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PENINGKATAN BERAT BADAN IBU HAMIL MEMPENGARUHI BERAT BADAN LAHIR BAYI DI DAERAH PESISIR Saimin, Juminten; Faisal, Muhammad; Asmarani, Asmarani; Wicaksono, Satrio
Preventif Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018): PREVENTIF JOURNAL
Publisher : Preventif Journal

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Abstract

Pertumbuhan janin dan berat badan bayi lahir dipengaruhi oleh status gizi ibu hamil, baik sebelum dan selamakehamilan. Prevalensi BBLR di negara-negara berkembang masih tinggi. Tingginya kasus BBLR akan berdampakpada peningkatan angka kesakitan dan kematian bayi. Penelitian ini Mengetahui hubungan antara peningkatanberat badan ibu hamil dan berat lahir bayi di daerah pesisir. Metode Penelitian ini adalah observasional analitikdengan metode cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di wilayah Puskesmas Mata, Puskesmas Nambo danPuskesmas Abeli pada bulan Desember 2016. Populasi penelitian adalah ibu berusia 20-35 tahun yang melahirkandi daerah pesisir Kota Kendari pada bulan Januari-Oktober 2016. Pengambilan sampel secara simple randomsampling, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 215. Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi-square. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan responden terbanyak berusia 20-25 tahun (43,3%), pendidikan terakhir SMA (44,2%), sebagai iburumah tangga (90,2%), pekerjaan suami adalah wiraswasta (44,2%), dan multiparitas (60,9%) dengan IMT sebelumhamil sebagian besar normal (65,6%). Peningkatan berat badan selama hamil sebagian besar normal (65,1%) danberat badan lahir bayi terbanyak BBLN (91,6%). Terdapat 8,4% bayi BBLR yang dilahirkan oleh ibu denganpeningkatan berat badan yang kurang selama kehamilan. Terdapat hubungan antara peningkatan berat badan ibuhamil dengan berat badan lahir bayi (p=0,00). Terdapat hubungan antara peningkatan berat badan ibu hamildengan berat badan lahir bayi di daerah pesisir.Kata kunci: BBLN, BBLR, peningkatan berat badan ibu hamil
Factors Affecting the Development of Anxiety in Postmenopausal Women: A CrossSectional Study in Coastal Areas Saimin, Juminten; Wicaksono, Satrio; Junuda, Junuda; Minarti, Minarti
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume 6 No. 3 July 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Abstract

  Objective: To analyze factors associated with anxiety in postmenopausal women.   Methods: This study was descriptive analytic with cross-sectional approach conducted in 228 postmenopausal women that aged 50-64 years old in coastal areas of Kendari City. Samples were taken by simple random sampling. The technique of collecting data used questionnaires and the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (T-MAS). Data were analyzed using Chi-square test with a significance value p  0.05.   Results: The results showed that 188 respondents (82.4%) had. anxiety. Its most experienced anxiety was aged 50-54 years old (37.7%), low education (96.0%), as housewife (62.7%), low income (91.2%) and lived with a partner (54.4%). There was correlation between anxiety with age (p=0.016), education level (p = 0.009), income (p = 0.011), and residence status (p = 0.029). There was no correlation between anxiety with occupation (p = 0.351).   Conclusion: There was a correlation between anxiety in postmenopausal women in coastal areas with age, education level, income, and residence status.   Keywords: age, anxiety, education level, income, postmenopausal women, residence status
The percentage of macrophage numbers in rat model of sciatic nerve crush injury Wicaksono, Satrio; Ghufron, Muhammad; Susilowati, Rina
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 47, No 01 (2015)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

