Hadi Sabari Yunus
Fakultas Geografi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The dominant factors affecting agricultural land use (rice field) change in Yogyakarta Special Province Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Harini, Rika
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 37, No 1 (2005): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The research was conducted in Yogyakarta Special Province. The main objective of this research is to find out the main factors influencing the change in agricultural land use especially rice field. The data used in this research is time series from 1980 to 2000. They were obtainedfrom several institutions such as: Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), National Agency of Land Affairs (BPN) and Department ofAgriculture (Dinas Pertanian). Descriptive analysis and statistical test were performed against those data to find out the influence of geographic factors i.e. the population growth, the road development and the extension of built up area on the change in agricultural land use especially rice field. Distributed lag model is used to analyze the effect of roads length on agricultural land use change. The level and magnitude of relationship between areas of agricultural land use change and built up area, number of people and road length are calculated using linear regression.The research shows that the period of 1980 - 2000 in Yogyakarta Special Province has indicated very significantly the increase in population, the development of road and the extension of built up area. For the time being, agricultural land mainly in Sleman Regency, Bantul Regency and Yogyakarta Municipality has decreased. Sleman regency performed the largest decrease of rice field and followed after then by Bantul regency and Yogyakarta Municipality. The regency of Kulon Progo and Gunung Kidul have experienced reverse phenomenon i.e. the increase of rice field during this period. Individually or simultaneously, three variables used in this research (number of people, roads length and built up area) have significantly influenced the agricultural land use.
The evolving urban planning The Case of The City of Yogyakarta Yunus, Hadi Sabari
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 21, No 61 (1991): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This article is to present the changing urban plans of the city of Yogyakarta and their impacts on its physical appearance. An intensive study of extensive materials is carried out in the library and governmental institutions particularly, the regional planning board of the city of Yogyakarta. By comparing the earlier simplest plan, to the recent one, a pronounced development of the respective plan can be detected. There were five types of Yogyakartas plan i.e. Mangkubumis Plan, Thomas Karstens Plan, Putuhenas Plan, Purbodiningrats Plan and the present plan which will be reviewed here. Some conclusions are particularly directed toward the present plan because this one is not more than a synthesis of the previous plans and the inputs are expected in order to be used for further elaboration
Urban environment assessment: special reference to terrestrial and aerial photographic approaches Yunus, Hadi Sabari
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 16, No 51 (1986): Indonesian Journal of Geogrphy
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The following discussion particularly stresses the techniques or research methodologies concerned with urban environment assessment. Given the fact that monitoring the quality of the urban environment is prime, some practical approaches to that problem are seriously needed. Due to the complex nature of the urban environment in terms of the elements, interrelationships of elements, and dynamic nature of their interactions, the author devises a model in the form of a combination approach to assess the urban environmental condition.The variety of urban environments reflects the social, economic, cultural, political, technological and demographic background of the nation and accordingly there should be a wise selection of the applied techniques and the environmental criteria used for assessing the urban environmental condition.The combination approach is an integration of terrestrial and aerial photographic approaches. Since each of the aforementioned approaches has its own weaknesses, the combination approach is expected to cover those weaknesses and can give more effective, accurate and reliable data on the urban environmental assessments.
Searching new strategies for managing and controlling urban land growth: a preliminary outlook on Indonesia Yunus, Hadi Sabari
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 20, No 60 (1990): Indonesian Journal of Geogrphy
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This article is a result of an intensive study of literatures concerning urban growth management. It tries to examine the specific character of existing techniques for managing and controlling urban land growth and tries to match them to the Indonesian situation. The techniques can be categorized into two major types, i.e. urban and urral (urban-rural) orientation. Indonesian .urban sprawl can be distinguished into two models, i.e. the Java and Outer Islands model. Java model is characterized by leap-frog (see for example Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Surabaya) and ribbon development (see for example Padang in Sumatra, Banjarmasin in Kalimantan, Kendari in Sulawesi). The physical, social, historical background are responsible for this conditions. The urban-rural oriented strategy is highly recommended for managing and controlling urban land growth on the island of Java whereas urban oriented techniques are suggested for managing and controlling urban land development on the outer islands.
