Ahmad Zuber
Dosen Jurusan Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta (UNS)

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MODEL PENDIDIKAN PARTISIPATIF EMPAT PILAR BANGSA BAGI INTEGRASI NASIONAL

Jurnal Komunitas: Research and Learning in Sociology and Anthropology Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Tema Edisi: Model-Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Pendidikan Karakter Bangsa
Publisher : Jurnal Komunitas: Research and Learning in Sociology and Anthropology

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Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pendidikan partisipatif tentang empat pilar bangsa pada masyarakat akar rumput. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Sudiroprajan. Penelitian dirancang menerapkan Participatory Action Research, dengan siklus planning, act, observe, dan reflection. Integrasi dianalisis dengan fungsionalisme struktural, sebatas Cina-Jawa, dan sebatas variabel tingkat pengamalan 4 pilar bangsa.  Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa melalui gambar dan tulisan yang mereka tuangkan dalam media mural, penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mereka memahami isi 4 pilar bangsa (Pancasila, UUD 1945, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika dan NKRI) dan merepresentasikan pengamalan dan penghayatannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Melalui mural, selain menjadikan tembok tampak terawat, terlihat bersih dan enak dipandang, juga dapat mengaktualisasikan pesan asimilasi alamiah di kampung Mbalong menjadi representasi bahwa mereka tidak lagi mempermasalahkan etnisitas, mampu mereduksi ikatan primordialisme, menguatkan persatuan, nasionalisme, dan mengokohkan integrasi nasional. AbstractThis study aims to develop a participatory education model for educating four nation pillars in grassroots level. The research was concluded in Sudiroprajan Surakarta using participatory action research. The result shows that throught mural citizen can express their understanding of four nation pillars concern on the form of mural drawings and writings indicate that they understanding the content and practice the four nation pillars (Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, Unity in Diversity, The Unity State Republic of Indonesia) in the everyday life. The murals do not only make the walls clean and pleasing. They also can actualize the message of natural assimilation. This is illustrated in Mbalong mural which suggests an idea that ethnicity there, is not longer a problem, that they can reduce primordial ties, strengthen unity, nationalism, and the national integration.  © 2013 Universitas Negeri Semarang

KONFLIK AGRARIA DI INDONESIA

Jurnal Sosiologi Reflektif Vol 8, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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This article describe agrarian conflict in Indonesia. Until this moment many agrarian conflict are happen in Papua, Java, Kalimantan and Sumatera. This conflict consist many interests and there isn’t equity policy to society are following this conflict. The implication the agrarian conflict become latent conflict. It usually make huge damage in society and nation.

The Survival Strategy of Poor People in Surakarta

KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 10, No 2 (2018): Komunitas, September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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This research aimed to find out the surviving strategy of poor people in Kelurahan Semanggi, Pasar Kliwon Sub District, Surakarta. This study employed descriptive case study research method, with purposive sampling being the technique for selecting informant and poor people living in Kelurahan Semanggi, Pasar Kliwon Sub District, Surakarta being the unit of analysis to be studied. Data collection was conducted through in-depth interview, observation, and documentation of activities related to the surviving strategy of poor people in Kelurahan Semanggi, Pasar Kliwon Sub District, Surakarta. Data validation was carried out using data source triangulation with an interactive model of data analysis. The result of research showed that the surviving strategy taken by poor people in Kelurahan Semanggi was divided into 3. Firstly, active strategy was taken by telling the wife to work in order to help suffice the family’s need. Secondly, passive strategy was taken to apply parsimoniously living pattern, such as minimizing money spending, prioritizing more the expenditure for food need than that for other needs, minimizing the expenditure for their children’s pocket money and some people admitted that they were dependent on the government’s grant. Thirdly, the final strategy was network strategy taken by borrowing money from relatives, neighbor and other relations.

The Importance Of Educational Level For Farmer’s Upward Social Mobility In Wringinpitu Village

International Journal of Pedagogy and Teacher Education Vol 2 (2018): IJPTE Focus Issue July 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Education influences upward movement in vertical social mobility. With scholars not returning to villages, upward social mobility in a farmer’s society slows down. The research was conducted from September 2017 until April 2018 in Wringinpitu village, Tegaldlimo sub-district, Banyuwangi district with the aim of determining upward social mobility of farmers in Wringinpitu village. Upward social mobility is determined by the differences in a farmer’s life, before and after planting oranges, land ownership, wealth, and social position in a society. The research uses a qualitative case study design with data collected through observation, documentation, and in-depth interviews. The informants were selected based on a purposive sampling method. The data was then validated by triangulation and analyzed using the interactive model. The results has shown that the factors affecting upward social mobility was not only due to higher education levels but also from opportunities, family background, and social capital. Scholarly farmers achieve the highest social position while farmers with only junior high school background having the lowest social position. The less educated farmers are less able to absorb information and make innovations. Scholarly farmers are more successful and become role models for other farmers. Farmer with higher education are able to achieve higher vertical social mobility and vice versa. The results of the research propose that educational institutions should educate and motivate scholars to return to their villages as agents of change.

