Articles

Keberlanjutan Penatakelolaan Zona Pemanfaatan Tradisional dalam Kawasan Konservasi Laut Taman Nasional Teluk Cenderawasih Papua Barat (Governance Sustainability of Traditional Use Zone within Marine Protected Area National Park of Cenderawasih Bay, West P Bawole, Roni; Yulianda, Fredinan; Bengen, Dietrich G; Fahrudin, Achmad
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 17, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.556 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.17.2.71-78

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Understanding the governability of traditional use zone (TUZ) on Marine National Parks is still debated due tovarious reasons since successful implemented of the governing system could be observed in some areas only.There is a need to assess the contributions and limitations of governance performance sustainability. Using theCenderawasih Bay National Park as a case, we studied the governance system (GS), system to be governed (SG),and interactive governance (IG) in managing TUZ.  Multi-dimension scaling analysis showed that the existingmanagement showed low sustainability (36%) caused by limitation of stakeholders capacity and violations ofrules (GS), impact of live fish fishing, coastal ecosystem degradation and low income (SG), adaptive managementand feedback from monitoring and evaluation that were not be able to create effective governance (IT).Improvement could be achieved by increasing the integration of these three systems, in which social-ecologysystem benefit could work under effective governance.  This paper also supported the previous finding thathousehold income alternative was the priority for improving management and conservation.  It is justified thatboth direct and indirect benefits to the society or stakeholders could be provided by well-performed governance.Keywords: governance, traditional use zone, marine national park
KAJIAN ASPEK PERTUMBUHAN POPULASI POKEA (Batissa violacea celebensis Martens, 1897) DI SUNGAI POHARA SULAWESI TENGGARA ,, Bahtiar; Yulianda, Fredinan; Setyobudiandi, Isdradjat
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2008): Juni 2008
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Pokea merupakan bivalvia endemik Sulawesi dan bernilai  ekonomis penting bagi masyarakat Kota Kendari. Penambangan pasir dan penangkapan pokea di duga sebagai salah satu faktor penyebab menurunnya kualitas dan kuantitas pokea. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan populasi pokea di lokasi penambangan pasir, lokasi penangkapan pokea dan habitat alamiahnya. Penarikan contoh pokea dilakukan di lapangan dan analisis pokea (panjang) dilaksanakan di laboratorium. Penarikan contoh dilakukan selama 3 bulan dengan ulangan setiap minggu (12 kali). Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif dan dengan menggunakan program FiSAT 2002. Panjang cangkang pokea yang ditemukan berkisar antara 0.9-6.3 cm dengan rata-rata 3.31 ± 0.99 cm yang tersebar dalam 1-3 kelompok ukuran. Pertumbuhan populasi pokea tercepat ditemukan di habitat alamiah (stasiun I) dengan nilai koefisien 0.87 dan terendah ditemukan pada lokasi penambangan pasir (stasiun II) dengan nilai koefisien 0.44. Panjang takhingga (L∞) tertinggi ditemukan pada daerah dekat muara (stasiun IV) dengan nilai 6.59 cm dan terendah ditemukan di daerah penangkapan pokea. (stasiun III) dengan nilai 4.79 cm. Hasil ini menunjukan bahwa eksploitasi dan aktivitas penangkapan mempengaruhi kualitas pertumbuhan populasi pokea.Kata kunci: pokea, populasi, pertumbuhan.
KAJIAN POTENSI SUMBERDAYA ALAM DAN LINGKUNGAN UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA PESISIR NUHUROA KABUPATEN MALUKU TENGGARA Rahantoknam, Santi PT; Nurisjah, Siti; Yulianda, Fredinan
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://web.ipb.ac.id/~landscapearch/

