,  one must  empower her/his language, in which  she/he/ perform her/his competence in using language creativity (Chomsky) in   both ordinary  and literary language. In this case, Buginese language is used as the sample.
Penambahan Ekstrak Alga Sargassum duplicatum Bory pada Medium Kultur In Vitro terhadap Pertumbuhan seedling Anggrek Vanda tricolor Lindl. Adiguna, Eko; Dwiati, Murni; Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.595

Abstract

Vanda tricolor is an orchid species that has many advantages, some of which are due to its beautiful and various flowers of unique shape and size. Propagation of V. tricolor can be performed by in vitro culture.In vitro culture technique needs appropriate medium to support orchid growth. An algae species, Sargassum duplicatum, can be added into the medium, since it contains growth regulating substances, such as auxin and gibberellin, which are useful for seedling growth. This study aims to know the effect of S. duplicatum application into in vitro culture medium of V. tricolor on the seedling growth and to know the best application of the algaein increasing seedling growth. An experimental method was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The treatments were S. duplicatum weight of 0, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 g/L replicated three times respectively. The variable examined was seedling growth with parameters comprising day of new leaf emergence, leaf number, leaf length, day of new root emergence, root number, root length and plant height. Data were analyzed using ANOVA or F test with confidence level of 95% and 99%. LSD was carried out when F test showed significant difference. The results reveal that application of S. duplicatum extract has significant effect on the growth of V. tricolor seedling. The best application is of 36 g/L algae weight.
Effect of BAP (6-Benzyl Amino Purine) Concentration on Growth Micro Cutting of Nepenthes ampullaria Budisantoso, Iman; Indriani, Mona; Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i3.15718

Abstract

Conventionally, cultivations of Nepenthes are conducted by using seeds, cutting, and filial separation. However, there are many obstacles come both from time and technical aspect. In vitro culture is an alternative way for cultivating  N. ampullaria (Jack,). One of a technique of in vitro culture is micro cutting. BAP (6-benzyl amino purine) growth regulator could be added to optimize the growth of  N. ampullaria microcutting. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of  BAP on the growth of Nepenthes microcutting. This research was done experimentally using Completely Randomized Design (CRD). BAP treatment consisted of 5 concentrations: 0; 0.5; 1; 1.5; 2 (ppm), each treatment were multiplied 4 times. The parameters observed were: a time of bud initiation, time of root initiation, total of leaves, total of new buds, total of roots, length of leave, length of root, and height of bud. The data obtained were analyzed with ANOVA (Analisis of Variance) and continued with 5% and 1% LSD (Least Significant Different)  test. The result showed that addition of BAP affected the growth of  N. ampullaria microcutting in total leaves, length of leave, and total of buds. LSD test proved that 0.57 ppm of BAP was optimal concentration to increase total buds, whit the value reached of 3.86. Here, we found that BAP can be utilized to enhanche N. ampullaria growth on in vitro culture. The benefit of this study is to conserve N. ampullaria in vitro using BAP at  0.57 ppm.
Pertumbuhan Stek Krisan (Chrysanthemum morifolium (L.) Ramat) pada Berbagai Media Kultur In Vitro Kristianti, Adven; Kamsinah, Kamsinah; Dwiati, Murni
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 33, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2016.33.2.207

Abstract

Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium (L.) Ramat is one of ornamental plant commodities with high aesthetic value. As a consequence of increasing demand, the availability of seeds in adequate number is needed with method in vitro. This study aims to find out the effect of various in vitro culture media on the growth of chrysanthemum explants and to determine alternative media other than MS for in vitro growth of chrysanthemum explants. Experimental method arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four treatments and four blocks is applied. The treatments are Murashige and Skoog  (MS), Vacint and Went  (V&W), Knudson  and   modified media, while node position serves as block. Time of shoot emergence, shoot length, number of leaves on each shoot, and number of roots are measured. Data are analyzed using Analysis of Variance (F test) with confidence intervals of 95% and 99%. Least Significant Difference (LSD) test is applied when significant difference among variables is observed. Culture media shows significant effect on chrysanthemum explant in vitro growth. Knudson media is found as an alternative media besides MS sufficiently suitable to increase chrysanthemum explants in vitro growth.
Cadmium (Cd) Absorption and Phenol Content in Pogostemon Exposed to Heavy Metals Proklamasiningsih, Elly; Budisantoso, Iman; Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.01.02

Abstract

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) is an important plant used by industrial facilities to absorb cadmium (Cd) in polluted land. We performed an experiment using plant medium polluted with both Cd and lead (Pb) with added humic acid. The aims of this study were to 1) determine the effects of humic acid in growth medium contaminated with Cd and Pb on the absorption of Cd and phenol content in patchouli, and 2) determine the Cd tolerance level of the growth media. A completely randomized factorial design was used for the experiment with two factors. The heavy metals were a combination of pure PbNO3 and Cd (PC) with a ratio 1 : 1, and included five concentrations: PC0 (without PbNO3 and without Cd); PC1 (250 ppm PbNO3 + 250 ppm Cd); PC2 (500 ppm PbNO3 + 500 ppm Cd); PC3 (750 ppm PbNO3 + 750 ppm Cd); PC4 (1,000 ppm PbNO3 + 1,000 ppm Cd) and humic acid concentration (0; 6,000; 12,000; and 18,000 ppm). Each treatment was replicated three times. The parameters observed were plant biomass, Cd absorption, and phenol content. The application rate of humic acid to the plant medium containing heavy metals influenced the growth of patchouli, Cd absorption, and phenol content. An application rate of 12,000 ppm of humic acid reduced the toxicity of the heavy metals and increased the dry biomass and phenol content of patchouli.
Pengaruh Pemberian Sitokinin Terhadap Pertumbuhan Palea dan Lemma Padi Melaui Kultur In Vitro Kamsinah, Kamsinah; Hardiyati, Triani; Sugiyono, Sugiyono
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 26, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2009.26.2.117

