Jum’atri Yusri
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 15 Documents
Articles

Found 15 Documents
Search

Analisis Efisiensi Dan Nilai Tambah Agroindustri Tahu di Kota Pekanbaru

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The objectives of this study were: 1) to determine the amount of costs, revenues, profits, and profitability value of tofu agroindustry in Pekanbaru. 2) to determine the level of efficiency of tofu agro industry in Pekanbaru. 3) to determine the added value of tofu agro industry in Pekanbaru. This research was conducted from June 2012 until December 2012. The data collection technique was cencus technique. The respondents of this research were all active tofu entrepreneurs in Pekanbaru. This research used qualitative and quantitative methods. The analysis scopes of this research were costs, revenues, profits, profitability, efficiency, and added values analysis. The results of this research showed that the average total cost of tofu agro industry in Pekanbaru was Rp.69,228,509.33 per month. Total revenues of tofu agro industry in Pekanbaru was Rp.96.147.690,00 per month. Total Profit of tofu agro industry in Pekanbaru was Rp.26,919,181.00 per month. The number 38.88 percent of Profitability value meant that tofu agro industry in Pekanbaru was a profitable industry because the value of profitability > 0. 1.39 Ratio of R / C value meant that every Rp.1.00 costs in the production process of tofu will provide 1.39 times profit. The average added value of small size tofu was Rp.7.607,69/kg. The average added vaue of medium size tofu was Rp.5.578,80/kg. Keywords: Tofu, agroindustry, efficiency, added value

Optimization Production System Catching and Fish Processing At Kub (Kelompok Usaha Bersama) Sinar Rohil

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the combination of catching and processing fish products are appropriate in order to achieve optimal conditions and analyze the allocation of resources owned by the firm to achieve optimal conditions. This research was conducted in Desember 2012 to July 2013 with a survey method. direct interviews with employees KUB (Kelompok usaha bersama) sinar rohil both on land and at sea as well as direct observation of the field conditions where the authors study This research aims to provide information about the activities of the optimization of production systems at the company Data processing method uses operations research techniques with linear programming aided by software QM for windows. Refined analysis of process data can be viewed through 3 stages: analysis of primal, dual analysis and sensitivity analysis. The activities of production management are fishing operations in the fishing ground and processing the fish on land The result of optimization calculation on 15 GT vessels show that in optimum condition system cathching and fish processing black fomfret  weighing 2.959 kg , silver fomfret 6.315 kg, and torpedo scad weighing 5.614 kg that give profit to the company. While excessive resources or resource constraints become inactive is fuel, bait, operational budget, budget marine workers, auxiliary raw materials, labor and drying place.   Keywords: Optimization, System Catching, Linear Programming

Analisis Usahatani Jagung( Zea Mays) di Desa Dosroha Kecamatan Simanindo Kabupaten Samosir Provinsi Sumatera Utara

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Corn is the second food comodity after rice and a source of calories or food instead of rice. Demand of corn will be increased every year, so it is necessarry to increase rate of production. Focus of this study is to determine the net income, corn farming efficiency of corn farmers, families income, and to find out the related issues. This research was conducted in the Dosroha village, Simanindo district, Samosir regency, North Sumatera. Take about three months from August-October 2013. This study was performed by using census method,where respondents are 26 active corn  farmers Dosroha village. Survey results showed that the average of corn production is 5,688 kg/ha/cropping season with an average of selling price is Rp 2,062/kg. The average of gross income is Rp 8,091,538/land area/cropping season or Rp 11,726,867/ha/cropping season. The average of net income received by farmers was Rp 2,992,925/cultivation area/cropping season or Rp 4,334,653/ha/cropping season. The average of families income is Rp 3,474,005/land area or Rp 5,031.87/ha/cropping season with an average of land area is 0.69 ha. Based on  the efficiency analysis, efficiency of corn farmers in Dosroha village is 1.57,  means that for every Rp 100 of expense farmers will make a profit is Rp 0.57, so we can say that the corn farmer in Dosroha village already efficient in RCR term. Keywords: Produce mize, Income, profit, farming

An Analysis toward Marketing System of Rubber (Havea brasiliensis) at Rupat Island of Bengkalis Regency Riau Province

