Articles

VARIATION IN REJANG LANGUAGE Zakaria, Zakaria
HOLISTIC Vol 2, No 4 (2010): JURNAL HOLISTICS
Publisher : HOLISTIC

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Abstract: This paper was written to find out the variation in Rejang language which cover Rejang Kepahiang (RK), Rejang Lebong (RK) and Rejang Curup (RC). The aspects consist of phonological, morphological and semantic level that were viewed from descriptive ways. The result shows that it is difficult to predict how a particular language user speaks in a certain social context. It is linguistically caused by Rejang language and also influenced by the speakers, addresses, age, setting and context when the communication takes place
HUBUNGAN KEPEMIMPINAN INSTRUKSIONAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN EFIKASI DIRI DENGAN KINERJA MENGAJAR GURU SMP NEGERI DI KECAMATAN PINANG RAYA Afrina, Deni; Rohiat, Rohiat; Zakaria, Zakaria
Manajer Pendididikan Vol 12, No 3 (2018): Manajer Pendidikan
Publisher : Manajer Pendididikan

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AbstractThis study aims to reveal the relationship of principal instructional leadership and self efficacy with the performance of teaching teachers of public junior high school  in Pinang Raya District. The research method that will be used in the preparation of this thesis is survey research with quantitative approach. The survey research is to explain the casual relationship and hypothesis testers. Collection data using questionnaires, which have completed scores on each item. While the data analysis techniques used to test the hypothesis is a simple linear correlation analysis technique and multiple correlation. Based on the results of the study, the conclusions can be drawn from the results of this study is the teacher's teaching performance can be improved by improving principal instructional leadership performance and self efficacy Keywords:    Teacher’s Teaching performance (Y) , Principal  Instructional Leadership (X1)  and  Self-efficacy (X2)
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DARI FRAKSI ARTOCARPUS INTEGER (Thunb.) Merr. DENGAN METODE DIFUSI AGAR (Antibacterial Activity of Artocarpus Integer (thunb.) Merr. Fraction by Difusi Agar Method). Zakaria, Zakaria; Soekamto, Nunuk Hariani; syah, Yana Maolana; Firdaus, Firdaus
Jurnal Industri Hasil Perkebunan Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Industri Hasil Perkebunan Volume 12 No. 2 Desember 2017
Publisher : Balai Besar Industri Hasil Perkebunan

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 Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. (Cempedak) is a plant with a kind of Moraceae family that is widely cultivated in Luwu, South Sulawesi. Extraction and antibacterial bioactivity test of Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. Heartwood have been done. Preparation of heartwood conducted by shaved, dried, crushed and macerated with methanol to obtain a crude extract of methanol. The methanol extract then partitioned successively in n-hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate to obtain the fraction of n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol. Antibacterial activity test using agar diffusion method on two types of gram-negative bacteria (E. coli and S. typhi) and two types of gram-positive bacteria (S. aureus and S. pneumonia) has been performed. The inhibition zone obtained on each fraction are the n-hexane fraction of 12.80 mm in the bacterium S. pneumonia, chloroform fractions of 13.80 mm in the bacterium S. pneumoniae, ethyl acetate fraction of 9.80 mm in bacteria    S. typhi, and the methanol fraction at 12.90 on S. pneumonia bacteria. The chloroform fraction has potential as antibacterial caused by the highest of inhibition ability toward S. pneumonia. Keywords: Antibacterial activity, Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr., MoraceaeABSTRAK Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. (Cempedak) merupakan tanaman famili Moraceae yang banyak dibudidayakan di Luwu, Sulawesi Selatan. Ekstraksi dan uji bioaktivitas antibakteri kayu batang Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. telah dilakukan. Kayu batang diserut, dikeringkan, dihaluskan, dan dimaserasi dengan metanol hingga diperoleh ekstrak kasar metanol. Ekstrak metanol kemudian dipartisi berturut-turut dalam n-heksan, kloroform, dan etil asetat sehingga diperoleh fraksi n-heksan, kloroform, etil asetat, dan metanol. Uji aktivitas antibakteri dengan metode difusi agar menggunakan 2 bakteri gram negatif (E. coli dan S. typhi) dan 2 gram positif (S. aureus dan S. pneumonia). Zona hambat terbesar yang diperoleh masing-masing fraksi adalah fraksi n-heksan sebesar 12,80 mm pada bakteri S. pneumonia, fraksi kloroform sebesar 13,80 mm pada bakteri S. pneumonia, fraksi etil asetat sebesar 9,80 mm pada bakteri S. typhi, dan fraksi metanol sebesar 12,90 pada bakteri S. pneumonia. Fraksi kloroform berpotensi kuat sebagai antibakteri karena memiliki daya hambat terbesar terhadap S. pneumonia. Kata Kunci: Aktivitas Antibakteri, Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr., Moraceae
KARAKTERISTIK MAKANAN PENDAMPING ASI INSTAN LOKAL MENGGUNAKAN CAMPURAN TEPUNG BERAS MERAH DAN TEPUNG DAUN KELOR (Moring olifera) Zakaria, Zakaria; Asbar, Ramlan; Sukmawati, Sukmawati; Sarmila, Sarmila
Media Gizi Pangan Vol 26, No 1 (2019): januari 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar

