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PENINGKATAN STATUS BESI DAN KEBUGARAN FISIK PEKERJA WANITA USIA SUBUR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The study aims were to (1) assess the nutritional status, adequacy level, and physical fitness of the nonpregnant reproductive female workers, and (2) analyze the effect of micronutrients supplementation on their iron status and physical fitness. This research employed experimental design of double blind, completely randomized design by involving 338 households of female workers. The experimental unit consists of 39 female workers whose hemoglobin level were 80-125 g/L. However, five of them were drop out due to pregnancy or sickness. The treatments applied in the study were three capsules containing: (1) iron and folic acid (BF), (2) multi-vitamin and mineral (MVM), which contains of 15 different vitamins and minerals, and (3) placebo (P). The body mass index of the female workers were thin 12 percent, normal 70 percent and overweight 18 percent. Most of their nutritional intake of vitamin C, calcium and iron were deficient but they had a good to superior of physical fitness. After 10 weeks of three days per week supplementation, BF significantly increased the hemoglobin (p

Diagnostic Value of C-Reactive Protein in Sepsis Neonatorum

Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 62 No. 6 June 2012
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

Introduction Until recently, infection remains a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in newborn infants. Gold standard diagnosis of sepsis is blood culture, but not all medical facilities are able to perform blood cultures. Thus, inspection of septic markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) is still needed. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy values   of CRP in the diagnosis of sepsis.Methods The study was a cross-sectional study of nature descriptic-analytic and performed at the Hospital Unit Perinatologi Abdul Moeloek Lampung. Examination of blood culture as gold standard, septic inspection markers, and CRP performed on infants who showed clinical symptoms of sepsis. The study was conducted from June 2010 until December 2010.Results From the result, 81 infants who met the inclusion criteria and exclusion were obtained. Sensitivity CRP value was 71%, the specificity 62%, and the accuracy is 68%.Conclusion Examination of CRP may be an alternative investigation for patients suspected of neonatal sepsis.Key word: CRP, sepsis neonatorum, sensitivity and specificity.

Perbedaan Kepuasan Pasien Peserta Askes Di Puskesmas & Praktek Dokter Keluarga Sebuah Balai Pengobatan Swasta Di Bandar Lampung

Juke Unila Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Juke Unila

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Abstract

Patients satisfaction or consumers satisfaction is one of the few indicators to measure the quality of healths services by using satisfaction measurements survey. The aim of this research are to know the difference health satisfactions level and the difference of health services satisfaction of insurance participant patients (askes) at The Executive Health Service 1st Stage Puskesmas and familys doctor practice Clinical Centre in Bandar Lampung. This research is using escriptive-comparative method with cross sectional approach and accidental sampling. The sample consisted of 100 health insurance patients at public health centre and 99 patients at familys doctor practice. The analysis of this research is looking for the difference of means value statistically. To find out the difference meaning of value mean, this research is using Mann-Whitney U test as hypothesiss test. The result of the research showed that the difference health satisfactions  level of insurance patients between The Executive Health Service 1st Stage public health centre and familys doctor practice is in the range enough until good (mean for the answer = 3,35 dan 3,46), there are differences satisfaction to the doctors service factor and to the access of healths service factor (p = 0,002 dan p = 0,000), then there are no differences satisfaction to the physical movement factor and administrations service factor (p = 0,126 dan p = 0,112)

Pengaruh Pemberian Kalsium Terhadap Panjang Kranium Fetus Tikus Putih (Rattus Norvegicus) Setelah Pemberian Etanol

Juke Unila Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Juke Unila

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Abstract

Calcium is an essential element in the human body primarily on bone metabolism processes. Calcium is needed to activate the osteoblast in producing bone matrix. Calcium metabolism in human body could be inhibited by ethanol. Someone who consumes ethanol will suffer hypocalcemia. Consequently activating process of the osteoblast producing of bone matrix will be imbalanced and bone structure will be abnormal. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of calcium supplementation on the length of white rat fetus cranium in organogenesis phase of Sprague Dawley strain that had been treated by ethanol. This study uses an experimental research design using 20 rats (Rattus norvegicus) of Sprague Dawley strain pregnant females aged 10-16 weeks which randomly selected were divided into five groups. The results showed that the average cranium length from analysis of one way ANOVA p value = 0.000. Post Hoc LSD cranium length with five groups compared with each other p = 0.000. Can be concluded that the existence of the effect of calcium supplementation on the length of white rat (Rattus norvegicus) fetus cranium that had been treated by ethanol

Faktor Risiko Pola Makan dan Hubungannya dengan Penyakit Jantung pada Pria dan Wanita Dewasa di Provinsi Lampung