ABSTRACTExcessive accumulation of macrophages in sciatic nerve fascicles inhibits regeneration of peripheral nerves. The aim of this study is to determine the percentage of the macrophages inside and outside of the fascicles at the proximal, at the site of injury and at the distal segment of rat model of sciatic nerve crush injury. Thirty male 3 months age Wistar rats of 200-230 g were divided into sham-operation group and crush injury group. Termination was performed on day 3, 7, and 14 after crush injury. Immunohistochemical examination was done using anti CD68 antibody. Counting of immunopositive and immunonegative cells was done on three representative fields for extrafascicular and intrafascicular area of proximal, injury and distal segments. The data was presented as percentage of immunopositive cells. The percentage of the macrophages was significantly increased in crush injury group compared to the sham-operated group in all segments of the peripheral nerves. While the percentage of macrophages outside fascicle in all segments of sciatic nerve and within the fascicle in the proximal segment reached its peak on day 3, the percentage of macrophages within the fascicles at the site of injury and distal segments reached the peak later at day 7. In conclusions, accumulation of macrophages outside the nerve fascicles occurs at the beginning of the injury, and then followed later by the accumulation of macrophages within nerve fascicles
IDENTIFIKASI POTENSI SUMBER AIR PERMUKAAN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN DEM (DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL) DI SUB DAS KONTO HULU– KABUPATEN MALANG Wicaksono, Satrio; Sutanhaji, Alexander Tunggul; Wirosoedarmo, Ruslan
Jurnal Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 1, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Keteknikan Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Banjir dan kekeringan merupakan dampak dari buruknya sistem tata air sebuah DAS. Hal tersebut berkaitan dengan kondisi hutan di kawasan hulu DAS. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah pemanfaatan lahan yang tidak sesuai dengan daya dukung lingkungan, sehingga kawasan resapan air berkurang. Perlu adanya pemenuhan kebutuhan air yaitu melakukan identifikasi potensi sumber air permukaan agar pemenuhan kebutuhan air bisa tercukupi. Tujuan dari penelitan ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi letak sumber air permukaan di Kabupaten Malang di Sub DAS Konto. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis spasial dengan mensimulasikan karakteristik wilayah untuk mendapatkan titik potensi sumber air berdasarkan debit outlet menggunakan SIMODAS. Dengan mengetahui catchment area, nilai sebaran hujan dan nilai koefisien runoff maka dapat diketahui debit rerata pertahun yang merupakan potensi sumber air permukaan. Hasil simulasi menggunakan SIMODAS didapatkan 1 titik potensi sumber air permukaan di Sub DAS Konto Kabupaten Malang Provinsi Jawa Timur. Titik potensi seluas 115.83 km² dengan debit rerata pertahun 2.01 m³.s-1. Simulasi menggunakan SIMODAS didapatkan potensi bulanan dalam 10 tahun sebesar 5.31 m³.s-1 pada bulan Februari.   Kata kunci : analisis spasial, daerah tangkapan air, sistem informasi geografis.
ANALISIS SPASIAL ARAH KIBLAT KOTA SEMARANG Wicaksono, Satrio; Awaluddin, Moehammad
Jurnal Geodesi Undip Volume 5, Nomor 4, Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Geodesi