INTERRELASI FAKTOR FISIK, NON FISIK DAN PERILAKU PETANI DALAM MANAJEMEN SUMBER DAYA PERTANIAN DI MUNA BARAT Widayati, Weka; Kasto, Kasto; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Hardyastuti, Suhatmini
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 17, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji interrelasi antara faktor fisik, non fisik dan perilaku petani dalam manajemen sumber daya pertanian, dan menemukan faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap perilaku petani dalam manajemen sumber daya pertanian di Muna Barat. Metoda penelitian menggunakan rancangan kausal-komparatif. Wilayah penelitian terbagi atas dua dimensi ekologikal, yaitu: wilayah antara rata-rata surut terendah-arbitrer garis pasang surut (wilayah I) dan wilayah antara arbitrer dari garis pasang surut-batas daratan (wilayah II). Populasi penelitian adalah petani yang berusahatani tanaman pangan dengan pengambilan sampel bertahap. Teknik pengumpulan data adalah observasi, wawancara terstruktur, dan wawancara mendalam. Kerangka pokok analisis menggunakan pendekatan ekologi. Data dianalisis dengan Environment theme of analysis & regresi berganda program SPSS window ver.17. Hasil penelitian adalah: (l) interrelasi antara faktor fisik dan non fisik di wilayah II lebih kuat daripada di wilayah I, (2) frekuensi akses informasi pertanian memiliki kontribusi terbesar dan positif (+) terhadap perilaku petani dalam manajemen sumber daya pertanian tanaman pangan di wilayah I dan II.
NILAI EKONOMI TOTAL KONVERSI LAHAN PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN SLEMAN Harini, Rika; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Kasto, Kasto; Hartono, Slamet
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 20, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Konversi lahan pertanian untuk  penggunaan non pertanian  merupakan suatu  fenomena yang tidak dapat dihindarkan. Penilaian secara ekonomi maupun lingkungan perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui tingkat keuntungan secara finansial maupun kelingkungan dari kegiatan  pertanian. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Sleman  melalui metode survai dengan 90  responden  sebagai sampel penelitian. Wilayah kajian didasarkan pada tingkat konversi lahan pertanian selama  kurun waktu 17 tahun. Melalui Citra Landsat TM 1992, 2000 dan Citra Alos 2009  dapat diketahui luas konversi lahan pertanian  di semua wilayah di Kabupaten Sleman. Analisis data  dilakukan secara  deskriptif  kualitatif maupun kuantitatif dengan  uji statistik melalui model uji Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) dan juga model Total Economic Value (TEV). Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi variasi tingkat konversi lahan pertanian  di wilayah Kabupaten Sleman. Hasil perhitungan  dengan metode TEV menunjukkan bahwa pada wilayah zone 1 nilai ekonomi usahatani lahan  sawah lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan wilayah zone 2, sedangkan pada zone 3 nilai ekonomi dari usahatani lahan sawah paling tinggi. Tingkat pencemaran akibat adanya konversi lahan pertanian berdampak pada hasil kegiatan usahatani lahan sawah. Pencemaran yang dianggap paling tinggi oleh petani untuk saat ini adalah pencemaran air, sedangkan untuk pencemaran tanah dan udara belum dirasakan. Konversi lahan juga berdampak terhadap  produksi hasil komoditi lahan sawah. Meskipun hasil produksi komoditas pertanian juga dipengaruhi oleh luas lahan sawah, konversi, teknologi dan produktivitas pada setiap zone wilayah kajian.