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The Regency of Southeast Maluku consists of a group of small islands, namely Small Kei Islands (Nuhuroa) with an area of 2.468 km2 and Big Kei Islands (Nuhuyut) with area of          582 km2. The Regency of Southeast Maluku,which is more popular with the name Kei islands, is often reknowned as fantastic island. The Kei islands have natural potency which offers various tourism objects of natural and cultural beauty. Nuhuroa islands are composed of small islands: 15 small are in the district of Small Kei, 9 small islands in West Small Kei, and 8 small islands in North Dullah. The coastal area of Nuhuroa consists of resources such as beaches, mangrove, seagrass, coral reef and a number of small islands scattered on everycoast. These small islands have a unique ecosystem and their natural beauty is very sensitive to environmental change, particu-larly if the area is physicallydevelop for tourism and recreation purposes. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a study for a sustainable development of tourism based on natural resources and principles of sustainable environment of Nuhuroa for the deve-lopment of coastal tourism. Specifically the study includes indentification of potential demand, stakeholder preference, indentification of ecological potency and sensitivity of coastal areas, indentification supporting facilities for development of tourism area, identification of local community’s resources and planning for the development of coastal ecotourism area in Nuhuroa. The research use natural resources and spasial approach. The research result show that the coastal area of Nuhuroa potential for de-velopment ecotourism with three zona, for example main zone, alternative zone and supporting zone.
Kajian manfaat kawasan konservasi perairan bagi pengembangan ekowisata bahari: Studi kasus di kawasan konservasi perairan Nusa Penida, Bali Bato, Marjan; Yulianda, Fredinan; Fahruddin, Achmad
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 2, No 2 (2013): August 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.333 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/depik.2.2.777

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Abstract. Nusa Penida is one of the marine protected area in Bali Province. The location has a potency higher as tourist destination. Hence, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the potency and benafit of the this marine protected area as a marine ecotourism. The study was conducted in September 2012 to February 2013. The descriptive quantitative method was used in the study, the data collection was covered the percent cover of corals communities, corals mortality index, marine ecotourism sustainable index, carrying capacity of marine ecotourism. The results of this research showed that the percent cover of corals communities at Nusa Penida was categorized  from good to very good  ranged between 52.00% to 97.00% with corals mortality index ranged between 0.00 to 0.01 at a depth of 3 meters and between 0.00 to 0.025 at 10 meters depth. The marine protected area of Nusa Penida is suitable for  diving activity snorkeling,and beach ecotourism with carrying capacity for diving was 153 people/day, snorkling 212 people/day, and beach ecotourism 122 people/day. The marine protected area of Nusa Penida gave impact on increasing of human well being of society in Nusa Penida with increasing the revenue  10%-30%. and also gave profits the Klungkung Regency. Keywords : Benefit; Marine ecotourism; Nusa Penida; Protected Area. Abstrak. Nusa Penida adalah salah satu kawasan area konservasi laut di Bali yang berpotensi tinggi menjadi salah satu tujuan wisatawan. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat sejauh mana manfaat kawasan ini sebagai kawasan wisata bahari. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan September 2012 sampai Februari 2013. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis perhitungan persen tutupan komunitas karang, indeks mortalitas, indeks kesesuaian ekowisata bahari, daya dukung kawasan ekowisata bahari, evaluasi tingkat kesejahteraan masyarakat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persen tutupan karang di Nusa Penida dikategorikan dari baik sampai sangat baik yaitu berkisar antara 52,00%-97,00% dengan indeks mortalitas berkisar antara 0,00 – 0,01 pada kedalaman 3 meter dan  0,00-0,025 pada kedalaman 10 meter. Oleh karena itu kawasan konservasi Nusa Penida sesuai untuk aktivitas wisata selam, snorkling, dan wisata pantai dengan daya dukung kawasan untuk selam 153 orang/hari, snorkling 212 orang/hari dan ekowisata pantai sebanyak 122 orang/hari. Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa kawasan konservasi Nusa Penida memberi dampak terhadap peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat sebagai pekerja wisata dengan bertambahnya pendapatan sebesar 10%-30%  dan juga menambah pemasukan daerah Kabupaten Klungkung.Kata Kunci :  Ekowisatata Bahari; Kawasan Konservasi; Manfaat; Nusa Penida
The Existing Condition of Mangrove Region of Avicenia marina, Its: Distribution and Functional Transformation Herison, Ahmad; Yulianda, Fredinan; Kusmana, Cecep; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Adrianto, Luky
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 20, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1605.432 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.20.1.26

