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DINAMIKA KEHIDUPAN MANUSIA DAN KONDISI SUMBERDAYA ALAM DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI Zuriyani, Elvi
JURNAL SPASIAL Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat

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The purpose of writing this article is to give an overview of watershed damage that has occurred, which also led to the occurrence of natural disasters. Watershed damage that occurs due to the interaction between human and natural resources show that the interaction is negative in the end will result in damage and natural disasters. This paper is a literature review on the analysis of the facts that occurred on the field of natural resource conditions watersheds, as well as in the analysis of the theories associated with pegelolaan DAS. Based on the problems and phenomena of watershed degradation that has occurred in recent years, it is necessary efforts and strategies for watershed management that are useful for the realization of the sustainability of the watershed for the present and future. Cooperation between the public and the government in watershed management is the key factor required. The government must be able to move the various stakeholders in the management of natural resources, including natural resources watersheds, through policies, strategies, and programs to both short term and long term.Keywords: dynamics, human, watershed resources.
DISTRIBUTION ANALYSIS OF AVES SPECIES FOR BIODIVERSITY MEASUREMENT IN FOREST AREAS UNAND PADANG Zuriyani, Elvi
JURNAL SPASIAL Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat

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Aves species is very abundant in the forest area of Indonesia and its biodiversity is influenced by a number of environmental quality parameters. This research aimed to determine the level of species diversity and abundance of aves species in forest areas of Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The second purpose of this study was to determine factors affecting of diversity and abundance of aves species. The method of this research used bird survey technique (method list of 20 species of birds). This method can be used to complete the list of bird species was found in the forest area, using the quantity of bird species that have been observed. To restrict it, we can use 20 species of aves. Based on this study, in the forest area of UNAND have 21 species of aves. Based on the relative abundance of bird species, the birds most commonly found are species of wallet. Whereas some other aves species have a relative abundance slightly. This happens because of disruption of habitat for aves and forests area by human activities.Keywords : distribution, aves species, measuring of biodiversity
PERUBAHAN SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DI KELURAHAN GUNUNG SARIK KECAMATAN KURANJI KOTA PADANG Palmasri, Palmasri; Bakaruddin, Bakaruddin; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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This study aims to determine the socio-economic changes of community  in Sarik Mount Village district of Kuranji Padang city  that includes : 1 ) Livelihood, 2 ) Education and 3 ) land area residents.This research is descriptive. The population in this study were all residents in Sarik Mount Village district of Kuranji Padang  city  totaling 3,701 households. Samples were taken in 2 ways, with engineering samples taken territory taken by porposive sampling technique (designation) is just taking RW I, RW III , VIII and RW  RW  X,  his  appointment  basis  for  4  to  the  region  which  is  a  region experiencing  housing  development  56  the  number  of  households,  while  the sample region taken with total sampling at 56 KK .The research found that: 1) There were changes  in the livelihoods of the changes  in  peoples  livelihoods,  livelihood  development  after  the  livelihood  of farmers were 21 respondents ( 37,5 % ), while 24 respondents ( 42,9 % ) switched to merchant and (19,6 % ) and changes to labor income levels before and after the development of housing  in Sarik Mount Village district of Kuran ji Padang  city  in one  month,  (2)  There  were  changes  in  family  education,  especially  school dropouts decreased ( from 33.9 % to 7,1 % ) and the cause of children dropping out  of  school  before  and  after  the  land  turned  into  housing  is  the  cost  factor (33,9%  to  5,4% ) and ( 3 ) There is a change in the amount of agricultural land area of 24 hectares, before the development of the average farmers had 1,5 ha and 2 ha ( 33,9%), while after the development of the community who do not have the existing  agricultural  land  (26,8%).  Before  the  agriculture  land  residential development  generally  rice  (100,0%)  and  after  the  development  of  paddy  stay (73.2 % ). Landowners who turns are as many as 19 people with an area of 24 ha
KONDISI SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA PETANI CACAO DI KENAGARIAN SIKUCUR KECAMATAN V KOTO KAMPUNG DALAM KABUPATEN PADANG PARIAMAN Yulmaita, Yulmaita; Juita, Erna; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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This  study  aimed  to  obtain  information  on  data  on  Socio-Economic  Condition  Family Farmers Cacao In Kenagarian Sikucur District V Koto Kampung Dalam. Discuss about 1) the state of education in the whole family Kenagarian Sikucur cacao farmers, 2) the condition of cacao  farm  family  income,  3)  cacao  farmers  work  conditions,  and  4)  the  condition  of ownership of family assets cacao farmers in Kenagarian Sikucur In District V Koto Kampung Padang Pariaman district .Classified research on descriptive research, family research subject is  that  cacao  farmers  in  Kenagarian  Sikucur.  Kenagarian  Sikucur  consisting  of  fourteen surroundings.  The  sampling  technique  used  is  the  sample  of  respondents.  the  number  of respondents  in  this  study  was  104  households.  Data  collection  techniques  used  were interviews and observation,   data collection tools  by using a questionnaire study. Techniques of  data  analysis  is  descriptive  in  the  form  of  a  percentage  formula.   Results  of  this  study include : 1) the state of education cacao farmers in general not just at the level of  junior high school  -  graduate  (74  %)  and  upper  middle  as  many  (72.9  %),  2)  The  condition  of  high category cacao farmers income is  Rp. > 1,000 .000-1.250.000 (65.3 %) and Rp. > 1,250,000 (30.7 %) , 3) Conditions before farming cacao farmers work in general farming and coconut rice (75.8 %), with a side jo b trade and the self-employed (82.6 %), 4 ) the condition of assets cacao farmers in general have two vehicles per household (58.6 %), type of house most of the permanent  farmers  (84.6 %)  homes  (53.8  %)  and  the status of  the  land  or  land  planted  in cacao are generally owned their own (73.0 %) .