Abstract

A research has been carried out with the aims to: 1. study the influence of both the kind and concentration of cytokinins on palea and lemma growth in in vitro culture; 2. study the influence of palea and lemma age towards external application of cytokinin in in vitro culture; and3. determine the best palea-lemma age, kind and concentration of cytokinin which resulted the best growth of palea and lemma in in vitro culture. The used experimental method was Completely Randomised Design (CRD) with factorial treatment pattern. The applied treatment consisted of three factors i.e. palea-lemma age (U): (55, 60, and 65 days after planting); kind of cytokinin (S): (BAP and Kinetin); and Cytokinin Concentration (K): (0, 5, 10, and 15 M) with 3 replications. The observed variables were the palea and lemma growth with the parameters were palea-lemma length and width. The results showed that the kind of cytokinin had influenced the growth of palea-lemma in in vitro culture, and kinetin has better influence on the palea-lemma growth. The age of the palea-lemma determined the responsiveness of the palea-lemma towards external application of cytokinin. Older palea-lemma showed less responsive than younger ones towards external application of plant growth regulators. Moreover, the treatment combination (U1S2K2) (10 µM Kinetin applied to 55-day-old rice palea-lemma) had the best effect on increasing the size of palea-lemma of IR 64 rice.
Respon Pemberian Hormon 2,4-D dan BAP terhadap Pertumbuhan Subkultur Kalus Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) secara In Vitro Ayuningrum, Kiki; Budisantoso, Iman; Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.1.296

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response of administration of a combination of 2,4-D and BAP on the growth of soybean callus subculture and determine the combination of 2,4-D and BAP most good for the growth of soybean callus subculture. The study design used completely randomized design (CRD) with a pattern factorials. The factor one e.i 2,4-D consists of 4 levels, namely: 0, 5, 10, and 15 ppm. A factor of 2 e.i BAP consists of 4 levels, namely: 0, 2, 4, dan 6 ppm. Every combination treatment repeated three times. Parameters measured include the percentage is growing callus, type of callus, dry weight and wet weight of soybean callus. The results showed that administration of the hormone 2,4-D and BAP can spur the growth of soybean callus subculture, the combination of BAP 2 ppm and 10 ppm of 2,4-D is the best combination for a percentage of callus and growing callus types, whereas the wet weight and the weight dried callus is not driven by a combination of the hormone 2,4-D and BAP
In Vitro Callus Induction from Leaf Explants of Vanda sp Stimulated by 2,4-D Budisantoso, Iman; Amalia, Nurul; Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 3 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i3.11018

Abstract

The addition of growth regulator is one of the critical success factors in in vitro cultures. 2,4-D as a plant regulator in media can stimulate the cell division, enlargement of the explants and promotes the formation and growth of callus. The purpose of this study was to determine the time of callus formation and to determine the best concentration of 2.4-D in inducing the growth of callus from leaf explants of Vanda sp. This research was conducted by experiment with completely randomized design, which consists of six levels of treatment concentration of 2,4-D i.e. 0 ppm; 1 ppm; 1.5 ppm; 2 ppm; 2.5 ppm; and 3 ppm. The parameters observed were the percentage of callus formation and the form of callus from Vanda sp leaf explants. The results were statistically analyzed by using MINITAB program version 17. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed and the difference between means score/value was separated by F test at p < 0.05. The results showed that 2,4-D treatment give significant effect (F 5,12 = 3,20; p = 0,046 < 0,05) on the callus growth time and its percentage. Application of 2 ppm 2.4-D was the best concentration for accelerating the callus growth time (14.3 days after planting) and increasing the percentage of callus formation (83.3%). Most of callus type were proliferative callus (36.11%) and senescence callus (11.11%). The results of this research are very important to grow the callus from Vanda leaves orchid explant because it is very diffucult to grow.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN IBA DAN KOMPOSISI MEDIA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN STEK Sansevieria cylindrica var. patula Firmansyah, Sesar Fikri; Rochmatino, Rochmatino; Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Scripta Biologica Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.sb.2014.1.2.444

Abstract

Sansevieria is an ornamental plant commonly known as mother-in-law's tongue, devil's tongue, and snake tongue. It has many functions e.g. uses as medicine, its fiber for the textile industry, and as indoor air pollutants absorber. However, the growth of Sansevieria is slow. Therefore the supply of it seeds in large quantities in the short time was difficult. The use of Plant Growth Regulator (PGR) was one solution to accelerate the propagation of Sansevieria leaf cuttings. This study aimed to determine the concentration of IBA and the composition of media to increase the leaf cuttings propagation of Sansevieria cylindrica var. patula. The method was randomized block design with factorials. Factor I was the IBA concentrations comprised of  K0 at 0 ppm, K1 at 50 ppm, K2 at 100 ppm, K3 at 150 ppm, and K4 at 200 ppm. Factor II was the ratio of manure:sand:rice-husk-ash as the growth media, comprised of M1 with 1:1:1 ratio, M2 with 1:2:1 ratio, and M3 with 1:1:2 ratio respectively. Each with three replicates overall was 45 experimental units. The parameters observed were a percentage of propagated cuttings, the number of roots, the longest length of roots, the number of shoots. The results showed the IBA could not increase the growth of cuttings in all media composition; however media compositions could enhance the number of shoots. The effective media composition propagated the cuttings was the M1 a 1:1:1 ratio of manure:sand:rice-husk-ash.