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One of the causes of malnutrition in children is a habitual pattern of complementary feeding of breast milk is inappropriate, the ignorance about the ways of feeding in infants and the low quantity and quality of the complementary food that given to children. The purpose of the research is to find out the characteristics of quality of chemical (nutrient), physical, acceptability of complementary food by using local uses instant Brown rice flour and moringa leaf flour. The research method is postest only,  formulations namely F1 (75: 5), F2 (72.5: 7.5), F3 (70:10), and F4 (67, 5: 12,5) to supply per 100 g of ingredients and complete the nutritional content using full cream powder 15 g and sugar 5 g. The nutrient content of the raw material of brown rice and moringa leaf flour was analyzed proximate in the laboratory, full cream milk powder and sugar using the nutrient composition of the literature source. The best product analysis uses the De Garmo effectiveness method. The results showed that formula of complementary food with the best local Instant value 0.59, namely Formula 1 with consecutive energy nutrient 393.2 kcal, protein 9.3 g, fat 9.4 g, carbohydrate 56.3 g, fiber 16.33 g, moisture content 5.4%, grey levels 8.5%.Characteristics of the physical density of kamba 0.5 g/ml and water absorption 1 ml/g. Physical characteristics based on the density of 0.5 g / ml and water absorption 1 ml / g. The power to receive the best formula based on aspects of color, aroma, texture, taste is received (liked) by the panellists
DAKWAH SUFISTIK HAMZAH FANSURI (TELAAH SUBSTANSI SYAIR PERAHU) Zakaria, Zakaria
Jurnal Al Bayan Vol 22, No 33 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dakwah and Communication (UIN Ar-Raniry)