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Abstract

ABSTRAKDalam melaksanakan ibadah umat muslim diharuskan menghadap kiblat di Masjidil Haram Kota Mekkah. Pengukuran arah kiblat kemudian menjadi permasalahan ketika lokasi suatu tempat jauh dari Ka’bah karena tidak dapat dilakukan pengamatan penglihatan secara langsung. Permasalahan tersebut pada saat ini masih terjadi dalam masyarakat di Indonesia khusus nya di Kota Semarang, sehingga dalam penentuan arah kiblat masih ditemukan cara praktis yaitu menetapkan arah kiblat ke arah barat.Terkait dengan permasalahan tersebut, perlu adanya perhitungan arah kiblat bukan hanya sekedar arah barat. Melaikan dengan perhitungan yang teliti, perhitungan tersebut juga dilakukan pada bidang referensi yang digunakan sebagai acuan karena tiap bidang referensi (ellipsoid, bola dan datar) memberikan hasil arah yang berbeda, selain itu pengukuran  kiblat juga bisa dilakukan dengan mengamati bayangan benda saat terjadi peristiwa rasdhul kiblat dimana saat matahari berada tepat diatas Ka’bahPengukuran dengan metode ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola arah kiblat di Kota Semarang dan berapa besar akurasi di tiap bidang referensi terhadap arah kiblat hasil peristiwa rashdul kiblat. Pada hasil analisis yang dilakukan, didapat pola arah kiblat di Kota Semarang berubah tiap 154,166 meter sebesar 5 detik membesar ke arah barat daya dengan besar perubahan 5’ 26’’, dari nilai arah kiblat terkecil sebesar 294° 20 38" berada di kecamatan genuk dan nilai arah kiblat terbesar 294° 20 4" di kecamatan mijen.Sedangkan hasil hitungan pada bidang bola berlintang reduksi sebesar 294° 26 26.69", bidang ellipsoida terreduksi balik sebesar 294° 25 4.16 dan bidang datar sebesar 292° 12 8.61", dari hasil tersebut  bidang datar mempunyai perbedaan arah kiblat yang jauh dengan dua bidang refrensi lainnya sebesar 2°14 18.08" terhadap bidang bola dan 2°11 7.38" terhadap bidang ellipsoida .Untuk arah kiblat hasil pengamatan peristiwa rashdul kiblat sebesar 294° 33 39.22",  dari hasil tersebut terlihat metode dengan akurasi paling mendekati hasil rashdul kiblat ialah metode hitungan dengan bidang bolar berlintang reduksi dengan perbedaan nilai hasil sebesar 0° 7 12.31". Kata Kunci : Kiblat, Ellipsoida, Bola, Datar , Rashdul Kiblat ABSTRACTIn conducting praying, moslems are required to facing Qibla in Masjidil Haram at City of Mecca. Measurement Qibla direction then becomes a problem when the location of a place far away from the Ka’ba because it can not be observed directly eyesight. The problems at the moment still occurs in Indonesian people especially in City of Semarang, so that in determining the direction of Qibla still found a practical way to set the direction of Qibla at west direction. Related to these problems, the need for calculation of the direction of Qibla is not just at west direction. But by a careful calculation, the calculation is also performed on the reference plane used as a reference for each field of reference (ellipsoid, sphere and flat) results in a different direction, in addition to the measurement of Qibla can also be done by observing the shadows when the Rasdhul Qibla event occurs where the sun is right above the Ka’ba. This measurement method aims to determine the pattern of the direction of Qibla in Semarang and how substantial accuracy in each field of reference at Rashdul Qibla events to the direction of Qibla. On the results of the analysis, obtained pattern Qibla direction in Semarang changed every 154.166 meters by 5 seconds enlarged towards the southwest with large changes at 5‘26”, from the value of the smallest direction of Qibla of 294° 20 38"located in the Genuk district and the value Qibla of 294° 20 4 " in the Mijen district.Whereas the calculation results at the reducted latitude spherical field of 294° 26 26.69", the turning reduced ellipsoid fields of 294° 25 4.16” and the flat fields of 292 ° 12 8.61". The results of the horizontal plane has different Qibla direction away with two other references fields by 2° 117.38" on the sphere field and 2°1418.08" against ellipsoid field. For Qibla direction result of Rashdul Qibla event observed at 294° 33 39.22", from these results seen the method closest accuracy to the result of Rashdul Qibla is the reducted latitude spherical field with the difference value results at 0°712.31". Keywords : Qibla, Ellpisoid, Sphere, Flat, Rashdul Qibla *) Penulis, penanggung jawab
Kajian Penentuan Arah Kiblat Secara Geodetis Awaluddin, Moehammad; Yuwono, Bambang Darmo; Hani’ah, Hani’ah; Wicaksono, Satrio
Teknik Vol 37, No 2 (2016): (Desember 2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Kiblat merupakan arah penting Umat Muslim menghadapkan dirinya saat melakukan ibadah shalat. Pengukuran arah kiblat kemudian menjadi permasalahan ketika lokasi suatu tempat jauh dari Ka’bah karena tidak dapat dilakukan pengamatan penglihatan secara langsung. Oleh karena itu diperlukan metode yang tepat untuk menentukan arah kiblat di daerah yang jauh dari Ka’bah, dalam penelitian ini Kota Semarang. Makalah ini mengkaji besarnya perbedaan arah kiblat pada tiga bidang hitungan ellipsoid, bola dan Peta Mercator. Arah Kiblat pada ketiga bidang hitungan tersebut dibandingkan dengan arah kiblat hasil pengukuran rashdul qiblat. Arah kiblat hasil hitungan di atas ellipsoid yang sudah dikoreksi dengan di atas bola mempunyai perbedaan yang jauh lebih kecil yaitu sebesar 45,7” jika dibandingkan dengan arah kiblat pada Peta Mercator. Perbedaan arah kiblat di atas ellipsoid yang sudah dikoreksi dengan arah kiblat hasil rashdul kiblat di lapangan sebesar 00 7’ 58,24”. Sedangkan untuk selisih arah kiblat di atas bidang bola dengan azimut hasil rashdul kiblat sebesar 00 2’ 49,94”. [Title: Study of Geodetic Qibla Direction Determination] Qiblah is an important direction for Muslims exposes himself while performing prayers. Qiblah direction determination becomes a problem when the location of a place far away from the Kaaba. Therefore we need a method to determine the exact direction of Qibla in areas far from the Kaaba, in this study Semarang. This paper examines the difference of the direction of Qibla on three calculation surface: ellipsoid, spherical and mercator map. Then these Qibla direction accuracies on three calculation surface were compared with Qibla direction resulting from Rashdul Qibla Measurement. The difference of ellipsoid Qibla direction that has been corrected and spherical Qibla direction has a much smaller difference in the amount of 45.7 " compared with Mercator Qibla Direction. The difference of ellipsoid qibla direction and Qibla direction resulting from Rashdul Qibla Measurement is 00 7’ 58,24”. While the difference of spherical Qibla direction and Qibla direction resulting from Rashdul Qibla Measurement is 00 2’ 49,94”. 
Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh dengan Kadar Kolesterol Total pada Staf dan Guru SMA Negeri 1 Kendari Musadalifa, Nur Rahma; Wicaksono, Satrio; Tien, Tien
Medula Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Medula

