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PENGARUH KARAKTERISTIK DAN PERSEPSI TERHADAP TINGKAT PARTISIPASI ANGGOTA DALAM KELOMPOK MASYARAKAT PENGAWAS (POKMASWAS) SUMBER DAYA KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN Yuliana, Ernik; Winata, Adi
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 12, No 2
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

This article is objected to identify the member’s participation level on Pokmaswas and the factor’s were be influence. Research design was explanatory research design. Data were collected by data using survey method. The population of study was Pokmaswas’s member in Sukabumi, which is 160 people. Samples are taken randomly from each Pokmaswas, numbering 5-6 people, so the number of samples is 50 people. Data were analyzed with descriptive and multiple regression. The results showed that members of Pokmaswas be in the range of mid-age adults (36-50 years), junior high and high school level education, most are public figures, and have experience of being a member Pokmaswas more than 5 years. Characteristics Pokmaswas members who have a significant effect on the perception Pokmaswas members, is the level of education and experience of being a member Pokmaswas. The participation rate in the reporting of violations Pokmaswas member in writing and in capturing the perpetrators of violations is significantly influenced by the perception of the adequacy of Pokmaswas member. Based on research results, some suggestions can be given is to increase members experience in running the Pokmaswas Pokmaswas, especially for members Pokmaswas derived from fishing.
SIKAP PENGOLAH DALAM MENENTUKAN PRODUK IKAN ASIN Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Salted fish products produced by processors in Muara Angke and Cilincing are very diverse on size and type. Choosing of types of salted fish to be produced by processors depends on some factors. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors which related with processors attitude on choosing salted fish product. The research design was exploratory research. The population were all of the salted fish processors in Muara Angke and Cilincing, North Jakarta. Respondences were choosen randomly to get 73 salted fish processors, 55 persons of them were located at Muara Angke and another 18 were from Cilincing.  Data collected consist of primary data which used survey methods. Then data were analysed using descriptive-analysis and Rank Spearman correlation. The results indicated that the most preferred salted fish product by processors were small fish types, i.e fringerscales sardinella, anchovy and squid, because of of raw materials. Processors’ continuity of raw materials. attitude on choosing of salted fish product was significantly corrrelated with processors’ obedience to the rule of processing norms/customs regulations.Key words: access of processing technology, salted fish products, processors’ attitude
TINGKAT PENGGUNAAN BAHAN KIMIA BERBAHAYA PADA PENGOLAHAN IKAN ASIN: KASUS DI MUARA ANGKE DAN CILINCING, JAKARTA Yuliana, Ernik; Suhardi, Deddy Ahmad; Susilo, Adhi
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Salted  sh is still prefered by community of Indonesia. Salted  sh processing by traditional method depent on the intensity of sunlight. To reduce depence, some processors used chemicals as a preservative. The purpose of the study is identi ed the level of use of hazardous chemicals in salted the processing of salted  sh. The research’s design was explanatory research design. The population were all of the salted  sh processors in Muara Angke andCilincing, North Jakarta. Respondent choosen randomly to get 73 salted  sh processors, 55 persons of them were located at Muara Angke and another 18 were from Cilincing. Data collected consist of primary data, used survey methods. Then data was analysed with descriptif-analysis and Rank Spearman correlation. The results indicated that the hazardous chemicals (formalin and bleach) were still used by the processor. Level of usage hazardous chemicals is signi cantly associated with perception processors of consumer knowledge. Education of consumers about the hazardous chemicals needs to be improved so that consumers did not want to buy salted  sh products with chemicals, thereby to suppress the use of chemicals in the processing of salted  sh. Government oversight of the use of hazardous chemicals was still relatively low, so that should be improved to encourage processors to be willing to process naturally salted  sh and leave the chemicals.Keywords: chemicals, government oversight, salted  sh, salted  sh processor
Tingkat Partisipasi Petani Hutan dalam Program Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat (PHBM) Perhutani Winata, Adi; Yuliana, Ernik
MIMBAR, Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan MIMBAR, Volume 28, No. 1, Tahun 2012 (Terakreditasi)
Publisher : P2U (Pusat Penerbitan Universitas) LPPM Unisba

