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Journal : Aspirator

Aktivitas Menggigit Nyamuk Culex quinquefasciatus Di Daerah Endemis Filariasis Limfatik Kelurahan Pabean Kota Pekalongan Provinsi Jawa Tengah Ramadhani, Tri; Yunianto, Bambang
Aspirator Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Loka Litbang P2B2 Ciamis

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Abstract. Pabean villages is a filariasis endemic areas caused by Whuchereria bancrofti parasite with incidence rate is 3.4% on year 2007. To determine biting activity of Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes that been confirmed as filariasis s vector, it been conducted a entomological survey as long as 5 months (from August up to December) every 2 weeks that aimed to know mosquito s peak biting and res ting density in each hour catching. A survey was conducted using all night landing collection method from 18. OO am up to 06. OO pm. In each hour survey; indoor and outdoor landing mosquitoes and also res ting mosquitoes on inside wall and cattle stable, will be caught using aspirator and put onto paper cup. A study result was showed that indoor peak of Cx. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes biting densi¬ty is 20.00, 22.00 and 23.00 0 clock, whereas the outside peak one is 21.00, 24.00 and 02.00 oclock; peak of res ting on inside wall is 18. OO 0 clock and cattle stable res ting is 24. OO oclock. Keyword : Culex quinquefasciatus. biting activity, res ting density, Whuchereria bancrofti. filariasis edemic areas
Karakteristik Individu Dan Kondisi Lingkungan Pemukiman di Daerah Endemis Leptospirosis Di Kota Semarang Ramadhani, Tri; Yunianto, Bambang
Aspirator Vol 2, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Loka Litbang P2B2 Ciamis

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Abstract: Leptospirosis is an acute febrile illness injecting human and animal (zoonosis) and caused by the bacteria leptospira. Semarang city is one endemic leptospirosis with inci­dence rate in 2009 of 13,27/100.000 and case fa ta lity rate 3,5%. This study aimed to know the epidemiological characteristics of leptospirosis cases and the relationship of environ­mental conditions of settlement with the incidence of leptospirosis The study was observational with cross sectional design. Data population are the people who visit the health center with clinical symptoms of leptospirosis and secondary data from the Health Department of Semarang. Sample are people who visited the health center with clinical symptoms ofleptospirosis (mainly:fever (body temperature> 37°C) or fever accom­panied by headache, muscle aches, conjunctivitis and rash). Data environmental conditions of settlement had beed observed and interviewed using, and analysed bivariat with chi square. The results show characteristics of respondents most of the age group 10 -19 years (38.1%), male sex (56.2%), education level did not complete primary school (30.5%) Distri­bution cases of leptospirosis attack more men (55%) with mortality rate (CFR = 3.6), and in the age group 0-19 years that is as much as 32.5% (CFR=14.29)Environmental conditions associated with the occurrence of leptospirosis include kitchen wall not a wall, no plavond, open dumping and dirty house. To prevention transmission of leptospirosis, among others, hygiene sanitasi, rat proofing so it does not make to nest rat.Key words: environment, endemic, leptospirosis, individual characteristics, Semarang