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Background:The nutritional status of adults can be monitored by using the body mass index of nutritional status especially that associated with excess weight and less weight. Overweight can also affect cholesterol levels in the body which is one of the most important factors for determining a persons risk of developing cardiovasculardisease. Research Purposes: The purpose of this research is to know the relationship between body mass index with total cholesterol levels of staff and teachers at SMAN 1 Kendari.Research Methods:This research was an analytic observational study with cross-sectional design. The study population was the entire staff and teachers of SMAN 1 Kendari as many as 103 people. The method used in sampling was total sampling. The number of samples were 51 people. This research was conducted with the approval of spread sheets and questionnaires, measuring height and weight, then measures the total cholesterol level. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation test. It was considered significant at p value ≤0,05. Research result:The results obtained of this research were the staff and teachers who had a unnormal body mass index as much as 42 respondents (82.3%) and who had normal body mass index by 9 respondents (17.6%). Total cholesterol levels in the staff and teachers gained as much as 20 respondents had normal cholesterol levels (39.2%), as many as 20 respondents had a slightly high cholesterol (39.2%), and as many as 11 respondents had highest cholesterol was (21.6% ). Based on statistical test found that there was a significant relationship between body mass index with total cholesterol (p = 0.001).Conclusion: The Conclusions from this research was there were relationship between body mass index with total cholesterol levels of staff and teachers at SMAN 1 Kendari.Keywords: Body mass index, total cholesterol levels, staff and teachers SMAN 1 Kendari.
Analisis Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Katarak Senilis Di RSU Bahteramas Tahun 2016 Hadini, Miranty Aditya; Eso, Amiruddin; Wicaksono, Satrio
Medula Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Medula