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Tasawuf berkembang pesat di Aceh mulai abad XVI. Perkembangan tersebut terlihat dari munculnya ulama sufi terkemuka di Aceh dan dikenal dalam peradaban tasawuf Nusantaran, Melayu bahkan Asia Tenggara. Hamzah Fansuri adalah salah seorang tokoh tasawuf di Nusantara yang memiliki banyak karya sufisme. Karya Hamzah Fansuri menyiratkan keagungan pikiran serta kedalaman ilmunya dalam bidang tasawuf. Kedalaman sastra dan intuisi jiwa sufinya tertuang dalam gubahan syair-syair memikat. Salah satu karya brilian Hamzah Fansuri adalah Syair Perahu. Syair Perahu terkenal dengan nuansa tasawuf falsafi dengan perlambangan yang mengelaborasi tubuh jiwa sebagai sebuah perahu Meskipun Syair Perahu tersebut telah menjadi ikon bagi Hamzah Fansuri, secara substansial syair tersebut tidak dikenal oleh masyarakat. Syair Perahu memiliki dimensi-dimensi dakwah sufistik yang merupakan fikiran spesifik Hamzah Fansuri dalam bidang dakwah. Oleh karena itu Penulis berusaha menginterpretasi substansi serta kandungan materi dakwah yang terdapat di dalam Syair Perahu, juga menjelaskan perlambangan dan simbol serta menjelaskan orientasi dakwah yang terdapat di dalam syair tersebut. Hasil penelitian yang Penulis dapatkan bahwa konsep tasawuf yang terdapat dalam Syair Perahu adalah Konsep Tasawuf Wujudiyah dalam menjelaskan musyahadah dengan Allah dengan benar. Juga konsep bagaimana menuntut ilmu serta beramal saleh, kehidupan alam kubur serta pemaknaan kalimat tauhid dengan sesungguhnya. Orientasi dakwah Hamzah Fansuri adalah pembentuk Insan Kamil yang selamat di dunia dan di akhirat dengan menjalankan syariat dengan benar, persiapan diri menghadapi alam kubur dan pegangan yang kokoh tauhid (Laa Ilaaha Illa Allah).
Analisis Kadar HMF (Hidroxy Methyl Furfural) pada Madu Bone Zakaria, Zakaria
Al-Kimia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): June
Publisher : Study Program of Chemistry - Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar

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This study aimed to determine the concentration of HMF ((hydroxy methyl furfural) in Bone honey. Regency Bone with 145.073 ha of forest, of area 4,559 km² honey potential for livestock development. The quality of honey is determined  from the nectar source, geographic location, and the processing technology. HMF concentration is one of the indicators in honey to determine the quality marker and freshness of honey. This research was done in three stages, namely the stage of sample preparation, extraction phase, and phase identification. Stages of sample preparation were performed to determine sampling locations, the determination of the location of the extraction and identification. Extraction is done in analytical chemistry laboratorium Science Faculty, Hasanuddin University. Honey samples were extracted with methanol. The identification process carried out in an integrated laboratory Department of Chemical Science Faculty of Hasanuddin University to obtain the data of UV-Vis, HPLC performed while the data in an integrated laboratory public health, Hasanuddin University. The results obtained by HPLC showed the data HMF concentration of 0.264 mg/kg, while the data obtained by UV-Vis HMF concentration of 0.230 mg/kg. Based on these data concluded that honey Bone has a good quality in terms of content HMF.
Keanekaragaman Spesies Tumbuhan pada Kawasan Mangrove Nipah (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.) di Kec. Pulau Rimau Kab. Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan Indriani, Dwi Puspa; Marisa, Hanifa; Zakaria, Zakaria
Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 12, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Penurunan kualitas dan kuantitas fungsi ekologis pada kawasan mangrove nipah di Kab.Banyuasin Sumsel berpotensi mereduksi kandungan keanekaragaman spesies tumbuhan didalamnya. Keanekaragaman spesies tumbuhan pada suatu kawasan memiliki peran utama dalam keberlangsungan produktifas, fungsi ekologi dan daya resilensi suatu ekosistem. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman spesies tumbuhan pada kawasan mangrove nipah di Kec. Pulau Rimau Kab.Banyuasin Sumsel. Sampling dilakukan pada bulan April 2008 dengan menggunakan 6 transek dan tiap transek terdiri atas 6 plot kuadrat yang terbagi atas tingkat pohon (100m2), pancang (25m2) dan semai (4m2). Indeks keanekaragaman spesies menggunakan indeks Shannon-Wiener. Hasil identifikasi dan analisa data menunjukkan terdapat 21 spesies yang tergolong dalam 17 famili. Indeks keanekaragaman spesies tertinggi terdapat pada tingkat pancang (0,88), dan terendah pada tingkat pohon (0,34, sedangkan pada tingkat semai 0,46. Berdasarkan klasifikasi Maguran (1988), maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa tingkat keanekaragaman spesies pada kawasan mangrove nipah terkategori rendah baik pada tingkat pohon, pancang dan semai. Meskipun demikian, keanekaragaman spesies tumbuhan yang terdapat di kawasan mangrove nipah tersebut potensial untuk dieksplorasi kegunaanya sebagai bahan baku obat dan fungsi ekonomis lainnya.
Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pembangunan Desa pada Program Gerbang Swara SIHITE, WIDYA ROSA; ZAKARIA, ZAKARIA
Politeia: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Volume 9 No 1 Tahun 2017
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Gerakan Pembangunan Swadaya Rakyat (People Governmental Development Movement) started since the Bupati Instruction in Serdang Bedagai regency. The directive Instruction Number 4 (2005) about the Gerakan Pembangunan Swadaya Rakyat (Peoples Movement of Governmental Development) (Gerbang Swara).With the instruction is expected there are synergies and targeted development in accordance with spatial planning based on community needs, and also increase community participation in development. Community engagement is central to expedite the development process. Without this, the development activities would not run properly. This study explains the low level of community participation in development. This study found there arefour causes of low participation. First, economic background. Second, the lack of property ownership society submission to the government. Third, the less the public response to the program Gerbang Swara; Fourth, lack of socialization.The study used the approach to political development. This study method is descriptive. Collecting data with depth interview. Analysis of data using qualitative analysis.Keywords: Public policy, Community Participation, political development.
Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pembangunan Desa pada Program Gerbang Swara SIHITE, WIDYA ROSA; ZAKARIA, ZAKARIA
Politeia: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Volume 9 No 1 Tahun 2017
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Gerakan Pembangunan Swadaya Rakyat (People Governmental Development Movement) started since the Bupati Instruction in Serdang Bedagai regency. The directive Instruction Number 4 (2005) about the Gerakan Pembangunan Swadaya Rakyat (Peoples Movement of Governmental Development) (Gerbang Swara).With the instruction is expected there are synergies and targeted development in accordance with spatial planning based on community needs, and also increase community participation in development. Community engagement is central to expedite the development process. Without this, the development activities would not run properly. This study explains the low level of community participation in development. This study found there arefour causes of low participation. First, economic background. Second, the lack of property ownership society submission to the government. Third, the less the public response to the program Gerbang Swara; Fourth, lack of socialization.The study used the approach to political development. This study method is descriptive. Collecting data with depth interview. Analysis of data using qualitative analysis.Keywords: Public policy, Community Participation, political development.
Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Gaya Hidup Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Ekonomi FKIP Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh Husna, Asmaul; Zakaria, Zakaria; Suraiya, Nana
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Ekonomi Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Ekonomi FKIP Unsyiah
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Ekonomi