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The objective of this research is (1) to analyse the margin, profits, and eficiency of Rubber marketing, (2) to find which marketing access is the most profitable for the rubber farmer, (3) to find the relation of the farmers with the marketing institutes or merchants, and (4) to identify the problems faced by the farmers and merchants in rubber marketing. The writer used survey method to collect the data. There were two kinds of respondent in this research taken by using Snaw Ball method; the farmers and the merchants. Those samples consisted of 75 rubber farmers and 12 merchants. The research findings show that  the total of margins are Rp 8.000,00/kg at marketing access 1 and Rp 6.500,00/kg in marketing access 2. The efficiencies of marketing are 19% in the marketing access 1, by the profits of Rp 7,733.00/kg obtained by the farmers but 17% in marketing access 2 by the higher profits of Rp 8,907.81/kg. The problems faced by the farmers are getting into debt (33,67%), and the lowest comes from the less available fertilizer. (3.33%).The problems faced by the merchants in marketing access 1 are cost rivalry (50,00%), the destroyed road and the highly water contained (33.34%). The dominant relation of the farmers with the marketing institutes or merchants of rubber at Rupat Island of Bengkalis Regency in the marketing access 1 is as close friends for 9 farmers 15%, while the lowest is as relatives and cousin 6 persons or 6,66%. Finally, in the marketing access 2, the dominant relation of the farmers with the marketing institutes or merchants is unrelated 8 people or 53.33% and the lowest is friends of 2 people or 13,34%.   Keywords : Marketing system, Rubber

Analisis Usaha Sapi Potong Dengan Pola Kemitraan Antara Investor (Pemodal) Dengan Petani Peternak (Penggaduh) di Kelurahan Sail Kecamatan Tenayan Raya Kota Pekanbaru

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Beef cattle is a contributor to the meat of ruminant meat production groups nationwide that farming has the potential to be developed as a profitable business. The development of the cattle business partnerships is one alternative for farmers increase profits. The Partnership is a collaboration between agribusiness start of the process of preproduction, production to marketing that is based on the principle of mutual need and benefit for those who partnered. Beef cattle business partnerships between investors with livestock farmers (penggaduh) in the Village District of Sail Tenayan Raya such Pekanbaru City is expected to increase beef production nationally, which until now have not been able to meet the growing needs of the community. Partnerships occur at the study site in the form of silent partnerships (sillent partner) where the investor share in the profits and losses (if any) on the business, but is not involved in managing the business and the involvement of investors are rarely made ​​public. Investors usually only provide capital. Based on the analysis of the business, the average yield amounted to 24 people petrnak farmers by maintaining 8 bali male head of cattle during the time period of Rp. 73,554,167, -. The average amount of the cost of Rp. 55,393,295, - So the average profit of Rp. 18,160,871, - Where the benefits applied with a 50:50 sharing system then each receive Rp. 9,080,436, - This paper aims to determine the profits to the beef cattle business partnership. Keywords: Beef cattle, partnerships, tenayan raya.

PERANAN KREDIT SIMPAN PINJAM TERHADAP PENINGKATAN USAHA ANGGOTA KOPERASI SIMPAN PINJAM (KSP) MOJOPAHIT JAYA DI DESA SARI GALUH KECAMATAN TAPUNG KABUPATEN KAMPAR

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims at knowing the role of business members before and after receiving credit from KSP Mojopahit Jaya. This study was conducted in Mojopahit Jaya saving and loan cooverative in Sari Galuh village Tapung district Kampar regency. The population in this study was the members who receive credit in the period January to April 2012, using a credit to productive enterprise. The sampling method conducted a census to 18 members.The result showed that business credit proved are able to raise the capital and asset. So that members operating revenues increased after the capital increase of the KSP Mojopahit Jaya,  where the average income of the business members before obtaining credit is Rp. 19.296.861 and after optaining credit increase to Rp. 23.547.349.   Key words : Credit, KSP, Income

ANALISIS PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KELAPA SAWIT POLA SWADAYA DI DESA SENAMA NENEK KECAMATAN TAPUNG HULU KABUPATEN KAMPAR