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Abstract

Cataract is a condition where the lens of eyes that normally clear and transparent becomes cloudy. Cataract can cause blindness. Some risk factors related to cataract likes age, sex, diabetes mellitus, UV radiation, smoking and jobs. Some researches argue that these risk factors influence the number of cataracts incidence. This study aims to know the risk factors associated with the incidence of cataracts in Ophtalmology Department in RSU Bahteramas.This study was an analytic observational that used case-control study design. The sample size of this study was 140 respondents consisted of 70 cases and 70 controls were taken by purposive sampling. The data collection was obtained from medical records of patients to determine the age, sex, and history of diabetes mellitus. The instrument of this study was questionnaire to determine their job, education, income and smoking history. Data was declared significant if OR>1.The result of this study has shown that age ≥45 years (OR = 14,397), gender (OR=4.354), history of diabetes mellitus (OR = 10.688), the location of worker (OR = 2.935), education level (OR = 3.842), income (OR = 2.252), and smoking history (OR = 2.771) are risk factors that influence the incidence of senile cataracts.It can be concluded that age, gender, history of diabetes mellitus, outside location worker, low education level, low income, and history of smoking are risk factors for the incidence of senile cataract in RSU Bahteramas Kendari. Keywords :cataract, risk factors, age, gender, history of diabetes mellitus, location of worker, education, income, smoking history.
Cervical cancer screening coverage in urban and rural areas: its determinants Saimin, Juminten; Wicaksono, Satrio; Ashaeryanto, .
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Cervical cancer is a woman?s health problem that is still widespread throughtout the world, especially in developing country such as Indonesia. The high incidence of cervical cancer related with early detection program. Visual inspection of acetic acid (VIA) is used as an alternative screening method because it is easier, cheaper and effectiveness is not much different from the Pap test. The most participant in urban and rural areas was the age group 31-40 years old, low parity, and first intercourse at ? 17 years old. There was asscociation between cervical cancer screening coverage with education level, knowledge and distance of service facilities. There were significant difference of education level (p = 0.000), knowledge (p = 0.000) and distance of service facilities of urban and rural participant (p = 0.000). There was no significant differences in family support of urban and rural participant (p = 0.224).
Uji Aktivitas Ekstrak Etanol Daun Tembelekan (L.camara L.) terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Salmonella typhi Muktadira, Ulilta; Wicaksono, Satrio; Hartati, Hartati
Medula Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Medula

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Abstract

Background: Infectious diseases are the prime reason of high morbidity and mortality rate especially in developing countries like Indonesia which is mostly caused by bacteria. One of the plants which can be used as an antibacterial alternative ingredient is tembelekan leaf. Research Purpose: This study aimed to determine the activity of ethanol extract of tembelekan leaf on the growth of S.typhi. Research Method: The research uses  post test only control design.Independent  variable is the ethanol extract of tembelekan leaf and dependent variable is the inhibition zone of the growth of bacteria. Antibacterial activity was tasted using pitting diffusion method.Chloramphenicolusedas a positive controland aquadest as a negativecontrol. Testing activity by concentration of 12,5%, 10%, 7,5%  and 5% in threetimesrepetition. Research result: Ethanol extract of tembelekan leafwith concentration 12,5%, 10% and 7,5% resulted inhibitory zone of the growth of S.typhi, respectively for 6,6 mm, 5,3 mm and 2,6 mm. Conclution:The conclusion of the research was ethanol extract of tembelekan leaf has antibacterial activity against S.typhi.Keywords :tembelekan leaf (L.camara L.), S.typhi, infection