Titiek Siti Yuliani
Institut Pertanian Bogor

Published : 3 Documents
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Pesticide Use of Behavior: A Case Study of Household Pest Control in DKI Jakarta Urban Settlement Yuliani, Titiek Siti; Triwidodo, Hermanu; Mudikdjo, Kooswardhono; Panjaitan, Nurmala K.; Manuwoto, Sjafrida
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 34, No 3 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Urban pests like cockroaches, mosquitoes, and flies can transmit human diseases that cause health problems in the society.  Currently, mosquito is main insect that transmit very deadly diseases, such as dengue fever, cikungunya, and malaria. Prevention of those diseases is generally focused on controlling the vectors in various ways, such as fogging, the use home pesticides, sanitation, use of mosquito repellents, electric rackets, and other traditional ways developed by the community (mosquito net, gauze, water).  The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between characteristics of peoples live in Jakarta (based on age, sex, education, and income level) to their behavior in using home pesticides and to know the impact of those pesticides to peoples and pets live in their houses.  Research sites were purposively directed to the areas that were appropriate with the substances and purposes of this study.  Interviewed was conducted to the respondents (housewives) and inspection of their houses were also conducted to classify their houses as clean, moderately clean, and dirty or slum.  Based on a survey to 155 respondents, it was revealed that respondent characteristics as well as their house conditions influenced the behavior of those respondents in choosing home pesticides.  Majority of  housewives (28.21%) use liquid pesticides which were contains the active ingredient of cypermethrin 0.4 g/l, imiprotrin 0.32 g/l, and transflutrin 0.2 g/l.  In addition, 47.26% of them ignored the instruction written on the label in using those pesticides.  Awareness of those respondents was still low in terms of dumping the package of pesticides; 96.64% of respondents dumped pesticides to the dumpster near their houses.  Commercial advertencies from electronic media, especially TV, influence half of the respondents (52.74%) in choosing home pesticides used.  In general, it can be summarized that the awareness of respondents in using home pesticides were still low.  Most housewives did not know the danger of those chemicals and how to use it properly.  Only 38.46% of them used non-chemical methods, such as insect net.   Key words: home pesticides, active ingredient, urban pest, housewife, the environment
Deteksi dan Identifikasi Cendawan Terbawa Benih Brassicaceae Harahap, Anthoni Sulthan; Yuliani, Titiek Siti; Widodo, Widodo
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 11, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Seed quality is very critical in agricultural production, especially to gain high yield and reduce disease problems in the field. New diseases or pathogens is potentially entering a country through seed movement by import activity. This study aimed to detect and identify seed-borne fungi from Brassicaceae seeds imported from the United States and Malaysia. Seeds were incubated on 5 sheets of wet blotting paper at a temperature of 27–30 °C for 14 days following surface sterilization. Each fungus that grows on the seed was isolated on potato dextrose agar and malt extract agar for further morphological identification. The three fungi most commonly found either on the seed with or without surface-sterilization were Aspergillus flavus, Curvularia lunata and A. niger. All of the  fungi were a potential pathogen in the family Brassicaceae seeds and seedlings. Important pathogen in Brassicaceae crops, i.e. Phoma lingam was also found in small amounts and only on white pak choy seeds.
PESTISIDA RUMAH TANGGA UNTUK PENGENDALIAN HAMA PERMUKIMAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA Yuliani, Titiek Siti; Triwidodo, Hermanu; Mudikdjo, Kooswardhono; Pandjaitan, Nurmala K; Manuwoto, Syafrida
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

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Abstract

Pesticides have become public’s need for most of Indonesian people, especially those who live in urban areas. This is due to pesticide application is the only way used by those community to control urban pest population. Unfortunately, that choice has bad impact to human health and the environment. The objective of the study was determine the factors that influence people's behavior in choosing the type of pesticides and formulation, to classify home pesticides toxicity used by the public to urban pests control, the impact of pesticides to human health and proper application based instruction manual written on the label. Data assessment revealed that peoples were very annoyed with the presence of urban pest, such as mosquitoes, ants, cockroaches, and flies. Although ants were more frequently found with higher population level, but people felt that the most disturbing one was mosquito, because they were very worry about dengue fever. To control these pests, pesticides with active ingredients cypermethrin, imiprothrin, and tansfluthrin were the most widely used by the community. Most people used pesticides with the toxicity level classified as Ib – III, according to WHO toxicity classification. The impact of pesticide exposures to human health were/ the symptoms poisoning or symptoms similar to poisoning. As much as 44.5% of people surveyed showed the symptom related to respiratory problems, 25 % of people experienced dizziness, 2.5% experienced itching on the skin, 12.5% experienced nausea and vomiting, and 5.36% had fainted. Survey was also found that 52.35% of respondents read pesticide label before use it, meanwhile 61.90% of respondents did not use pesticide properly, the later found in those who read the label or those who didn’t. Keyword: home pesticides, active ingredient, urban pest, and housewife, environmental