FACTORS AFFECTING THE COMMUNITY HABITS UTILIZING AIR BATANG KENAGARIAN SALISIKAN AT REED RIVER DISTRICT BATANG ANAI PARIAMAN DISTRICT. GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION: STKIP PGRI WEST SUMATERA Mayasari, Vela; Dasrizal, Dasrizal; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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This study aimed to obtain information, analyze and discuss data on the factors that influence peoples habits in using Salisikan in Kenagarian Air Batang River District Batang Anai Reed Pariaman district. This type of research is descriptive correlational. The study population was the head of household or family who live between 0-200 m of Air Batang Kenagarian Salisikan at Reed River District Batang Anai Pariaman district, amounting to 360 households in the study sample is proportional random sampling technique is the proportion of 15% that sample of around 54 households. Based on a simple linear regression analysis, a double (multiple) and the correlation it can be concluded as follows: (1) There is the influence of the educational level of the people in the habit of utilizing Air Batang Salisikan the enormous impact that lower category (r = 0.367) and a very small contribution (13.4%), (2) There is the influence of the level of knowledge of the habits of the people in the use of Air Batang desarnya Salisikan with influences including low category (r = 0.394) and a very small contribution (15.5%), (3) there is an influence between the income level of the people in the habit of utilizing Air Batang Salisikan the enormous impact that includes low (r = 0.386) and a very small contribution (14.9%), (4) There is no effect of the number of family members to the customs of the people in the use of Air Batang Salisikan because the magnitude of the effect is very low (r = 0.147) with a very small contribution (2.2%) and (5) There is the influence of the level of education, level of knowledge, level of income and number of family members together to exploit peoples habits in Batang Air Salisikan in Kenagarian Reed River District Batang Anai Pariaman district because Fhitung> F table (4.824> 3.150) with moderate strength (r = 0.532) and includes a small contribution (28.3%).
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN MANAGING ABRASION IN MAPADEGAT BEACH IN THE DISTRICT OF NORTH SIPORA MENTAWAI ISLANDS Januarti, Helni; Dasrizal, Dasrizal; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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 This study aimed to obtain information, analyze and describe data on community participation in tackling abrasion Mapadegat Beach in the District of North Sipora Mentawai Islands regency views of: 1) prohibit the participation of sand quarrying activity, 2) participation in reforestation and 3) participation preserve beach Mappadegat.This study is a qualitative study using interview techniques. To answer this problem used primary data and secondary data. Primary data was collected through observation, interviews, discussions with informants and photographs taken in the field, while the secondary data obtained from the relevant parties.Research results showed: (1) prohibit people want to participate in sand mining activities, but to date the sand mining is still running, (2) People want to participate in reforestation activities because they want the beauty and sustainability can be maintained Mappadegat da beach (3) Society willing to participate in conserving coastal Mappadegat be maintained
UPAYA MASYARAKAT DALAM MENGATASI BENCANA BANJIR BANDANG DI KELURAHAN LAMBUNG BUKIT KECAMATAN PAUH KOTA PADANG Reny, Afrilla; Juita, Erna; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Watershed management, especially in Pauh seem less good. This can be seen by the occurrence of flood disasters in the Bukit Pauh subdistrict. Kuranji upstream watershed damage caused by human activities, such as indiscriminate logging, land conversion along the watershed and land use change upstream. This shows that people do not understand how to better manage watersheds, people prefer utilizing watershed areas as a source of economicThis study aimed to obtain information, analyze and discuss data on the communitys efforts to overcome flash floods in Hull Village Bukit Padang Pauh subdistrict which includes: 1 ) conservation efforts in the watershed and 2 ) land use throughout the watershed . This research is descriptive . Population in this research is that there are people in flood -prone areas in the Village Gastric Bukit Padang Pauh subdistrict consists of 4 RT 13 RW and 814 families numbering . Samples were taken in 2 ways , first ; samples taken territory with purposive sampling techniques , namely the selection of areas affected by flash floods in Hull Village Bukit Padang Pauh subdistrict namely RW III on RT 1 and 4 and the second, the sample of respondents is taken with total sampling , so that the sample in this study amounted to 113 families ( KK ) . The research found that : 1 ) The efforts of the community , among others, is to understand the benefits that society Batang Kuranji periodically clean the area around the watershed , not cutting trees , do not engage in activities that goes contrary to the watershed , participate and perform watershed by utilizing land DAS 50-100 m from the edge of the river and 2 ) efforts to regulate land use throughout the watershed in the Village District Gastric Bukit Padang Pauh quite well with the level of achievement of respondents 61,1 %