Juke Unila Vol 5, No 9 (2015)
Publisher : Juke Unila

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Abstract

Penyakit jantung adalah penyebab utama kematian di seluruh dunia termasuk Indonesia. Perubahan gaya hidup seperti pola makan yang menjurus ke sajian siap santap yang tidak sehat dan tidak seimbang karena mengandung kalori, lemak, protein, dan garam tinggi tapi rendah serat pangan disinyalir menjadi faktor risiko meningkatnya prevalensi penyakit jantung. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menganalisis faktor risiko pola makan dan hubungannya dengan penyakit jantung pada pria dan wanita dewasa di Provinsi Lampung. Penelitian ini menggunakan disain penelitian cross-sectional. Penelitian ini menganalisis  faktor risiko pola makan yang berhubungan dengan penyakit jantung antara lain kebiasaan konsumsi sayur dan buah, kebiasaan konsumsi makanan berlemak, kebiasaan makanan asin, kebiasaan konsumsi alkohol pada pria dan wanita dewasa di Provinsi Lampung. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan data sekunder yang diambil dari data Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007 Provinsi Lampung oleh Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Indonesia. Prevalensi penyakit jantung pada pria dan wanita dewasa di Provinsi Lampung adalah 3,8 %. Terdapat hubungan antara konsumsi makanan asin dengan penyakit jantung (OR=1,17). Tidak terdapat hubungan antara riwayat konsumsi alkohol dalam 12 bulan terakhir dengan penyakit jantung (p=0,226). Didapatkan konsumsi sayur dan buah merupakan faktor protektif terhadap penyakit jantung (OR=0,83). Simpulan, penderita jantung Provinsi Lampung harus memperhatikan pola makan meliputi mengurangi konsumsi makanan asin dan meningkatkan konsumsi sayur dan buah. [JuKe Unila 2015; 5(9):18-22]

Peranan Sistem Repong Damar Terhadap Pendapatan, Asupan Makan Dan Status Gizi Balita : Studi Kasus Di Desa Pahmungan Kecamatan Pesisir Tengah Kabupaten Pesisir Barat

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Januari
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

ABSTRACT  Regions Special Purpose or KDTI (Ministry of Forestry decree No.47/Kpts-II/1998) Repong Damar indigenous forest area of 29,000 ha which is a best practice community-based forest management in the western part of Lampung Province yet known about its capacity to ensure the sustainability of human resource development primarily critical starting at the age of five or its called toddlers. This study was doing from March to April 2014 in the village of Pahmungan District of the West Pesisir. The purpose of this research is: Knowing the linkage between population and income damar tree tenure, household food expenditure, protein intake toddlers, health status and nutritional status of toddlers. Data acquisition was done through interviews to collect data ownership damar tree population, income, food expenditure, health status and food intake (food recall) as the basis for determining the toddler nutritional status of children is calculated by the method of anthropometry (Ministry of Health, 2010). Parameter optimization using the software Minitab 16. The conclusions has proven there is a real link between the role of damar agroforest system to income, health status, and nutritional status of toddlers. Found relations or real relationship between income of damar agroforest [YI] with a population of damar tree with a model [YI]i= -0.1770 +0.023150[PHN]i. Furthermore simultaneously discovered the real relationship between food expenditure (YII) with [YII] as illustrated by the model [YII]i= 1.1546 +0438 [YI]. Further simultaneously discovered the real relationship between protein intake toddlers [YIII] with food expenditure [YII] with the model [YIII]i= 17 012 +3703 [YII].  Keyword: Repong damar, income, health status and nutritional status of toddlers

Uji Kepekaan Antibiotik Terhadap Pseudomonas aeroginosa Penyebab Sepsis Neonatorum

Sari Pediatri Vol 14, No 5 (2013)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

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Abstract

Latar belakang. Kematian neonatal akibat sepsis neonatorum masih sangat tinggi, salah satu kemungkinan disebabkan kegagalan terapi antibiotik. Pseudomonas aeroginosa sebagai salah satu penyebab sepsis neonatorum kemungkinan sudah resisten terhadap beberapa antibiotik.Tujuan. Mengetahui resistensi Pseudomonas aeruginosa terhadap beberapa antibiotik.Metoda. Dilakukan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang. Populasi target adalah pasien yang dirawat di Unit Perawatan Intensif Level II Neonatal Rumah Sakit Abdul Moeloek Lampung (RSAM), selama periode Juli−Desember 2010. Kriteria inklusi, pasien menunjukkan gejala klinis sepsis neonatorum. Kriteria eksklusi, pasien yang meninggal sebelum diambil spesimennya. Pasien diambil sampel darahnya untuk pemeriksaan biakan. Biakan yang tumbuh dan dicurigai sebagai koloni kuman diidentifikasi. Uji kepekaan dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Kirby-Bauer (disc diffusion technique). Interpretasi National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standard.Hasil. Terdapat 14 jenis antibiotik yang diteliti >50% resisten terhadap Pseudomonas aeruginosa seperti ampisilin, eritromisin, amoksisilin, sefuroksim, seftriakson, gentamisin, tetrasiklin, sefadroksil, piperasilin, trimetroprim, tobramisin, kotrimoksazol, nalidiksid, sulfonamid kompleks. Sedangkan 11 macam antibiotik yang diteliti >50% sensitif di antaranya meropenem, klindamisin, amikasin, norfloksasin, siprofloksasin, ofloksasin, fosfomisin, seftazidim, netilmisin, kanamisin. Antibiotik lini pertama di Unit Perawatan Intensif Level II Neonatal RSAM yaitu ampisilin dan gentamisin, lini kedua seftazidim dan amikasin sedangkan lini ke tiga adalah meropenem.Kesimpulan. Pseudomonas aeroginosa telah resisten terhadap 14 jenis antibiotik, sehingga para klinisi harus berhati-hati dalam memilih antibiotik terutama golongan sefalosporin.