PERANGKAP KEMISKINAN PADA WARGA RELOKASI (STUDI KORELASIONAL: UNSUR-UNSUR PERANGKAP KEMISKINAN PADA WARGA RELOKASI PUCANG MOJO KEDUNGTUNGKUL MOJOSONGO JEBRES SURAKARTA)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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This study is the result of the interpretation of the theory of "Poverty Trap" Robert Chambers (1983) to the social facts paradigm (Emile Dhurkheim, 1964). The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the resident relocation poverty trap, by way of explaining whether or not the relationship between the elements of the poverty trap in this case: powerlessness, vulnerability, physical weakness, material poverty, and isolation of the Public Service, the citizens relocation Pucang Mojo, Kedungtungkul, Mojosongo, Surakarta. This study uses poverty approach both structurally and culturally. This research is survey research with an explanatory strategy. The study population was all heads of households in Housing Relocation Pucang mojo, Mojosongo, Surakarta.The number of sample was taken 50% out of total population. This study employed quantitative data with triangulation using qualitative data as the confirmer. The qualitative data used was the one derived from result of interview and observation. To examine the relationship between the elements of poverty trap, Product Moment Correlation test was used that was processed with SPSS 19.0 version IBM. The dominant result of statistic data processing in this study was then combined with qualitative data in the discussion. The result of discussion showed that: out of ten relationships between variables or elements existing, only four categorized into significant relationship, while the other six elements were proved insignificant. The four elements are shown to have a significant association among others: the poverty of material with physical weakness, material poverty with vulnerability, physical weakness with vulnerability, and isolation of the public service with the helplessness while the sixth has no correlation relationships such as: poverty with insulating material to public servants, the material poverty with powerlessness, physical weakness with insulation against public servants, physical weakness with powerlessness, isolation against public servants with vulnerability, and vulnerability to helplessness. This finding showed that not all hypotheses suggested by Robert Chambers (1983) could be proved in the context of urban poverty, particularly among the relocated people in Pucangmojo, Kedungtungkul, Mojosongo, Jebres, Surakarta. Keywords: poverty trap and 

HABITUS PENGEMBANGAN DESA WISATA KUWU: STUDI KASUS DESA WISATA KUWU KECAMATAN KRADENAN KABUPATEN GROBOGAN

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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This research aimed to find out the tourism potency, practice (habitusand domain capital), supporting and inhibiting dimensions, strategy, and theeffect of Kuwu Tourism Village Development in Kradenan Subdistrict ofGrobogan Regency of Central Java using Pierce F Bourdieu’s Practical Theory and Robert K. Merton’s Structural Functionalism Theory. This study was a qualitative research using case study strategy. The data source ofresearch included informant, archive and document. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. Technique of collecting data used in thisresearch was in-depth interview and observation. The result of research show that many tourism potentials had not been explored yet in Kuwu Village,either social or cultural. Habitus and economic capital, social capital, cultural capital, and symbolic capital of Kuwu villagers could be utilized inKuwu tourism village domain to develop Kuwu tourism village. But in fact, the habitus and capital the Kuwu villagers had, had not been utilized anddeveloped optimally. The supporting dimensions in Kuwu tourism villagedevelopment included the presence of Bledug Kuwu natural phenomenon,social cultural potency, and accessible road. Meanwhile, the inhibitingdimension derived from government, community, physical condition andexternal parties (investor and Non Governmental Organization). The tourismdevelopment strategy was taken by regency government and villagegovernment, in which the development still focused on Bledug Kuwu tourismobject. The effect of Kuwu Tourism Village viewed from social economicaspect occurred only in some people obtaining additional income from theirparticipation in becoming food sellers, parking personnel and etc in BledugKuwu. The social cultural effect was the preserved Javanese traditional artwith the organization of art performance in Bledug Kuwu Tourism object. Theenvironmental effect could be seen only in the Kuwu (Krajan) Hamlet people who had disposed the rubbish in the permanent rubbish place. Keywords: Habitus, Capital, Tourism Development, Tourism Sociology

