Imron Zahri
Dosen Program Doktor Ilmu Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sriwijaya

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ANALISIS STRUKTUR DAN DISTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI DI LAHAN RAWA LEBAK Nasir, .; Zahri, Imron; Mulyana, Andy; Yunita, .
Jurnal AGRISEP JURNAL AGRISEP VOL 14 NO 1 2015
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

The purpose of this study are: (1) to determine the structure of the household income of rice farmers in lowland swamp land, and (2) to determine the distribution of household income of farmers in various typologies lebak.Penelitian wetlands was held in Ogan Ilir and Ogan Ogan Ilir in March until May 2013. Sampling technique is simple random sample of 222 farmers, or 10.5 percent of 2,111 respondents used in this research. These respondents were divided into 3 groups: farmers who cultivate land swampy marsh embankment, mid and deep. The method used is a survey method. Data collected consist of primary and secondary data. The structure of household income farmers viewed from the contribution of a business on total household income, while the income distribution is calculated using Gini index. The results showed the contribution of household income on lebak dikes and in largely derived from non farming, to contribute to the embankment of lebak by 63.62% and amounted to 48.43% in the lowland, while in the mid lebak largely derived from rice farming with a contribution of 70.03%. The distribution of household income in the three types of inequality lebak almost evenly with relatively low because it has a Gini index of less than 0.4.Keywords: contribution, distribution, revenue
POLA USAHA DAN PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PADA BERBAGAI TIPOLOGI LAHAN RAWA LEBAK Nasir, Nasir; Zahri, Imron; Mulyana, Andy; Yunita, Yunita
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 12, No 3 (2015): Vol. 12 No. 3, November 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

The study aim to 1) Describing of business pattern developed farmer households in various typologies of lowland swamp land, and 2) Analyzing household income of farmers in various businesses developed in lowland swamp land. The sampling method used is a simple random sample with a total of  responden  as many as 222 farmers. The study used a survey method. The results showed that the business pattern of households at shallow swampy, ie: Horticulture: annual fruit, Livestock: chickens and goats, trade, household industry, transport services, Rice, fishing, horticulture: vegetables and fruits a season and crops: cassava and peanuts, Labour, fish farming. The business pattern of households at middle swamp, ie: horticulture: annual fruit, Livestock: ducks, trade, household industry, transport services, rice, fishing, horticulture: vegetables and fruits a season, Labor, fish farming. The business pattern of households at deep swampy, ie: Horticulture: annual fruit, Livestock: duck and buffalo, trade, household industry, transport services, rice, fishing, horticulture: vegetables and fruits a season, Labor, fishing, fish farming. Household income in each of the  swampy land, ie: household income  the shallow swampy amounted Rp19.525.400/year.  The household income  the middle swampy amounted Rp20.212.000/year.  The household income the deep swampy amounted Rp18.248.000/yearKeywords: pattern of business, income, household, lebak, surveyABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini 1) mendeskripsikan pola usaha yang dikembangkan rumah tangga petani pada berbagai tipologi lahan rawa lebak, dan 2) menghitung pendapatan rumah tangga petani pada berbagai pola usaha yang dikembangkan pada lahan rawa lebak. Metode penarikan contoh yang digunakan adalah sampel acak sederhana (random sampling) dengan jumlah total sebanyak 222 orang petani. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survei. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pola usaha yang dikembangkan petani lahan rawa lebak pematang adalah: hortikultura:buah-buahan tahunan, Ternak: ayam dan kambing, dagang, industri rumah tangga, jasa angkutan, padi, penangkapan ikan, hortikultura: sayuran dan buah-buahan semusim dan palawija: ubi kayu dan kacang tanah, Buruh, budi daya ikan. Pola lebak tengahan: hortikultura:buah-buahan tahunan, Ternak: itik, dagang, industri rumah tangga, jasa angkutan, padi, penangkapan ikan, hortikultura: sayuran dan buah-buahan semusim, Buruh, budi daya ikan.  Pola usaha rumah tangga pada lebak dalam: hortikultura:buah-buahan tahunan, Ternak: itik dan kerbau, dagang, industri rumah tangga, jasa angkutan, padi, penangkapan ikan, hortikultura: sayuran dan buah-buahan semusim, Buruh, penangkapan ikan, budi daya ikan. Pendapatan rumah tangga yang mengusahakan lebak, yaitu lebak tengahan: Rp20.212.000/rumah tangga/tahun, lebak pematang Rp19.525.400/rumah tangga/tahun dan lebak dalam Rp18.248.000/rumah tangga/tahun. Kata kunci: pola usaha, pendapatan, rumah tangga, lebak, survei
