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Pengaruh Panjang Hari, Asam Indol Asetat, dan Fosfor terhadap Tanaman Kedelai dan Kualitas Benih dalam Penyimpanan Hartawan, Rudi; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Negara, Zaidan Panji; Hasmeda, Mery; Zulkarnain, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of photoperiod, indole acetic acid (IAA), and phosphorus on soybean plant growth and seed quality during storage. The trial was carried out at Sebapo Experimental Station, Jambi, Center for Post Harvest Research and Development, The Ministry of Agriculture and Center for Forest Research and Development, The Ministry of Forestry, Bogor from November 2009 until June 2010. Split-split plot design was used consisted of three factors, i.e. photoperiods (12 and 14 hours 54 minutes) as the main plot, concentrations of IAA (0, 75, and 150 ppm) as sub plot, and dosages of phosphorus (0, 60, and 120 kg P2O5  ha-1)  as  sub  sub  plot.  The  result  showed  that  photoperiod, IAA,  and  phosphorus  application  had signifi  cantly improved production and seed quality. The path analysis showed that the weight of 1,000 seeds affected other variables. The seed protein content has the largest path coeffi  cient compared to other variables. The treatment of mother plant with 14 hours 54 minutes photoperiod combined with IAA of 150 ppm and P2O5 of 120 kg ha-1 resulted in the highest seed quality during 90 days of storage  in room temperature.   Keywords: food crops, seed physiology, seed technology
RESEARCH NOTE Floral Bud Length as Morphological Predictor for Microspore Developmental Stage in Sturt’s Desert Pea (Swainsona formosa) Zulkarnain, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 33, No 2 (2005): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

This work was conducted to establish the relationship between microspore developmental stage and length of the floral bud in glasshouse-grown Sturt´s desert pea, a native Australian legume.  The stages of microspore development were segregated into tetrad, early-uninucleate, mid-uninucleate and late-uninucleate.  The results showed that the stage of microspore development was highly dependent on the length of floral bud.  The tetrad stage lasted longer than early-, mid- or late-uninucleate stages.  The attempted induction of androgenesis in Sturt´s desert pea using anthers from floral buds with similar size, as in the present work, was unsuccessful.  However, our work showed that the floral bud length can be used as a reliable predictor of microspore developmental stage in Sturt´s desert pea.   Key words: Sturt´s desert pea, Swainsona formosa, androgenesis, legume
Pengaruh Panjang Hari, Asam Indol Asetat, dan Fosfor terhadap Tanaman Kedelai dan Kualitas Benih dalam Penyimpanan Hartawan, Rudi; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Negara, Zaidan Panji; Hasmeda, Mery; Zulkarnain, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.34 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of photoperiod, indole acetic acid (IAA), and phosphorus on soybean plant growth and seed quality during storage. The trial was carried out at Sebapo Experimental Station, Jambi, Center for Post Harvest Research and Development, The Ministry of Agriculture and Center for Forest Research and Development, The Ministry of Forestry, Bogor from November 2009 until June 2010. Split-split plot design was used consisted of three factors, i.e. photoperiods (12 and 14 hours 54 minutes) as the main plot, concentrations of IAA (0, 75, and 150 ppm) as subplot, and dosages of phosphorus (0, 60, and 120 kg P2O5 ha-1) as subplot. The result showed that photoperiod, IAA, and phosphorus application had significantly improved production and seed quality. The path analysis showed that the weight of 1,000 seeds affected other variables. The seed protein content has the largest path coefficient compared to other variables. The treatment of mother plant with 14 hours 54 minutes photoperiod combined with IAA of 150 ppm and P2O5 of 120 kg ha-1 resulted in the highest seed quality during 90 days of storage in room temperature.
RESEARCH NOTE Floral Bud Length as Morphological Predictor for Microspore Developmental Stage in Sturt’s Desert Pea (Swainsona formosa) Zulkarnain, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 33, No 2 (2005): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This work was conducted to establish the relationship between microspore developmental stage and length of the floral bud in glasshouse-grown Sturt's desert pea, a native Australian legume.? The stages of microspore development were segregated into tetrad, early-uninucleate, mid-uninucleate and late-uninucleate.? The results showed that the stage of microspore development was highly dependent on the length of floral bud.? The tetrad stage lasted longer than early-, mid- or late-uninucleate stages.? The attempted induction of androgenesis in Sturt's desert pea using anthers from floral buds with similar size, as in the present work, was unsuccessful.? However, our work showed that the floral bud length can be used as a reliable predictor of microspore developmental stage in Sturt's desert pea. ? Key words: Sturt's desert pea, Swainsona formosa, androgenesis, legume