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Lifestyle can be interpreted as patterns of consumption and use of goods and services. In this era of globalization, lifestyles affect the behavior of someone who ultimately determines consumption choices a person such as the emergence of tastes consume goods trending and desire that by having the luxury goods will describe the identity of the student seseorang.Disamping food consumption usually also focuses on lifestyle fashionable. Students should have the academic idealism now it puts a modern lifestyle that impact decreasing focus on the student's academic idealism. Speaking of students, would not be separated from the need lectures such as laptops, books, pens and other equipment that supports student supplies. Namunkebutuhan equipment is now less than the maximum because the style has been divided by the fulfillment hidup.Adapun the formulation of the problem is any factor that affects the lifestyle of students Prodi economic education and whether the most dominant factor in influencing the lifestyle of students tersebut.Penelitian uses a quantitative approach descriptive study. The population in this study were students Prodi Economic Education class of 2013, which consisted of 59 orang.Sampel in this study 51 students of sampling using Simple Random Sampling. Techniques used in data collection is library research, field research in the form of documentation, interviews and questionnaires. With descriptive statistical analysis techniques and likert.Analisis scale analysis of the data used is to calculate the average persentasedan. The results showed that the factors affecting the lifestyle of students consists of internal factors are the attitudes, experiences and observations, personality, self-concept, motives and perceptions. Furthermore, external factors, namely the reference group, family, social class and culture. The dominant factor affecting student lifestyle that is contained in the internal factors and external factors attitude indicator artifacts on indicators of family. Keywords:  lifestyle, economics students