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Mangrove ecosystem existence is important for environment and other organisms because of its ecological and economical values, so that management and preservation of mangrove ecosystem are needed. The purpose of this research was to determine the existing condition of mangrove, both its distribution and its functional transformation in Indah Kapuk Coastal Area. Avicennia marina  becomes important as wave attenuation,  a form of abrasion antidote. Transect-Square and Spot-Check methods were used to determine the existing condition of A.marina mangrove forests. Autocad program, coordinate converter, Google Earth, Google Map, and Arc View were applied in process of making mangrove distribution map. In western of research location exactly at Station 1 and Station 2, the density value of mangrove was 450 and 825 tree ha-1, respectively with  sparse category because they were contaminated by waste and litter. In eastern of research location namely Station 3, Station 4, and Station 5 the mangroves grow well with density value of 650 (sparse), 1,500 (very dense), and 1,200 tree ha-1 (fair), respectively, eventhough the contamination still happened. The mangrove forests around the stations do not function as wave attenuation because there were many waterfront constructions which have replaced the function of mangrove forests to damp the wave. In short, it can be stated that the mangroves function has changed in a case of wave attenuation. The function of mangrove forests is not determined by mangrove forest density but it is determined by mangroves free position.Keywords: Avicennia marina, mangrove, wave attenuation, waterfront constructions
ZONATION AND DENSITY OF INTERTIDAL COMMUNITIES AT COASTAL AREA OF BATU HIJAU, SUMBAWA Yulianda, Fredinan; Yusuf, Muhamad Salamuddin; Prayogo, Windy
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Characteristics of coastal tidal areas of Batu Hijau vary from sandy substrate type, sandy to rocky reef with a wide expanse of intertidal ranges from 100 meters to 350 meters. To find out zoning intertidal community,the observation conducted at five locations intertidal beach, each consisting of three zones: the high tide, middle tide and low tide. Living structure in tidal areas of coastal Batu Hijau, Sumbawa consists of the main communities and associated biota. The main intertidal community composed of coral, seagrass, algae, and other fauna, while the intertidal biota associated with tidal habitat consists of a group of molluscs, echinoderm, crustacean, worms and fish. Distribution of intertidal communities formed three zones consisting of (1) seagrass (21.3%) in the upper zone (high tide), (2) algae (35.5%) in the central zone (mid tide), and (3) coral (28.5%) and algae (42.5%) in the lower zone (low tide). The main groups of biota in the form of tidal zoning system consisting of two groups of molluscs (51.12%) in the upper zone, while the echinoderms that predominate in the central zone (36.96%) and lower (66.89%). No significant differences between the structure and composition of marine intertidal communities in September 2011 (rainy season) and April 2012 (dry season). Keywords: intertidal (tidal), percent cover, density, community, biota
Benefits of Sasi for Conservation of Marine Resources in Raja Ampat, Papua Boli, Paulus; Yulianda, Fredinan; Damar, Ario; Soedharma, Dedi; Kinseng, Rilus
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 20, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (834.131 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.20.2.131