THE SPATIAL PATTERN OF URBANIZATION AND SMALL CITIES DEVELOPMENT IN CENTRAL JAVA: A CASE STUDY OF SEMARANG-YOGYAKARTA-SURAKARTA REGION Setyono, Jawoto Sih; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Giyarsih, Sri Rum
Geoplanning: Journal of Geomatics and Planning Vol 3, No 1 (2016): (April 2016)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/geoplanning.3.1.53-66

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The special form of urbanization in Indonesia has led to a variety of themes on the urban development studies in Indonesia. Since 1990s, there has been an emphasis on the development of mega-urban regions, particularly those surrounding Jakarta as the biggest and the prime city in Indonesia. This research is aimed at elaborating the previous knowledge on the urbanization pattern in Indonesia, and Java in particular. More specifically, this study examines urban development trend in Central Java. The analysis of urbanization in this study can be classified into two categories, i.e. analysis of the urbanization level and analysis of the urbanization growth. These two analyses are combined by applying some GIS methods in order to understand the pattern of urbanization in the region. It is found that the urbanization process in Central Java has transformed the predominantly rural regions in the 1980s into the urban ones. The rapid growth of urban population forms some observable pattern that may be different to the national pattern. There are common spatial patterns, such as the importance of the coastal region and the essential role of the larger urban centers in the urbanization. In this regards, the emergence of the smaller centers has also contributed to the process, especially in bridging a more balanced development between major urban centers and their respective rural hinterland.
Analisis Komparatif Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi Transmigran Jati Bali dengan Transmigran Abenggi di Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Ariono, Ariono; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Ritohardoyo, Su
Majalah Geografi Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2009): September 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.495 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mgi.13331

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ABSTRAK Penelitian ini mengambil lokasi di Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Propinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Pengambilan sampel lokasi penelitian terdiri dari lokasi transmigrasi Jati Bali Kecamatan Ranometo dan lokasi transmigrasi Abenggi Kecamatan Landuno. Desa Jati Bali ditempati warga transmigran yang berasal dari Bali, sedangkan Desa Ahenggi berasal dari Jawa Barat. Penelitian mi bertujuan untuk (1) mengkaji kondisi sosial ekonomi transmigran Jati Bali dan Abenggi (2) mengkaji faktor-faktor yang berperan terhadap perbedaan kondisi sosial ekonomi transmigran Jati Bali dan Abenggi.Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survei lapangan dengan pengambilan data secara sampling serta analisis data sekunder. Penentuan sampel dilakukan secara simple random sampling. Jumlah sampel keseluruhan sebanyak 200 sampel, pada setiap desa diwakili 100 rumah tangga transmigran. Analisa dilakukan secara kualitatif dengan tabel frekuensi dan label silang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kondisi sosial ekonomi di lokasi penelitian berbeda. Organisasi kemasyarakatan, integrasi dan kontak sosial berjalan sesuai dengan kondisi budaya masing-masing. Kecenderungan tingkat pendidikan kepala keluarga transmigran Jati Bali dengan tingkat pendidikan menengah dan tinggi (88 persen) lebih haik daripada transmigran Ahenggi (26 persen). Pendapatan rumah tangga transmigran Jati Bali berada kisaran satu sampai dua juta rupiah perbulan 47 persen, transmigran Abenggi (53 persen) hanya berpendapatan dibawah satu juta. Kualitas rumah transmigran Jati Bali 53 persen dalam kategori baik, transmigran Abenggi hanya 13 persennya. Transmigran Jati Bali 70 persen memiliki harta lebih dari empat juta rupiah, transmigran Ahenggi 52 persen hanya memiliki harta kurang dari dua juta rupiah. Transmigran Jati Bali 38 persen mengalami perluasan lahan, Abenggi mengalami pengurangan lahan menjadi kurang dari satu hektar (31 persen). Transmigran Jati Bali (81 persen) bermata pencaharian di sektor perdagangan dan jasa, transmigran Abenggi 59 persen bermata pencaharian di sektor pertanian. ABSTRACT This study took place within the WakatobiRegency Southeast Sulawesi Province. Sampling locations consisted of transmigration sites in Bali Jati Subdistrict Ranometo and transmigration sites Abenggi Landuno District. Bali Jati village occupied by citizens of transmigrants from Bali, while the Village Ahenggi come from West Java. This research aims to (1) examine the socio-economic conditions and Abenggi Balinese transmigrants Teak (2) examine the factors that contribute to differences in socio-economic conditions and Abenggi Bali Teak transmigrants. The research method used was a field survey with a sampling of data retrieval and analysis of secondary data. Determination of the samples was done by simple random sampling. The number of total samples of 200 samples, at each village represented 100 households. Conducted a qualitative analysis with cross-frequency table and labels. Results showed that socio-economic conditions in different research sites. Social organization, integration and social contacts run in accordance with their respective culture conditions. The tendency of the education level of household heads Teak Balinese transmigrants with middle and high education level (88 percent) more than transmigrants Ahenggi Haik (26 percent). Revenue from Jati Bali households in the range of one to two million rupiah per month 47 per cent, transmigrants Abenggi (53 percent) income just under one million. Quality Teak Balinese transmigrants house 53 per cent in either category, only 13 percent of transmigrants Abenggi. Teak Balinese transmigrants 70 percent have more wealth than four million, 52 percent of transmigrants Ahenggi only own property less than two million dollars. Teak Balinese transmigrants 38 percent major land expansion, land Abenggi decrease to less than one hectare (31 percent). Transmigrants Jati Bali (81 percent) livelihood in trade and services sector, 59 percent of transmigrants Abenggi livelihood in the agricultural sector. 