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the household income pattern of non-oil palm farmer in Senama Nenek Village Tapung District Kampar Regency, to analyze the structure of household income pattern of non-oil palm farmers in Senama Nenek Village Tapung District Kampar Regency and to determine the condition of the coconut farmer household welfare palm patterns of self-help Senama Nenek Village Tapung District Kampar Regency. This research was conducted in Senama Nenek Village Tapung District Kampar Regency is a district with the largest oil production people in Kampar Regency. This research was conducted by survey method, ie through interviews with palm oil farmers self-patterns. Samples were taken by simple random sampling technique with a number of sample as many as 30 people. Data analysis consisted of analysis of profits / income, income structure analysis, and well-being. The study found that the net income of non-oil palm farmers in Senama Nenek Village Rp 35.815.012 / Land / Year. As for family work income received by farmers was Rp 36.028.345 / Land / Year. Implicit costs consist of depreciation costs Rp 139.329 / year and TKDK Rp 213 333 / year. While the explicit costs consist of costs fertilizer Rp 5.003.870 / year, the cost of pesticides Rp1.008.867 / year and costs TKLK 4.255.367 / year. The structure of non-palm farmers income consists of income is from agriculture and non-agricultural income. The average number of net income from agriculture earned by oil palm farmers self-patterns of Rp 36.028.345,-. As for non-agricultural income, the average earned by oil palm growers governmental pattern of Rp 2.800.000,-. So that the total income received by farmers is Rp 38.028.345,-. Based on the criteria of basic needs and is measured by indicators of well-being obtained that all smallholders as many as 30 people belonging to prosperous farmers. Based on the results obtained that the farmers are quite prosperous.     Keywords: Palm, Farmers Organization, Revenues, Expenses, Welfare

KINERJA USAHA AGROINDUSTRI PERABOT ROTAN DI JALAN YOS SUDARSO KECAMATAN RUMBAI KOTA PEKANBARU

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this research is: 1) identifying characteristics rattan agrobusinesses in Yos Sudarso Rumbai District of the city Pekanbaru. 2) identify agroindustry business performance wicker furniture in Yos Sudarso Rumbai District of the City. The research was do from May 2013 to June 2015. The method used was survey method using census. The results show characteristics of social entrepreneurs in Sub Rumbai rattan overall look of the SMP and SMA by 61.54% amounting to 38.46%, on the size of the largest family of 4-5 people by 61.53%, the most business experience old is at> 10 years of 61.54%, age entrepreneurs 39.77 years on average, sex businesses by 20 male and 6 female person. Business performance in industrial use indicators rattan venture capital holdings with an average capital of Rp.113.924.115, -, the technical conditions of production are incapable category with a score of 1.64, the aspect of human resources, namely in terms of labor education Most elementary education, business profits by an average of Rp.23.124.635, -, and expansion of the marketing range are at moderate category with a score of 1.92.   Keywords: Agroindustry, wicker furniture, the performance of the business.

ANALISIS PENDAPATAN DAN POLA KONSUMSI RUMAHTANGGA PETANI KELAPA DI KECAMATAN MANDAH KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HILIR

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research aimed to analyze the structure of income, household consumption patterns coconut farmers and the factors that influenced in Mandah Indragiri Hilir Municipality. To answer this purpose it was used the analysis of the income structure and logistic regression methods. Based on the result of the analysis the biggest household income of farmers are donated from work income that sourced from coconut farming income. Household consumption patterns of coconut farmers showed that expenditures of food consumption is greater than consumption of the non food. This indicated that the households of coconut farmers in Mandah are not prosperous yet. The dominant factors that affected household are food consumption patterns coconut farmers and the length of the householder education. Thus, in order to improve the welfare of coconut farmers, it needs to be a concerted effort to increase the income of the household, particularly through the coconut farming activities. This can be done by implementing the Goverment’s policy of stable prices as well as the effort of controlling the price of inputs. Beside that, it needs to be an effort to increase farmers’ knowledge through training and coaching.   Keywords: Structure of Income, Consumption Patterns, Welfare

ANALISIS RESPON PENAWARAN DAN PERMINTAAN KARET ALAM INDONESIA

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 6, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Indonesia is second largest country producer of natural rubber, and widest land in the world. Considerations in development of these commodity can be seen from response of supply and demand on various factors. This study aims to analyze supply and demand response of Indonesia natural rubber. Therefore, this study develop simultaneous equations model with Two Stage Least Square method. This study indicate predetermined variables which significantly respect to supply and demand Indonesia natural rubber are domestic natural rubber price, ratio of domestic natural rubber price and synthetic rubber price, and lag variable of Indonesia natural rubber production, demand, price, and export. There are no predetermined variables which responsive respect to Indonesia natural rubber supply and demand. However predetermined variables have large response to supply and demand; i.e. price of Indonesia natural rubber and synthetic rubber price in the world. This study recommended to Indonesia government to hold of higher Indonesia natural rubber price by increasing of Indonesia natural rubber quality products, and to develop downstream rubber industry seriously.