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Abstract

Program Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat (PHBM) dibentuk oleh Perhutani untuk lebih melibatkan masyarakat dalam mengelola hutan di Jawa. Partisipasi aktif petani hutan dalam program PHBM menjadi kunci utama dalam pencapaian tujuan program PHBM. Tulisan ini menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik petani hutan terhadap tingkat partisipasinya dalam program PHBM. Berlokasi di Desa Buniwangi, Kecamatan Palabuhanratu, Kabupaten Sukabumi, riset didasarkan pada survei kuantitatif  dengan analisis deskriptif dan regresi. Sebagian besar petani hutan berpartisipasi dalam rapat perencanaan PHBM, rapat pelaksanaan, dan rapat evaluasi PHBM. Umur petani hutan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap partisipasi petani hutan dalam perencanaan dan evaluasi program PHBM.
TINGKAT PENGGUNAAN BAHAN KIMIA BERBAHAYA PADA PENGOLAHAN IKAN ASIN: KASUS DI MUARA ANGKE DAN CILINCING, JAKARTA Yuliana, Ernik; Suhardi, Deddy Ahmad; Susilo, Adhi
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.97 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v14i1.3424

Abstract

Salted ? sh is still prefered by community of Indonesia. Salted ? sh processing by traditional method depent on the intensity of sunlight. To reduce depence, some processors used chemicals as a preservative. The purpose of the study is identi? ed the level of use of hazardous chemicals in salted the processing of salted ? sh. The research?s design was explanatory research design. The population were all of the salted ? sh processors in Muara Angke andCilincing, North Jakarta. Respondent choosen randomly to get 73 salted ? sh processors, 55 persons of them were located at Muara Angke and another 18 were from Cilincing. Data collected consist of primary data, used survey methods. Then data was analysed with descriptif-analysis and Rank Spearman correlation. The results indicated that the hazardous chemicals (formalin and bleach) were still used by the processor. Level of usage hazardous chemicals is signi? cantly associated with perception processors of consumer knowledge. Education of consumers about the hazardous chemicals needs to be improved so that consumers did not want to buy salted ? sh products with chemicals, thereby to suppress the use of chemicals in the processing of salted ? sh. Government oversight of the use of hazardous chemicals was still relatively low, so that should be improved to encourage processors to be willing to process naturally salted ? sh and leave the chemicals.Keywords: chemicals, government oversight, salted ? sh, salted ? sh processor
TINGKAT KEBERHASILAN PENANAMAN POHON MANGROVE (KASUS: PESISIR PULAU UNTUNG JAWA KEPULAUAN SERIBU) Winata, Adi; Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol 17 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Increased land demand for human life tends to lead the most transitional allotment of land conservation in the coastal zone into settlements, ports, aquaculture, and other means of livelihood. Including mangrove ecosystem in the coastal region of Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Islands). The purpose of study was to measure the success rates of mangrove trees planting and the growth rates of mangrove trees. The design of the study was exploratory research using a quantitative approach. The population were the mangrove trees planted under the Community Services Program of Universitas Terbuka held on October 28th 2013. The planted mangrove species was Rhizophora mucronata. The sample was selected from several land areas with 3 x 3 m survey plots available in 10 locations on the Untung Jawa Island. The study used both primary and secondary data. Data were collected using a survey method, and presented both in the form of frequencies and descriptions, and then analyzed descriptively. The primary data covered the number of mangrove trees, mangrove tree height, the number of leaves, leaf length, and leaf width. The results indicated that the success rate of mangrove tress planting reached 72%. This indicates that Rhizophora