Kajian Kualitas Lingkungan Permukiman di Daerah Pinggiran Kota Kasus di Desa Ngestiharjo, Yogyakarta Ekartaji, Prittaningtyas; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Rahardjo, Noorhadi
Majalah Geografi Indonesia Vol 28, No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/mgi.13069

Abstract

ABSTRAK Penelitian ini mengkaji kualitas lingkungan permukiman di daerah pinggiran kota khususnya di Desa Nges-tiharjo, Kecamatan Kasihan, Kabupaten Bantul. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) mengkaji sebaran kualitas lingkungan permukiman di Desa Ngestiharjo, (2) mengkaji kondisi sosial ekonomi penduduk di Desa Ngestiharjo, (3) mengkaji hubungan partisipasi penduduk dengan kualitas lingkungan permukiman, dan (4) mengkaji faktor sosial ekonomi, biotik dan abiotik yang berpengaruh terhadap kualitas lingkungan permukiman di Desa Ngestiharjo.Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini metode penelitian terkait dengan eksistensi populasi adalah metode penelitian sampling, terkait dengan karakteristik obyek penelitian adalah metode survei deskriptif kualitatif, dan terkait dengan cara analisis adalah pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah teknik proporsional random sampling. Responden penelitian ini adalah kepala keluarga yang dipilih acak berdasarkan strata dan propor-sional. Teknik analisis data dengan menggunakan skoring dan pembobotan, uji korelasi Spearman, uji regresi ganda dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif dengan menggunakan tabel silang.Hasil penelitian ini adalah (1) pola sebaran kualitas lingkungan permukiman di Desa Ngestiharjo disebabkan karena adanya perbedaan keteraturan bangunan dan per-bedaan kualitas lingkungan rumah; (2) tingkat pendapatan kepala keluarga mempunyai hubungan yang lemah terha-dap kualitas lingkungan permukiman dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,270. Hubungan yang lemah tersebut disebabkan kondisi lingkungan permukiman dan kondisi rumah yang baik tidak seluruhnya merupakan hasil investasi pendapatan si kepala keluarga tetapi merupakan hasil warisan dari orang tua si kepala keluarga; (3) tingkat partisipasi kepala kel-uarga mempunyai hubungan negatif dan lemah terhadap kualitas lingkungan permukiman. Nilai koefisien korelasin-ya adalah sebesar -0,207. Kegiatan pengelolaan lingkungan permukiman di Desa Ngestiharjo tidak memperbaiki fak-tor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap kualitas lingkungan permukiman; (4) faktor sosial-ekonomi, biotik, dan abiotik yang berpengaruh terhadap kualitas lingkungan permukiman di Desa Ngestiharjo adalah keteraturan bangunan (t = 3,637), tahun sukses pendidikan kepala keluarga (t=3,155), tingkat pendapatan ( t = 2,598), dan persentase vegetasi (t = 1,760). ABSTRACT This research was conducted to study the quality of settlement environment in urban periphery with Desa Ngesti-harjo, Kecamatan Kasihan, Kabupaten Bantul as locus of study. The objectives of this research were (1) to analyze the dis-tribution of environmental quality of the settlements in Desa Ngestiharjo; (2) to analyze the socioeconomic condition of the residents of Desa Ngestiharjo; (3) to analyze the relation between the community participation and environmental quality of the settlements and (4) to analyze the socioeconomic, abiotic, and biotic factors contributing to the enviromental quality of the settlements in Desa Ngestiharjo.The method used in this research that : (1) associates with population is sampling method; (2) associates with objects characteristic is qualitative descriptive survei, and (3) associates with data analysis is the quantitative and qualitative method. Proporsional random sampling employed in this research. The respondents were heads of the household which were stratified and proportionally selected. The data were then analyzed using scoring and weighting, Spearman correlation, multiple liniear