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All Journal Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Lucia Yovita Hendrati
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga
The Relation of Obesity and Individual Factors with Knee Osteoarthritis

Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi

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ABSTRACTOsteoarthritis represent disease at most found in the world, including in Indonesia. This disease cause pain in bone and disability at patient so disturb everyday activity. One of removed occurrence  of knee Osteoarthritis  was obesity. Other factors like age, gender, physical activity, and habit smoke were risk factors of knee Osteoarthritis . This research was the relationship of obesitas and individuals factors with occurrence knee osteoarthritis at Surabaya Islamic Hospital. The methods of this research was an observation with case control design. Level of sampel was 64 which consist of 32 case group and 32  control group from incomed patient to radiology unit  Islamic Hospital Surabaya for X-Ray photo. The dependent variable was occurence of knee osteoarthritis . The independent variables were obesity, gender, age, physical activity, habit smoke. The instrument used was a questionnaire and form BMI measurement. Data analysis used Chi-Square test with α=0,05 and to know oods ratio (OR)  used statclac. The results showed significant relationship between occurence of knee osteoartritis with obesity (p=0,001,OR=7,20), age (p=0,012,OR=3,67) , gender (p=0,005,OR=4,69). For the characteristic of habit smoke (p=0,268,OR=0,56) and physical activity (p=0.919,OR=0,71) were’nt associated with  occurence of knee Osteoarthritis  at Surabaya Islamic Hospital.  The conclusion there is relationship between obesity with knee osteoarthritis  at Surabaya Islamic Hospital. Risk factor knee osteoarthritis like gender and age also there were relation with occurence of knee osteoarthritis , for the risk factor of physical activity and habit smoke were’nt relation with occurence of knee osteoarthritis. Keyword : Knee osteoarthritis, obesity, individual factors