mucronata had fairly wide range of habitats, hence it is easy to live in the research location. Overall, the growth rate of mangrove trees showed good results, in terms of tree height, the number of leaves, leaf length and leaf width. Meningkatnya kebutuhan akan lahan untuk kehidupan manusia, mengakibatkan banyaknya peralihan peruntukan lahan konservasi di kawasan pesisir menjadi permukiman, pelabuhan, pertambakan, dan sarana kehidupan lainnya. Tidak terkecuali ekosistem mangrove di wilayah pesisir kepulauan Seribu. Tujuan khusus penelitian adalah mengukur tingkat keberhasilan penanaman pohon mangrove dan tingkat pertumbuhan pohon mangrove. Rancangan penelitian adalah exploratory research dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian adalah semua pohon mangrove yang ditanam pada saat Program Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Terbuka pada tanggal 28 Oktober 2013. Jenis mangrove yang ditanam adalah Rhizophora mucronata. Penentuan sampel pohon mangrove diambil dari beberapa luasan lahan dengan membuat plot-plot survei di 10 lokasi di Pulau Untung Jawa Setiap plot berukuran 3 x 3 m. Data yang dikumpulkan pada penelitian ini adalah data primer yaitu jumlah pohon yang hidup, tinggi pohon, jumlah daun, panjang daun, dan lebar daun. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode survei. Data primer yang diperoleh dari survei lapangan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel frekuensi dan uraian. Selanjutnya, data diolah dan dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat keberhasilan penanaman pohon mangrove mencapai 72%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa pohon bakau (Rhizophora mucronata) adalah jenis mangrove yang mudah hidup pada range habitat yang cukup luas. Secara keseluruhan, tingkat pertumbuhan pohon mangrove menunjukkan hasil yang baik, dari sisi tinggi pohon, jumlah daun, panjang daun, dan lebar daun.  
POTENSI TEGAKAN SEBAGAI INDIKATOR TINGKAT KEBERHASILAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN BERSAMA MASYARAKAT (PHBM) PERHUTANI Winata, Adi; Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol 15 No 2 (2014)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Program pengelolaan hutan bersama masyarakat (PHBM) melibatkan masyarakat desa sekitar hutan untuk mengelola hutan secara berkelanjutan. Tujuan penulisan artikel adalah menganalisis potensi tegakan sebagai indikator keberhasilan program PHBM. Populasi penelitian adalah semua tegakan pohon yang ditanam oleh petani pada hutan PHBM di Kesatuan Pemangku Hutan (KPH) Sukabumi, tepatnya di Desa Buniwangi, Kecamatan Palabuhanratu, Kabupaten Sukabumi. Sampel penelitian adalah tegakan pohon yang ditanam oleh 20 orang petani terdiri atas 10 petak lahan yang dirawat secara intensif dan 10 petak yang tidak intensif. Satu petak lahan berukuran 0,1 ha. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer, yaitu lingkar batang pohon, tinggi pohon, jenis dan jumlah pohon, diameter pohon, dan luas bidang dasar. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan jumlah pohon di lahan yang dikelola dengan intensif dan tidak intensif. Distribusi pertumbuhan pohon di antara kedua lahan cenderung sama. Jumlah jenis pohon hanya berbeda 1 pohon. Struktur vegetasi mempunyai perbedaan, terutama pada tanaman masyarakat. Indeks keragaman pohon mempunyai nilai yang hampir sama, yaitu 0,36 dan 0,35. Keduanya menunjukkan heterogenitas yang hampir sama, meskipun jumlah pohon lebih banyak pada lahan yang dikelola dengan intensif. Tanaman yang dominan mempunyai kecenderungan yang hampir sama, yaitu pinus pada tanaman pokok dan karet pada tanaman masyarakat. Rata-rata diameter pohon lebih besar pada lahan yang tidak dikelola dengan intensif. Program PHBM yang dikelola dengan intensif lebih menguntungkan dibandingkan dengan program PHBM yang tidak dikelola dengan intensif, dari sisi jumlah pohon, keragaman jenis pohon, dan manfaat yang dapat diambil oleh petani dalam jangka pendek.  
SIKAP PENGOLAH DALAM MENENTUKAN PRODUK IKAN ASIN Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.998 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v15i1.5326

