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OPTIMASI SUHU TRANSESTERIFIKASI MINYAK BIJI KARET (Hevea brasiliensis) SEBAGAI BIODIESEL DENGAN SUMBER KATALIS ABU KULIT BUAH KAPUK (Ceiba petandra) Putra, Zia Rahmana; Pasaribu, Subur P; -, Erwin
PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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Telah dilakukan penelitian biodiesel menggunakan minyak biji karet dan abu kulit buah kapuk yang digunakan sebagai sumber katalis basa. Adanya kadar basa dikarakterisasi menggunakan AAS dan uji alkalinitas dilakukan dengan titrasi asam basa. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan, didapatkan kadar kalium dalam bentuk karbonat sebesar 30,3909%. Pembuatan biodiesel menggunakan campuran metanol dan abu kulit buah kapuk dalam proses transesterifikasi minyak biji karet dengan variasi suhu ruang, 35, 45, 55 dan 65 o C. Nilai konversi biodiesel yang didapatkan sebesar 66,17; 69,48;70,31; 79,36 dan 72,39% dan suhu 55 o C merupakan kondisi yang paling optimal untuk mendapatkan biodiesel yang berkualitas baik dan sesuai standar SNI 7182-2012 yang telah ditetapkan. Untuk mengetahui komposisi metil ester penyusun biodiesel digunakan GC-MS dan komponen metil ester yang memiliki persentase paling besar adalah metil linoleat, yaitu 39,84%.
UJI TOKSISITAS (Brine Shrimp Lethality Test) EKSTRAK DAN ISOLAT FRAKSI KLOROFORM DARI DAUN KEREHAU (Callicarpa longifolia Lamk.) Novadiana, Arie; -, Erwin; Pasaribu, Subur P
PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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Kerehau (Callicarpa longifolia Lamk.) is one of the biodiversity used as traditional medicine by one of the indigenous tribes of Borneo, called Dayak Tunjung. The purpose of this study was to determine about toxicity level of the Kerehau leaves (Callicarpa longifolia Lamk.) to larvae shrimps (Artemia Salina Leach) and to determine the content of the active compounds contained in the Kerehau leaves (Callicarpa longifolia Lamk.). The research was conducted by extracting samples with methanol and then concentrated by rotary evaporator. Total extract fractionated with n-hexane and chloroform, and then column chromatography applicated to chloroform fraction. Phytochemicals and BSLT have been test to Isolates chromatography results, total extract and chloroform extracts to determine the level of toxicity. Based on the results test of phytochemical compounds secondary metabolites of Kerehau leaves (Callicarpa longifolia Lamk.) indicated that the methanol extract containing steroid compounds, phenolics, and flavonoids. Chloroform fractions containing flavonoids and steroid compounds. Isolates Chloroform fraction containing Steroids compounds. On Brine Shrimp Lethality Test, death of larvae shrimps (Artemia Salina Leach) were recorded and processed using SAS Probit analysis to determine the value of Lethal Concentration (LC 50 ) to the value of each is, in chloroform isolates with LC 50 values of 96.4096 ppm, chloroform extract had LC 50 values of 104.1878 ppm and methanol extract had LC 50 values of 485.1681 ppm.
UJI TOKSISITAS (brine shrimp lethality test) DAN PENENTUAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN ALAMI DARI DAUN TERAP (ArtocarpusodoratissimusB.) DENGAN METODE DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhidrazyl) Septiani, Tri Wahyu; -, Erwin
PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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The phytochemical test, brine shrimp lethality test and antioxidant activity test on secondary metabolits of terap (Artocarpus odoratissimus B.)leaves have been completed. The leaves samples are extracted by masseration method that is concentrated by using rotary evaporator. The total extract are fractioned with n-hexane and ethyl acetate. Based on secondary metabolits phytochemical test of terap (Artocarpus odoratissimus B.)leaves showed that total extract, n-hexane fraction extract andEthyl Acetat fraction extractcontains steroid and flavonoid. In brine shrimp lethality test, the increase larvae death data was recorded and processed using SAS Probit Analysis to determine the Lethal Concentration 50 % (LC 50 ) value. The results of this test showed that the most active extract is metanol extract with LC 50 value of 110,5176ppm. Based on the antioxidant activity by scavenging activity of DPPH used spectrophotometry was obtained that Inhibition Concentration 50% (IC 50 ) of total extract is 563,57 ppm, extract of n-hexane fraction is 631,87 ppm and extract of ethyl acetat fraction is 45,30 ppm.