regression,and qualitative decriptive analysis using crosstab methods.The results of this research were (1) The distribution of the environmental quality of the settlements was found as result of the differences in building regularity and housing environmental quality; (2) The heads of household had a weak correlation with the quality of settlements, as indicated by the correlation coefficient of 0,270. The weak correlation stemmed from the fact that the good environmental quality of the settlement and the housing were not complete results of the income of the head of households, but was inherited from the predecessors; (3) The heads of household particiption was found to be negatively affected the enviromental quality of the settlements, indicated by the coefficient correlation of -0,207. The management of settlements environment did not improve the factors contributing to the environment quality of settlements; (4) Socioeconomic, abiotic, and biotic factors contributing to environment quality were housing regularity (t = 3,637, educational level of the heads of the households indicated by the years spent in educational institutions (t=3,155), level of income (t = 2,598), and percenta-tion of vegetation coverage (t=1,760).
Perubahan Daya Dukung Lingkungan di Wilayah Pinggiran Kota (Kasus : Kecamatan Kecamatan yang Berbatasan dengan Kota Yogyakarta, Tahun 1990–2008) Handoyo, Joni Purwo; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Sujali, Sujali
Majalah Geografi Indonesia Vol 28, No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/mgi.13065

Abstract

ABSTRAK Salah satu dampak perkembangan wilayah pinggiran kota adalah terjadinya perubahan daya dukung lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui besaran, persebaran dan pola sebaran perubahan daya dukung lingkungan serta mengkaji keterkaitannya dengan perubahan tipology wilayah pinggiran kota. Penelitian ini dilakukan di 29 desa yang berada di 6 kecamatan yang berbatasan langsung dengan Kota Yogyakarta dengan unit analisis desa. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kasus dengan karakteristik obyek penelitian yang bersifat survey analisis dan historis dengan penekanan pada pendekatan kronologis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perkembangan lahan terbangun paling pesat terjadi di Desa Tirtonirmolo dan Desa Ngestiharjo (>20%). Status daya dukung lingkungan di wilayah penelitian sebagian besar masih termasuk dalam katagori sustain. Laju penurunan paling cepat terjadi di Desa Maguwoharjo dan Desa Singosaren. Fenomena ini dipengaruhi oleh faktor peningkatan lahan terbangun yang sekaligus juga menjadi faktor pengaruh paling penting terhadap perubahan tipologi desa-desa pinggiran Kota Yogyakarta. ABSTRACT  The one of regional development impact in urban fringe area is the change of environmental carrying capacity. This research aims to know about magnitude value, desperation and distribution patternsof the change ofenvironmental carrying capacity and also to examining that relation with the change of urban fringe regional topology. This research is conducted in 29 villages in 6 sub-districts that are directly adjacent to Yogyakarta city with the unit of analysis is village . This research categorized the case research with the characteristic of research object is analytical survey and historical method with the intens is chronological approach. The research shows that the most rapid built up land use development is in Tirtonirmolo and Ngestiharjo village (>20%). This research discovers that the status of most of environmental carrying capacity in this research area are in sustain category. The fastest deceasing magnitude rate of the environmental carrying capacity value occurs in Maguwoharjo and Singosaren village. This phenomena are influent by increasing of built up land use and also the most important factor towards change of rural.fringe typology of Yogyakarta City.