The Highest Retail Price (HET) of Subsidized Fertilizer at the Farmer’s Level in South Sumatra Rice Farming, Indonesia Wildayana, Elisa; Hasan, M. Yamin; Armanto, M. Edi; Zahri, Imron; Adriani, Dessy; Sari, Ranty Fitria; Nursittah, Nursittah; Lestari, Fitri; Oktavia, Reszki
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 19, No 1 (2018): JEP 2018
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

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The research objective is to analyze the subsidized fertilizer price (HET) at the hand of farmers of rice farming in South Sumatra province. The sampling method was disproportionate stratified random sampling with four land typologies. The field data were collected through observation, interviews with respondents. The use amount of fertilizers on all typologies effected significantly different to rice yields. In the lebak ricefields, the influence of Urea, NPKPhonska and KCl together effected significantly different, but not significantly different for each use of fertilizers. The use cost of Urea affected rice yields and income of farmers significantly different for all ricefields. Eligible HET price received by farmers has to be lower than the real HET price. Determination eligible HET price has to consider soil productivity and accessibility (dam, water gates, water pump, road, infrastructure, local retail and others).
Novel Innovation of Subsidized Fertilizers based on Soil Variability and Farmer’s Perception Wildayana, Elisa; Armanto, M. Edi; Zahri, Imron; Hasan, M. Yamin
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 18, No 1 (2017): JEP 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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The study aimed to find novel innovation and research of subsidized fertilizers based on soil nutrient variability and farmer’s perception in rice farming. This study uses a completely randomized design with four natural treatments, a one-way Anova and Tukey HSD Test as well as multiple linear and cubic regressions. The fertilizer uniformity on varied ricefields was a big failure because it causes fertilization becoming ineffective, inefficient and unsustainable. Ricefield variability (due to geomorphogenesis, pedogenesis, interflow flow, vegetation distribution, land use patterns, and fertilizer application) causes not optimized fertilization (dose, balance, time, methods of fertilization). The perception of farmers can create conflicts of interest, which are determined as normal, unavoidable and natural.  Short-term research target is how fertilization in the field is done effectively, efficiently, and sustainably, whereas long-term target is to generate new sources of wealth, fertilization technology based on soil science knowledge, forming professional researcher, the great inventions of patents, cooperation media between scientists, technocrats and bureaucrats and research funding.
Identification Of Solid Waste Management System In Household At Palembang City Jimmyanto, Hendrik; Zahri, Imron; Dahlan, Hatta
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Water As A Vital Resource for Life
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

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Increasing number of population give the impact of solid waste generation. Solid waste from household activity is about 55-80% of all waste in city which is composed of organic and inorganic waste. The important thing of solid waste management system is to know the characteristics of sources waste especially household as a step in improving solid waste management system in Palembang city. The aim of this study was to calculate solid waste generation of household in Palembang city and to identify composition and solid waste management system in household which has applied for along time. The research method is observation survey in 3 low income household dan 3 high income household respectively numbered 20. From the result will be analysis with statistic metode to see the relationship of the sampel using Anova one way. The amount of weight and volume of waste generation in low income household is 0.91 kg / person / day and 1.51 liters / person / day.  The amount of the weight and volume of waste at high home income is 0.79 kg / person / day and 1.63 liters / person / day. In low income household produce more organic waste than high income household.
Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Rumah Tangga: Sebuah Studi di Kecamatan Sukarami Kota Palembang Martinawati, Martinawati; Zahri, Imron; M. Faizal, M. Faizal
Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 18, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui tingkat partisipasi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan sampah rumah tangga yang dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Sukarame Kota Palembang dengan mengambil Kelurahan Sukodadi sebagai kelurahan sampel. Kelurahan Sukodadi dipilih sebagai sampel secara "purposive" dikarenakan pada RT 24 Kelurahan Sukodadi pada tahun 2011 pernah menjadi "Wilayah Ramah Lingkungan". Pengumpulan data lapangan dilakukan pada bulan Agustus sampai dengan September 2014. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan cara Proportinate Stratified Random Sampling. Pada Kelurahan Sukadadi terdapat 34 RT yang dapat dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok, yaitu 24 RT dengan pengelolaan sampah yang kurang baik (Strata I), dan 10 RT dengan pengelolaan sampah yang baik (Strata II). Masing-masing strata diambil 2 RT, sehingga terdapat 4 RT sampel. Dari 4 RT tersebut diambil 10 % keluarga sampel, sehingga terdapat 54 sampel. Tingkat partisipasi masyarakat diukur dari segi pewadahan dan pengumpulan/pengangkutan sampah rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat partisipasi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan sampah tergolong tinggi (ratarata skor 73,46%), dengan skor Strata I (64,52%) lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan Strata II (85,51%). %). Menggunakan uji Chi-Square didapatkan hasil bahwa usia dan lama bermukim mempunyai hubungan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan sampah. Pendidikan dan pekerjaan/penghasilan tidak dapat dibuktikan. Untuk menciptakan lingkungan bebas sampah dapat mengurangi beban pemerintah dengan partisipasi masyarakat yang tinggi.
DIVERSIFIKASI USAHA DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PADI LEBAK Zahri, Imron; Febriansyah, Ahmad
Agricultural Socio-Economics Journal Vol 14, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Socio-Economics/Agribusiness Department

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan pengetahuan mengenai pengembangan diversifikasi usaha dan dampaknya terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga petani lebak dengan langkah-langkah (1) mendiskripsikan perkembangan diversifikasi usaha, (2) menganalisis struktur pendapatan rumah tangga petani dilihat dari besaran pendapatan dan distribusi pendapatan, (3) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga petani padi di lahan rawa lebak. Pengumpulan data primer dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan dengan mengambil tiga desa contoh di Kecamatan Pemulutan Selatan, yaitu Desa Pematang Bangsal, Desa Ulak Aur Standing dan Desa Naikan Tembakang. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 90 orang atau 9 % dari 983 rumah tangga petani padi di tiga desa tersebut yang dipilih secara acak sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa diversifikasi usaha telah berkembang dalam bentuk diversifikasi horizontal, yaitu pengembangan cabang kegiatan ekonomi produktif yang terdiri atas kegiatan usahatani padi sebagai usaha pokok, kegiatan pertanian non padi, dan kegiatan luar usahatani. Berkembangnya diversifikasi usaha telah meningkatkan partisipasi tenaga kerja rumah tangga petani lebak tetapi masih ditunjukkan oleh angka yang rendah yaitu 37%. Penggunaan tenaga kerja rumah tangga petani pada kegiatan ekonomi produktif terjadi karena adanya resiko dan ketidak pastian dalam berusahatani padi sebagai akibat kondisi air lebak yang belum dapat dikendalikan, kegiatan usahatani padi yang dilaksanakan sekali dalam setahun dan penghasilan dari usahatani padi belum mencukupi kebutuhan rumah tangga petani. Berkembangnya diversifikasi usaha telah dapat meningkatkan pendapatan rumah tangga petani yang mencapai rata-rata Rp. 21,55 juta per tahun. Distribusi pendapatan rumah tangga petani ditunjukkan oleh angka 0,2701, yaitu pemerataan dengan ketimpangan yang rendah. Hasil analisis regeresi menunjukkan faktor-faktor luas lahan garapan, produktivitas lahan dan partisipasi tenaga kerja berpengaruh positif terhadap pendapatan, tetapi nilai R2 sama dengan 0,38, berarti faktor-faktor yang tidak teridentifikasi dalam mempengaruhi pendapatan dalam penelitian ini masih cukup banyak. Disarankan pengembangan diversifikasi dilakukan dengan memperbanyak cabang usaha, perbaikan pengolahan hasil dan pemasaran, dan peningkatan produktivitas usaha. Perlu  senantiasa dilakukan penelitian untuk mendapatkan inovasi teknologi tepat guna yang sesuai dengan karakteristik daerah lebak.   Kata kunci: petani, rawa lebak, diversifikasi, pendapatan