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Residents of Raja Ampat, Papua, have been practicing sasi for generations to manage local marine resources. Recognizing its importance for marine resource conservation, efforts have been made to integrate sasi into current conservation management approach. This study was carried out with 3 objectives: (1) to define and elaborate sasi; (2) to examine the benefits of sasi for conservation of marine resources; and (3) to evaluate  the change of sasi  in the context of conservation. Multi-method approaches were employed to collect data from local communities in Dampier Strait District MPA in two separate sampling periods. Results indicated that sasi in Raja Ampat could generally be categorized into samson or kabus which basically reflect different aspects such as location, type of commodity, implementing ceremony, period of closure, the influence of monsoons, and communal ownership. The benefits identified included the increase in target fish production, the lowered level of exploitation, the improved recovery of fish stocks, and the increase in the local peoples income. From the modern conservation management point of view, it was obvious that sasi could help protect and sustain marine biological resources. Therefore, it is essential to incorporate sasi into modern conservation management practices and vice versa.Keywords:  sasi, traditional management, benefits, conservation
Diameter Substrat dan Jenis Lamun di Pesisir Bahoi Minahasa Utara: Sebuah Analisis Korelasi Yunitha, Alpinina; Wardiatno, Yusli; Yulianda, Fredinan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Substrate has an important role for growing and surviving of seagrass as a medium of life and as a supplier of nutrients. Lack of attention towards seagrass is because of less information related to the seagrass ecology itself. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of substrate diameter with it’s density. The study was conducted in April in Bahoi coastal, North Minahasa District, North Sulawesi. This study measured water quality, substrate sampling were taken in the field. The result showed that 6 seagrass species: Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemprichii, Halodule uninervis, Cymodecea rotundata, Syringodium isoetifolium, Halpohila ovalis, with good water quality and sand substrate types. This coastal area was dominated by small-sized seagrass. The highest density was found at station B with seagrass type was S. isoetifolium and lowest was at station C with E. acoroides and Sand substrate which had big diameter, type T. hemprichii had high density. Keywords: Desa Bahoi, sand, seagrass, substrate
Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Institut Pertanian Bogor Harteti, Sri; Basuni, Sambas; Yulianda, Fredinan
ISSN 0216-0897
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

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Abstract

Kebijakan konservasi penyu dilakukan dengan menetapkan beberapa habitat peneluran penyu sebagai kawasan konservasi. Kawasan konservasi penyu Pangumbahan merupakan salah satu kawasan konservasi penyu di Pulau Jawa. Tingginya tingkat ancaman yang dihadapi oleh konservasi penyu memerlukan peran multistakeholders yang terpadu. Oleh karena itu, kegiatan konservasi penyu memerlukan analisis stakeholders untuk mengetahui kepentingan, nilai penting, pengaruh, dan hubungan berbagai pihak yang berkepentingan dalam pengelolaan konservasi penyu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi, mengkategorisasi dan menyelidiki hubungan diantara stakeholders, serta merumuskan strategi untuk meningkatkan peran stakeholders. Pemilihan responden dilakukan dengan metode snowball sampling. Pada umumnya stakeholders lebih banyak terlibat pada kegiatan pemanfaatan, yaitu sebanyak 17 stakeholders, sedangkan keterlibatan stakeholders terendah terjadi pada kegiatan pengawetan, yaitu 8 stakeholders. Adapun kegiatan perlindungan melibatkan 14 stakeholders. Hubungan stakeholders yang terjadi meliputi hubungan konflik dan komunikasi. Untuk meningkatkan tujuan pengelolaan konservasi penyu, keterlibatan stakeholders perlu ditingkatkan melalui pemberdayaan masyarakat, peningkatan kegiatan kerjasama dan peningkatan peran serta masyarakat
Pemulihan Komunitas Karang Keras Pasca Pemutihan Karang di Amed Bali Simarangkir, Omega Raya; Yulianda, Fredinan; Boer, Mennofatria
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1078.362 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.2.158

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Climate change is now recognized as one of the greatest threats to worldwide coral reefs with one of the most serious and immediate threats of mass coral bleaching associated with increasing sea temperatures. Coral bleaching occurred in a few coral reefs throughout the world in 2010. Coral reef in Amed’s coastal area was the one of the reefs that experienced and affected by coral bleeching incident. This study aims to assess recovery of hard coral community in post-bleaching in 2010. A survey method was used to collect primary data. Data sets also supported by secondary data. This study results were hard coral community recovered in 2013, as its percentage cover increased up to 49.00%. However, macroalgae decreased up to 0.67%. Hard coral recruitment in 2013 increased up to 21 individual/m2.