SKRINING FITOKIMIA DAN BIOAKTIVITAS EKSTRAK DAN ISOLAT DARI DAUN TERAP (Artocarpus odoratissimus Blanco) -, Erwin
PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2014
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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steroid (isolate 1) and flavonoid (isolate 2) types have been isolated from n-hexane and chloroform fractions of Terap (Artocarpus odoratissimus Blanco) leaves, respectively. The types of compounds were determined by phytochemical test. Basic on the result of toxicity test against Brine shrimp lethality test (BSLT) shown that isolate 1 exhib ited highest toxic act ivity among others with LC 50 48.39 ppm.
UJI TOKSISITAS DAN PENENTUAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DENGAN METODE DPPH DARI METABOLIT SEKUNDER FRAKSI n-HEKSAN, ETIL ASETAT DAN METANOL-AIR DAUN SISIK NAGA (Drymoglossum piloselloides [Linn.] Pr.) -, Erwin; Sari, Dwi Fitria; Saleh, Chairul
PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
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Phytochemical, toxicity test had been done that used Brine shrimp (Brine shrimp lethality test) and antioxidant activity test using methanol extract from sisik naga leaf (Drymoglossum piloselloides (Linn). Pr) fraction that taken from Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan. Sisik naga leaf was extracted by methanol and then concentrated using rotary evaporator. Then that crude extract was fractioned by n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol-water. Based on phytochemical test of the sisik naga leaf show that crude methanol extract, n-hexane fraction and ethyl acetate fraction was contain alkaloid, flavonoid and steroid at methanol-water fraction was contain alkaloid and phenol. Brine shrimp lethality test show that lethality level of Artemia Salina (L) that used Probit SAS Analyze to determine value of Lethal Concentration 50% (LC 50 ). The test showed that the most active was crude n-Hexane extract with LC 50 value of 0,0910 ppm. Antioxidant activity test of extracts from crudge methanol and some variations fractioned using DPPH radical reduction (2,2 -diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil) using Spectrophotometer. The test showed that the most active and recommended to used as antioxidant is methanol-water fraction with IC 50 values is at 74.51 ppm and LC 50 values is at 87749.9219 ppm.
UJI HIPOGLIKEMIK EKSTRAK METANOL DAUN MAJAPAHIT (Crescentia Cujete (L.) TERHADAP KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH MENCIT JANTAN -, Erwin; Saleh, Chaerul; Purwitasari, Tika
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 9 No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Hypoglycemic test of methanol extract of Crescentia cujete (L.) at dose 25 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg and 75 mg/kg given to male laboratory mice orally with glucose tolerance test method has been done. Measurement of blood glucose was carried out every 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 minutes with glucometer. Result of this research concluded that addition of methanol extract of dose 25 mg/kg gave strongest hypoglycemic effect (25.20%), followed at dose 50 mg/kg (18.00%) and at close 75 mg/kg (10.01%) at confidence limit 0.05. Phytochemical test of methanol extract of Crescentia cujete (L.) leaves shown presence of alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolic and saponin compounds.Keywords: Hypoglycemic, Crescentia cujete (L.), phyatochemical
ANALISIS FITOKIMIA DAN TOKSISITAS (BRINE SHRIMP LETHALITY TEST) EKSTRAK SERBUK SARI DARI Trigona incisa Fiergiyanti, Novalien; -, Erwin; -, Syafrizal
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 13 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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The phytochemical, brine shrimp lethality and activity antioxidant test and secondary metabolits of bee pollen have been conducted. The pollen samples are extract with solvent ethanol by masseration method and that is concentrated by using rotary evaporator. The ethanol crude extract obtained are fractioned with solvent ethanol and solvent ethyl acetat. Based on secondary metabolits phytochemical test of bee pollen showed that ethanol crude extract contains alkaloid and fenolik. Ethanol fraction extract contains alkaloid. Ethyl acetat fraction extract contains alkaloid and fenolik. In brine shrimp lethality test, the increase larvae (Artemia salina L.) death and data was yielded recorded then processed using SAS Probit Analysis to determine the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) value. The results of this test obtained data and showed that the most active fraction is ethanol fraction extract with value of LC50 was equel to 249,60 ppm.Keywords: Bee pollen, phytochemical test, brine shrimp lethality test (BSLT).