Strategi Pengembangan Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) di Kabupaten Bangka, Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung Agustina, Fournita; Zahri, Imron; Yazid, Muhammad; Yunita, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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The purpose of this study is to identify the problems faced by agricultural extension workers and to formulate alternative of extension strategies in realizing the application of horticultural GAP by farmers in Bangka Regency. This study was conducted in Bangka Regency of Bangka Belitung Province in February 2014. The data obtained in the field were analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis and SWOT analysis method. The results of this study indicate that: (1) The problems faced by agricultural extension workers in realizing the application of horticultural GAP by farmers in Kabupaten Bangka are low knowledge and skill about GAP horticulture, the existence of agricultural extension workers that have heavy work load, programme extension does not correspond to the need of farmer horticulture; (2) The strategy of agricultural extension workers in realizing the application of GAP horticulture by farmers in Bangka Regency is to increase the training and visit and demonstration plot (plots) GAP horticulture, applying to the Food Security Agency of Bangka Regency related to the lack of education and learning tools horticulture, increasing knowledge and skills on horticultural GAP. Enhance interaction with universities and research institutions, knowledge and skills based on experience farming horticultural crops farmers as well as keeping exercise routines and visits to horticultural farmers
Penyesuaian Krisis Global dengan Faktor-Faktor Produksi dan Pendapatan Petani Plasma PIR Kelapa Sawit Wildayana, Elisa; Zahri, Imron; Mulyana, Andy; Husin, Laila
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 5, No 1 (2016): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Wildayana et al, 2016. Matching Global Crises with Application of Production Factors and Income of NES Oil Palm Plasma Farmers. JLSO 5(1):10-17.The research aimed to analyze the global crisis adjustment to the production factors and income of NES oil palm smallholder. The research location is located in swamp land Talang Sepucuk, OKI District (PIR Trans) and PIR Bun is sited in Betung Banyuasin, South Sumatra. The research method was a field survey using a questionnaire to smallholders. Collected data are statistically processed with SPSS version 21. The research concludes that the global crisis has led to a very significant reduction in the use of fertilizers and pesticides and the significant differences in the utilization of manpower. The use alsintan showed no significant difference. Very sharp reduction has occurred in PIR Bun compared to PIR Trans smallholder farmers. As a result of the global crisis, the PIR Trans smallholder incomes decreased by 25.76% and PIR Bun decreased by 36.95% and vary significantly due to the global crisis. But the distribution of smallholder incomes do not show the proportion of the difference.
Socio Economic Factors Causing Rapid Peatlands Degradation in South Sumatra Wildayana, Elisa; Armanto, M. Edi; Zahri, Imron; Adriani, Dessy; Syakina, Bella
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 3, No 3 (2018): Sustainable Resources
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Naturally peatlands ecosystem belongs to a stable ecosystem and tends to increase its peat thickness, but if the balance of its natural conditions is disturbed, then peatlands are easily degraded and lost altogether. The research aimed to analyze the socio-economic determinant factors causing why peatlands in South Sumatra are rapidly degraded, thus it is threatening the existence of the human life support system. The research method was using an explorative and descriptive method by making the web portal of "Google search engine". Keywords were used for searching ‘peatland’, ‘degradation’ and/or ‘socio-economic causes’ in title and abstract. To analyze priority level of socio-economic aspects in contributing to peatlands degradation, thus an AHP analysis was conducted and interview with selected respondents. The research resulted that socio-economic determinant factors causing peatlands degradation are complex and integrated each other.  Based on clustering the main sequence of causing peatlands degradation was performed by increasing population; increasing poverty; win-win approach; security of land ownership; and agricultural infrastructure and expansion respectively. Understanding this cluster with a comprehensive approach is needed to decide what factors play in the degradation of peatland, so that the policies made are precise and targeted. At this time the government requires to restore peatlands, so that peatlands can be preserved forever.