KEMISKINAN DALAM PEMBANGUNAN

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Dalam pembukaan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 telah tercantum tujuanpembangunan nasional yaitu untuk mewujudkan suatu masyarakat adil danmakmur, material, dan spiritual berdasarkan Pancasila, di dalam wadahnegara kesatuan republik Indonesia yang merdeka, berdaulat, dan bersatu,dalam suasana perikehidupan bangsa yang damai, tentram, tertib, dandinamis, serta dalam lingkungan pergaulan hidup dunia yang merdeka,bersahabat, tertib, dan damai. Namun Maraknya kegiatan dan perencanaanpembangunan belum sepenuhnya mampu mensejahterakan bangsa danNegara. Pembangunan di berbagai sektor juga belum dapat menampung danmemenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat. Dapat kita lihat bahwa hingga kinimasalah kemiskinan belum bisa di tanggulangi dengan baik. Bahkansemakin maraknya pembangunan semakin menambah deret kemiskinan dinegeri ini. Ketidak sesuaian antara tujuan pembangunan dengan realitayang terjadi di lapangan dapat menimbulkan berbagai masalah. Perencanaandan program pembanguan belum dapat menanggulangi kemiskinan diNegara Indonesia. Selain itu munculnya berbagai faktor yangmempengaruhi kegagalan penanggulangan kemiskinan. Karena itudibutuhkan strategi pembangunan yang tepat guna menanggulangikemiskinan di Negara Indonesia.Keywords: Program Pembangunan, Kemiskinan.

PERANAN MODAL SOSIAL BAGI PETANI MISKIN UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP RUMAH TANGGA DI PEDESAAN NGAWI (STUDI KASUS DI DESA RANDUSONGO KECAMATAN GERIH KABUPATEN NGAWI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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This study was a descriptive qualitative research aiming to describe the role of Social Capital for the poor farmer to sustain their household life. The subject of research consisted of poor farmers having a less-than-0.13 ha land conducted in RT 4 RW 6 Bulu II Hamlet, Randusongo Village, Gerih Subdistrict, Ngawi Regency, East Java Province.This study was conducted using in-depth interview, observation, and library study techniques. Meanwhile, the sampling technique used was maximum variation sampling taken seven informants as the sample, consisting of four informants: poor old, very poor old, poor young, and very poor young farmers, as the case informant, while the key informant of research consisted of: elders of Randusongo Village, Carik/Secretary of Randusongo Village, and Head of Bulu II Hamlet. Key informant was also used as the instrument of validating the field data from the informant.The case informants were selected based on the criterion specified by Statistical Central Agency (BPS), that was, those belonging to poor family, while key informants were the village elders considered as knowledgeable and understanding about the daily condition of poor farmers because they domiciled in the same hamlet, and the village apparatus considered as knowing the poor farmers’ condition because they often gave them service regarding Bantuan Langsung Tunai ((BLT= Cash Direct Grant) now called Bantuan Langsung Sementara Masyarakat (BLSM = Temporary Public Grant), Raskin (rice for poor people) and other services.The result showed that bonding social capital played an important role for the poor farmers in sustaining their household life. It could be seen from those helping their poor close relatives in meeting their daily life needs. Bridging social capital is the strongest out of the three social capitals existing because many poor farmer household could survive because of their close neighbor’s help. Linking social capital did not play a role at al because such organization as PKK (Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga = Family Welfare Education) or organization at either RT or RW level in Randusongo village did not work thereby could not contribute to reinforcing social capital within the society. Keywords : social capital, poor farmer, life sustainability

REPRESENTASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN MEMBATIK

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Globalization outcome on the decline of the student’s love at local wisdom so that, student’s lack understanding to the significance of the batik’s existence as a heritage which full of life’s wisdom value. The aim of this research is to analyze the character education based on local wisdom representationthrough making batik at Batik 2 Senior High School, Surakarta.The analysis unit in this qualitative research with case study approach is stakeholders of Batik 2 Senior High School, Surakarta that been selected by purposeive sampling. Data collecting by observation, in-depth interview and documentation. Data validation with source triangulation the these data being analyzed by interactive model.The result of this resarch is show that, through making batik lessons in the school can achieve the balance on student’s between their consience, supra-ritual and intellectual related conected with God through philosophy and symbol of batik. Making batik lessons which carried out in the classical way through theory as well as pracctice bring positive impact for student’s character building that fit local wisdom values.Keywords:Batik, Local Wisdom, Character Building, Representation. AbstrakGlobalisasi berdampak pada menurunnya kecintaan siswa pada kearifan lokal sehingga siswa kurang memahami makna eksistensi batik sebagai warisan budaya yang kaya nilai-nilai kebijaksanaan hidup.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis representasi pendidikan karakter berbasis kearifan lokal melalui pembelajaran membatikdi SMA Batik 2 Surakarta.Unit analisis penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatanstudi kasus ini adalah stakeholders SMA Batik 2 Surakarta yang dipilih dengan purposive sampling.Teknik pengumpulan data dengan observasi, wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi.Validitas data dengan triangulasi sumber lalu dianalisis dengan modelinteraktif.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa melalui pembelajaran membatik di sekolah dapat tercapai keseimbangan hati nurani, supra-ritual, dan intelektualitas siswa berkaitan dengan Tuhan melalui kandungan nilai falsafah dalam simbol batik.Pembelajaran membatik yang dilakukan secara klasikal melalui teori maupun praktik berdampak positif bagi pembentukan karakter siswasesuai dengan nilai-nilai kearifan lokal.Kata Kunci: Batik,Kearifan Lokal, Pendidikan Karakter, Representasi.

Conflict Resolution Between of Renda Villagers and Ngali, Belo Subdistrict, Bima Regency of The Province of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB)

Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Communication and Community Department, Faculty of Human Ecology

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe conflict between villages in Bima Regency involves large masses and have the same identity. Equally the muslim,   Tribes of mbojo, and the same Maja labo dahu Cultural. The conflict between the village of Renda  with  Ngali  village in district of Belo Bima Regency forms the social solidarity which the massif of fellow  villagers. The results of this research show that; Conflicts between villagers backed by the communal nature of a sense of revenge due to the pride of the villagers who were disturbed by the actions of the other villagers that violates the values, norms and ethics prevailing in the village of Renda and Ngali village, conflict resolution  process  between  villagers Renda and Ngali through several  stages; First, the kesepakan is reached  through  Deliberation  and  Consensus  with upholding a culture of Maja  Labo Dahu.  Second, the settlement  based on chronological events, the conflict ended by itself when the outcome of the conflict was balanced, it is likely to be temporary. Thirdly,maintenance of peace with the reconciliation of the regional Government of Bima. A form of conflict resolution with the customary approach of deliberation  and  Consensus, approach  local wisdom  Maja labo dahu Culture  followed by  determination of the sanctions for the perpetrators of the violations. Conflict Research  Development  measures is urgently needed to bring about the integrity of the nation›s peaceful and prosperous future.Keywords: Ndempa Ndiha traditions, conflict resolution, reconciliation,between villagesABSTRAKKonflik antar desa di Kabupaten Bima melibatkan massa yang berjumlah besar, sementara masyarakat memiliki kesamaan latar belakang identitas. Penduduk kabupaten Bima berpenduduk muslim, Suku Mbojo dengan menggunakan bahasa Bima, dan menganut budaya Maja labo dahu. Konflik yang berlangsung diantara desa Renda dengan desa Ngali di kecamatan Belo Kabupaten Bima terjadi dalam kurun waktu yang cukup lama. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa; Konflik antar desa dilatarbelakangi sifat komunal dari rasa dendam akibat harga diri masyarakat desa yang terganggu oleh tindakan dari warga desa lain yang dianggap melanggar nilai, norma dan etika yang berlaku di desa Renda dan Ngali, proses resolusi konflik antar masyarakat desa Ngali dan Renda melalui beberapa tahap; pertama, tercapai kesepakan damai melalui Musyawarah dan Mufakat dengan menjunjung tinggi nilai Budaya Maja labo dahu. Kedua, penyelesaian berdasarkan kronologis kejadian, konflik berakhir dengan sendirinya ketika hasil konflik berimbang, hal ini cenderung bersifat sementara. Ketiga, pemeliharaan perdamaian dengan rekonsiliasi dari pemerintah daerah Bima. Bentuk resolusi konflik dengan pendekatan adat Musyawarah dan Mufakat (Mbolo ro dampa), pendekatan kearifan lokal Budaya Maja labo dahu yang diikuti dengan penetapan sanksi bagi pelaku pelanggaran. Langkah Pengembangan penelitian konflik sangat dibutuhkan untuk mewujudkan keutuhan bangsa yang damai dan sejahtera kedepanya.Kata kunci: Resolusi Konflik, Tradisi Ndempa Ndiha, Rekonsiliasi, Konflik antar desa