Potensi Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Kubis Ungu (Brassica oleracea L.) sebagai Indikator Asam Basa Alami -, Erwin; Nur, Muhammad Asfian; Panggabean, Aman Sentosa
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 13 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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The study of potential use of extracts and fractions of purple cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as an indicator of acid-base has been conducted. This research aims to determine the color change at a certain pH to extract total, n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol fraction. Based on the results of the test changes color only total extracts and methanol fraction that is suitable as indicator. Statistical test that the t test for total titration end point extracts, t calculate is smaller than t table [0.4241 <2.776], it showed no significant difference between the endpoint using the total extract with bromine thymol blue indicator. While the endpoint for methanol fraction having t calculategreater than t table [6.323> 2.776],indicating the end point of the titration using methanol fraction was significantly different compared with bromine thymol blue indicator.Keywords: Brassica oleracea L, indicator, and acid-base
ISOLASI, IDENTIFIKASI DAN UJI TOKSISITAS SENYAWA FLAVONOID FRAKSI KLOROFORM DARI DAUN TERAP (ARTOCARPUS ODORATISSIMUS BLANCO) Tasmin, Nur; -, Erwin; Kusuma, Irawan W
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 12 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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The research about the characterization of flavonoid compound from the leaves of plants applicability chloroform(artocarpus odoratissimus Blanco). Extraction plants done by maceration method and separation of compounds wasperformed using the technique of vakum liquid chromatography and chromatography colomn flash. Separation resultobtained yellowish-white powder. Resul spectrum UV-visible absorption obtained namely the 254.37 to 181.28 areaabsorbance wavelength (nm), while FT-IR analysis result provide absorption at wavenumber there is an alkyl group, ahydroxyl group, an aromatic group and C-O-C stretching based on the data spectrum UV an IR spektrun can beconcluded that the compounds suspected isolated belonged to the Flanva-3-ol. Toxicity was conducted for prawn larvaeArtemia salina Leach. Effect of toxicity from isolate identified with presentage of prawn larva and counted by probitanalysis (LC 50 ). The results of this test showed that the the isolate was very toxic with LC 50 value of 26,8824 ppm. Thetest result obtained mortality of shrimp larvae LC 50 value of each sample is 110.5176 ppm total extract, chloroformfraction 147.7895 ppm, and isolate 80.2568 ppm.Keywords : Terap (Artocarpus odoratissimus Blanco), Isolation, Flavonoid, BSLT
UJI TOKSISITAS DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK DAUN MERAH TANAMAN PUCUK MERAH (Syzygium myrtifolium Walp.) TERHADAP BAKTERI Staphylococcus aureus DAN Escherichia coli Haryati, Nur Aini; Saleh, Chairul; -, Erwin
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 13 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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A research aims to know the toxicity of Pucuk Merah (Syzygium myrtifolium Walp.) red leaves extracts against brine shrimp Artemia salina Leach and its bioactivity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus has been carried out. The dried samples were macerated with ethanol and were fractionated with n-hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol-water. Phytochemical test showed the presence of alkaloids, triterpenoids, steroids, saponins, phenolic and flavonoid in ethanol extract. n-Hexane fraction contained alkaloids, triterpenoids and steroids, ethyl acetate fraction contained alkaloids, triterpenoids, phenolic and flavonoid while ethanol-water fraction contained triterpenoids, saponins and phenolic. Brine Shrimp Lethality Test showed that ethyl acetate fraction had the highest bioactivity in Artemia salina Leach with LC50 values of 149.8600 ppm. Antibacterial activity test using agar diffusion method showed that ethyl acetate fraction had the highest inhibiton against Staphylococcus aureus whereas total extract had the highest inhibition against Escherichia coli with MIC values of 0,5%. These results showed that Syzygium myrtifolium Walp. red leaves extract potential as an antibacterial agent.Keywords: Syzygium myrtifolium Walp., Toxicity, Antibacterial