PROFIL MASYARAKAT DALAM MEMANFAATKAN AIR BATANG HARI DI KENAGARIAN LUBUK ULANG ALING SELATAN KECAMATAN SANGIR BATANG HARI KABUPATEN SOLOK SELATAN Wati, Ratna; Edial, Helfia; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Wisuda Ke 47, Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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This study aims to determine the profile of the community in the use of water in Batang Hari river Kenagarian Lubuk Aling Selatan District Sangir Batang Hari Solok Selatan which include : 1) education , 2 ) economic conditions, 3 ) the level of health dan 4 ) culture.This research is descriptive. The population in this study is people in Kenagarian Lubuk Ulang Aling Selatan having ± 20 m distance from their homes to the water Batang Hari totaling 302 households, each household can be represented by one households. Respondent sample taken with the technique of random sampling proportional to the proportion of 25 % so that the sample was 76 families .The research found that : 1 ) the condition of the education level of the people who use water Batang Hari generally never get a formal education with education level taken is not complete primary school - The End SD , although so many are out of school . Considers very important the public education so that the children need to get an education . Currently children who are still studying are generally 1 and there are children who drop out of school , ( 2 ) the economic condition that utilizes water generally is Batang Hari gold miners with income > Rp 5.000.000/bulan . Society also has a side job as a farmer with revenue generally Rp 1,000,000 - Rp 2.000.000/bulan . Society also has a family member that works but needs less fulfilled life , ( 3 ) the condition of public health that utilizes water generally has Batang Hari WC / private bathroom but rarely used . Clean water sources are rivers , water treatment generally boiled water consumed while health is generally decent and ( 4 ) cultural communities like bathing in the river for reasons more to socialize with the people around
PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN TEMPAT TINGGAL DAN DISIPLIN BELAJAR TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR GEOGRAFI SISWA KELAS XI SMAN 1 TANJUNG MUTIARA Andira Sari, Afrilia; Ahmad, Ridwan; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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The  pupose from this research is to determine the extent  of the influence of the neigborhood and the discipline of learning to learn geography for students clas XI SMAN 1 Tanjung Mutiara. The kind of this research is descriptive corelation. The population from this research is students class XI SMAN 1 Tanjung Mutiara all totaled 185 students to determine the sample size used sampling technicques performed by simple rando sampling using slovin formula. The total sample of 127 students. Data collection technique used is descriptive analytical and to the test the hypotesis used multiple regression F test and T test. Results of this indicate theit: (1) sigificant relationship between living environment on learning outcomes of geography students class XI SMAN 1 Tanjung Mutiara about 13,5 % (percent).(2) A significant difference between of the discipline of learning outcomes of geography students class XI SMAN 1 Tanjung Mutiara by 9,8 % (percent). (3) A significant diference
DAMPAK EROSI TEBING SUNGAI (STREAMBANK EROSION) TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN PINGGIR BATANG BANGKO DI KABUPATEN SOLOK SELATAN Agustian, Dani; Edial, Helfia; Zuriyani, Elvi
Pendidikan Geografi Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Geografi
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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This study aims to analyze, collect, and process and describe the changes in river flow conditions caused by: 1) the condition of land use change caused by erosion of the river banks around the edge of the Batang Bangko, 2) the condition of river bank erosion caused by the river around the edge of the cliff rod Batang Bangko, 3) the speed of the river flow due to changes in land and river bank erosion 4) changes in stream flow direction Batang Bangko streambank erosion. This study uses a descriptive method that aims to explain, a portrait of the symptoms, the facts and the nature of the research area. The results showed that: 1) changes occur throughout Nagari land traversed by the Batang Bangko lengths vary between 87 m - 121 m. Changing land is paddy fields into streams. The main causes of land use change is the streambankerosion, 2) conditions along in general Bangko Batang is the streambanks. Streambank erosion caused by human activities in managing and treating nature.Activities Class C mining (sand and gravel) exploit many rivers and the surrounding areas, so that the carrying capacity of the streambank to decline, 3) Speed at Batang Bangko found diverse, thereby potentially streambank erosion along stream Batang Bangko. Average flow rate obtained at all points of observation ranged from 2.07 to 2.69 m / sec. As a result, the speed of the flow can also affect the river bank erosion in streams and Batang Bangko 4) Changes in flow direction of the river occurs at each sample point through which the Batang Bangko is also changing the varying distances 18-28 m and occurs in the left and the right of the river. Streams left turn into scrubland. The main causes of changes in flow direction of the flow is caused by human activity and the speed of the flow and the absence of vegetation land cover found on the riverbank.