Abstract

Salted fish products produced by processors in Muara Angke and Cilincing are very diverse on size and type. Choosing of types of salted fish to be produced by processors depends on some factors. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors which related with processors attitude on choosing salted fish product. The research design was exploratory research. The population were all of the salted fish processors in Muara Angke and Cilincing, North Jakarta. Respondences were choosen randomly to get 73 salted fish processors, 55 persons of them were located at Muara Angke and another 18 were from Cilincing.  Data collected consist of primary data which used survey methods. Then data were analysed using descriptive-analysis and Rank Spearman correlation. The results indicated that the most preferred salted fish product by processors were small fish types, i.e fringerscales sardinella, anchovy and squid, because of of raw materials. Processors? continuity of raw materials. attitude on choosing of salted fish product was significantly corrrelated with processors? obedience to the rule of processing norms/customs regulations.Key words: access of processing technology, salted fish products, processors? attitude
TINGKAT PARTISIPASI PEREMPUAN PENGOLAH IKAN DALAM KELOMPOK USAHA BERSAMA DI CISOLOK, SUKABUMI Yuliana, Ernik; Farida, Idha; Kusumawati, Enny
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Traditional fish processing industries in Cisolok Sukabumi is operated mainly by women organized in Kelompok Usaha Bersama (KUB). This study is aimed to explain the influence of women characteristics on their participatory level in KUB activities exploratory research design with survey method were used to collect data. Sample populations of this study were all fisherwomen who process fish product in KUB. Forty samples were chosen with random sampling and datacollected were analysed by using structural equation model (SEM). The results show that participation level of fisherwomen in KUB is still low. Fisherwomen characteristics have no significant influence to participation level in KUB activities. Structural model obtained is not fit between hypothetic model and sample data. Therefore the model can not be applied in the field. But at the other hand, KUB have to intensify means to give the skill extension for fisherwomen so that participatory rate will increase.
LAJU EKSPLOITASI IKAN TENGGIRI DAN TONGKOL DI KAWASAN KONSERVASI TAMAN NASIONAL KARIMUNJAWA Yuliana, Ernik; Nurhasanah, Nurhasanah
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Karimunjawa National Park (KNP) is a marine protected area established to preserve ecosystems and natural resources. Scomberomorus commerson (tenggiri) and Euthynnus affinis (tongkol) arethe two species of pelagic fish which are the main catches for artisanal fishery in KNP. This study was aimed to analyze the exploitation rate of S. commerson and E. affinis. Field survey was conducted in KNP District of Jepara, Central Java, in June-September 2016. The exploitation rate is measured by analytical method based on fish’s growth and mortality, through measuring the length of the fish for three months.  Totally, as many as 314 individuals of S. Commersonand 499 individuals of E. Affinis were measured. The data were analyzed using Fish Stock Assessment Tools (FISAT II) statistical program. The results indicated that S. Commerson have a body-size trend that tends to increase, with the rate of exploitation (E) was 0,29 (under-exploited), which means there is anopportunity to increase it’s utilization. At the other hand, the size of E. Affinis tends to decrease, with the rate of exploitation (E) = 0,5. It means that the condition of utilizationof E. Affinis was at alarming position. It is necessary to control the tongkol fishing by regulating fishing gear, in order to avoid overfishing situation. Taman Nasional Karimunjawa (TNKJ) merupakan salah satu kawasan konservasi yang bertujuan melindungi kelestarian ekosistem dan sumber daya alam. Ikan tenggiri (Scomberomorus commerson)dan tongkol (Euthynnus affinis) adalah ikan pelagis yang merupakan tangkapan utama di TNKJ. Tujuan studi ini adalah menganalisis laju eksploitasi ikan tenggiri dan tongkol. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Juni-September 2016. Pengukuran laju eksploitasi menggunakan metode analitik didasarkan pada pertumbuhan dan mortalitas ikan, dengan mengukur panjang ikan hasil tangkapan selama tiga bulan. Jumlah ikan tenggiri yang diukur adalah 314 ekor, dan ikan tongkol adalah 499 ekor. Analisis data menggunakan program Fish Stock Assessment Tools (FISAT II). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tren ukuran ikan tenggiri cenderung meningkat, dengan laju eksploitasi (E) = 0,29 (under exploited), sehingga pemanfaatannya dapat ditingkatkan. Sementara ukuran ikan tongkol cenderung menurun, dengan laju eksploitasi (E) = 0,5. Kondisi pemanfaatan ikan tongkol berada pada posisi mengkhawatirkan. Sehingga perlu dilakukan pengelolaan terhadap penangkapan ikan tongkol agar tidak mengarah ke penangkapan berlebih, dengan mengatur alat tangkap nelayan.